First Republic of Armenia

What is First Republic of Armenia known for?


religious cultural

. Armenian-Azerbaijan War A considerable degree of hostility existed between Armenia and its new neighbor to the east, the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, stemming largely from to racial, religious, cultural and societal differences. The Azeris had close ethnic and religious ties to the Turks and had provided material support for them in their drive to Baku in 1918. Although the borders of the two countries were still undefined, Azerbaijan claimed


496

;The idea of unity of the Armenian nation must not be buried in oblivion" url http: www.hhpress.am ?sub hodv&hodv 20090528_3&flag en accessdate 14 September 2013 newspaper Hayastani Hanrapetutyun date 28 May 2009 The republic was established in the Armenian


member special

on the Road to Independence, 1918 publisher University of California Press location Berkeley year 1967 pages 80–82 isbn 0-520-00574-0 In March 1917, the spontaneous revolution that toppled Tsar Nicholas and the Romanov dynasty established a caretaker administration, known as the Provisional Government. Shortly after, the Provisional Government replaced Grand Duke Nicholas' administration in the Caucasus with the five-member Special Transcaucasian Committee, known by the acronym


short story

May 2009 In his ''Antranik of Armenia'' short story, Armenian-American writer William Saroyan writes about the First Republic of Armenia. "It was a small nation of course, a very unimportant nation, surrounded on all sides by enemies, but for two years Armenia was Armenia, and the capital was Erivan. For the first time in thousands of years Armenia was Armenia."


leadership

the Treaty of Sèvres), and a population of 1.3 million. The Armenian National Council (Armenian National Council (1917—1918)) declared the independence of Armenia on 28 May 1918, under the leadership of Aram Manukian. From the very onset, Armenia was plagued with a variety of domestic and foreign problems. A humanitarian crisis emerged from the aftermath of the Armenian Genocide as tens of thousands of Armenian refugees from the Ottoman Empire settled there. The republic

; ref The 11th Red Army began its virtually unopposed advance into Armenia on November 29, 1920. The actual transfer of power took place on December 2 in Yerevan. The Armenian leadership approved an ultimatum, presented to it by the Soviet plenipotentiary Boris Legran. Armenia decided to join the Soviet sphere, while Soviet Russia agreed to protect its remaining territory from the advancing Turkish army. The Soviets also pledged to take steps to rebuild the army, protect

Yerevan, thus effectively ending the existence of the First Republic of Armenia. At that point what was left of Armenia was under the influence of the Bolsheviks. The part occupied by Turkey remained for the most part theirs, as laid out in the terms of the subsequent Treaty of Kars. Soon, the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed, under the leadership of Aleksandr Myasnikyan. It was to be included in the newly created Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic


802

, Aram or '''Erivan Yerevan Republic'''.


title legal

stat_year3 Treaty of Sèvres, 1920 (Category:First Republic of Armenia) Category:States and territories established in 1918 Category:History of Armenia Category:20th century in Armenia Armenia (Category:Former countries in Europe) Armenia (Category:Post–Russian Empire states) Baldwin was educated at Eton College, and grew up in the shadow of his father's political career. He joined the Irish Guards in 1916 and served in France through the remainder of World War I. After the war he travelled extensively and worked as a journalist and travel writer. He was in Armenia (First Republic of Armenia) with the job of an infantry instructor. There the Bolsheviks imprisoned him for two months and later he was imprisoned by the Turks for a further grim five months. Despite his Conservative (Conservative Party (UK)) family, he gradually grew to adopt left-wing views and eventually announced that he was a Marxist and joined the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)). He frequently addressed crowds from a socialist platform at Hyde Park Corner. The Armenian national liberation movement also sought to establish the First Republic of Armenia in the Eastern part of Asia Minor. The Armenian Revolutionary Federation eventually achieved this goal while the Ottoman rule was finally crumbling, with the establishment of the internationally recognized Democratic Republic of Armenia in May 1918. As early as 1915, the Administration for Western Armenia and later Republic of Mountainous Armenia were Armenian-controlled entities, while the Centrocaspian Dictatorship was established with Armenian participation. None of these entities were long lasting. Armenian national liberation movement sought to establish First Republic of Armenia. The Armenian Revolutionary Federation achieved this goal with the establishment of the internationally recognized Democratic Republic of Armenia in May 1918. Also as early as 1915, the Administration for Western Armenia and later Republic of Mountainous Armenia were Armenian controlled entities, while Centrocaspian Dictatorship was established with Armenian participation. None of these entities were long lasting. Split within the Armenian community As the first wave of immigrants was arriving in America, the dust was settling from World War I. By the 1920s, Western Armenia, the homeland of most Armenian-Americans, was depleted almost entirely of its Armenian population, and Eastern Armenia, which had enjoyed a short-lived period of independence as the First Republic of Armenia, was incorporated into the Soviet Union as Soviet Armenia. Armenians in the United States had many different viewpoints on their future. Some wished to stay in America, some wished to return to Soviet Armenia, some wished to liberate their lost homeland from the new Turkish Republic, and some wished to liberate Soviet Armenia from the Soviet Union. The strongest Armenian political organization in the Diaspora (Armenian Diaspora), the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, was active in the United States and many of its members advocated that Armenia be freed from Soviet rule.


