Gao

What is Gao known for?


black past

14:04, 14 November 2005 (UTC) *********Uh, okay. Redirected to Gao (which can clearly absorb it), plus a little bit of context. I'm not sure what your point is. (Of course, any time you want to add information to Wikipedia to prove me wrong somehow, feel free. :D ) - A Man In '''Black''' (User:A Man In Black) (conspire (User talk:A_Man_In_Black) past ops (Special:Contributions A Man In Black)) 14:13, 14

Koleji". I think we should delete this article, since the information contained therein is misleading, and see if we can't find a Turkish speaker to help the school Wikiproject make a proper article about the Türk Eğitim Derneği. - A Man In '''Black''' (User:A Man In Black) (conspire (User talk:A_Man_In_Black) past ops (Special:Contributions A Man In Black)) 13:45, 14 November 2005 (UTC) '''Bakal


history writing

-states of Timbuktu, Gao, and Djenné. Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim who was reported to have built various major mosques throughout the Mali sphere of influence; his gold-laden pilgrimage to Mecca made him a well known figure even in European history writing. It was under Mansa Musa that Timbuktu became one of Africa's and the world's major cultural centers.


sweet water

Dmitrov, Russia Expansion continued, sometimes by force, sometimes by peaceful proselytising (Dawah). The first stage in the conquest of India (Muslim conquest of the Indian subcontinent) began just before the year 1000. By some 200 (from 1193 — 1209) years later, the area up to the Ganges river had fallen. In sub-Saharan West Africa, Islam was established just after the year 1000. Muslim rulers were in Kanem (Kanem Region) starting from sometime between 1081 to 1097, with reports of a Muslim prince at the head of Gao as early as 1009. The Islamic kingdoms associated with Mali (Mali Empire) reached prominence in the 13th century. thumb right 250px The Songhai Empire, c. 1500 (Image:SONGHAI empire map.PNG) The Songhai people are descended from fishermen on the Middle Niger River (Niger River). They established their capital at Kukiya in the 9th century CE and at Gao in 12th century. The Songhai speak a Nilo-Saharan language (Nilo-Saharan languages). Collins and Burns (2007), p. 87. This effect is not limited to Hausa alone, but other northern dialects of neighbouring languages; such as the difference within Songhay language (between the northernmost Koyra Chiini and Koyraboro Senni dialects of Timbuktu and Gao, and the Zarma (Zarma language) dialect, spoken from western Niger to northern Ghana), and within the Soninke language (between the northernmost dialects of Imraguen (Imraguen language) and Nemadi spoken in east-central Mauritania, and the southern dialects of Senegal, Mali and the sahel). From there, Ibn Battuta travelled southwest along a river he believed to be the Nile (it was actually the river Niger


de year

of Early Arabic Sources for West Africa publisher Marcus Weiner Press place New York, NY year 2000 isbn 1-55876-241-8 . First published in 1981 by Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-22422-5. *

1991 contribution Gao publisher Brill place Leiden url http: www.archive.org stream EncyclopediaofIslam2 Vol.2c-g#page n1017 mode 1up isbn 90-04-07026-5 pages 976–978 ref none . First published in 1965. * . *


international scientific

&dq dyula+islam&source bl&ots m3c_CX8bcd&sig 62djjSoio9dxnC01yncOrqcz1RQ&hl en&ei C44tSt_MGZfuMrD-xdUJ&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 1#PPA260,M1 "''Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s''" : Unesco. International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History During the 9th century, Muslim Berber (Berber people) and Tuareg (Tuareg people) merchants brought Islam southward into West Africa. Islam also spread in the region by the founders of Sufi brotherhoods (tariqah). Conversion to Islam linked the West African savannah through belief in one God and similar new forms of political, social and artistic accoutrements


large year

 mm but there are large year to year variations. May is the hottest month with an average maximum temperature of 43 °C. December and January are the coolest months with minimum temperatures of 15 °C. From October to March during the dry period the north-easterly Harmattan wind blows from the Sahara. When it blows strongly the dust-laden wind reduces visibility and creates a persistent haze. With the low rainfall the vegetation away from the river is sparse

