Grand Duchy of Baden

What is Grand Duchy of Baden known for?


active participation

of the first geneva convention.jpg thumb 390px The signing of the '''First Geneva Convention''' by some of the major European powers in 1864 # Grand Duchy of Baden (now Germany) # Kingdom of Belgium These further arrests revealed that the Royalist conspiracy would eventually involve the active participation of the Duke of Enghien, who was a relatively young Bourbon prince and thus another possible heir to a restored Bourbon monarchy. The Duke, at that time, was living as a French émigré in the Grand Duchy of Baden, but he also kept a rented house in Ettenheim, which was close to the French border. Perhaps at the urging of Talleyrand (Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord) , Napoleon's foreign minister, and Fouché (Joseph Fouché), Napoleon 's minister of police who had warned that "the air is full of daggers", the First Consul came to the political conclusion that the Duke must be dealt with. Two hundred French soldiers surrounded the Duke's home in Baden and arrested him. result Decisive German victory combatant1 France (Second French Empire) Background After the Battle of Worth, Crown Prince Frederick (Friedrich III of Germany (Hohenzollern)) detached General von Werder (Karl Wilhelm Friedrich August Leopold, Count von Werder) to move south against the fortress of Strasbourg. At the time, Strasbourg (along with Metz) was considered to be one of the strongest fortresses in France. Werder's force was made up of 40,000 troops from Württemberg (Kingdom of Württemberg) and Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden), which lay just across the Rhine River from Strasbourg. The French garrison of 17,000 was under the command of the 68-year-old General Uhrich (Jean Jacques Alexis Uhrich). Kling was born in Bammental in the Grand Duchy of Baden. He completed his training as a salesman in 1916-1921, and was an employee in Dortmund until 1924. He worked for various building companies until 1928, was unemployed until 1929, and was the editor of the newspaper ''Berlin am Morgen'' between 1929 and 1933. Early life He was born and raised in Heidelberg, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (now Baden-Württemberg, Germany). His parents were Louis Carl ''Moritz'' Sommerlath (1860–1930) who was born in Chicago, Illinois in the United States who was from an armigerous (Coat of arms) family of the German (Germans) Bourgeoisie, and his wife ''Erna'' Sophie Christine Waldau (1864–1944). Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Walther Sommerlath. In the mid 1920s, Walther Sommerlath moved to São Paulo, Brazil where he worked for the steel company Acus Roechling Boulerus do Brasil, a subsidiary in the German steel group Roechling. In 1837, Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) joined the South German Monetary Union. This caused the Gulden to be reduced slightly in size, as it was now worth four sevenths of a Prussian Thaler (Prussian thaler). After various requests from the Catholics of Switzerland, Pope Pius VII put an end to Wessenberg's reformist plans in that part of the diocese by severing the Swiss cantons from the Diocese of Constance, in a Brief of 21 October, 1814. On 2 November of the same year the Pope ordered Bishop Dalberg to depose Wessenberg without delay from the office of vicar-general. Dalberg kept the Pope's order secret, though in the beginning of 1815 he temporarily replaced Wessenberg as Vicar general by Canon von Roll for private reasons. In the summer of 1815 he requested the government of Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) to confirm the appointment of Wessenberg as his coadjutor bishop with the right of succession. The government acceded to Dalberg's wish, but Rome refused to recognize the coadjutorship. After working at the Duke of Baden Brewery of the Black Forest region in Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden), Germany (German Empire), Francis Xavier Matt I immigrated to the United States in 1880. Matt worked at the Charles Bierbauer Brewery as lead salesman and brewmaster in Utica for a few years before reorganizing it into The West End Brewing Company in 1888. right thumb 150px alt Napoleon hoped to wipe out Hiller's command. Napoleon hoped to wipe out Hiller's command. (Image:Napoleon-imperial-guard.png) On 1 May, Legrand and 1,400 troops caught up with Schustekh's 850-man rear guard between Riedau and Kallham. The Dragoon Regiment of the Grand Duchy of Baden charged the 3rd battalion of the ''Jordis'' Infantry Regiment # 59, which was drawn up in square. Waiting until the foot soldiers fired a volley, the dragoons then charged and broke into the square. After their commander, Oberstleutnant Beck was cut down, 706 officers and men of the ''Jordis'' battalion laid down their weapons. Two squadrons of the ''Kienmayer'' Hussar Regiment # 8 suffered 10 killed, 50 wounded, and 23 captured. The Badeners reported losing only three killed and 10 wounded, though a large number of their horses were killed. Smith, 296 There was a clash between General of Division Claude Carra Saint-Cyr's vanguard and General-Major (Brigadier General) Frederick Bianchi, Duke of Casalanza on 2 May at Räffelding, three kilometers southeast of Eferding. The Baden Dragoons lost 14 casualties, while Austrian losses were unreported. Smith, 297