conservative family

of his father's political career. He joined the Irish Guards in 1916 and served in France through the remainder of World War I. After the war he travelled extensively and worked as a journalist and travel writer. He was in Armenia (First Republic of Armenia) with the job of an infantry instructor. There the Bolsheviks imprisoned him for two months and later he was imprisoned by the Turks for a further grim five months. Despite his Conservative (Conservative Party (UK)) family, he


major part

;ref Albert Parsadanyan. ''Intelligence Warehouse-1''. Yerevan: VMV Publication, 2003, p. 57. class "wikitable" ! Districts (okrugs) !! Parts - !colspan "3" style "background:#efefef;" Erivan Governorate - All All - !colspan "2" style "background:#efefef;" Kars Oblast - Kars All - Kaghzvan (Kağızman) All - Olti (Oltu) Major part - Ardahan Major part - !colspan "2


harsh

, Karakilisa (Battle of Karakilisa) and Abaran (Battle of Bash Abaran). The Republic of Armenia had to sue for negotiations (Suing for peace) at Treaty of Batum, which was signed in Batum on June 4, 1918. It was the ADR's first treaty. After the Ottoman Empire took vast swathes of territory and imposed harsh conditions, the new republic was left with 10,000 square kilometers. Hovannisian. ''Armenia on the Road to Independence'', p. 198. Administration

. In accordance with the harsh terms of the Treaty of Batum signed on June 14, 1918 the Ottoman Empire permitted the Armenian army to maintain just a single infantry division. * Hovhannes Hakhverdyan (June 1918 – March 1919) * Christophor Araratov (1919 – April 1920) * Ruben Ter-Minasian (April – November 1920) * Drastamat Kanayan (November – December 1920) ;Total number of military personnel

; '''350,000''' The government of Hovhannes Kachaznuni was faced with a most sobering reality in the winter of 1918-19. The newly formed government was responsible for over half a million Armenian refugees in the Caucasus. It was a long and harsh winter. <

First Republic of Armenia

The '''First Republic of Armenia''', known at the time of its existence as the '''Republic of Armenia''' (

The republic was established in the Armenian-populated territories of the disintegrated Russian Empire, known as Eastern Armenia or Russian Armenia. The leaders of the government came mostly from the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF or Dashnaktsutyun). The First Republic of Armenia bordered the Democratic Republic of Georgia to the north, the Ottoman Empire to the west, Persia to the south, and the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic to the east. It had a total land area of roughly 70,000 km² (174,000 km² under the Treaty of Sèvres), and a population of 1.3 million.

The Armenian National Council (Armenian National Council (1917—1918)) declared the independence of Armenia on 28 May 1918, under the leadership of Aram Manukian. From the very onset, Armenia was plagued with a variety of domestic and foreign problems. A humanitarian crisis emerged from the aftermath of the Armenian Genocide as tens of thousands of Armenian refugees from the Ottoman Empire settled there. The republic lasted for over two years, during which time it was involved in several armed conflicts caused by territorial disputes. By late 1920, the nation was conquered by the Soviet Red Army. The First Republic, along with the Republic of Mountainous Armenia which repelled the Soviet invasion until July 1921, ceased to exist as an independent state, superseded by the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic that became part of the Soviet Union (Treaty on the Creation of the USSR) in 1922. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the republic regained its independence as the current Republic of Armenia (Armenia) in 1991. ''Armenia: A Historical Atlas'', by Robert H. Hewsen and Christoper C. Salvatico, 2001

Search by keywords:


Copyright (C) 2015-2017 PlacesKnownFor.com
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017