Haiphong

What is Haiphong known for?


da nang

launched routes to Da Nang with 5 flights a week. An international airport for Haiphong, situated in Tien Lang district, is in the planning stages; if realized it would become the largest airport in northern Vietnam. Health Information technology Education *Hai Phong Medical University *Haiphong University *Vietnam Maritime University * Haiphong private University Notable people * Mạc Đăng Dung (1483–1541) king of ''Đại Việt

pop singer is a Haiphong native, she now lives in U.S. Twin towns and sister cities * Vladivostok, Russia Gallery

; aircraft. Observation Squadron 67 (VO-67), call sign "Lindy", was the only P-2 Neptune aircraft squadron to ever receive the Presidential Unit Citation. VO-67 lost three OP-2E aircraft and 20 aircrew to ground fire during its secret missions into Laos and Vietnam in 1967–68. The ROCAF Taiwan's secret 34th Squadron's RB-69A P2V-7U ELINT SIGINT (Signals intelligence) aircraft flew a low level electronic reconnaissance from Da Nang, flying over Thanh Hoa province on 20 August


extensive service

, the commandos sabotage the rudder of every A6M Zero and report the carrier's position before taking off in two undamaged Zeroes. The ''Shinano'' is then bombed by American F4U Corsairs. Throughout the 1960s and early 1970s, VMCJ-1 saw extensive service during the Vietnam War. From April 14, 1964 to December 16, 1965, the squadron flew its RF-8A Crusaders (F-8 Crusader) in photoreconnaissance missions from the USS ''Ticonderoga'' (USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14)), USS ''Constellation'' (USS Constellation (CVA-64)), USS ''Coral Sea'' (USS Coral Sea (CVA-43)), and the USS ''Oriskany'' (USS Oriskany (CVA-34)). In April 1965, VMCJ-1 took its EF-10B aircraft from Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni, Japan and joined Marine Aircraft Group 16 at Danang to combat the increase of surface-to-air missiles in Vietnam. In July of that same year, six VMCJ-1 EF-10B Skynights supported the first strike against a surface-to-air missile site in history. In November 1966, the Grumman EA-6A Electric Intruder (A-6 Intruder) was introduced at Danang and flew combat missions as far north as Hanoi and Haiphong and eventually phased out the EF-10Bs. VMCJ-1 retired its RF-8A Crusaders and received RF-4B Phantom II’s (F-4 Phantom) to accomplish the photoreconnaissance mission. Again VMCJ-1 carried out a major portion of the area reconnaissance and electronic warfare missions for USMACV, just as it did for 5th AF in the Korean War with its photographic reconnaissance. VMCJ-1 provided escort for B-52s, support for tactical air strikes, and collection of all forms of electronic intelligence. On the photorecon side, VMCJ-1 was operating in a science which had become much more sophisticated and was now called "imagery intelligence." As a trading center, the city gradually began to lose its importance beginning from the early 20th century. The importance of Mengzi was ended by the construction of the French railway (Yunnan–Vietnam Railway) from Haiphong to Kunming (the Yunnan provincial capital) in 1906–10. This railway bypassed Mengzi, but in 1915 a branch line was built via the town to the Gejiu tin mines. Apart from a brief respite during the early days of World War II, the town of Mengzi has, nevertheless, steadily declined in importance ever since. '''Frank Jao''' is a prominent Asian American businessman in Southern California. He was born in Haiphong, Vietnam, to a Vietnamese (Vietnamese people) father and ethnic Chinese (Hoa) mother. WikiPedia:Hai Phong


important discovery

of the Yersin-Kitasato controversy. journal Bacteriological Reviews year 1976 month September volume 40 issue 3 pages 633–651, quote p. 646 accessdate Jan 10, 2012 pmc 413974 pmid 10879 Yersin was also able to demonstrate for the first time that the same bacillus was present in the rodent as well as in the human disease, thus underlining the possible means of transmission. This important discovery was communicated to the French Academy of Sciences in the same year, by his colleague Emile


