Homs

What is Homs known for?


family lead

. '''Atassi''', also spelled '''Atasi''' ( ) is the name of a prominent family of city Notables in Homs, Syria dating back to the 16th century AD. Members of the family lead the national movement against the French mandate. The power and prestige of the family reached an apex at the formation of the modern Republic of Syria in 1936, when its second Head of State, Hashim al-Atassi was elected president. Two out of the seven members


population popular

; ref The city specializes in cooking a type of okra meal, known as ''bamya bi-l zayt'' ("okra with olive oil"). Wright, 2003, p. 182. Homs has an array of restaurants, some of the most highly acclaimed are those within the Safir Hotel: Mamma Mia and Mersia. The former specializes in Italian cuisine, while the latter serves Arabic food (Arab cuisine). For the local population, popular restaurants include Prince Restaurant which acts as a type


exceptional position

loyalty by the grant of an exceptional position (262). He may have assumed the title of king before; but he now became ''totius Orientis imperator'', not indeed joint-ruler, nor Augustus, but independent lieutenant of the emperor for the East (Mommsen, ''Provinces'', ii. p. 103). In December 1939 Polish commander-in-chief Gen. Władysław Sikorski decided that a Polish unit in the French territory of Levant be created. On 12 April 1940 the brigade was officially formed in Syria


food place

of fast-food place, serving ''shawarma'', grilled chicken, and other common Syrian foods, as well as homemade juices. In the Old City, low-price restaurants are grouped together along Shoukri al-Quwatly Street (Quwatli Street) and sell similar foods, such as hummus, falafel, various salads (''mezze''), kebabs and chicken dishes. Restaurants and coffeehouses typically offer hookahs and are a common place for men to gather and smoke. Carter, 2004, pp.&nbsp


leadership made

Arabic year 2007 accessdate 28 February 2009


century style

Nov precipitation days 7 Dec precipitation days 11 source 1 World Meteorological Organization Demographics class "wikitable" style "float:right; margin-left:15px;" - ! Year ! Population - style "background:#add8e6;" 12th-century style "text-align:center;" ~7,000 Shatzmiller, 1994, p. 59. - style "background:#add8e6


famous world

;34–35. thumb left The Krak des Chevaliers (File:Krak des Chevaliers 01.jpg), a famous world heritage site near Homs The city of Emesa grew to prominence after the new-found wealth of the Emesani dynasty, governed first by one of the sons of Sampsiceramus I, Iamblichus I (Iamblichus (phylarch)) who made it the kingdom's capital. The Emesani proved their loyalty to Rome once more when they aided Gaius Julius Caesar in his siege


public+heavy

is also home to several large public heavy industries, such as the oil refinery west of the city which opened in 1959. A fertilizer plant was built in 1971 to process phosphates from their deposits near Palmyra; the fertilizer is for domestic consumption and export. Commins, 2004, p. 136. A growing private industrial sector has flourished in the past decade and many small to medium sized enterprises occupy the industrial zones northwest and south of the city. A new sugar refinery is being built by a Brazilian company, and an automobile plant is under construction by Iran Khodro. Also a new phosphate plant and oil refinery are being built east of the city. Homs is also the hub of an important road and rail network, it is the central link between the interior cities and the Mediterranean coast. A major industrial project was the establishment of a new industrial city in Hissaya,


syphilis

Public Health Service officer Peter Buxtun revealing the Tuskegee syphilis experiment to the public. Jones JH. "The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment" in Emanuel EJ et al. ''The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics''. Oxford University Press. Oxford. 2008. pp. 86–96 at 94. The 2008 attack by the Israeli military on civilian areas of Palestinian (Palestinian territories) Gaza was described as a "stain on the world's conscience". ref


nearby+popular

sights nearby. Popular destinations include Krak des Chevaliers, Qatna, Talkalakh and Marmarita. Homs has several hotels; Safir Hotel (Safir Hotels & Resorts) is considered one of Syria's best five-star hotels and the only one of that status in the city. An-Nasr al-Jedid Hotel is built in a 100-year-old mansion and is labeled by tour guides as the "best budget hotel in Homs". Other hotels include Hotel al-Mimas, Ghazi Hotel, and Hotel Khayyam. ref name "

Homs

'''Homs''' ( Located on the Orontes River, Homs is also the central link between the interior cities and the Mediterranean coast.

Previous to the civil war, Homs was a major industrial centre, and with a population of at least 652,609 people in 2004, 2004 census. it was the third largest city in Syria after Aleppo to the north and the capital Damascus to the south. Its population reflects Syria's general religious diversity, composed mostly of Arabic (Arabic language)-speaking Sunni Muslims and Alawite and Christian (Eastern Christianity) minorities. There are a number of historic mosques and churches in the city, and it is close to the Krak des Chevaliers castle, a world heritage site.

Homs did not emerge into the historical record until the 1st century BCE at the time of the Seleucids. It later became the capital of a kingdom ruled by the Emesani dynasty (Royal Family of Emesa) who gave the city its name. Originally a center of worship for the sun god El-Gabal, it later gained importance in Christianity under the Byzantine (Byzantine Empire)s. Homs was conquered by the Muslims in the 7th-century and made capital of a district (Jund Hims) that bore its current name. Throughout the Islamic era, Muslim dynasties contending for control of Syria sought after Homs due to the city's strategic position in the area. Homs began to decline under the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire)s and only in the 19th century did the city regain its economic importance when its cotton industry boomed. During French Mandate (French Mandate of Syria) rule, the city became a center of insurrection and, after independence in 1946, a center of Baathist (Ba'ath Party) resistance to the first Syrian governments.

In the ongoing Syrian civil war, Homs became an opposition stronghold and the Syrian government launched a military assault against the city in May 2011. By 14 January 2014, the government was in control of Homs except for the Old City, which remains in rebel hands and is under government siege. The Syrian army's artillery shelling and warplane bombing has left much of the city completely destroyed and thousands dead. Homs: Syrian revolution's 'capital'. ''BBC News''. 2014-01-27.

In May 2014, rebel forces withdrew from all areas in Homs (including Ghintou, Talbiseh, Dar al-Kabira, and Ar Rastan) as per a truce.

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