What is Hamburg known for?

innovative architecture

require the innovative architecture befitting the "new Athens"; as such, a team of academics was sent out on an international expedition to visit the finest universities in Europe and North America, to combine the best of both continents and design the utopian academic setting. Mssr.'s López Otero, Cásares Gil, Dr. Simonena, Del Amo, and Julio Palácios, amongst others, set about a whirlwind tour which took them to 19 universities in the American northeast, as well as to Paris, Lyon, Oxford, Berlin, Hamburg, and numerous other European cities, all in an effort to discern the best possible building structure. The architectural tendencies of the era, however, ended up having a greater influence than the academics' visits to Harvard, the University of Pennsylvania, La Sorbonne or the University of Berlin; while the final plans from this period are hardly recognizable to anyone familiar with the contemporary campus, the buildings from the era that managed to survive the design revisions, the Civil War and the Franco regime, betray the period's fondness for the German Bauhaus movement. Indeed, the original buildings, exemplary amongst them the Schools of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, are a paean to structural functionalism and the graceful utilitarianism of the 1920s. Geography Husum is located by the North Sea; 82 km W of Kiel, 139 km NW of Hamburg and 43 km SW of Flensburg. Infrastructure Husum station (Husum (Germany) station) is located on the Westerland (Westerland, Germany)–Hamburg line (Marsh Railway), the Husum–Bad St. Peter-Ording line (Husum–Bad St. Peter-Ording railway) to the Eiderstedt peninsula and the Husum–Jübek line (Husum–Kiel railway), which connects to the Neumünster–Flensburg line (Neumünster–Flensburg railway) and Kiel. Britain refused to remove troops from Egypt or Malta as agreed upon in the treaty. Kagan, p. 42 Bonaparte formally protested the continuing British occupations, and in January 1803 published a report by Horace Sebastiani (Horace François Bastien Sébastiani de La Porta) that included observations on the ease with which France might capture Egypt, alarming most of the European powers. Grainger, p. 153 In an interview in February 1803 with Lord Whitworth (Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth), the UK's French ambassador, Bonaparte threatened war if Malta was not evacuated, and implied that he could have already retaken Egypt. Kagan, p. 43 The exchange left Whitworth feeling he was given an ultimatum. In a public meeting with a group of diplomats the following month, Bonaparte again pressed Whitworth, implying that the British wanted war since they were not upholding their treaty obligations. The Russian ambassador, Arkadiy Ivanovich Morkov, reported this encounter back to St. Petersburg in stark terms; the implicit and explicit threats contained in the exchange may have played a role in Russia's eventual entry into the Third Coalition. Kagan, p. 44 Morkov also reported rumors that Bonaparte would seize Hamburg as well as Hanover (Electorate of Hanover) if war was renewed. Kagan, p. 46 Although Alexander wanted to avoid war, this news apparently forced his hand; he began collecting troops on the Baltic (Baltic Sea) coast in late March. Kagan, pp. 46-8. The Russian foreign minister wrote of the situation, "The intention already expressed by the First Consul of striking blows against England wherever he can, and under this pretext of sending his troops into Hanover and Northern Germany... entirely transforms the nature of this war as it relates to our interests and obligations." Kagan, p. 49 Important towns are Hamburg and Itzehoe to the south, Husum to the north, and Kiel and Rendsburg to the east. The main roads and rail lines in Schleswig-Holstein follow a north-south direction, making Hamburg its most accessible city. On 12 February 1832, the first case of cholera was reported in London at Limehouse. First described in India in 1817, it had spread here via Hamburg. Although 800 people died during this epidemic, fewer than had died of tuberculosis in the same year, cholera visited again in 1848 and 1858. ''The 1832 cholera epidemic in East London'' East London Record, '''2''' (1979) accessed 5 July 2007 publisher The Canadian Encyclopedia accessdate 25 February 2010 Edmonton is the most northerly city in North America with a metropolitan population of over one million. It is at the same latitude as Hamburg, Germany and Manchester, England. North as it is, it is south of the geographic centre of Alberta, which is located near the Hamlet of Fort Assiniboine (Fort Assiniboine, Alberta). Commons:Category:Hamburg Wikipedia:Hamburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Hamburg

genre power

, Hamburg, Germany and Mi Sueno studio, Tenerife Genre Power metal Speed metal The album was recorded at Chateau du Pape and Crazy Cat studios in Hamburg and at Mi Sueno studio in Tenerife. It was produced and mixed by Tommy Hansen (Tommy Hansen (producer)) at Chateau du Pape and mastered by Ian Cooper (Ian Cooper (mastering engineer)) at Metropolis (Metropolis, London), London. File:Chicagoland air.jpg thumb

