Faroe Islands

What is Faroe Islands known for?

beautiful green

a population of nearly 50,000 (48,511 Nov 2010), and a language and culture of their own. When visiting the Faroes you are never more than 5 km (3 mi) away from the ocean. The countryside is dominated by steep mountains and there are about 70,000 sheep and some 2 million pairs of sea birds, including the largest colony of storm petrels in the world. The Faroe Islands are undeniably beautiful: green, rugged and wind-swept. Most visitors to the islands come between early July and late August. In 2007, ''National Geographic Traveler'' named the Faroe Islands the most appealing island destination in the world. Understand The Faroese tourist season is very short. It begins in May and ends by September. Most visitors come between July and August by far. If you would like to avoid the busiest season, it is best to visit the Faroes in late May or early June. The Faroese weather has its own temperament and is a lot like the weather in neighbouring regions, just more unpredictable. One of the main reasons that people visit the Faroe Islands is the incredible nature and scenery. The Faroe Islands turn extraordinarily green during the summertime. The fresh air, the deep blue ocean, the vertical sea cliffs and the green mountains with their picturesque valleys, is something which would amaze anyone who enjoys being surrounded by nature. There are bus rides, horse trekking, mountain hikes and boat trips which allow you to enjoy the magnificent wild green landscape. Sometimes the summer fog creates a mystical landscape, in which you may vividly imagine the great history and mystical stories belonging to the islands. Some have said that when the landscape is surrounded by this sort of weather it reminds them of the landscape in J.R.R Tolkien's ''The Lord of the Rings'' trilogy. The tranquillity of the islands are great if you want to escape from big city madness. The Faroese love to take things easy and are not at all worried about arriving on time. But if you ever find yourself in the mood for a night out in town, you will find that Tórshavn caters for your every need with its great shops, bars, cafés and restaurants. Because the islands are so close to the Arctic Circle, the amount of daylight varies by season. The sun sets briefly each night in June, so there are several hours of twilight, before the sun comes back up again. During the winter there are no days of complete darkness, but about five hours of daylight. The Faroe Islands' primary industry is the fishing industry and the islands have one of the smallest independent economic entities in the world. The fishing industry accounts for over 80% of the total export value of goods, which are mainly processed fish products and fish farming. Tourism is the second largest industry, followed by woollen and other manufactured products. The unemployment rate in the Faroes is extremely low. The Faroese are trying to diversify their economy, but are divided about how to go about it. At present time most Faroese people work at the public sector as teachers, caretakers or having office jobs etc. The rise in the public sector workforce is highlighted by the fact that it is getting less and less popular to work at the fishing industry, and the private sector isn't big enough to support an educated and more demanding workforce. People The Faroes were colonized by Norwegians in the 9th century - according to history the first settler was Grímur Kamban, a Norwegian Viking who made his home in Funningur on Eysturoy in 825. The Faroese population has largely descended from these settlers. Recent DNA analyses have revealed that Y chromosomes, tracing male descent, are 87% Scandinavian. However, the studies also show that mitochondrial DNA, tracing female descent, is 84% Celtic. Today the population is 48,511 (Nov 2010). About 19,870 people live in the metropolitan area which comprises Tórshavn, Kirkjubøur, Velbastaður, Nólsoy, Hestur, Koltur, Hoyvík, Argir, Kaldbak, Kaldbaksbotnur, Kollafjørður, Signabøur and Oyrareingir (Tórshavn Municipality). About 4,700 people live in Klaksvík, the second largest town in the islands. 