France

What is France known for?


building buildings

-reinforced concrete office tower. Set upon a two story pedestal that contains ground floor retail and the theater entrance, the tower has narrow vertical windows that sweep the eye upward and create the illusion of a much taller building (buildings in Los Angeles were restricted from being higher than the city hall until the late 1950s).


impressive game

The Daily Telegraph title Plucky England cling to positives amid debris url http: www.telegraph.co.uk sport main.jhtml?xml sport 2007 06 04 srsa04.xml accessdate 4 June 2007 date 4 June 2007 location London first Mick last Cleary In the first of three warm up tests before the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France, Wilkinson had an impressive game, scoring 17 points (seven conversions and a penalty) in the 62–5 demolition of Wales national rugby union team Wales


football de

Stalin Stalin to play for the allied leaders. '''Le Centre Technique National Fernand Sastre''' ( ), commonly referred to as '''INF Clairefontaine''' ("Institut national du football de Clairefontaine"), '''INF''', or simply '''Clairefontaine''', is the national association football centre that specializes in training French football players. The academy is one of twelve ''élite'' academies located in and around France


accurate portrait

famous 'View of Delft' (View of Delft (Vermeer)) in 1660-1661 Jan Vermeer painted a quite accurate portrait of the city Delft. Cities like Amsterdam, Haarlem and The Hague also became popular subjects for paintings. Painters from other European countries (i.e. Great Britain, France, Germany) followed the Dutch example. The 18th century was a flourishing period for cityscape painting in Venice (Canaletto, Guardi (Francesco Guardi)). To celebrate the role seagulls played in the pioneer's first year in Utah, the LDS Church erected Seagull Monument on their Temple Square in Salt Lake City, Utah. The top of the monument is a bronze statue of two insect-devouring seagulls cast by sculptor Mahonri M. Young, who designed the monument. Young studied in France, and was grandson of LDS leader Brigham Young. The monument was dedicated October 1, 1913 by LDS Church president Joseph F. Smith. Seagull Monument is believed to be the first monument dedicated to birds. The '''Bergger''' company was begun over a century ago by French (France) manufacturer Guilleminot. The company manufactures monochrome photographic film 35mm to 20"x24" as well as photographic paper and chemicals. He later was a professor and chair of engineering science at Brasenose College, University of Oxford where he became interested in the methods that prehistoric peoples used to build megalithic monuments. Thom became especially interested in the stone circles of the British Isles and France Hutton, Ronald ''The Pagan Religions of the Ancient British Isles'' Blackwell Publishing 1993 ISBN 978-0-631-18946-6 p. 111 and their astronomical associations. In 1955, Alexander Thom published ''A statistical examination of megalithic sites in Britain'' in which he first suggested the megalithic yard as a standardised prehistoric measurement. He retired from academia in 1961 to spend the rest of his life devoted to this area of research. The Thom Building, housing the Department of Engineering Science (Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford) at Oxford, built in the 1960s, is named after Alexander Thom. Company profile Founded in 1985 by Dr. Peter Lammer and Dr. Jan Hruska (Jan Hruska (businessman)), Sophos is a privately-owned company and is co-headquartered in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England and Burlington, Massachusetts, USA. The company has subsidiaries and branch offices in Australia, the Benelux, Canada, France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Japan, Singapore and Spain. The company employs approximately 1,800 staff worldwide. '''Alain Badiou''' Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


