Guinea-Bissau

What is Guinea-Bissau known for?


modern culture

''") is the national anthem of Guinea-Bissau. Written by Amílcar Cabral and composed by Xiao He, it was adopted upon independence in 1974. It was also the national anthem of Cape Verde until 1996, when a new anthem ( ) was chosen by the latter country. In modern culture The day is an official holiday in Afghanistan,


year national

cities were founded, enlarged and renamed by the Europeans, after independence many place names were renamed. thumb 150px right Gyude Bryant (File:Gyude Bryant.jpg) On August 18, 2003, the Liberian Government, the rebels, political parties, and leaders from civil society signed a peace agreement that laid the framework for a two-year National Transitional Government of Liberia. August 21, they selected businessman Charles Gyude Bryant as Chair of the National Transitional Government


international television

through the north of the region. * '''RTP Internacional''' or RTPi is the international television service. In Macau and East Timor, it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming c ; * '''RTP África''', another international television service directed towards the African communities. In Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé e Príncipe it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming b d ; * '''RTP Açores''', a regional opt-out channel broadcast in the Azores Islands; The First Indochina War (1946–54), the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) and the Vietnam War (1959–75) were some of the most famous national liberation wars. The African National Congress (ANC)'s struggle against the apartheid regime is also part of these wars. These wars were in part supported by the Soviet Union, which claimed to be an anti-imperialist power. In fact, since the 1917 October Revolution, the revolutionary objectives of communism were shared by many anticolonialist leaders, thus explaining the objective alliance between anticolonialist forces and Marxism. The concept of "imperialism" itself had been which had theorized in Lenin's famous 1916 book, ''Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism''. For example, Ho Chi Minh — who founded the Viet-Minh in 1941 and declared the independence of Vietnam (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) on September 2, 1945, following the 1945 August Revolution — was a founding member of the French Communist Party (PCF) in 1921. In January 1961, over three years before the Gulf of Tonkin incident which would mark the United States (History of the United States)' increased involvement in the Vietnam War, Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev would pledge support for "wars of national liberation" throughout the world. In the same decade, Cuba (History of Cuba), led by Fidel Castro, would support national liberation movements in Angola (History of Angola) and Mozambique (History of Mozambique). The Portuguese colonial wars finally led to the recognition of Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau as independent states in 1975, following the April Carnation Revolution. ** The Algerian war of independence against France (1954–1962). ** In Angola (MPLA, FNLA, UNITA), Mozambique (FRELIMO), Guinea-Bissau (PAIGC, FLING), and Cape Verde (PAIGC) against Portugal ** In Cameroon, by the UPC (Union of the Peoples of Cameroon) against France *Ronald D. Palmer - Former U.S. Ambassador to Malaysia *Gerhard Pfanzelter - Secretary General of the CEI, Former Permanent Representative of Austria to the UN, Ambassador of Austria to Syria, Senegal, Gambia, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mali and Mauritania *Nicholas Platt - Former U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan, Philippines, and Zambia; former President of the Asia Society thumb 250px left Kob at Virungas (File:Gazelle in Virunga National Park.jpg) The kob has a scattered and patchy distribution ranging from Senegal and Guinea-Bissau to Uganda, South Sudan, and south-east Ethiopia. It requires low-lying flats or gently rolling country close to permanent water with no severe seasonal extremes. Having likely evolved from a reedbuck-like ancestor, the kob is largely tied to floodplain grasslands. However, it is not cover-dependent and avoids flooded ground and steep slopes. Still, its preference for perennial grasses in early, palatable stages and its need to drink daily makes it tied to green pastures that are well watered. During the rainy season, kob concentrate in areas of short grass and higher, dry ground and keep these pastures short while ungrazed grassland grow tall and rank. ;Cou-Cou: Part of the local national dish, but comes from "Fou Fou" in Africa. ;nyam: (Pronounced "ng-yam") or "Yamm--") which means to eat ravenously or greedily, as in, "Don't yamm- the food like that boy!" – In Manjaku (language spoken in Guinea-Bissau) and in Pulaar it means ''to chew''