4,750 people live in Suðuroy, the southernmost islands (2010) and 1330 people live on Sandoy island (2010). Faroese is the national language, it is rooted in Old Norse. Politics The Viking settlers established their own parliament called "ting" around 800. Local tings were established in different parts of the islands. The main ting was established on Tinganes in Tórshavn. About the turn of the millennium the Faroes came under control of the Norwegian king. In 1380 the Faroes, along with Orkney, Shetland, Iceland and Greenland, came with Norway into a union with Denmark. At the end of the Napoleonic wars, by the Treaty of Kiel in 1814, Denmark was forced to cede Norway to Sweden, but kept the Faroes, Iceland, and Greenland. In 1816, two years later, the Faroes were made into a Danish County and the old parliament was abolished. The Danish Governor became the highest authority in the Faroes. In 1849 the Danish parliamentary constitution was made to apply in the Faroe Islands. In 1852 the Faroese parliament was reinstated as a county council, but served mainly as an advisory power. The Danish governor presided at all meetings and was a co-opted member. At the same time the Faroes came to be represented at the Danish parliament. It should be stated that, although the Faroe Islands have recognised the Royal powers, they have never been a part of Denmark, only the Danish kingdom. During World War II, Denmark was being occupied by the Germans, while the Faroes had a friendly occupation by the British. During this time the Faroese parliament carried both the legislative and the fiscal responsibility. The Faroese people had a taste of self-government and a return to the status quo seemed impossible. After a referendum, which led to a very small majority voting for independence, in 1946 negotiations took place between the two countries and the outcome was the Home Rule Act in 1948. The Faroese were from then on responsible for most matters of government. The parliament can legislate on matters of local importance, and Danish laws can be rejected. The parliament has between twenty-seven and thirty-two members. The leader of the cabinet has the status of prime minister. The Faroes are still represented in the Danish parliament by two representatives. Also, since 1970 the Faroes have had independent status in the Nordic Council. Furthermore, the Faroes have their own flag (Merkið). And unlike Denmark the islands are not a member of the EU and all trade is governed by special treaties. Climate The weather is maritime and quite unpredictable. It can change quickly and it varies extremely, from moments of brilliant sunshine to misty hill fog, to showers - there can be sunshine on one side of the mountain range, while it's raining on the other side. During the summer the islands are often overcast by summer fog. The Gulf Stream south of the islands tempers the climate. The harbours never freeze and the temperature in winter time is very moderate considering the high latitude. Snowfall occurs, but it is short-lived. The average temperature ranges from 3°C in the wintertime to 11°C during the summer. The temperature can be much higher, but the air is always fresh and clean no matter the season. Landscape With their volcanic origin the 18 islands are rugged and rocky. The average height above sea level for the country is 300 m (982 ft). The highest peak, Slættaratindur, is 882 m (2883 ft) above sea level. There are 1,100 km (687 mi) of coastline and at no time is one more than 5 km (3 mi) away from the ocean. Mountains and valleys mostly characterize the inner landscape. The Faroese west coast is characterized by steep slopes and bird cliffs, that in the summertime are full of nesting seabirds such as puffins. Something that first meets the eye of a traveller is the lack of trees in the Faroes. The reason for this are the thousands of sheep that occupy the islands. Regions The archipelago is composed of 18 islands covering 1,399 km² (545.3 sq mi) and is 113 km (70 mi) long and 75 km (47 mi) wide. 17 islands are inhabited, leaving just one uninhabited island, the smallest island, Lítla Dímum. There are a lot of smaller islets and skerries around the Faroe Islands. Including the 18 islands there are 779 islands, islets and skerries in the Faroe Islands. A large part of these are around the island Suðuroy, which consists of 263 islets and skerries, including the island itself. The precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands. The islands are connected by tunnels, causeways and a regular public ferry service. Commons:Category:Faroe Islands WikiPedia:Faroe Islands Dmoz:Regional Europe Faroe Islands

