France

What is France known for?


life place

;ref whose guidance during the composition of Hagen's ''Shining Brow'' (1992) — the opera that launched Hagen's career internationally


free long

tools just_landed_guide telephone fixed_lines . Another method, if you're staying for a while, is to use VoIP over DSL, such as the Livebox or Freebox service (free long distance calls within France and to a number of countries). Phone booths Phone booths are available in train or metro stations, bus stops and near tourist attractions, etc. There is at least one phone booth in every village (look on the main square). Due to the widespread use of mobile phones, there are now fewer booths


single science

techniques), Arabic scientists raised statics to a new, higher level. The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the 'science of gravity' was created and later further developed in medieval Europe. The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends - statics and dynamics - turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics. The combination of the dynamic approach with Archimedean hydrostatics gave birth to a direction in science which may be called medieval hydrodynamics. ... Numerous fine experimental methods were developed for determining the specific weight, which were based, in particular, on the theory of balances and weighing. The classical works of al-Biruni and al-Khazini can by right be considered as the beginning of the application of experimental methods in medieval science." and Galileo Galilei were also major figures in the development of hydrostatics. Slams have spread all over the world, with slam scenes in Nepal, Canada, Germany, Sweden, France, Austria, Israel, Ukraine, Russia, Switzerland, the Netherlands (Netherlands), Portugal, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, the Czech Republic (Czech Republic), Poland, Serbia, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Denmark, Latvia, South Korea, Japan, India, Greece, Spain, and Mexico. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