controversial+discovery

Kitasato's initial reports were vague and somewhat contradictory, some give Yersin sole credit for the discovery; WikiPedia:Hai Phong


large service

is the second largest in the region (10.6% of regional industrial GDP) and slightly ahead of Vĩnh Phúc Province (2007). Haiphong is northern Vietnam's major port city. As a result, it has a large service sector and is important for the region's trade, with export of US$1.26bn and imports of US$1.55bn in 2007. calculations based on General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economical Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi Agriculture, forestry and fishery Despite its status as a city, around one third of Hai Phong's area or 52,300 ha (as of 2007) are used for agriculture. Rice is the most important crop, taking up around 80% of the agricultural land with an output of 463,100 tons in 2007. General Statistics Office (2009): ''Socio-economic Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities, Vietnam''. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi Other agricultural products include maize, sugar and peanuts. Haiphong has a relatively large fishing sector with an output of 79,705 tons (2007). Gross output has almost doubled between 2000 and 2007, mostly due to fast growth in aquaculture, which made up 60% of gross output in 2007. Despite its coastal location, sea fish contribute relatively little to the sector (around one fourth). Nam Định Province and Thái Bình Province have much larger fishing sectors and even the inland Hải Dương Province has a larger gross output from fishing than Haiphong. As of 2007, 315,500 were employed in agriculture and fishery, a significant decrease from 396,300 in 2000. However, these sectors still account for almost a third of total employment in Haiphong, a larger share than industry. However, gross output in both agriculture and fishery have been growing significantly between 2000 and 2007. Industry Industry is a key sector in Haiphong including food processing, light industries and heavy industries. Major products include fish sauce, beer, cigarettes, textiles, paper, plastic pipes, cement, iron, pharmaceuticals, electric fans, motorbikes, steel pipes and ships and out-sourcing software implementation. Most of these industries have been growing significantly between 2000 and 2007, with the exceptions of the cigarette and pharmaceutical industries. Shipbuilding, steel pipes, plastic pipes and textiles are among the industries with the most rapid growth. Several large industrial projects with foreign participation are currently being prepared. The country's fourth Vietnam Singapore Industrial Park is under construction in Haiphong. It has an investment capital of US$1bn and is projected to have a population of 150,000 by 2020. WikiPedia:Hai Phong


excellent performance

to Yokosuka on 4 October. For the remainder of the year, she conducted minesweeper (Minesweeper (ship)) support operations in Korean waters. *On April 15, 1979, Yan Wenchang (阎稳昌), a distinguished PLAAF pilot who earned numerous awards for his excellent performance in support of the Sino-Vietnamese War, was extremely bitter after learning that the promotion for the deputy squadron (Squadron (aviation)) commissar was given to somebody else instead of him. Yan felt he was the better


exceptional+pace

attacking assigned targets, and executing, with daring and precision, the first successful attack on an enemy surface-to-air missile installation. The carrier launched more than 7,000 sorties, sustaining an exceptional pace of day and night strike operations against military and logistic supply facilities in North Vietnam. "The superior team spirit, courage, professional competence, and devotion to duty displayed by the officers and men of ''Independence'' and embarked Attack Carrier Air


quot defensive

under the Mạc Dynasty the area earned the appellation ''Hải tần Phòng thủ'' ("defensive coastal area") as it protected the eastern flank of Mac kings' home province. By the 19th century at the end of Nguyễn (Nguyễn Dynasty) Emperor Tự Đức's reign, the Hang Kenh Communal House (Hang Kenh) in what is now the city's Le Chan district was made the administrative seat of An Dương District, restoring its regional importance. ref name "hphtourism-culture">


