– 1 July 1881) was a German (Germany) philosopher and logician. He also had a medical degree and was unusually well versed in biology. He argued that if the physical world is governed by mechanical laws, relations and developments in the universe could be explained as the functioning of a world mind. His medical studies were pioneering works in scientific psychology. However, the Admiralty almost immediately (mistakenly) concluded that it was likely that Germany German
). They have all been premiered in Ilmajoki and are usually performed outside. thumb (Image:Vladimir Pachmann.jpg) '''Vladimir von Pachmann''' or '''Pachman''' (27 July 1848 '''Wilhelm Karl Joseph Killing''' (May 10, 1847– February 11, 1923) was a Germany German
Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
: mobileaccess.de wlan for details. Passenger lounges at some '''airports''' and central railway stations also provide internet access to their customers. '''Public libraries''' often offer Internet access, however usually not free of charge. The libraries are open to the public for free, taking a book home might require you to get a customer card at a low fee, though. Note the National Library in Leipzig, Frankfurt am Main and Berlin is not free. '''Mobile Data''' Several pre-paid SIMs allow
; ref Television commercials starring David Beckham, Michael Owen, and Wayne Rooney requesting the same were also planned. Parsons, Tony. "Forget the War? It's far too soon" in ''The Mirror (Daily Mirror)''. Similar issues attended the football song Two World Wars and One World Cup. religion footnotes signature '''Hermann Lebert
, the German (Germany) courts, and France. During the 1850s and 1860s, Winterhalter painted a number of important portraits of Polish and Russian aristocrats. In 1857, he painted the portrait of Tsarina (Tsaritsa) Maria Alexandrovna (Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse)). He was born in Lwów, Poland. During World War II he was a forced labourer for German (Germany) companies in Nazi (Nazism)-occupied Poland (1940–1943) and Lithuania (Klaipėda, 1944). '''Augsburg
University of Göttingen Göttingen in 1923, as a pupil of Max Born and a fellow student with Werner Heisenberg. With Paul P. Ewald (Paul Peter Ewald) at Stuttgart, he nurtured the growing field of crystallography, especially the study of space groups, and began what was later to become ''Structure Reports'', a reference series giving every known crystal structure determination. Name The word Lozi means 'plain' in the Makololo language, in reference to the Barotse
to return to the methods of former times by seeking to “interconnect” history and literature. Craig was noted for his sparse, highly elegant literary style, together with a tendency to keep an ironic distance from his subjects. He was very fond of German literature, and praised the novels of Theodor Fontane as the best portrayal of 19th century Germany, which he considered superior to many works produced by historians. Craig’s last project, incomplete at the time of his death
in conjunction with the new gold mark coin. The United States changed over to gold ''de facto'' in the same year, and over the next 35 years, all other nations changed to gold, leaving only China and the British colonies of Hong Kong and Weihaiwei on the silver standard. The silver standard finally came to an end when it was abandoned by China and Hong Kong in 1935. Since the time that silver was discovered by the Spanish (Spain) in the new world in the 16th, until the latter half of the 19th century, the value of gold in relation to silver, maintained a relatively stable ratio of 15½ 1. The reason for the subsequent sharp decline in the relative value of silver to gold has been attributed to Germany's decision to cease minting the silver Thaler coins in 1871. On 23 November 1871, following the defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian war, Bismarck (Otto von Bismarck) exacted one thousand million (Milliard) dollars in gold indemnity, and then proceeded to move Germany towards a new gold standard which came about on 9 July 1873 with the introduction of the gold mark. "Monetary Madhouse", Charles Savoie Germany After its victory in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), Germany extracted a huge indemnity from France of £200,000,000 in gold, and used it to join Britain (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) on a gold standard. Germany's abandonment of the silver standard put further pressure on other countries to move to the gold standard. '''Hans Achim Litten''' (June 19, 1903 – February 5, 1938) was a German (Germany) lawyer who represented opponents of the Nazis (National Socialist German Workers Party) at important political trials between 1929 and 1932, defending the rights of workers during the Weimar Republic. During one trial in 1931 (#1931: Tanzpalast Eden Trial), Litten subpoenaed Adolf Hitler, to appear as a witness, where Litten then cross-examined Hitler for three hours. Hitler was so rattled by the experience that, years later, he would not allow Litten's name to be mentioned in his presence. In retaliation, Litten was arrested on the night of the Reichstag Fire along with other progressive (progressivism) lawyers and leftists. Litten spent the rest of his life in one Nazi concentration camp or another, enduring torture and many interrogations. After five years and a move to Dachau (Dachau concentration camp), where his treatment worsened and he was cut off from all outside communication, he committed suicide. A number of memorials to him exist in Germany, but Litten was largely ignored for decades because his politics did not fit comfortably in either the west or the communist postwar propaganda. Not until 2011 was Litten finally portrayed in the mass media, when the BBC broadcast ''The Man Who Crossed Hitler'', a television film set in Berlin in summer 1931. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
