Hungarian Democratic Republic

What is Hungarian Democratic Republic known for?


including large

in perpetuity. * Borders of newly independent Hungary did not include two-thirds of the lands of the former Kingdom of Hungary, including large areas where the ethnic Magyars were in a majority. The new republic of Austria maintained control over most of the mostly German-dominated areas, but lost various other German majority lands in what was the Austrian Empire. Post war On October 27, 1918 Emperor Karl made August the "Homo Regius" of Hungary, but August asked


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and the revolutionary tradition in the West, 1560-1991 , Routledge, 2000, p. 170. Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Priscilla Mary Roberts,line&hl en&ei hMRxTqbxMOXvmAXzwJH2CQ&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 7&ved 0CEgQ6AEwBg#v onepage&q&f false World War I: A Student Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2005, p. 1824 Miklós


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. Verlag Kremayr & Scheriau, Vienna 1989. p. 117 After the Romanian Army advanced beyond this cease-fire line, the Entente powers asked Hungary (Vix Note) to acknowledge the new Romanian territory gains by a new line set along the Tisza river. Unable to reject these terms and unwilling to accept them, the leaders of the Hungarian Democratic Republic resigned and the Communists seized power. In spite of the country being under Allied blockade, the Hungarian Soviet Republic was formed and the Hungarian Red Army was rapidly set up. This army (Slovak Soviet Republic) was initially successful against the Czechoslovak Legions due to having been implicitly aided with food "Die Ereignisse in der Slovakei," Der Demokrat (morning edition), 4 June 1919. and weapons by Italy; Die italienisch-ungarische Freundschaft," Bohemia, 29 June 1919. which made it possible for Hungary to reach nearly the former Galitian (Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria) (Polish) border, thus separating the Czechoslovak and Romanian troops from each other. The Yugoslav kingdom bordered Italy (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)) and Austria (First Austrian Republic) to the northwest, Hungary (Hungarian Democratic Republic) and Romania (Kingdom of Romania) to the north, Bulgaria (Kingdom of Bulgaria) to the east, Greece (Kingdom of Greece) and Albania (Albanian Kingdom) to the south, and the Adriatic Sea to the west. Almost immediately, it ran into disputes with most of its neighbours. Slovenia was difficult to determine, since it had been an integral part of Austria for 400 years. The Vojvodina region was disputed with Hungary, Macedonia with Bulgaria, Fiume and Trieste with Italy. * Establishment of the Republic of German Austria (German Austria) and the Hungarian Democratic Republic, disavowing any continuity with the empire and exiling the Habsburg family in perpetuity. * Borders of newly independent Hungary did not include two-thirds of the lands of the former Kingdom of Hungary, including large areas where the ethnic Magyars were in a majority. The new republic of Austria maintained control over most of the mostly German-dominated areas, but lost various other German majority lands in what was the Austrian Empire. Post war On October 27, 1918 Emperor Karl made August the "Homo Regius" of Hungary, but August asked to be released from his oath of allegiance from the Kaiser. He then began negotiations and appointed Graf János Hadik to build a new national government. However the Aster Revolution revolution broke out on October 31, 1918, deterring his plans. In November, the independent Hungarian Democratic Republic was proclaimed, only to be replaced a few months later by the communist Hungarian Soviet Republic. This revolution was to fail : the popular August survived unharmed and once again became the head of state "Reichsverweser" (regent) and appointed a Prime Minister. Since the Allied forces declined to accept Archdukes Joseph as Hungary's head of state, he was forced to resign on 23 August 1919. '''Dénes Berinkey''' (17 October 1871 – 25 June 1944) was a Hungarian (Hungary) jurist and politician who served as prime minister (Prime Minister of Hungary) in the regime of (Hungarian Democratic Republic) Mihály Károlyi for two months in 1919. result Hungarian defeat, Collapse of the Hungarian Soviet Republic, Partial Romanian occupation of Hungary combatant1 22px (Image:Civil Ensign of Hungary.svg) Hungarian Democratic Republic 22px (Image:Red flag.svg) Hungarian Soviet Republic 22px (Image:Red flag.svg) Slovak Soviet Republic ---- The "'''Revolutions and interventions in Hungary'''" was a tense and wartime period between 1919 and 1920. Due to the economic situation and the war losses the Hungarian Democratic Republic was founded by Mihály Károlyi during the Aster Revolution in 1918. In March 1919, the republic was overturned by another revolution, and the Hungarian Soviet Republic was created. The unresolved conflicts led to wars between Hungarian Soviet Republic and its neighbor states (Kingdom of Romania, David Parker, Revolutions and the revolutionary tradition in the West, 1560-1991, Routledge, 2000, p. 170. Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Priscilla Mary Roberts, World War I: A Student Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2005, p. 1824 Miklós Lojkó, Meddling in Middle Europe: Britain and the 'Lands Between, 1919-1925, Central European University Press, 2006, p. 13 and the evolving Czechoslovakia ) in 1919. The Hungarian Soviet Republic ceased to exist after the Romanian occupation. The Treaty of Trianon in Versailles chilled the conflicts and beneficiaries for this event were Romania, the newly formed states of Czechoslovakia, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Background With the volatile and politically unstable atmosphere of Central Europe in the inter-war years, the establishment of independent governments of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire in November 1918 would see the struggle to regain territories of the former empire. However, Hungarian President for Hungarian Democratic Republic Mihály Károlyi resigned within four months (on March 20, 1919) in favor of Béla Kun, a pro-Bolshevik who had been sent by Lenin, quickly seizing power and establishing a dictatorship.