; in Hamburg. Since the summer of 2007, Mando Diao has had support from a horn section consisting of renowned Swedish jazz musicians Nils Janson and Nils Berg. background group_or_band origin Hamburg, Germany genre Power metal There is still the option to build a 380 kV line from Lübeck to another 380 kV substation in Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg or Lower Saxony. The construction of the 380 kV link between Lübeck-Herrenwyk and Schwerin is not progressing due to opposition from ecologists. 2000 In May 2000, the second rally began at Marble Arch in London and continued to Stansted Airport (London Stansted Airport) where all the cars and entrants were airlifted to a private airport in Spain. The rally then progressed through Europe via Bilbao, Cannes, Milan, Hotel Bühlerhöhe Castle (:de:Bühlerhöhe) near Baden-Baden, the Nürburgring GP circuit (Nürburgring) and Hamburg, before returning to London. Notable entrants included drum and bass legend and James Bond villain, Goldie, in an Aston Martin V8; 'It-girl' Tara Palmer-Tomkinson in a Jaguar XK8; Great Train Robber (Great train robbery (1963)) Bruce Reynolds in a Bentley (Bentley Motors Limited); the indie band Placebo (Placebo (band)) in a Lagonda; the Happy Mondays all crammed into a 2+2 Jaguar; and Maximillion Cooper in the famous Bentley Arnage 1WO. Exhibitions of exotic populations became popular in various countries in the 1870s. Human zoos could be found in Paris, Hamburg, Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Milan, New York, and Warsaw with 200,000 to 300,000 visitors attending each exhibition. In Germany, Carl Hagenbeck, a merchant in wild animals and future entrepreneur of many European zoos, decided in 1874 to exhibit Samoan (Samoans) and Sami people as "purely natural" populations. In 1876, he sent a collaborator to the Egyptian Sudan to bring back some wild beasts and Nubians. The Nubian exhibit was very successful in Europe and toured Paris, London, and Berlin. He also dispatched an agent to Labrador to secure a number of Esquimaux (Eskimo) (Inuit) from the settlement of Hopedale; these Inuit were exhibited in his Hamburg Tierpark. The '''Hamburg cell''' ( Commons:Category:Hamburg Wikipedia:Hamburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Hamburg

opening event

poles with 230 lanterns on their chins; the main event is held during the evening and night hours, between the 3rd and 6th of August every year. This style of festival is also seen in Hamburg, Germany in 1988, Honolulu, Hawaii in 2002, London, England in 2004, and opening event in World Games in 2001. During the festival, Kanto stunt events are held in Chiaki Park during daylight hours and involved many amateur participants section. This event was first held in 1931 and every

leading opera

Opera is a leading opera company. Its orchestra is the Philharmoniker Hamburg. The city's other well-known orchestra is the North German Radio Symphony Orchestra. The main concert venue is the Laeiszhalle, ''Musikhalle Hamburg'', pending completion of the new Elbe Philharmonic Hall. The Laeiszhalle also houses a third orchestra, the Hamburger Symphoniker. György Ligeti and Alfred Schnittke taught at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hamburg. ref>

