Ganja, Azerbaijan

What is Ganja, Azerbaijan known for?


culture art

from the Shaddadids in 1075 A.D. and spread Persian literary westwards to their courts. In the middle of the twelfth century, the Seljuk (Great Seljuq Empire)s control of the region weakened and their provincial governors, virtually autonomous local princes, further encouraged Persian culture, art and poetry in their courts. Persian culture characteristically flourished in this era when political power was diffused and Persian remained


contemporary political

was determined by his traumatic personal life as well as the contemporary political situation in his homeland. The failure of the 1832 anti-Russian conspiracy of Georgian nobles, with which Baratashvili was a schoolboy sympathizer, forced many conspirators to see the independent past as irremediably lost and to reconcile themselves with the Russian autocracy, transforming their laments for the lost past and the fall of the native dynasty into Romanticist poetry. Shortage of money prevented Baratashvili from continuing his studies in Russian universities, while an early physical injury – his lameness – did not allow him to enter military service as he wished. Eventually, Baratashvili had to enter the Russian bureaucratic service and serve as an ordinary clerk in the disease-ridden Azerbaijani town of Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan). The love of his life, Princess Ekaterine Chavchavadze, rejected him and married David Dadiani, Prince of Mingrelia (Principality of Mingrelia). thumb The rug trade in late 19th century Ganja, Azerbaijan Ganja (Image:Carpet market Ganja XIXcentury.jpg) (Elisabethpol) Azerbaijani carpets are traditionally divided into four types, so-called "carpet schools", all of which have distinct characteristics. These carpet schools are: 1) Guba-Shirvan with manufacturing centers in Guba (Guba, Azerbaijan), Shirvan region and Baku; 2) Ganje-Kazakh, with centers in Ganje (Ganja, Azerbaijan) town and Qazakh region; 3) Karabakh (with major centers in Shusha, surrounding villages; and 4) Tabriz with centers in Tabriz and Ardabil in South (Iranian) Azerbaijan (Iranian Azerbaijan). The carpets from various regional types differ by three features: ornaments, manufacturing technique and the kind of article in question. Karabakh carpets comprise 33 different compositions in total. Some of them were partly borrowed from the Tabriz and Iranian carpet schools, some are completely original. * , literally "Azerbaijan Village Agriculture Academy"), also referred to as the Azerbaijan Agricultural Academy (Az. AA), is a public university located in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan. The university has eight schools, 3830 students and 560 faculty members. In addition, there is a teaching site in Gazakh with nearly 500 correspondent students. Biography Babadzhanian was born in the family of an Armenian (Armenians) peasant, in the village of Chardakhlu (Çardaqlı, Shamkir) near Yelizavetpol (later Kirovabad, now Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan), then part of the Russian Empire, attending school there. Ivan Bagramyan, another Armenian Marshal of the Soviet Union, was born in the same village. History During the Soviet period, Azerbaijan was part of the Transcaucasus Military District, whose forces in the republic were commanded by the 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)). The 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)) consisted of three motor rifle divisions (the 23rd Motor Rifle Division (8th Cavalry Corps (Soviet Union)#Postwar) (MRD) at Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), the 60th at Lankaran, and the 295th in Baku) and army troops that included missile and air defense brigades and artillery and rocket regiments. Azerbaijan also hosted the 49th Arsenal of the Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, which contained over 7,000 train-car loads of ammunition to the excess of one billion units. In addition, the 75th Motor Rifle Division, part of the 7th Guards Army, was in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.