main opposition

of voting. A runoff election was held in September 2007, and Ernest Bai Koroma, the candidate of the main opposition APC, was elected president. By 2007, there had been an increase in the number of drug cartels, many from Colombia, using Sierra Leone as a base to ship drugs on to Europe. It was feared that this might lead to increased corruption and violence and turn the country, like neighbouring Guinea-Bissau, into a narco state. However, the new government of president Koroma quickly amended the laws against drug trafficking in the country, updating the existing legislation from those inherited at independence in 1961, to address the international concerns, increasing punishment for offenders both in terms of higher, if not prohibitive, fines, lengthier prison terms and provision for possible extradition of offenders wanted elsewhere, including to the United States. By 2007, there had been an increase in the number of drug cartels, many from Colombia, using Sierra Leone as a base to ship drugs on to Europe. It was feared that this might lead to increased corruption and violence and turn the country, like neighbouring Guinea-Bissau, into a narco state. However, the new government of president Ernest Bai Koroma quickly amended the laws against drug trafficking in the country, updating the existing legislation from those inherited at independence in 1961, to address the international concerns, increasing punishment for offenders both in terms of higher, if not prohibitive, fines, lengthier prison terms and provision for possible extradition of offenders wanted elsewhere, including to the United States. There is an increase in the number of drug cartels, many from Colombia, who are starting to use Sierra Leone as a base to ship drugs on to Europe. It is feared that this may lead to increased corruption and violence and may turn the country, like neighbouring Guinea-Bissau, into a narco state. In 2008, an aircraft carrying almost 700 kg of cocaine was caught at Freetown’s airport and 19 people, including customs officials, were arrested, and the minister for transport is still suspended. *1961 – The world's first retractable-dome stadium, the Civic Arena (Civic Arena (Pittsburgh)), opens in Pittsburgh. *1974 – Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau join the United Nations. *1976 – The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise (Space Shuttle Enterprise), is unveiled by NASA. *1972 – The United States suffers its first loss of an international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at Munich, Germany. *1974 – Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal. *1976 – A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria (Adria Airways) DC-9 (McDonnell Douglas DC-9) collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), killing 176. * 1968 – Swaziland joins the United Nations. *1973 – Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal. *1979 – Compu-Serve (CompuServe) launches the first consumer internet service, which features the first public electronic mail service. *Heritage Day (South Africa). *Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Guinea-Bissau from Portugal in 1973. *Mahidol Day (Public holidays in Thailand) (Thailand) *Oceania: Timor-Leste, Cook Islands, Samoa, Tonga, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Vanuatu *Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo, DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius, Comoros, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho. The UNCCD has '''194''' country Parties: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, the People's Republic of China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, the Republic of Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Provisionally referred to as the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; see Macedonia naming dispute. Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe The full lists are as follows: :'''List A''' (94 members): Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, China (People's Republic of China), Comoros, Congo (Republic of Congo), Côte d'Ivoire, DR Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), South Korea (Republic of Korea), Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic), Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. - Guinea-Bissau Bissau - ** Kosovo War: In the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese embassy workers were killed and 20 others wounded (U.S. bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade) when a NATO B-2 aircraft (Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit) mistakenly bombed a Chinese Embassy in Belgrade. ** In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup. * May 8 – Nancy Mace becomes the first female cadet to graduate from The Military College of South Carolina (The Citadel (Military College)). * Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated at an election rally in Rawalpindi on December 27, 2007, by a bomb blast (Assassination of Benazir Bhutto). The assassination attempt killed also at least 20 other people. * The President (List of heads of state of Guinea-Bissau) of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, was assassinated on March 2, 2009, during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau. * Anti-abortion extremist (Extremism) Gibbs N (2009). "Tiller's murder: The logic of extremism on abortion". ''TIME (Time (magazine))''. Retrieved February 9, 2010. Scott Roeder assassinates (Murder of George Tiller) George Tiller, a pro-choice advocate and late-term abortion provider, on May 31, 2009, at Tiller's church in Wichita, Kansas. March * March 2 – The President (List of heads of state of Guinea-Bissau) of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.


member national

. The '''Africa Scout Region''' is the divisional office of the World Scout Bureau of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya, with satellite offices in Cape Town, South Africa, and Dakar, Senegal. The Africa Region services Scouting in Sub-Saharan Africa and neighboring islands that are recognized members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM). Currently, the region has 35 member National Scout Associations