previous sporting

on the Talbot Alpine at the time. Use of the name Gordini was from Amédée Gordini, who was a French (France) tuner with strong links with Renault and previous sporting models such as the Renault 8. production 1981 – 1989 (France) 1983 – 1987 (USA) 1984 – 1997 (Argentina) 1983 – 1999 (Colombia) assembly Billancourt, France Valladolid, Spain Taichung, Taiwan Kenosha, United States Envigado, Colombia Santa Isabel (Santa Isabel, Córdoba), Argentina Bursa, Turkey Vallejo, Mexico body_style 3-door hatchback 5-door hatchback 2-door saloon (sedan (car)) (U.S. only) 4-door saloon (sedan (car)) 2-door convertible (U.S. only) The '''Renault 9''' and '''Renault 11''' are two small family cars produced by the French (France) manufacturer Renault for model years 1981-1988 in sedan (Renault 9) and hatchback (Renault 11) configurations — both styled by prominent French automobile designer, Robert Opron. *Finland: Finnish Red Cross *France: French Red Cross *Gabon: Gabonese Red Cross Society The Auxiliary Units were kept in being long after any immediate Nazi threat had passed and were stood down only in 1944. Several Auxiliary Unit members later joined the Special Air Service. Many men saw action in the campaign in France in late 1944, notably in Operation Houndsworth and Operation Bulbasket. Van de Wetering was awarded the French (France) Grand Prix de Littérature Policière in 1984. China leads in the production of ramie and exports mainly to Japan and Europe. Other producers include Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Brazil. Britannica Online Only a small percentage of the ramie produced is available on the international market. Japan, Germany, France and the UK are the main importers, the remaining supply is used domestically. Manual transmissions are the most common type outside North America and Australia. They are cheaper, lighter, usually give better performance, and fuel efficiency (although automatic transmissions with torque converter lockup and advanced electronic controls can provide similar results). It is customary for new drivers to learn, and be tested, on a car with a manual gear change. In Malaysia and Denmark all cars used for testing (and because of that, virtually all those used for instruction as well) have a manual transmission. In Japan, the Philippines, Germany, Poland, Italy, Israel, the Netherlands, Belgium, New Zealand, Austria, Bulgaria, the UK, Practical Driving Test FAQs Graduated Licensing: Is it what it's meant to be? Ireland, Sweden, Estonia, France, Spain, Switzerland, the Australian states of Victoria (Victoria, Australia), Western Australia and Queensland, Finland and Lithuania, a test pass using an automatic car does not entitle the driver to use a manual car on the public road; a test with a manual car is required. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


seminal book

;ref Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


television+promoting

often speaks on television promoting science. Perhaps the most popular and widely known adaptation of the story is the anime television series ''Maya the Honey Bee'' みつばちマーヤの冒険 (''Mitsubachi Māya no Bōken'', "The Adventures of Maya the Honeybee"). Originally aired on Japanese TV in 1975, the anime has been dubbed into 42 languages http: blok.rozanek.cz 2007 02 09 patecni-youtubeni-vcelka-maja and screened on television in various territories, including


translating+important

positive view of French (France) society, although not without criticisms. Learning French, he began translating important scientific and cultural works into Arabic (Arabic language). He also witnessed the July Revolution of 1830, against Charles X (Charles X of France), but, perhaps understandably, was careful in commenting on the matter in his reports to Muhammad Ali. Peter Gran, "Tahtawi in Paris," Al-Ahram Weekly Online, Issue No.568, 10–16 January 2002. His political views, originally influenced by the conservative Islamic teachings at al-Azhar university, changed on a number of matters, and he came to advocate parliamentarism, women's education and, some hold, a degree of secularism. Barbara Winckler, "Rifa'a Rafi' al-Tahtawi: France as a Role Model," Qantara, 7 21 2005. Commissioned as an honorary Second Lieutenant, he arrived in France during the Battle of the Somme (Battle of the Somme (1916)), serving with the Allied forces (Allies of World War I) on the Western Front (Western Front (World War I)) and also with the Royal Navy for a time. He produced 150 drawings of the war, returning to England in October of that year. Over the next few months Bone returned to his earlier subject matter, drawing pictures of shipyards and battleships. He visited France again in 1917 where he took particular interest in the ruined towns and villages. In 1924 he was elected to the Communist Party (Communist Party of the Soviet Union)'s Central Committee, an office he held until his death in London from a blood disease—at the time, Krasin was negotiating a formal recognition of the Bolshevik government by the United Kingdom and France. The remedies proposed by his old friend, the physician Alexander Bogdanov, could not save him. Krasin's funeral procession three days later included 6,000 mourners, many of them Bolshevik sympathizers; he was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium before being buried at the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in Moscow. Club career Born in Hussein Dey (Hussein Dey, Algeria), Algiers, Madjer started his European career in 1983–84, moving to RCF Paris from NA Hussein Dey. He stayed there during one 1 2 seasons, finishing the 1984–85 campaign with another French (France) side, Tours FC. caption Hot air balloon inflation text '''Hot air balloons''' are the oldest successful human flight technology, dating back to the Montgolfier brothers' invention in Annonay, France in 1783. The first manned flight was made in Paris by Pilâtre de Rozier and the Marquis d'Arlandes. Unmanned hot air balloons are mentioned in Chinese (China) history. Chu-ko Kung-ming (諸葛 孔明) in the three kingdoms era used airborne lanterns for military signalling. credit User:Randyoo thumb right 300px Memorial plaque on Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume (Image:Plaque Rose Valland.jpg) wall '''Rose Antonia Maria Valland''' (November 1, 1898 - September 18, 1980) was a French (France) art historian, a member of the French Resistance, a captain in the French military (Military of France), and one of the most decorated women in French history. She secretly recorded details of the Nazi plundering of National French and private Jewish owned art from France. Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