defense quot

with its deep-water anchorage and large maritime facilities. The city's name means "coastal defense" and it is nicknamed ''the Flamboyant City'' because of the many ''Delonix regia'' planted throughout it. History thumb left Hai Phong City Map, 1920 English edition (File:HaiPhong1920.jpg) Haiphong is the home of Lê Chân, one of the female generals under the command of the Trưng Sisters (Hai Bà Trưng) who rose against Chinese rule in the year 43 C.E. Centuries later under the Mạc Dynasty the area earned the appellation ''Hải tần Phòng thủ'' ("defensive coastal area") as it protected the eastern flank of Mac kings' home province. By the 19th century at the end of Nguyễn (Nguyễn Dynasty) Emperor Tự Đức's reign, the Hang Kenh Communal House (Hang Kenh) in what is now the city's Le Chan district was made the administrative seat of An Dương District, restoring its regional importance. Haiphong's Culture. HaiphongTourism.gov.vn The area by then had developed into a sizable commercial port. At the eve of the French conquest in 1881, a devastating typhoon (1881 Haiphong Typhoon) ravaged the area, claiming up to 300,000 lives. Despite the damages, Hai Phong was developed by the French to serve as Indochina (French Indochina)'s main naval base over the ensuing decades. Following the defeat of Japan (Empire of Japan) in World War II, Vietnamese nationalists agitated for independence against the French return. French forces landed in Hai Phong and encountered resistance which killed three French troops. In retaliation the French ships, among them the cruiser ''Suffren'' (French cruiser Suffren) shelled the city, setting it ablazed, ''Vietnam'' by Spencer C. Tucker, page 47. "On 23 November DebeS delivered an ultimatum to the Vietnamese at Haiphong, ordering them to withdraw from the French section of the city, the Chinese quarter, and the port. He gave them only two hours to reply. When the time was up the French subjected the Vietnamese positions to air, land, and sea bombardment, the bulk of the firepower coming from the three- and eight-inch guns of the French Navy Cruiser Suffren. Only military targets were destroyed and not the Vietnamese quarter as some have claimed. Estimates of the number killed in the shelling and ensuing panic vary widely. Casualties up to 20,000 have been cited. French Admiral Batter later said that no more than 6,000 Vietnamese had died, but in 1981 Vu Quoc Uy, then chairman of the Haiphong municipal committee, told Stanley Karnow that the figure was only 500 to 1,000 dead. Others have put the figure as low as 200". precipitating the First Indochina War. WikiPedia:Hai Phong