lively interest

; for epistemological and ontological (ontology) purposes. For example, to say that a sentence is "true" is sometimes equated with saying that it 'commands assent' (i.e., that it ''ought'' to be believed). Bauch, however, was a rather unorthodox scion of the Badensian school, so much so that some commentators regard him as representing a distinct variety of Neo-Kantianism. While Bauch shared an interest in the philosophy of value, he also had a much more lively interest in the philosophy of mathematics and logic than was common among the Badensian Neo-Kantians. Unlike Rickert, he was sympathetic to Gottlob Frege's logicism (which Rickert had rejected on the old-fashioned Kantian grounds that logic was analytic, mathematics synthetic), and was conciliatory toward the Marburg Neo-Kantians' belief in the unity of logic and mathematics. In the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Werder greatly distinguished himself at Gitschin (Battle of Gitschin) and Königgratz (Battle of Königgrätz) at the head of the 3rd division. He returned home with the rank of lieutenant-general and the Order Pour le Mérite. In 1870, at first employed with the 3rd Army Headquarters and in command of the Württemberg (Kingdom of Württemberg) and Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) forces, he was after the Battle of Worth entrusted with the operations against Strasbourg, which he captured after a long and famous siege (Siege of Strasbourg). In 1805 Achern again became part of what was then the Grand Duchy of Baden and was made a district court seat. In 1808 it was awarded City status. In 1924 the district of Achern was dissolved and became part of the district of Bühl (Bühl (Baden)) which was awarded County status in 1939. date_event1 May 6, 1622 event_end Mediatised (German Mediatisation) to Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden), France (Second French Empire) Background After the Battle of Worth, Crown Prince Frederick (Friedrich III of Germany (Hohenzollern)) detached General von Werder (Karl Wilhelm Friedrich August Leopold, Count von Werder) to move south against the fortress of Strasbourg. At the time, Strasbourg (along with Metz) was considered to be one of the strongest fortresses in France. Werder's force was made up of 40,000 troops from Württemberg (Kingdom of Württemberg) and Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden), which lay just across the Rhine River from Strasbourg. The French garrison of 17,000 was under the command of the 68-year-old General Uhrich (Jean Jacques Alexis Uhrich). Kling was born in Bammental in the Grand Duchy of Baden. He completed his training as a salesman in 1916-1921, and was an employee in Dortmund until 1924. He worked for various building companies until 1928, was unemployed until 1929, and was the editor of the newspaper ''Berlin am Morgen'' between 1929 and 1933. Early life He was born and raised in Heidelberg, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (now Baden-Württemberg, Germany). His parents were Louis Carl ''Moritz'' Sommerlath (1860–1930) who was born in Chicago, Illinois in the United States who was from an armigerous (Coat of arms) family of the German (Germans) Bourgeoisie, and his wife ''Erna'' Sophie Christine Waldau (1864–1944). Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Walther Sommerlath. In the mid 1920s, Walther Sommerlath moved to São Paulo, Brazil where he worked for the steel company Acus Roechling Boulerus do Brasil, a subsidiary in the German steel group Roechling. In 1837, Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) joined the South German Monetary Union. This caused the Gulden to be reduced slightly in size, as it was now worth four sevenths of a Prussian Thaler (Prussian thaler). After various requests from the Catholics of Switzerland, Pope Pius VII put an end to Wessenberg's reformist plans in that part of the diocese by severing the Swiss cantons from the Diocese of Constance, in a Brief of 21 October, 1814. On 2 November of the same year the Pope ordered Bishop Dalberg to depose Wessenberg without delay from the office of vicar-general. Dalberg kept the Pope's order secret, though in the beginning of 1815 he temporarily replaced Wessenberg as Vicar general by Canon von Roll for private reasons. In the summer of 1815 he requested the government of Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) to confirm the appointment of Wessenberg as his coadjutor bishop with the right of succession. The government acceded to Dalberg's wish, but Rome refused to recognize the coadjutorship. After working at the Duke of Baden Brewery of the Black Forest region in Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden), Germany (German Empire), Francis Xavier Matt I immigrated to the United States in 1880. Matt worked at the Charles Bierbauer Brewery as lead salesman and brewmaster in Utica for a few years before reorganizing it into The West End Brewing Company in 1888. right thumb 150px alt Napoleon hoped to wipe out Hiller's command. Napoleon hoped to wipe out Hiller's command. (Image:Napoleon-imperial-guard.png) On 1 May, Legrand and 1,400 troops caught up with Schustekh's 850-man rear guard between Riedau and Kallham. The Dragoon Regiment of the Grand Duchy of Baden charged the 3rd battalion of the ''Jordis'' Infantry Regiment # 59, which was drawn up in square. Waiting until the foot soldiers fired a volley, the dragoons then charged and broke into the square. After their commander, Oberstleutnant Beck was cut down, 706 officers and men of the ''Jordis'' battalion laid down their weapons. Two squadrons of the ''Kienmayer'' Hussar Regiment # 8 suffered 10 killed, 50 wounded, and 23 captured. The Badeners reported losing only three killed and 10 wounded, though a large number of their horses were killed. Smith, 296 There was a clash between General of Division Claude Carra Saint-Cyr's vanguard and General-Major (Brigadier General) Frederick Bianchi, Duke of Casalanza on 2 May at Räffelding, three kilometers southeast of Eferding. The Baden Dragoons lost 14 casualties, while Austrian losses were unreported. Smith, 297