literary history

was Nezami (also spelled as Nizami and Neẓāmi). He was born of an urban Jan Rypka (Rypka, Jan. ‘Poets and Prose Writers of the Late Saljuq and Mongol Periods’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5, The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed., Published January 1968. pg 578:As the scene of the greatest flowering of the panegyrical qasida, southern Caucasia occupies a prominent place in New Persian literary history. But this region also gave to the world Persia’s finest creator of romantic epics. Hakim Jamal al-din Abu Muhammad Ilyas b. Yusuf b. Zaki b. Mu’ayyad Nizami a native of Ganja in Azarbaijan, is an unrivaled master of thoughts and words, a poet whose freshness and vigor all the succeeding centuries have been unable to dull. Little is known of his life, the only source being his own works, which in many cases provided no reliable information. We can only deduce that he was born between 535 and 540 (1140-46) and that his background was urban. Modern Azarbaijan is exceedingly proud of its world famous son and insists that he was not just a native of the region, but that he came from its own Turkic stock. At all events his mother was of Iranian origin, the poet himself calling her Ra’isa and describing her as Kurdish. background in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan) (Great Seljuq (Great Seljuq Empire) empire now present-day Azerbaijan) and is believed to have spent his whole life in South Caucasus. According to De Blois, Ganja was a city which at that time had predominantly an Iranian population. The Armenian historian Kirakos Gandzaketsi (Ca. 1200-1271) mentions that: "This city was densely populated with Iranians and a small number of Christians". Kirakos Gandzakatsi Kirakos Gandzakats'i's History of the Armenians translation from Classical Armenian by Robert Bedrosian. — New York: 1986. — p. 197. Excerpt: "This city was densely populated with Iranians and a small number of Christians.". Available also at: Kirakos Gandzakets'i, Patmut'iwn Hayots' Kirakos of Gandzak, History of Armenia, edited by K.A. Melik'-Ohanjanyan, (Erevan, 1961), p. 235: "Ays k'aghak's bazmambox lts'eal parsko'k', ayl sakaw ew k'ristone'iwk'..." The Seljuqs took control of Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan) from the Shaddadids in 1075 A.D. and spread Persian literary westwards to their courts. In the middle of the twelfth century, the Seljuk (Great Seljuq Empire)s control of the region weakened and their provincial governors, virtually autonomous local princes, further encouraged Persian culture, art and poetry in their courts. Persian culture characteristically flourished in this era when political power was diffused and Persian remained the primary language, Persian civil cervants, merchants were in great demand and rival dynastines continue to vie for the service of Persian poets. This was especially true in Ganjeh, the Caucasian outpost town where Nizami lived. Nezami was patronized by different rulers and dedicated his epics to various rival dynasties including the Seljuqs, Eldiguzids (Atabegs of Azerbaijan)(who maintained control of Ganja during most of the later 12th century), Shirvanshahs, the ruler of Ahar and Ahmadilis. Although he enjoyed the patronage of various rulers and princes, he avoided the court life and is generally believed to have lived a secluded life. Since he was not a court poet, he does not appear in the annals of the dynasties which list the names of events of the ruling families. Derbent is twinned with: * , literally "Azerbaijan Village Agriculture Academy"), also referred to as the Azerbaijan Agricultural Academy (Az. AA), is a public university located in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan. The university has eight schools, 3830 students and 560 faculty members. In addition, there is a teaching site in Gazakh with nearly 500 correspondent students. Biography Babadzhanian was born in the family of an Armenian (Armenians) peasant, in the village of Chardakhlu (Çardaqlı, Shamkir) near Yelizavetpol (later Kirovabad, now Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan), then part of the Russian Empire, attending school there. Ivan Bagramyan, another Armenian Marshal of the Soviet Union, was born in the same village. History During the Soviet period, Azerbaijan was part of the Transcaucasus Military District, whose forces in the republic were commanded by the 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)). The 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)) consisted of three motor rifle divisions (the 23rd Motor Rifle Division (8th Cavalry Corps (Soviet Union)#Postwar) (MRD) at Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), the 60th at Lankaran, and the 295th in Baku) and army troops that included missile and air defense brigades and artillery and rocket regiments. Azerbaijan also hosted the 49th Arsenal of the Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, which contained over 7,000 train-car loads of ammunition to the excess of one billion units. In addition, the 75th Motor Rifle Division, part of the 7th Guards Army, was in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.


