France

What is France known for?


cultural innovations

news url http: www.guardian.co.uk artanddesign 2002 jun 01 artsfeatures.features title The other superpower publisher www.guardian.co.uk date 2002-06-01 accessdate 2009-07-17 location London are generally acknowledged as the entertainment and cultural superpowers, given their abilities to distribute their entertainment and cultural innovations worldwide. Modern Age European powers From the 15th century to the early 18th century the five major powers


support line

on with his work until the last man had been attended to and removed. He then went to tend a wounded officer and only then reported his own injuries. For this action, he was awarded the Victoria Cross. On 2 September 1918 in France, Captain Hutcheson went through the Drocourt-Quéant Support Line with his battalion, remaining on the field until every wounded man had been attended to. He dressed the wounds of a seriously hurt officer under terrific machine-gun and shell fire


professional track

Kingdom King George V , as a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (Order of St Michael and St George). Cycling success Dutrieu became a professional track cyclist (Track cycling) racing for the Simpson Lever Chain (Simpson Chain) team. In 1895 she gained the women's world record for distance cycled in one hour. In 1897 and 1898 she won


unusual+production

; At the behest of Disney CEO Michael Eisner, ''Beauty and the Beast'' became the first Disney animated film to use a screenwriter. This was an unusual production move for an animated film, which is traditionally developed on storyboards rather than in scripted form. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


debut game

) was a French (France) Navy officer. The debut game of BI, published (video game publisher) by Codemasters, immediately became the top selling game in the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Australia, Czech Republic and other countries. After this success BI prepared a special US (United States) version of the game which launched in September 2001 and it also became one of the best selling games in the USA. In the spring of 1974 2 Plus 1 visited United States


biography+classical

'''Roland Dyens''' (born October 19, 1955 in Tunisia) is a French (France)biography classical guitarist, composer, and arranger. thumb (File:Roland Dyens.JPG) He has also worked with the French (France) band Air (Air (French band)), releasing "City Reading (City Reading (Tre Storie Western))", a mix of the band's music with Baricco's reading of his novel ''City''. Biography Born in Linden (Linden, Massachusetts), a part of Malden


fast national

, and on Talleyrand's fall he accompanied him to Château de Valençay and continued to help with his intrigues. He followed Talleyrand to London in 1832. Montrond returned to Paris some time before his death in 1843. The 2004 crew was exceptional and may have been Harvard's fastest crew ever. It was an Olympic year and national teams tend to be very, very fast. National team crews are also older and more experienced than college oarsmen, and are much better prepared and more talented than when Harvard


science working

for the Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences, NASA-HQ, 1998-2000; crew training, flight and post-flight activities 1996-1998; Lead Scientist of the Microgravity Space and Applications Division since 1985-1996. He served as Program Scientist on five different Spacelab flights. In addition, he helped organize and has served as co-chair for Microgravity Science Working Groups between NASA and space agencies (space agency) from the European Union, France, Germany, Japan


number band

online.NUMBER+@band(musdi+070)) Recüeil de Contredances (1706) by Raoul Auger Feuillet, andNUMBER+@band(musdi+069)) For the furthur Improvement of Dancing (1710) by John Essex As for internal combustion piston engines (internal combustion engine), these were tested in France in 1807 by de Rivaz and independently, by the Nicéphore Niépce


current musical

on the current generation of international star DJs" Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France

France

'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.

During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).

Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.

France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.

Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"

French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).

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