. The recitative in his operas was always in German so the audience could follow the plot, but from ''Claudius'' in 1703 he began to include arias in Italian which allowed for florid vocal display. The hallmark of the Hamburg style was its eclecticism. ''Orpheus (Orpheus (Telemann))'' (1726) by Telemann Another prolific composer, Telemann began to eclipse Keiser as the leading opera composer in Hamburg from 1717. contains arias in Italian setting texts taken from famous Handel operas as well as choruses in French to words originally set by Lully. Hamburg opera might also include comic characters (Keiser's ''Der Carneval von Venedig'' of 1707 has them speaking in the local Lower Saxon dialect), marking a great contrast to the elevated new style of opera seria as defined by Metastasio. Yet the immediate future belonged to Italian opera. The most famous German-born opera composer of the era, Handel, wrote four operas for Hamburg at the beginning of his career but soon moved on to write opera seria in Italy and England. Only one of Handel's German-language operas, ''Almira'', survives in a reasonably intact state. In 1738, the Theater am Gänsemarkt went bankrupt and the fortunes of serious opera in German went into decline for the next few decades. On the Hamburg opera, ''Oxford Illustrated History of Opera'' pp.32,77–79; ''A Short History of Opera'', section on Keiser, p.176ff.; ''Viking Opera Guide'' articles on Keiser, Mattheson and Telemann; booklet notes to the recording of Keiser's opera ''Croesus'' by René Jacobs. Leipzig collegia musica, consisting mostly of university students, enjoyed a succession of particularly illustrious directors, including Johann Kuhnau (1688 (1688 in music)), Telemann (1702 (1702 in music)), and Bach (1729 (1729 in music)–1737 (1737 in music)), who composed several concertos and dramme per musica (dramma per musica) for weekly performances at Zimmerman's coffeehouse and for "extraordinary" concerts. Telemann went on to promote professional concerts by Frankfurt and Hamburg collegia in the late 1720s, thus fostering the emergence of public subscription concerts in Germany. With the Moravian emigration, American (USA) collegia sprang up beginning in 1744 (1744 in music) in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, and the Carolina (The Carolinas)s. * Collegium Musicum (Leipzig) - a musical ensemble founded in Leipzig in 1702 by Georg Philipp Telemann, later associated with Johann Sebastian Bach. * Collegium Musicum (Hamburg) - a musical ensemble founded in Hamburg in the 17th century by Matthias Weckmann. Works for the stage Helnwein is also known for his stage and costume designs for theater, ballet and opera productions. Amongst them: "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare, (director, choreographer: Johann Kresnik), Theater Heidelberg, 1988, Volksbühne Berlin, 1995; "The Persecution and Murder of (Marat Sade)Jean Paul Marat, Performed by the Drama Group of the Hospice at Charenton, under Direction of Monsieur (Marat Sade) de Sade" by Peter Weiss, (director: Johann Kresnik), Stuttgart National Theatre (Staatstheater Stuttgart), 1989; "Pasolini, Testament des Körpers", (director: Johann Kresnik), Deutsches Schauspielhaus Hamburg, 1996; "Hamletmaschine" by Heiner Müller, (director: Gert Hof), 47. Berliner Festwochen, Berlin 1997, Muffathalle, München, 1997; "The Rake's Progress" by Igor Stravinsky, (director: Jürgen Flimm), at Hamburg State Opera, 2001; "Paradise and the Peri", oratorio by Robert Schumann, (director, choreographer: Gregor Seyffert & Compagnie Berlin), Robert-Schumann-Festival 2004, Tonhalle Düsseldorf; Der Rosenkavalier" by Richard Strauss, (director: Maximilian Schell) at Los Angeles Opera, 2005, Anthony Tommasini, "A 'Rosenkavalier' Without Ham and Schmaltz?", ''The New York Times'', May 31, 2005.and Israeli Opera Tel Aviv , 2006;"Der Ring des Nibelungen, part I, Rheingold (Das Rheingold) und Walküre", choreographic theatre after Richard Wagner, (director, choreographer: Johann Kresnik), Oper Bonn, 2006; "Der Ring des Nibelungen", part II, ''Siegfried (Siegfried (opera))'' and ''Götterdämmerung'', director, choreographer: Johann Kresnik), Oper Bonn, 2008, "The Child Dreams", by Hanoch Levin, composer: Gil Shohat, directed by Omri Nitzan, Israeli Opera, Tel Aviv, 2009 2010. 1870–1914 The earliest trading companies (trading company) on Butaritari were the Hamburg-based DPHG with Pacific headquarters in Samoa, and On Chong (Chinese (China) traders with Australian connections via the goldfields). These traders helped Butaritari became the commercial and trading capital of the Gilbert Islands until Burns Philp, a powerful trading company, moved to Tarawa, following the seat of political power. Schools The school year in Germany begins between mid-July and early September, and ends from mid-June to July, with a summer break of similar length to that in the UK (only 6 weeks) but much shorter than in some other countries (with up to 3 months). The summer vacation starts in a different week by state (there are 16 federal states (including Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen)). The school year includes four or five shorter breaks or holidays: *'''Christmas Break''': Two weeks around Christmas and New Year * Grand Duchy of Baden: Military Karl-Friedrich Merit Order, Grand Cross * Free and Hanseatic Cities (Hanseatic League) of Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck: Hanseatic Cross * Duchy of Brunswick: War Merit Cross (War Merit Cross (Brunswick)), 2 class * Brunswick (Duchy of Brunswick): War Merit Cross (War Merit Cross (Brunswick)) * Hamburg: Hanseatic Cross * Hesse-Darmstadt (Grand Duchy of Hesse): Ludewig Order (Ludewigsorden) '''''Naïve''''' is industrial rock group KMFDM's fifth album, released in 1990 (1990 in music). It was recorded in Hamburg, Germany upon KMFDM's return from their first visit to America and subsequent tour with Ministry (Ministry (band)). Commons:Category:Hamburg Wikipedia:Hamburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Hamburg