causing heavy

nmi km 0 from its launch point. On a 27 April 1972, a flight of eight Air Force (United States Air Force) fighters, two carrying 2000-pound laser-guided bombs and two carrying Walleye IIs, attacked the Thanh Hoa Bridge. Cloud cover prevented the LGBs from being used, but five of the Walleyes locked on, causing heavy damage to the bridge, even though failing to bring down a span. On 13 May, the Air Force finally brought down the bridge with 3,000 and 2,000-pound LGBs. The Vietnamese, however, soon repaired the bridge, compelling the Navy and Air Force to fly 13 more missions against the target. On one such mission on 23 October, four A-7 Corsair pilots from the carrier USS ''America'' (USS America (CV-66)) took down the bridge with a combination of Walleye IIs and conventional 2000-pound bombs. During the war in Vietnam (First Indochina War), General Jean Etienne Valluy was the French commander who replaced Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque and attempted to wipe out the Vietminh in one stroke, but failed. The French colonial government had co-existed uneasily with the Japanese occupying force during the Second World War but had been swept aside by Japanese military action in March 1945, leading to the Vietnamese declaration of independence in August 1945. By 1947, the French had re-occupied the south of Viêt-nam and Valluy in temporary command there sent troops north to re-establish control of Tonkin. Phillippe Devillers, Histoire du Viêt-Nam de 1940 à 1952. Editions du Seuil, Paris. Third edition,1952, pp. 331-340 His French infantry with armored units went through Haiphong fighting house to house (house-to-house fighting) against Vietminh squads. French aircraft zoomed in to bomb and strafe while the cruiser Suffren (French cruiser Suffren), in the harbor, lobbed shells into the city, demolishing whole neighborhoods of flimsy structures. Refugees streamed into nearby provinces with their belongings in baskets and on bicycles, and the naval guns shelled them as well. Days passed before the French finally overcame the last Vietminh snipers. The Vietnamese claimed that the French actions caused twenty thousand deaths. A French admiral later estimated that no more than six thousand Vietnamese had been killed. Vu Quoc Uy, then chairman of the Haiphong municipal committee, said in an interview in 1981 that the toll had been between five hundred and a thousand. Actively acting in the field of culture and art, Vu Quoc Uy was suddenly arrested and put under house arrest by the French in 1944. In April 1945, he escaped from house arrest and intended to go to the liberation area in Viet Bac but was reassigned to Haiphong. After participation in a uprising in Hanoi, Vu Quoc Uy was once again assigned to Haiphong and gathered the forced and raised in army to seize power on August 23, 1945. As a title of a Chairman of Interim revolutionary people's committee of Haiphong, Vu Quoc Uy declared that the old authority was overthrown and then established the Interim revolutionary people's committee of Haiphong. Then he held concurrently Chairman of City defending committee. In precarious situation, Vu Quoc Uy and other member of Haiphong Party committees made the best of great solidarity though of Ho Chi Minh in daily directing and constantly determined "our top task is to built a whole people's solidarity block to advance revolutionary cause successful". Vu Quoc Uy was interested in building Haiphong Democratic Party committee as a member of it. After Haiphong-Kien An entered the resistance against the French (France) colonialists, Vu Quoc Uy participated in inter-province Hai-Kien as a standing member, Head of disseminating and training department, and Director of To Hieu school. As these above positions, Vu Quoc Uy and the whole school staff overcame hard period in its Deo Voi branch in Dong Trieu district, Quang Yen province and other branches opened many training classes for 1000 staff, Party members to serve struggling task and seizing the city. After the South was absolutely liberated, Vu Quoc Uy was appointed Vice chairman and Chairman of Foreign affairs committee until his retirement. Michel Henry was born in Haiphong, French Indochina (now Vietnam), and he lived in French Indochina until he was seven years old. Following the death of his father, who was an officer in the French Navy, his mother and he settled in metropolitan France. While studying in Paris, he discovered a true passion for philosophy, which led to the desire to make it his profession. From June 1943 onwards, he was committed to the French Resistance where he joined the maquis of the Haut Jura (Jura mountains) under the code name of Kant. He often had to come down from the mountains in order to accomplish missions in Nazi-occupied Lyon, an experience of clandestinity that deeply marked his philosophy. Background After the declaration of war on 19 December 1946, the French Union forces had made significant progress by capturing the major cities Haiphong, Hanoi, Lang Son, Cao Bang as well as nearly the western and southern region of Tonkin, which was the stronghold of the Viet Minh movement. The reasons for the fast advance were due to the superior firepower, naval and air support, also by then, the Vietnamese army has exhausted their resources trying to recapture major cities before French reinforcements could arrive. The major forces of the Viet Minh were dug in the eastern part of Tonkin, which know as Việt Bắc, or "An toàn khu" (Safe Base). There remained only a greater gap between the towns Cao Bang in the north and Yên Bái in the south. During April 1947 Ho Chi Minh made a last attempt to achieve a ceasefire and to continue the negotiations with the French government about Vietnamese independence from 1946. But the French only demanded his surrender, because the position of the Vietnamese forces seemed to be desperate. But on 26 April he refused the French, offering: ''"In the French Union is no place for cowards. I would be one, if I would accept."'' During the rest of the spring and the summer, the French made assaults to the bases of the Viet Minh troops in Tonkin but could not force them to a conventional battle. Instead the Viet Minh returned when the French moved on. The following summer, ''Alden'', in company with her sister ships and WikiPedia:Hai Phong

Haiphong

'''Haiphong''' ( ) is the third largest (List of cities in Vietnam) city of Vietnam and northern Vietnam's most important seaport with its deep-water anchorage and large maritime facilities. The city's name means "coastal defense" and it is nicknamed ''the Flamboyant City'' because of the many ''Delonix regia'' planted throughout it.

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