scale cultural

is reputed to have been buried in it. Countries which have seen repeated large-scale cultural and or linguistic changes, such as England or France, tend to have more broken down place names, as the original meaning is forgotten and drifts more quickly. They may also have more linguistically diverse place names; for instance in England place names may have Pre-Celtic, Celtic, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Norse, or Norman-French origins. Conversely, countries with a more uniform cultural linguistic history tend to have less broken down and diverse place names - Wales for instance (especially when compared to neighbouring England). rels Ukrainian Catholic (Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Winnipeg), Ukrainian Orthodox (Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada), other, Swyripa, "Ukrainians", p. 1863. none related Ukrainians (Ukrainian people), British Ukrainians (Ukrainian diaspora in the United Kingdom), French Ukrainians (in France), Ukrainian Americans, Ukrainian Australians, Slavic Peoples (Slavic people) especially East Slavs Burundi's post-independence history has been dominated by tensions between the Hutu majority and the Tutsi minority. The civil war (Burundi Civil War) of the 1990s in Burundi and conflicts with neighbouring countries and the plight of thousands of child-victims of war led her to become involved with the Association of the People of Burundi in France. In Burundi she is known for her humanitarian work. Continental Europe The Continental European system is used in France, Germany German Standard DIN 66074:1975, Shoe sizes , Italy, Spain Spanish Standard UNE 59850:1998, Shoes: Size designation , most other continental European countries, Brazil - which uses the same method but subtracts 2 from the final result -, and, commonly, Hong Kong. Background During the summer of 1863, the president of Mexico, Benito Juárez, was overthrown and replaced by the emperor Maximilian (Maximilian I of Mexico), whose allegiance was with France. France had been openly sympathetic to the Confederate States of America earlier in the war, but had never matched its sympathy with diplomatic action. Now that a French government existed just south of the Rio Grande, the Confederates hoped to establish a fruitful route of entry for much-needed matériel. thumb right Pierre Pelot (2011) (File:Pierre Pelot-Festival international de géographie 2011.jpg) '''Pierre Pelot''' (Pierre Grosdemange, also known as '''Pierre Pelot''', '''Pierre Suragne''' or '''Pierre Carbonari'''), is a French (France) science fiction writer. Born on November 13, 1945, in Saint-Maurice-sur-Moselle, Vosges (Vosges (département)), France. *? - Captured by England c. 1417, renamed ''Agase'', wrecked on mudflats c. 1418 *? (1695, ex-French (France) ''Cumberland'', sold 1715, ex-British (United Kingdom) ''Cumberland'' 80, captured 1707) - Sold to Spain 1717, captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 1718, sold to Austria 1720, renamed ''San Carlos'', BU 1733 *? (ex-French, sold 1711, ex-British ''Gloucester'' 60, captured 1709) - Sold to Spain 1720, renamed ''Conquistador'', Stricken 1738 During the night of 7 December 1942, ten Royal Marines set out in five canoes on Operation Frankton. They caused considerable damage to five ships, but eight of the men were shot or drowned. Sparks and Major Herbert "Blondie" Hasler (Herbert Hasler) were pursued through France and Spain by the Germans for three months before they reached safety in Gibraltar. The town of Karlskoga has evolved around Bofors, which in late 19th century transformed from iron works to a manufacturer of cannon and in the 20th century a more diversified defense industry. The most famous owner of Bofors was Alfred Nobel who owned the company from 1894 until his death in December 1896. He had the key role in reshaping the iron manufacturer to a modern cannon manufacturer and chemical industry. During the summers of 1894–1896 he also lived in the manor house Björkborn. Even though he died in his villa in Sanremo, Italy and had a home in Paris, France it was decided that his residence was at Björkborn in Karlskoga. Because of that it was here his famous testament (Will (law)) that was written in Paris 1895 was legally registered, which eventually made it possible to establish the Nobel Prize. The Boursorama group is present in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain. '''Thérésa Cabarrus, Madame Tallien''' (31 July 1773 – 15 January 1835), was a French (France) social figure during the Revolution (French Revolution). Later she became Princess of Chimay (Prince de Chimay). Family In 1822, Smith married a Tejana (Tejano), Guadalupe Ruiz Duran (b. 12 December 1797), the widow of Jose Maria Vincente Duran (m. 1812; children: Refugia, Josefa, Lucinda). The couple had four children, Susan Concepcion (b. 15 Aug 1823; d. 22 Jan 1849), Gertrudes (b. 1825; m. Macario Tarin), Travis (b. 1827; d. 1833 cholera) and Simona (b. 28 Oct 1829 in Mission Espada; d. 11 Nov 1890). Susan C. Smith married Nathaniel Fisk (b. 4 Sep 1815 Scranton, VT; d. 5 Apr 1876) in 1839. After her death, Fisk married her sister Simona Smith on 1 Aug 1849. Guadalupe Ruiz Duran Smith was the daughter of Salvador "Bernardino" Ruiz de Castaneda and Maria Ignacia Robleau. The Ruiz de Castaneda family were from San Luis de la Paz, Querétaro, New Spain. Salvador was a horse trader in Louisiana and then settled in San Antonio near Mission San Jose, after France regained control of Louisiana. Maria Ygnacia was born on the Los Adaes Mission in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. Her father, Pierre Robleau, was said to have been a political refugee from France or Canada, while her mother Maria Isidora de Cepeda was the daughter of a Spanish soldier stationed at Mission Los Adaes. mouth Moselle (Moselle (river)) Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


record+dark

Hayes , Josh Ritter, Halite and Mic Christopher. '''Michel Mouillot''' is a French (France) politician. He used to be mayor of the town of Cannes. http: www.independent.co.uk news something-rotten-on-the-riviera-1309459.html The Independent Stud record Dark Star retired to stand at stud (horse breeding) in the United States. In 1967, he was sold to Haras du Bois-Roussel in Alençon, France


temple family

and CNBC-e in Turkey. thumb left 200px Palmerston at age 18, 1802 (Image:Palmerston 1802.jpg) Henry John Temple was born in his family's Westminster house to the Irish (Ireland) branch of the Temple family on 20 October 1784. Henry was to become the 3rd Viscount Palmerston. His family derived their title from the Peerage of Ireland. Karl Marx, "Palmerston: First Article" contained in ''Collected Works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: Volume 12


great bravery

April 2010 when, on 23 July 1916 at the Battle of Pozières, France, he committed an act of great bravery and heroism for which his was awarded the Victoria Cross. He was 21 years old, and a second lieutenant in the 5th Battalion, The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding) Regiment, British Army, attd, 2nd Battalion during the First World War (World War I). On 31 August 1918 at St