famous metal

2016 url http: www.youthforum.org pressrelease ganja-european-youth-capital-2016 website www.youthforum.org accessdate 17 November 2014 Culture thumbnail Ganja Ethnographic and History Museum. (File:Ziyadxanovların mülkü.JPG) The city has many amenities that offer a wide range of cultural activities, drawing both from a rich local dramatic portfolio and an international repertoire. The city is known for its famous metal handicrafts industry during the Middle Ages. The most


monumental complex

the monumental complex Ganja Fortress Gates - the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography url http: en.president.az articles 10855 website en.president.az accessdate 12 November 2014 Geography Climate


power+growing

;. Ağaoğlu was chosen from Baku as one of the represents of the Muslims of Trancaucasia and played an important role in prevention of ethnic clashes between Armenians and Azeris in 1905. Along with Nasib-bey Yusifbeyli, Ağaoğlu became a founder of "Difai" (Defender) National Committee in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), which in 1917 merged with the Turkic Party of Federalists and Musavat into a single party. With their power growing increasingly stronger, Teimuraz and Erekle


prominent place

was Nezami (also spelled as Nizami and Neẓāmi). He was born of an urban Jan Rypka (Rypka, Jan. ‘Poets and Prose Writers of the Late Saljuq and Mongol Periods’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5, The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed., Published January 1968. pg 578:As the scene of the greatest flowering of the panegyrical qasida, southern Caucasia occupies a prominent place in New Persian literary history. But this region also gave to the world Persia’s finest


open concept

to the warm climate, parks and gardens are open all year long without the need of winter maintenance. The Khan's Garden is the most scenic park and one of the city's most known landmarks. It has an interesting landscaping, carrying wide variety of trees and plants in an open concept. ref


early physical

Baratashvili from continuing his studies in Russian universities, while an early physical injury – his lameness – did not allow him to enter military service as he wished. Eventually, Baratashvili had to enter the Russian bureaucratic service and serve as an ordinary clerk in the disease-ridden Azerbaijani town of Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan). The love of his life, Princess Ekaterine Chavchavadze, rejected him and married David Dadiani, Principality of Mingrelia Prince of Mingrelia


local dramatic

2016 url http: www.youthforum.org pressrelease ganja-european-youth-capital-2016 website www.youthforum.org accessdate 17 November 2014 Culture thumbnail Ganja Ethnographic and History Museum. (File:Ziyadxanovların mülkü.JPG) The city has many amenities that offer a wide range of cultural activities, drawing both from a rich local dramatic portfolio and an international repertoire. The city is known for its famous metal handicrafts industry during the Middle Ages. The most notable works of that period includes Gates of Ganja and Ancient Ganja Gate. , literally "Azerbaijan Village Agriculture Academy"), also referred to as the Azerbaijan Agricultural Academy (Az. AA), is a public university located in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan. The university has eight schools, 3830 students and 560 faculty members. In addition, there is a teaching site in Gazakh with nearly 500 correspondent students. Biography Babadzhanian was born in the family of an Armenian (Armenians) peasant, in the village of Chardakhlu (Çardaqlı, Shamkir) near Yelizavetpol (later Kirovabad, now Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan), then part of the Russian Empire, attending school there. Ivan Bagramyan, another Armenian Marshal of the Soviet Union, was born in the same village. History During the Soviet period, Azerbaijan was part of the Transcaucasus Military District, whose forces in the republic were commanded by the 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)). The 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)) consisted of three motor rifle divisions (the 23rd Motor Rifle Division (8th Cavalry Corps (Soviet Union)#Postwar) (MRD) at Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), the 60th at Lankaran, and the 295th in Baku) and army troops that included missile and air defense brigades and artillery and rocket regiments. Azerbaijan also hosted the 49th Arsenal of the Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, which contained over 7,000 train-car loads of ammunition to the excess of one billion units. In addition, the 75th Motor Rifle Division, part of the 7th Guards Army, was in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.

Ganja, Azerbaijan

'''Ganja''' ( ) and retained it throughout the later Soviet period from 1935. Finally in 1989, during Perestroika, the city regained the original name.

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