played numerous

Behrens attended the Christianeum Hamburg from September 1877 until Easter 1882. He studied painting in his native Hamburg, as well as in Düsseldorf and Karlsruhe, from 1886 to 1889. In 1890, he married Lilly Kramer and moved to Munich. At first, he worked as a painter (Painting), illustrator and book-binder (bookbinding) in a sort of artisanal way. He frequented the bohemian (Bohemianism) circles and was interested in subjects related to the reform of life-styles. In 1899 Behrens accepted the invitation of the Grand-duke Ernst-Ludwig of Hesse to be the second member of his recently-inaugurated Darmstadt Artists' Colony, where Behrens built his own house and fully conceived everything inside the house (furniture

matches scoring

the Cold War. Career Reinhardt began his career 1983 with Empor Grabow Grabower FC and joined 1. FC Magdeburg in 1992. He left Magdeburg after two years and moved to Hamburg where he joined VfL Hamburg 93. Reinhardt played three years for VfL Hamburg 93 and moved in the summer of 1997 to Hannover 96. In his three years with Hannover 96 he played 58 matches and scored four goals. From 2000 to 2003 Reinhardt played for Arminia Bielefeld 99 matches, scoring eight goals

centuries opera

-3 Carsten E. Hatting, "18th and 19th Centuries: Opera and Concerts". Denmark - Culture - Music, Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 10 March 2010. thumb 242px righy Burdon at the Audimax in Hamburg, July 1973 (File:Eric-Burdon 1973.jpg) In May 1978 he recorded the album ''Darkness Darkness'' at the Roundwood House in County Laois, Ireland, using Ronnie Lane's Mobile Studio and featuring guitarist and vocalist Bobby Tench from The Jeff

leading articles

– Hamburg Airport *Munich – Munich Airport It was founded in Hamburg in 1946 by the British (United Kingdom) occupying forces, aiming to provide a "quality newspaper" modelled on ''The Times''. It originally carried news and British-viewpoint editorial content, but from 1947 it adopted a policy of providing two leading articles on major questions, one British and one German. At its peak in the occupation period, it had a circulation of around a million. ref

line track

was also known by the names, ''Paulo de Milao,'' ''Milan'', and ''Poul Didricksen''. Terslin, Milan, 13 Moseh's oldest son, Josua Abenzur, was the brother-in-law of Milan and in his early dealings, Milan often borrowed money from Josua. * Track 7 - Osnabrück (Intercity (Intercity (Deutsche Bahn))), Diepholz (Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg line (Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway)) * Track 8 - Hamburg ( Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway Wanne

-Eickel–Hamburg line ), Uelzen (Uelzen–Langwedel line (Uelzen–Langwedel railway)) * Track 9 - Hamburg (Metronom, Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg line (Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway)) * Track 8 - Hamburg (Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg line (Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway)), Uelzen (Uelzen–Langwedel line (Uelzen–Langwedel railway)) * Track 9 - Hamburg (Metronom, Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg line (Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway)) * Track 10 - Rotenburg ( Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway Wanne

local building''

"hamb" The Museum, Hamburg Museum, accessed December 2011 These designs till his retirement in 1933 changed the face of the city towards the art and architecture movement of ''Neue Sachlichkeit'' and gave an emphasis on the local building material of "brick". The legacy of his achievements are still visible in many districts of Hamburg today, and very often base for the city's current urban design issues. Schumacher died in 1947 in a hospital in Hamburg. Commons:Category:Hamburg Wikipedia:Hamburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Hamburg


thumb Official logo of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (File:Hamburg-logo.svg) thumb Hamburg, seen from the International Space Station (File:HamburgFromTheISS.jpg) '''Hamburg''' ( It is also the thirteenth largest German state (States of Germany). Its population is over 1.8 million people, and the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (including parts of the neighbouring Federal States (States of Germany) of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein) has more than 5 million inhabitants. The port of Hamburg, on the river Elbe, is the second largest port in Europe (after the Port of Rotterdam) and tenth largest worldwide.

The official name reflects its history (History of Hamburg) as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, as a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state, and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919, the stringent civic republic was ruled by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten (Hanseaten (class)).

Hamburg is a major transport hub and is one of the most affluent (Affluency) cities in Europe. It has become a media and industrial centre, with plants and facilities belonging to ''Airbus'', ''Blohm + Voss'' and ''Aurubis''. The radio and television broadcaster ''Norddeutscher Rundfunk'' and publishers such as ''Gruner + Jahr'' and ''Spiegel (Der Spiegel)-Verlag'' are pillars of the important media industry in Hamburg. Hamburg has been an important financial centre for centuries, and is the seat of the world's second oldest bank (List of oldest banks in continuous operation), Berenberg Bank. There are more than 120,000 enterprises.

The city is a notable tourist destination for both domestic and overseas visitors; it ranked 17th (Mercer Quality of Living Survey) in the world for livability in 2012.

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