History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi

What is History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi known for?


publication quot

were financed by Gaddafi. The Socialist Labour League's ''Workers News'' was one such publication: "in among the routine denunciations of uranium mining and calls for greater trade union militancy would be a couple of pages extolling Gaddafi's fatuous and incoherent green book and the Libyan revolution." International sanctions after the Lockerbie bombing (1992–2003)


quot victory

Gaddafi announced that he had won a spectacular military victory over the U.S. and the country was officially renamed the "Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah". However, his speech appeared devoid of passion and even the "victory" celebrations appeared unusual. Criticism of Gaddafi by ordinary Libyan citizens became more bold, such as defacing of Gaddafi posters. ref name "Brian%2520Lee


international theory

September 2010. The "remaking of Libyan society" contained in Gaddafi's ideological visions began to be put into practice formally beginning in 1973 with a so-called cultural or popular revolution. This revolution was designed to combat bureaucratic inefficiency, lack of public interest and participation in the subnational governmental system, and problems of national political coordination. In an attempt to instill

International Theory Jamahiriya '' leader1 Muammar Gaddafi year_leader1 1977–2011 title_leader Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution era Cold War War on Terror event_start People's Authority date_start 2 March year_start 1977 event1 Fall of Tripoli (Battle of Tripoli (2011)) date_event1 28 August 2011 event_end Gaddafi killed (Death of Muammar Gaddafi) date_end 20 October year_end 2011 stat_year1 2010 stat_area1 stat_pop1

-‘Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ash-Sha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah ''). In the official political philosophy of Gaddafi's state, the "Jamahiriya" system was unique to the country, although it was presented as the materialization of the Third International Theory, proposed by Gaddafi to be applied to the entire Third World. Gaddafi was designated the "Leader" ('' 400px thumb Bush's "axis of evil" included Iran (Image:Axis of Evil map.svg), Iraq (Ba'athist Iraq), and North Korea (red). "Beyond the Axis of Evil" included Cuba, Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), and Syria (orange). The three 'outposts of tyranny' described by Condoleezza Rice: Belarus, Zimbabwe, and Myanmar are green. The United States is blue. frame right John R. Bolton (Image:John R. Bolton.png) On May 6, 2002, then-Undersecretary of State John R. Bolton gave a speech entitled "Beyond the Axis of Evil". In it he added three more nations to be grouped with the already mentioned rogue states: Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), Syria, and Cuba. The criteria for inclusion in this grouping were: "state sponsors of terrorism that are pursuing or who have the potential to pursue weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or have the capability to do so in violation of their treaty obligations". The speech was widely reported as an expansion of the original axis of evil. Politics In the Libyan civil war, Gaddafi forces (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) maintained control of large parts of the district and city longer than elsewhere in the country. The National Transitional Council took control of the city on 11 September 2011. BBC News "Libya conflict: Anti-Gaddafi fighters take Sabha" - accessed 9.23.2011. Records found in Muammar Gaddafi's former intelligence headquarters in Tripoli, shortly after the overthrow (2011 Libyan civil war) of the Gaddafi regime (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) in 2011, indicated that in late September 2003, British intelligence (MI6) officials told then-Libyan intelligence chief Musa Kusa that Bout had a "considerable commercial presence in Libya" and aimed to expand his interests there. Khadafy records tie Russian arms dealer to Libya, U.S. experts hunt for anti-aircraft missiles Associated Press, 5 Nov 2011.


spectacular military

Gaddafi announced that he had won a spectacular military victory over the U.S. and the country was officially renamed the "Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah". However, his speech appeared devoid of passion and even the "victory" celebrations appeared unusual. Criticism of Gaddafi by ordinary Libyan citizens became more bold, such as defacing of Gaddafi posters. ref name "Brian%2520Lee


significant oil

". The country was renamed again in 1986 to the '''Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya'''. Coup d'état of 1969 400px thumb Bush's "axis of evil" included Iran (Image:Axis of Evil map.svg), Iraq (Ba'athist Iraq), and North Korea (red). "Beyond the Axis of Evil" included Cuba, Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), and Syria (orange). The three 'outposts of tyranny' described by Condoleezza Rice: Belarus, Zimbabwe, and Myanmar are green. The United States is blue. frame right John R. Bolton (Image:John R. Bolton.png) On May 6, 2002, then-Undersecretary of State John R. Bolton gave a speech entitled "Beyond the Axis of Evil". In it he added three more nations to be grouped with the already mentioned rogue states: Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), Syria, and Cuba. The criteria for inclusion in this grouping were: "state sponsors of terrorism that are pursuing or who have the potential to pursue weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or have the capability to do so in violation of their treaty obligations". The speech was widely reported as an expansion of the original axis of evil. Politics In the Libyan civil war, Gaddafi forces (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) maintained control of large parts of the district and city longer than elsewhere in the country. The National Transitional Council took control of the city on 11 September 2011. BBC News "Libya conflict: Anti-Gaddafi fighters take Sabha" - accessed 9.23.2011. Records found in Muammar Gaddafi's former intelligence headquarters in Tripoli, shortly after the overthrow (2011 Libyan civil war) of the Gaddafi regime (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) in 2011, indicated that in late September 2003, British intelligence (MI6) officials told then-Libyan intelligence chief Musa Kusa that Bout had a "considerable commercial presence in Libya" and aimed to expand his interests there. Khadafy records tie Russian arms dealer to Libya, U.S. experts hunt for anti-aircraft missiles Associated Press, 5 Nov 2011.