site covers/

books?id 5ig4uQC20_IC&pg PA108 pg. 108-112 The site covers over 125 square kilometers, over which many small hills, or ''koms'', were found. Once excavated they were found to contain many churches and living quarters, or cells named ''koms''. Over 1500 structures have been identified but it is probable there were many more. The structures range from single-cells for one person, to multiple cells for two


celebrity articles

: www.boston.com ae celebrity articles 2005 09 12 seeking_john_malkovich title Seeking John Malkovich date September 12, 2005 accessdate December 28, 2008 work Boston Globe In a 2008 interview on ''The Late Show with David Letterman'', Malkovich said he had just spent five weeks that summer living in France. One of the most famous transportable wheels is the tall Roue de Paris, originally installed on the Place de la Concorde

France

'''France''' ( and has a population of 66.6 million. It is a semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic with its capital (Capital city) in Paris, the nation's largest city and the main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the country as secular (Laïcité) and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.

During the Iron Age, what is now France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic (Celts) people. The Gauls were conquered by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic (Germanic peoples) Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance (French Renaissance), France experienced a vast cultural development and established the first steps of a worldwide colonial empire (French colonial empire). The 16th century was dominated by Religious Civil Wars (French Wars of Religion) primarily fought between Catholics (Roman Catholic Church) and Protestants (Protestantism) (Huguenots).

Louis XIV made France the dominant cultural, political and military power in Europe, but by the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. One legacy of the revolution was the ''Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen'', one of the world's earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France was governed as one of history's earliest Republics (French First Republic), until the Empire (First French Empire) was declared by Napoleon Bonaparte, who dominated European affairs and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following his defeat, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored (Bourbon Restoration), replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy (July monarchy), then briefly by a Second Republic (French Second Republic), and then by a Second Empire (Second French Empire), until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.

France's colonial empire reached the height of global prominence during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire (French colonial empire) in the world. In World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers fighting against Germany and the Central Powers. France was one of the Allied Powers (Allies of World War II) in World War II, but it was occupied (German military administration in occupied France during World War II) by Nazi Germany in 1940. Following liberation (liberation of France) in 1944, a Fourth Republic (French Fourth Republic) was established, but it was dissolved in the course of the Algerian War and replaced by the Charles de Gaulle-led French Fifth Republic. Into the 1960s decolonization saw most of the French colonial empire become independent.

Throughout its long history (History of France), France has produced many influential artists, thinkers, and scientists, and remains a prominent global center of culture. It hosts the world's fourth-largest (List of World Heritage Sites in France) number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually – the most of any country in the world. . Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER"

French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings (International rankings of France) of education (Education Index), health care (Health care in France), life expectancy (List of countries by life expectancy), civil liberties, and human development (Human Development Index). France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council). It is a member of numerous international institutions, including the Group of 7 (G7), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie). France is a founding and leading member state of the EU (member state of the European Union).

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