radical character

an lawyer. In Heidelberg he became a member of the Corps Rhenania (Corps Rhenania Heidelberg). In 1838, he was an advocate before the Supreme Court in Mannheim. He abandoned the legal profession on being elected to the Second Chamber of Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) in 1842, and at once began to take part in the opposition against the government, which assumed a more and more openly radical (Radicalism (historical)) character. His talents


realistic

am Main , which were subsequently published in Berlin in 1840-42. Thus when German unification (unification of Germany) became realistic, Wagner wanted to go back to Germany proper – a general attitude of Baltic Germans. Beginning Fall Term 1868 69, Wagner therefore took over the Chair of the Cameralistic subjects (roughly, state management) at the Badensian (Grand Duchy of Baden) University of Freiburg im Breisgau, and very soon afterwards, in 1870, the Chair


unorthodox

; for epistemological and ontological (ontology) purposes. For example, to say that a sentence is "true" is sometimes equated with saying that it 'commands assent' (i.e., that it ''ought'' to be believed). Bauch, however, was a rather unorthodox scion of the Badensian school, so much so that some commentators regard him as representing a distinct variety of Neo-Kantianism. While Bauch shared an interest in the philosophy of value, he also had a much more lively interest in the philosophy


top speed

us adj on guns in four twin turrets (gun turret), displaced , ''Baden'' was the largest and most powerfully armed battleship built by the Imperial Navy. Creation Prince Alexander (1823–1888) was the third son of Grand Duke Louis II (Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse) of Hesse and by Rhine (Grand Duchy of Hesse) and of Wilhelmina of Baden Wilhelmina


political world

. Soon afterwards he became inspector-general of artillery. In 1870 he left the government service, and in 1873 was appointed to an administrative post in the service of the city of Berlin. He had been brought to the notice of the political world by some articles he wrote from 1861 to 1864, which were afterwards published under the title ''Zur Verfassungsgeschichte Preussens'' (Leipzig, 1874), and in 1865 he was elected member to the Prussian House of Representatives. He joined


distinct variety

; for epistemological and ontological (ontology) purposes. For example, to say that a sentence is "true" is sometimes equated with saying that it 'commands assent' (i.e., that it ''ought'' to be believed). Bauch, however, was a rather unorthodox scion of the Badensian school, so much so that some commentators regard him as representing a distinct variety of Neo-Kantianism. While Bauch shared an interest in the philosophy of value, he also had a much more lively interest in the philosophy


historical radical

an lawyer. In Heidelberg he became a member of the Corps Rhenania (Corps Rhenania Heidelberg). In 1838, he was an advocate before the Supreme Court in Mannheim. He abandoned the legal profession on being elected to the Second Chamber of Baden (Grand Duchy of Baden) in 1842, and at once began to take part in the opposition against the government, which assumed a more and more openly radical (Radicalism (historical)) character. His talents


school studies

of Revolution: The German Forty-Eighters in America'', Philadelphia: Univ. of Penn. Press, 1952, p. 237. He graduated from Karlsruhe Military Academy in 1843, and was commissioned a lieutenant in the Baden Army. He got to know the revolutionaries Friedrich Hecker and Gustav von Struve and became associated with the revolutionary movement. He was wounded in a duel in 1847. The same year, he retired from the army to begin law school studies in University

Grand Duchy of Baden

thumb Karlsruhe Palace (File:Schloss-Karlsruhe-pp1.jpg), from 1718 residence of the Margraves of Baden-Durlach, from 1806 of the Grand Duchy of Baden

The '''Grand Duchy of Baden''' (

It came into existence in the 12th century as the Margraviate of Baden and subsequently split into different lines, which were unified in 1771. It became the much-enlarged Grand Duchy of Baden through the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1803–06 and was a sovereign country until it joined the German Empire in 1871, remaining a Grand Duchy until 1918 when it became part of the Weimar Republic as the Republic of Baden. Baden was bordered to the north by the Kingdom of Bavaria and the Grand Duchy of Hessen-Darmstadt (Grand Duchy of Hesse); to the west and practically throughout its whole length by the River Rhine, which separated it from the Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate (Palatinate region) and Alsace in modern France (France); to the south by Switzerland, and to the east by the Kingdom of Württemberg, the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and partly by Bavaria.

After World War II in 1945, the French military government created the state of Baden (South Baden) (originally known as "South Baden") out of the southern half of the former Baden, with Freiburg (Freiburg im Breisgau) as capital. This southern half of Baden was declared in its 1947 constitution to be the true successor of the old Baden. The northern half of the old Baden was combined with northern Württemberg as part of the American military zone (Allied-occupied Germany#American Zone of Occupation) and formed the state of Württemberg-Baden. Both states became states of West Germany upon its formation in 1949.

In 1952 Baden merged with Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern (southern Württemberg and the former Prussian exclave of Hohenzollern (Hohenzollern Province)) to form Baden-Württemberg. This is the only merger of states that has taken place in the history of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany).

The unofficial anthem of Baden is called "Badnerlied" (Song of the people of Baden) and consists of four or five traditional verses. However, over the years, many more verses have been added—there are collections with up to 591 verses of the anthem.

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