legal political

. In Africa, Portuguese is a growing language and projected by UNESCO to be one of the most spoken languages within 50 years. As the populations of Angola and Mozambique continue to grow, their influence on Portuguese will become increasingly important. Angola and Mozambique, along with São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, and Equatorial Guinea are known as the ''Países Africanos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa'' (Official Portuguese Language African Countries) or PALOP (Portuguese-speaking African countries), forming a community of some 16 million speakers (9 million use it as first or only language; the rest are bilingual, using the language daily). The educational aid of Brazil and Portugal to these countries also increases the need of people to educate their children in Portuguese. Portuguese especially grew in use after the independence of Portugal's former colonies. Independence movements from Guinea-Bissau to Mozambique saw it as an instrument to achieve their countries' development and national unity. The residents of these countries use European Portuguese. Guinea-Bissau In Guinea-Bissau, the most widely spoken language is a Portuguese Creole known as ''Crioulo'' or Upper Guinea Creole (Kriol), and the formal use of Portuguese seems to be decreasing. However, the situation there is different from Cape Verde (where only Portuguese and Portuguese Creoles are spoken). In Guinea-Bissau, there are numerous languages and Portuguese and its Creole are spoken by about 74% of the inhabitants (as first and second language), of which Portuguese itself is only spoken by 14% (11.4% according to the 1992 census). This is mostly due to internal political instability which affects education. In the country, several different African languages are spoken, and the lingua franca is Upper Guinea Creole, which is taught informally throughout the country, as it is an important vehicle of communication between different tribes, including mestiços, because of the lack of a nationwide educational system. The Dioula language and people are distinct from the Diola (Jola) people of Guinea-Bissau and Casamance. Africa In certain African countries, the CPD is not officially required, but is often used to facilitate temporary importation of a vehicle. Countries where the CPD may be used include: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo (Republic of the Congo), Egypt, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, Niger, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The '''Guinea-Bissau national football team''' is the national team of Guinea-Bissau and is controlled by the Federação de Futebol da Guiné-Bissau. They are a member of the Confederation of African Football (CAF). Before 1975, they were known as the ''Portuguese Guinea national football team''. On 20 June, France sent a draft resolution to the UNSC for authorization of Operation Turquoise under a two-month Chapter VII mandate. After two days of consultations and the personal approval of the U.N. Secretary General (United Nations Secretary-General), it was adopted as Resolution 929 (United Nations Security Council Resolution 929) (1994), on 22 June, with 10 votes of approval and five abstentions. The first contingents of the force of 2,550 French troops and 500 African troops from Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Chad, Mauritania, Egypt, Niger and the Republic of the Congo entered Rwanda the next day. The equipment included 100 APC (armored personnel carrier )s, 10 helicopters, a battery of 120 mm mortar (Mortar (weapon))s, 4 Jaguar fighter bombers (SEPECAT Jaguar), 8 Mirage fighters (Dassault Mirage III), and reconnaissance aircraft. Caplan, Gerard, Pambazuka News 142: Rwanda Ten Years After the Genocide: Some Reminders of the International Response to the Crisis, Pambazuka News, 5 February 2004 The helicopters were intended to lay a trail of food, water and medicine. The area that was selected ended up with the result that refugees were enabled to escape predominantly westward, into eastern Zaire. The zone affected by Operation Turquoise was changed after 2 members of a French reconnaissance unit were captured by the victorious RPF (Rwandan_Patriotic_Front) rebels and were released in exchange for a revision in the area of Operation Turquoise. http: sites.tufts.edu jha archives 123 From 1969 to 1971, Jerónimo de Sousa participated in the Colonial War, against the liberation movements that were struggling in the Portuguese colonies in Africa. He served in Guinea-Bissau, forced to fight the Marxist movement of liberation, the PAIGC. thumb left African manatee in Toba Aquarium (File:Trichechus senegalensis.jpg) in Toba, Mie, Japan. African manatees can be found in much of the western region of Africa, such as in the countries of Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo. Not only are these manatees found in many countries, but also in many different kinds of bodies of water, ranging from brackish to freshwater. They can be found in oceans, rivers, lakes, coastal estuaries, reservoirs, lagoons, and calm shallow bays on the coast. However, a limiting factor of where the African manatee can live is temperature. It is very rare to find an African manatee in water with a temperature below 18 degrees Celsius. Distribution and habitat This orchid is native to tropical and South Africa (Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Burundi, Camerun, Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville), Central African Republic, Republic of Guinea, Gabon, Ruanda, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Republic of Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland), Ansellia africana in World Checklist of Orchidaceae. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew found alongside coasts and rivers in the canopy of trees, usually at elevations lower than 700 m (occasionally up to 2,200 m). In 1961, guided by António de Oliveira Salazar, he offered himself for voluntary service in Portuguese colonies of West Africa. Between 1961 and 1963, he held the command of the 345th Cavalry Battalion in Angola, distinguishing himself and his unit. At the end of his tenure, he was nominated for, and served as, the Military Governor (List of colonial heads of Portuguese Guinea) of Guinea-Bissau from 1968, and again in 1972, during the period of the Colonial War (Portuguese Colonial War), where his administration favoured a policy of respect for ethnic Guineans and the traditional authorities. At the same time, he continued to practice a range of initiatives in the War, from clandestine meetings (he met secretly