political concept

, especially when the Entente powers began distributing slices of what many considered Hungary's traditional territory (Greater Hungary (political concept)) to the majority ethnic groups in Romania (Kingdom of Romania), the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia) (colloquially Yugoslavia until the name became formal in 1929), and Czechoslovakia (First Czechoslovak Republic). The new government and its supporters had pinned their hopes for maintaining Hungary's

integrity, but were in no position to reject it. In protest, Berinkey resigned. Károlyi turned power over to a coalition of Social Democrats (Hungarian Social Democratic Party) and Communists (Hungarian Communist Party); the latter promised that Soviet Russia (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) would help Hungary to restore its original borders (Greater Hungary (political concept)). Although the Social Democrats held a majority in the coalition, the Communists led by Béla Kun

, and the Metaxas Regime *History of Hungary: Treaty of Trianon, Hungarian Democratic Republic, Hungarian Soviet Republic, Hungarian–Romanian War of 1919, Kingdom of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1944)), Greater Hungary (Greater Hungary (political concept)), Vienna Awards, Arrow Cross, and Slovak-Hungarian War *History of India: Indian independence movement, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and the Government of India Act 1935 File:Regnum Carantanum.PNG


concept

, especially when the Entente powers began distributing slices of what many considered Hungary's traditional territory (Greater Hungary (political concept)) to the majority ethnic groups in Romania (Kingdom of Romania), the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia) (colloquially Yugoslavia until the name became formal in 1929), and Czechoslovakia (First Czechoslovak Republic). The new government and its supporters had pinned their hopes for maintaining Hungary's

integrity, but were in no position to reject it. In protest, Berinkey resigned. Károlyi turned power over to a coalition of Social Democrats (Hungarian Social Democratic Party) and Communists (Hungarian Communist Party); the latter promised that Soviet Russia (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) would help Hungary to restore its original borders (Greater Hungary (political concept)). Although the Social Democrats held a majority in the coalition, the Communists led by Béla Kun

, and the Metaxas Regime *History of Hungary: Treaty of Trianon, Hungarian Democratic Republic, Hungarian Soviet Republic, Hungarian–Romanian War of 1919, Kingdom of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1944)), Greater Hungary (Greater Hungary (political concept)), Vienna Awards, Arrow Cross, and Slovak-Hungarian War *History of India: Indian independence movement, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and the Government of India Act 1935 File:Regnum Carantanum.PNG


period history

1919._M._E._számú_rendelet publisher hu.wikisource.org accessdate 5 February 2012 language Hungarian appeared on some government-issued decrees during this period. History Károlyi


short

;br ) was a short-lived (List of shortest-lived sovereign states) people's republic that existed, apart from a 133-day interruption (Hungarian Soviet Republic), from late 1918 until mid-1919. It was established in the wake of the Aftermath of World War I#Austria-Hungary dissolution

of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I. The Hungarian People's Republic replaced the Kingdom of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary (Austria-Hungary)) and was in turn replaced by another short-lived state (Hungarian Republic (1919–20)). During this period, Hungary was forced to cede lands for the formation of nations based on majority-ethnic groups, who formed Czechoslovakia (First Czechoslovak Republic), Romania (Kingdom of Romania), and Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia

and then the Hungarian Soviet Republic were briefly proclaimed in 1918 and 1919 respectively. The short-lived communist government of Béla Kun launched what was known as the "Red Terror (Red Terror (Hungary))" and ultimately involved Hungary in an ill-fated war with Romania (Hungarian-Romanian War of 1919). In 1920, the country went into a period of civil conflict with Hungarian anti-communists and monarchists violently purging the nation of communists, leftist intellectuals


concept original

integrity, but were in no position to reject it. In protest, Berinkey resigned. Károlyi turned power over to a coalition of Social Democrats (Hungarian Social Democratic Party) and Communists (Hungarian Communist Party); the latter promised that Soviet Russia (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) would help Hungary to restore its original borders (Greater Hungary (political concept)). Although the Social Democrats held a majority in the coalition, the Communists led by Béla Kun


hungarian

empire government_type People's republic

language Hungarian isbn 963-8153-55-5 page 17 event_start Monarchy abolished (Abolished monarchy) date_start 16 November year_start 1918 event_end Disestablished date_end 8 August year_end 1919 life_span 1918–1919 year_exile_start year_exile_end event1 Soviet Republic proclaimed (Hungarian Soviet Republic) date_event1


590

in Budapest gave Károlyi a note (Vix Note) delineating the final postwar boundaries, which the Hungarians found unacceptable. Károlyi and Prime Minister Dénes Berinkey were now in an impossible position. They knew accepting the French note would endanger the country's territorial

language Hungarian isbn 963-389-590-1 page 132 A decree was issued on 2 August restoring the form of government and the official state name back to "People's Republic". During its brief existence, the Peidl government began to abrogate the edicts passed by the communist regime.

Hungarian Democratic Republic

The '''Hungarian Democratic Republic''' ( ) was a short-lived (List of shortest-lived sovereign states) people's republic that existed, apart from a 133-day interruption (Hungarian Soviet Republic), from late 1918 until mid-1919. It was established in the wake of the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Aftermath of World War I#Austria-Hungary) following World War I. The Hungarian People's Republic replaced the Kingdom of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary (Austria-Hungary)) and was in turn replaced by another short-lived state (Hungarian Republic (1919–20)).

During this period, Hungary was forced to cede lands for the formation of nations based on majority-ethnic groups, who formed Czechoslovakia (First Czechoslovak Republic), Romania (Kingdom of Romania), and Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Yugoslavia), made up of Serbians, Croatians and Slovenes.

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