bbc.co.uk date accessdate 2009-10-30 On 12 March 1915, at Neuve Chapelle, France, Private Rivers, on his own initiative, crept to within a few yards of a very large number of the enemy who were massed on the flank of an advanced company of his battalion, and hurled bombs on them. His action caused the enemy to retire, and so relieved the situation. Private Rivers performed a second similar act of great bravery on the same day, again causing the enemy to withdraw. He was killed on this occasion, and his remains never found - he is commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial. CWGC entry Dancox was killed in action near Masnieres, France, on 30 November 1917 and is commemorated on the Cambrai Memorial to the Missing. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Worcestershire Regiment Museum in the Worcester City Art Gallery & Museum, Worcester. The island has a quadripod tower lighthouse, which stands atop highest point of the island, Haubjerre hill. It was prefabricated in France and shipped to Ruhnu for assembly in 1877. The structure was designed by Gustave Eiffel. Heritage In 1843, four Sisters of the Holy Cross came from Le Mans, France, to share in the apostolate of education with the priests and brothers of the Congregation of Holy Cross, who had been sent by the bishop of Vincennes to open a college in northern Indiana. In 1844, the sisters opened their first school in Bertrand, Michigan, a few miles from Notre Dame du Lac; it was a boarding academy with pre-collegiate grades. In 1855 the school moved to its present site and grew to become Saint Mary’s College. Born near Istanbul, declared blind four days after his birth, Hrant as a child sang in the choir of an Armenian Apostolic Church. His family fled to Konya in 1915 to escape the Armenian Genocide; there Hrant first studied the oud, with a teacher named Garabed. In 1918 the family returned west, first to Adapazarı and then to Istanbul, where Hrant continued his musical studies under some of the leading teachers of the time, including Kemani Agopos Ayvazyan, Dikran Katsakhian, and Udi Krikor Berberian. Somewhere along the way he also learned to speak French (France), and was actually accepted at age 16 to a Paris-based school for the blind, but he contracted typhoid fever and was unable to travel. Across Europe, it was more successful than in United States. In early times of its release, the commercial response for the album was short of expectations. But its sales rose sharply during the European leg of the ''My Love Is Your Love World Tour'', which was the highest grossing arena concert tour of 1999 in the continent, Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


hit work

: www.straight.com article devout-eckhart-prays-his-new-film-is-a-hit title Devout Eckhart Prays His New Film Is a Hit work The Georgia Straight date August 26, 2004 author McArthur, Beth Shawn Bradley (Australia), Orson Scott Card ( Brazil

-to-laugh accessdate August 7, 2007 Shawn Bradley (Australia),


fine combination

, comte d'Estaing Comte d'Estaing . Greatly outnumbered and forced to take a defensive stance, Howe nevertheless baffled the French admiral at Sandy Hook (Sandy Hook (New Jersey)), and defeated d'Estaing's attempt to take Newport, Rhode Island by a fine combination of caution and calculated daring. On Admiral John Byron's arrival from England with reinforcements, Howe left his station in September 1778. ref name odnb


mix history

: World Airlines work Flight International pages 73–74 date 2007-03-27 The leading ready-mix concrete supplier worldwide is the Mexican (Mexico) concrete company Cemex; its main competitor is France-based Lafarge and the leading ready-mix concrete supplier in Middle East is the Unibeton Ready Mix. History Edward the Confessor granted the island to the abbey of St. Ouen in Rouen, France in 1046, and the Priory of West Mersea was established. The '''Peugeot 203''' is a medium-sized car (Mid-size car) which was produced by the French (France) manufacturer Peugeot between 1948 and 1960. The 203 was Peugeot's first new model launched after World War II. During its twelve year production run nearly 700,000 203s of all variants rolled off the assembly line in Sochaux, France. Between the demise of the 202 (Peugeot 202) in 1949 and the launch of the 403 (Peugeot 403) in 1954, the 203 was the only model produced by Peugeot. '''''The Reign of Terror''''' is the eighth serial (list of Doctor Who serials) in the British (United Kingdom) science fiction television series ''Doctor Who'', which was first broadcast in six weekly parts from August 8 to September 12, 1964. The story was set in France during the period of the French Revolution known as the Reign of Terror. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France

France

'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.

During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).

Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.

France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.

Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"

French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).

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