featured dates in the London Astoria among others. They built up a strong live following with support slots to popular acts like Linkin Park, Deftones as well as several headlining stints of their own. They also took part in the successful Nu-Titans tour
, the quartet began to gig. Opening slots included shows with Pink Cream 69, C.I.T.A. and Crossroads (Crossroads (German band)). The advent of Glasnost in the second half of the 1980s brought many underground Russian rock musicians to public recognition and Aquarium became one of the most popular acts. They were allowed to play in large concert halls, appeared on state-owned television and recorded soundtracks for several films, most notably Assa (Assa (film))
) band whose styles (Music genre) range from post-industrial (post-industrial (music)) dance to electronic body music. X Marks the Pedwalk’s influence in the industrial and electronic music scenes (Subculture) was considerable during the 1990s, as they were one of the first and most popular acts from the now defunct record label, Zoth Ommog. '''Bornheim''' is a town in the Rhein-Sieg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated on the West bank of the Rhine, approx. 10 km north-west of Bonn, 20 km south of Cologne. The Xª MAS (RSI) took little part in the war at sea. Its equipment had been abandoned in the south, and its naval activities were frustrated by Allied action. In November 1944 Four frogmen (Malacarne, Sorgetti, Bertoncin, Pavone), who had stayed under German (Germany) command, were delivered by fast motorboat and swam into Livorno harbor to set up a secret sabotage base, but were captured. pp 16-20, issue 41, ''The Historical Diving Times (Historical Diving Society)'', ISSN 1368-0390 thumb Cradle by Gebrüder Thonet (ca. 1870) (File:Ngv, Gebrüder Thonet, culla, 1870 circa.JPG) '''Gebrüder Thonet''' is a European furniture manufacturer based in the German (Germany) town of Frankenberg, Hesse. It was founded by Michael Thonet. It merged with Mundus (Mundus furniture) in 1922. * October (approx.) - Installation of the first water troughs (Track pan) for steam locomotives to pick up water at speed, by the London and North Western Railway at Mochdre, Conwy, on its North Wales Coast (North Wales Coast Line) (or Chester and Holyhead (Chester and Holyhead Railway)) line. Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
'''Germany''' ( with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital (capital city) and largest city (List of cities in Germany by population) is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power (Great power) and traditionally a leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.
With 80.7 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state in the European Union. After the United States, it is also the second most popular migration destination (Immigration to Germany) in the world. Germany has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) and the fifth-largest by PPP (List of countries by GDP (PPP)). As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter (List of countries by exports) and third-largest importer (List of countries by imports) of goods. It is a developed country with a very high standard of living (List of countries by Human Development Index), featuring comprehensive social security (Welfare in Germany) that includes the world's oldest universal health care (Healthcare in Germany) system. Known for its rich cultural (Culture of Germany) and political (Politics of Germany) history (History of Germany), Germany has been the home of many influential philosophers (German philosophy), artists (German art), musicians (Music of Germany), cineasts (Cinema of Germany), entrepreneurs (List of Germans#Company founders), scientists and inventors (Science and technology in Germany). Germany was a founding member of the European Communities in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20 (G-20 major economies), the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and the Council of Europe.
Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented (Germania (book)) by the Romans (Ancient Rome) before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Latin name ''Sacrum Imperium'' (Holy Empire) is documented as far back as 1157. The Latin name ''Sacrum Romanum Imperium'' (Holy Roman Empire) was first documented in 1254. The full name "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (''Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation'') dates back to the 15th century. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of Pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation, which had been occupied by France (French period) during the Napoleonic Wars, resulted in the unification of most of the German states (unification of Germany) in 1871 into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. As a result of the military defeat in World War I, and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The establishment (Machtergreifung) of the Third Reich, or Nazi Regime (Nazi Germany), in 1933 eventually led to World War II and the Holocaust. In 1945, the remnants (Flensburg government) of the Nazi regime surrendered (Surrender of Germany) to the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II). Over the next few years, Germany lost more of its territory (Former eastern territories of Germany) and was divided by the victors into Allied occupation zones (Allied-occupied Germany), and evolved into two states, East Germany and West Germany. On 3 October 1990 (German Unity Day), the country was reunified (German reunification), regaining full sovereignty about six months later.