What is Goma known for?

historical volcanic


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price content Quiet restaurant with a friendly staff. * *

open fighting

to the disaster at Lake Nyos in Cameroon in 1986. This did not happen, but volcanologists continue to monitor the area closely. In 1999, the city was the site of the first open fighting between Ugandan and Rwandan forces in the Second Congo War, when nearly 3,000 people died in the cross fire. This followed the fracturing of the anti-government rebel group Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) into camps based in Kisangani and Goma. The fighting was also over the gold mines

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August 2009. It was the first presidential meeting between the two countries for 13 years, with the two countries having come to a disagreement in 1996 following an invasion by Rwanda into eastern Congo, a disagreement which was renewed in 1998 after a further invasion. The pair of presidents spent more than two hours in the company of each other and "reviewed all issues of common interest". Wikipedia:Goma

people related

Crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo Mission Aviation Fellowship is maintaining flights for civilians and aid agencies in two of the Democratic Republic of Congo's current trouble spots. The latest fighting around the eastern town of Goma between government militia and rebel forces has displaced an estimated 250,000 people who are being forced back and forth between villages in some confusion. MAF pilots are flying medical supplies and medical staff to Goma. Relief flights would have increased had it not been for a relatively open

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photographs showing

) *Naasson Kubuya Ndoole (COFEDEC (Federalist Christian Democracy - Convention of Federalists for Christian Democracy)) *Elvis Mutiri (ADR) *Dieudonné Kambale (UDECF) Volcanic activity around Goma The Great Rift Valley is being pulled apart, leading to earthquakes and the formation of volcanoes in the area. 2002 Eruption of Nyiragongo Image:Nyiragongo volcano - SRTM.jpg thumb right Computer image of Nyiragongo volcano generated from satellite photographs, showing the Goma-Gisenyi

Research Institute, University of Tokyo. Retrieved 3 September 2007. The lava can easily be seen in satellite photographs, Google Earth has high resolution photographs showing the affected part of the airport at coordinates -1.658, 29.237. Retrieved 3 September 2007. and aircraft can be seen using the 2-km (6,500-ft) southern section of the runway which is clear of lava. In 2005, volcanic activity again threatened the city. Currently

building largest

3200+ survivors in the World Trade Center towers, inhabitants of downtown Manhattan New York City, NY. Numerous other evacuations of high-rises in Chicago, IL including the Sears Tower and the Thompson Building. Largest sea evacuation with over 500,000 people being evacuated in 9 hours by hundreds of boats. Second largest sea evacuation (Operation Dynamo) occurred in late May, early June, of 1940 with around 339,000 British and French troops evacuated from Dunkirk, France. http

scale fighting

. The Congolese defence forces are unable or unwilling to stop them, and as a consequence Rwanda continues to support Banymulenge rebels such as the RCD and General Nkunda, and to carry out incursions into North Kivu in pursuit of the FDLR. In September 2007 large-scale fighting threatened to break out again as the 8,000-strong militia of General Nkunda, based around Rutshuru, broke away from integration with the Congolese army and began attacking them in the town of Masisi north-west of Goma. MONUC (United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo) began airlifting Congolese troops into Goma and transferring them by helicopter from Goma International Airport to Masisi. "Fear of fresh conflict in Congo as renegade general turns guns on government forces." Chris McGreal, ''The Guardian'', Monday September 3, 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007. On October 27, 2008, the Battle of Goma broke out in the city between the Congolese army, supported by MONUC, and Nkunda's CNDP rebels; 200,000 refugees fled the town. Wikipedia:Goma

political leadership

around Goma included 30,000 to 40,000 soldiers of the former Armed Forces of Rwanda ( ), fully armed with an intact officer corps and transport unit, as well as almost all of the politicians. The only other camp complex to host significant numbers of leaders of the former government was the large Benaco camp in Tanzania, which held a small number of the exiled military and political leadership. The exiles chose to base themselves mainly in Zaire


'''Goma''' is a city in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is located on the northern shore of Lake Kivu, next to the Rwandan city of Gisenyi. The lake and the two cities are in the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the East African Rift system. Goma lies only 13 to 18 km due south of the crater of the active Nyiragongo Volcano. The recent history of Goma has been dominated by the volcano and the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, which in turn fuelled the First (First Congo War) and Second Congo Wars. The aftermath of these events was still having effects on the city and its surroundings in 2010. The city was captured by rebels (March 23 Movement) during the M23 rebellion in late 2012, but has since been retaken by government forces.

Goma is capital of North Kivu province, ethnically and geographically similar to South Kivu (capital Bukavu); the two provinces are known as "the Kivus".

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