Fields V 1.0: Ansongo url http: www.compositerunoff.sr.unh.edu html Polygons P1134900.html publisher University of New Hampshire Global Runoff Data Center accessdate 30 January 2011 . There is a large year to year variation in the extent of the flooding. The existing and proposed dams upstream of Gao reduce the overall flow of the river and could potentially have a large effect on the local agriculture.


traditional+influence

is the tindé drum which is played by women at festive occasions. Another important traditional influence is the lute known as the teherdent, which is played by the griots of the Gao and Timbuktu regions. In the late 1970s, when the founding members of Tinariwen started playing acoustic guitars, they played a traditional repertoire adapted to the western guitar.


early ancient

Periods Little is known about the original inhabitants of Côte d'Ivoire. Historians believe that they were all either displaced or absorbed by the ancestors of the present inhabitants. The first recorded history is found in the chronicles of North African traders, who, from early Roman (Ancient Rome) times, conducted a caravan (Camel train) trade across the Sahara in salt, slaves, gold, and other items. The southern terminals of the trans-Saharan trade routes were located


legendary founder

A similar list of rulers is given in the ''Tarikh al-fattash''.


sweet water

Dmitrov, Russia Expansion continued, sometimes by force, sometimes by peaceful proselytising (Dawah). The first stage in the conquest of India (Muslim conquest of the Indian subcontinent) began just before the year 1000. By some 200 (from 1193 — 1209) years later, the area up to the Ganges river had fallen. In sub-Saharan West Africa, Islam was established just after the year 1000. Muslim rulers were in Kanem (Kanem Region) starting from sometime between 1081 to 1097, with reports of a Muslim prince at the head of Gao as early as 1009. The Islamic kingdoms associated with Mali (Mali Empire) reached prominence in the 13th century. thumb right 250px The Songhai Empire, c. 1500 (Image:SONGHAI empire map.PNG) The Songhai people are descended from fishermen on the Middle Niger River (Niger River). They established their capital at Kukiya in the 9th century CE and at Gao in 12th century. The Songhai speak a Nilo-Saharan language (Nilo-Saharan languages). Collins and Burns (2007), p. 87. This effect is not limited to Hausa alone, but other northern dialects of neighbouring languages; such as the difference within Songhay language (between the northernmost Koyra Chiini and Koyraboro Senni dialects of Timbuktu and Gao, and the Zarma (Zarma language) dialect, spoken from western Niger to northern Ghana), and within the Soninke language (between the northernmost dialects of Imraguen (Imraguen language) and Nemadi spoken in east-central Mauritania, and the southern dialects of Senegal, Mali and the sahel). From there, Ibn Battuta travelled southwest along a river he believed to be the Nile (it was actually the river Niger

Gao

'''Gao''' east-southeast of Timbuktu on the left bank at the junction with the Tilemsi valley.

For much of its history Gao was an important commercial centre involved in the trans-Saharan trade. In the 9th century external Arabic writers described Gao as an important regional power and by the end of the 10th century the local ruler was said to be a Muslim. Towards the end of the 13th century Gao became part of the Mali Empire, but in first half of the 15th century the town regained its independence and with the conquests of Sonni Ali (ruled 1464–1492) it became the capital of the Songhai Empire. The Empire collapsed after the Moroccan (Morocco) invasion in 1591 and the invaders chose to make Timbuktu their capital. By the time of Heinrich Barth's visit in 1854, Gao had declined to become an impoverished village with 300 huts constructed from matting. In 2009, the urban commune had a population of 86,633.

On 31 March 2012, Gao was captured (2012 insurgency in northern Mali) from Malian government forces by National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and Ansar Dine rebels. After the additional captures of Kidal and Timbuktu, on 6 April, the MNLA declared the region independent of Mali as the nation of Azawad .

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