oil related

connections with the outer world, reduced diplomatic representation and prohibited the sale of military equipment. Oil-related sanctions were assessed by some as equally significant for their exceptions: thus sanctions froze Libya's foreign assets (but excluded revenue from oil and natural gas and agricultural commodities) and banned the sale to Libya of refinery or pipeline equipment (but excluded oil ''production'' equipment). Under the sanctions Libya's refining capacity eroded. Libya's role


study education

North Korea. The surveillance took place in government, in factories, and in the education sector. Following an abortive attempt to replace English foreign language education with Russian, in recent years English has been taught in Libyan schools from a primary


quot victory'

Gaddafi announced that he had won a spectacular military victory over the U.S. and the country was officially renamed the "Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah". However, his speech appeared devoid of passion and even the "victory" celebrations appeared unusual. Criticism of Gaddafi by ordinary Libyan citizens became more bold, such as defacing of Gaddafi posters. ref name "Brian%2520Lee


world international

of Chad. Gaddafi trained and supported Liberian warlord-president Charles Taylor (Charles Taylor (Liberia)), who was indicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the conflict in Sierra Leone.


national political

September 2010. 400px thumb Bush's "axis of evil" included Iran (Image:Axis of Evil map.svg), Iraq (Ba'athist Iraq), and North Korea (red). "Beyond the Axis of Evil" included Cuba, Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), and Syria (orange). The three 'outposts of tyranny' described by Condoleezza Rice: Belarus, Zimbabwe, and Myanmar are green. The United States is blue. frame right John R. Bolton (Image:John R. Bolton.png) On May 6, 2002, then-Undersecretary of State John R. Bolton gave a speech entitled "Beyond the Axis of Evil". In it he added three more nations to be grouped with the already mentioned rogue states: Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), Syria, and Cuba. The criteria for inclusion in this grouping were: "state sponsors of terrorism that are pursuing or who have the potential to pursue weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or have the capability to do so in violation of their treaty obligations". The speech was widely reported as an expansion of the original axis of evil. Politics In the Libyan civil war, Gaddafi forces (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) maintained control of large parts of the district and city longer than elsewhere in the country. The National Transitional Council took control of the city on 11 September 2011. BBC News "Libya conflict: Anti-Gaddafi fighters take Sabha" - accessed 9.23.2011. Records found in Muammar Gaddafi's former intelligence headquarters in Tripoli, shortly after the overthrow (2011 Libyan civil war) of the Gaddafi regime (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) in 2011, indicated that in late September 2003, British intelligence (MI6) officials told then-Libyan intelligence chief Musa Kusa that Bout had a "considerable commercial presence in Libya" and aimed to expand his interests there. Khadafy records tie Russian arms dealer to Libya, U.S. experts hunt for anti-aircraft missiles Associated Press, 5 Nov 2011.

History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi

On 2 March 1977, the GPC, at Gaddafi's behest, adopted the "Declaration of the Establishment of the People's Authority" General People's Congress declaration (2 March 1977) at EMERglobal Lex for the Edinburgh Middle East Report. Retrieved 31 March 2010. english text of the Declaration and proclaimed the '''Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya''' ( ''). In the official political philosophy of Gaddafi's state, the "Jamahiriya" system was unique to the country, although it was presented as the materialization of the Third International Theory, proposed by Gaddafi to be applied to the entire Third World.

Gaddafi was designated the "Leader" ('' '') of the Libyan state and was accorded the honorifics "Brotherly Leader and Guide to the First of September Great Revolution of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya".

The Libyan government stated that the Libyan Jamahiriya was a direct democracy without any political parties (Nonpartisan), governed by its populace through local popular councils and communes (named Basic People's Congress (Basic People's Congress (political))es). Official rhetoric disdained the idea of a nation state, tribal bonds remaining primary, even within the ranks of the military of Libya (Armed forces of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya). Protesters Die as Crackdown in Libya Intensifies, ''The New York Times'', 20 February 2011; accessed 20 February 2011.

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