complex+dance

is the primary musical instrument of Guinea-Bissau, The Kora . Freewebs.com. Retrieved on 22 June 2013. and is used in extremely swift and rhythmically complex dance music. Lyrics are almost always in Guinea-Bissau Creole, a Portuguese (Portuguese language)-based creole language, and are often humorous and topical, revolving around current events and controversies, especially AIDS. http


species work

fly on to Spain, Portugal and perhaps Morocco. Birds of the ''limosa'' subspecies from western Europe fly south to Morocco and then on to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. Birds from the eastern European populations migrate to Tunisia and Algeria


basketball game

; Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau join the United Nations. *1976 – The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise (Space Shuttle Enterprise), is unveiled by NASA. *1972 – The United States suffers its first loss of an international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at Munich, Germany. *1974 – Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal. *1976 – A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria (Adria Airways) DC-9 (McDonnell Douglas DC-9) collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), killing 176. * 1968 – Swaziland joins the United Nations. *1973 – Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal. *1979 – Compu-Serve (CompuServe) launches the first consumer internet service, which features the first public electronic mail service. *Heritage Day (South Africa). *Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Guinea-Bissau from Portugal in 1973. *Mahidol Day (Public holidays in Thailand) (Thailand) *Oceania: Timor-Leste, Cook Islands, Samoa, Tonga, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Federated States of Micronesia, Vanuatu *Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo, DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius, Comoros, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho. The UNCCD has '''194''' country Parties: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, the People's Republic of China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, the Republic of Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Provisionally referred to as the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; see Macedonia naming dispute. Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe The full lists are as follows: :'''List A''' (94 members): Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, China (People's Republic of China), Comoros, Congo (Republic of Congo), Côte d'Ivoire, DR Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), South Korea (Republic of Korea), Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic), Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Tunisia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe. - Guinea-Bissau Bissau - ** Kosovo War: In the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese embassy workers were killed and 20 others wounded (U.S. bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade) when a NATO B-2 aircraft (Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit) mistakenly bombed a Chinese Embassy in Belgrade. ** In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup. * May 8 – Nancy Mace becomes the first female cadet to graduate from The Military College of South Carolina (The Citadel (Military College)). * Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated at an election rally in Rawalpindi on December 27, 2007, by a bomb blast (Assassination of Benazir Bhutto). The assassination attempt killed also at least 20 other people. * The President (List of heads of state of Guinea-Bissau) of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, was assassinated on March 2, 2009, during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau. * Anti-abortion extremist (Extremism) Gibbs N (2009). "Tiller's murder: The logic of extremism on abortion". ''TIME (Time (magazine))''. Retrieved February 9, 2010. Scott Roeder assassinates (Murder of George Tiller) George Tiller, a pro-choice advocate and late-term abortion provider, on May 31, 2009, at Tiller's church in Wichita, Kansas. March * March 2 – The President (List of heads of state of Guinea-Bissau) of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.


crime white

is a violent country, and is considered by the UN to be a major port for drug shipments into Europe. The military is known for corruption, prompting the head of the UN to refer to the head of the Air Force as a drug kingpin. The country also has the lowest per capita productivity and income in the world, which has the violence and crime to go along with it. White Europeans are especially vulnerable, and will be singled out by natives seeking to enact racial crime. White Europeans tend to be left

Guinea-Bissau

'''Guinea-Bissau''', officially the '''Republic of Guinea-Bissau''' ), is a country in West Africa. It covers 36,125 km² (nearly 14,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,600,000.

Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu (Kaabu), as well as part of the Mali Empire. Parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century, while a few others were under some rule by the Portuguese Empire since the 16th century. In the 19th century, it was colonized as Portuguese Guinea. Upon independence, declared in 1973 and recognised in 1974, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with Guinea (formerly French Guinea). Guinea-Bissau has a history of political instability since independence, and no elected president has successfully served a full five-year term.

On the evening of 12 April 2012, members of the country's military staged a coup d'état (2012 Guinea-Bissau coup d'état) and arrested the interim president and a leading presidential candidate.

Only 14% of the population speaks Portuguese (Portuguese language), established as the official language in the colonial period. Almost half the population (44%) speaks Crioulo (Guinea-Bissau Creole), a Portuguese-based creole language (Portuguese-based creole languages), and the remainder speak a variety of native African languages. The main religions are African traditional religions and Islam; there is a Christian (Christianity) (mostly Roman Catholic) minority. The country's per-capita gross domestic product is one of the lowest in the world (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita).

Guinea-Bissau is a member of the African Union, Economic Community of West African States, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Latin Union, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, La Francophonie and the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone.

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