great skills

(probably Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador)) were also settled. Utilizing their great skills in shipbuilding and navigation they raided and conquered parts of France and the British Isles. But they also excelled in trading along the coasts and rivers of Europe, running trade routes from Greenland in the north to Constantinople in the south via Russian rivers. The Danish Vikings were most active in Britain, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal and Italy where

liberal conservative

) is a liberal conservative political party in the Faroe Islands, led by Jørgen Niclasen. One of the four major parties, it's had eight seats in the Løgting since the 2011 election (Faroese parliamentary election, 2011), making it the joint-largest party, but neither of the Faroes' seats in the Folketing. The '''Centre Party''' ( ) is a Christianity-based, Nordic agrarian parties agrarian

based social

rural culture. Nevertheless, villages with poor harbour facilities have been the losers in the development from agriculture to fishing, and in the most peripheral agricultural areas, also known as the outer islands, there are few young people. In recent decades, the village-based social structure has nevertheless been placed under pressure, giving way to a rise in interconnected "centres" that are better able to provide goods and services than the badly connected periphery

vivid red

. The municipality has 385 inhabitants. 258 of these people are living in Sumba. The other villages in the Municipality of Sumba are: Lopra (98 inns.), Akrar (28 inns.), Víkarbyrgi (1 inns.). Cultivation and uses ''Embothrium coccineum'' is grown as an ornamental plant for its vivid red flowers. It is only successful in oceanic climates, which away from its native area includes western Europe (mainly the British Isles and the Faroe Islands), the coast of the Pacific Northwest of North America, and New Zealand. Embothrium does not tolerate the element phosphorus Commons:Category:Faroe Islands WikiPedia:Faroe Islands Dmoz:Regional Europe Faroe Islands

independent small

; Some trawlers belong to the village, they deliver fish for the fish factory. Some people work in other villages i.e. at the Suduroy Hospital in Tvøroyri SSH.fo or at the Faroe Islands Ferry and Buss Transportation Company including the ferry Smyril, which sails between Suðuroy and Tórshavn, SSL.fo but there are also a few independent small companies in Hvalba, i.e. IT supporters, carpenters, transport company, dietitian, internet shop etc. Hvalba.fo, Fyritøkur Hvalba is located on the east side of the island but the inlet is so deep that the distance to the west coast is quite short, so the island almost splits into two islands. There are two isthmuses in Hvalba: Hvalbiareiði (also called Fiskieiði) and Norðbergseiði (also called Á Drátti). There is a memorial in Hvalba, it is located on the northern side of the fjord, just before one comes to the first harbour, not far from the bottom of the bay. The memorial is made of stone, the stone work was made by Lars and Helmut Larsen from Tórshavn, it was raised in 1963 in memory of people from Hvalba who lost their life at sea or by other accidents, i.e. by accidents in the coal mines or by falling down from the island Lítla Dímun or from one of the mountains which surround the village. Trongisvágur is the village in the bottom of Trongisvágsfjørður (fjord) on the east coast of Suduroy. Trongisvágur and the neighbouringing villages Tvøroyri and Øravík have grown into one entity (the northern part of Øravík, which is called Øravíkarlíð, where the ferry port Krambatangi is). A river called Stórá that runs through the valley passes through a plantation that is worth visiting on a good day and then flows into the inlet at a nearby beach. There is a debate whether the name Trong is Norse or Gaelic in origin. Another version of the name is Trungisvágur. Trungisvágsbotnur is on the west coast, west of Trongisvágur. There is a binocular there in summertime, so people can have a closer look at birds and the vertical cliffs there. The place is called Á Røðini, but some people call it Kikarin, because of the binocular. Shortly after the Park of Trongisvágur is the tunnel to Hvalba, Hvalbiartunnilin, which was the first road tunnel in the Faroe Islands. It was built in 1963. The tunnel is 1450 meters long. Landsverk.fo The highest mountain in Suðuroy, Gluggarnir is in the south of Trongisvágur, it is 610 meters high. US.fo left thumb 200px Hvalvík in the winter Photo: Erik Christensen (Image:Sundini with Hvalvík Streymoy in the winter, faroe islands.jpg) '''Hvalvík''' is a village in the Faroe Islands, located in a valley on the east coast of the island of Streymoy. '''Hvannasund''' (Danish (Danish language): '''''Kvannesund''''', older '''''Quannesund''''') is a village and municipality in the Faroe Islands, an autonomous region in Denmark. right thumb Hvitanes location on the Faroe Islands. (Image:Hvitanes on Faroe map.png) '''Hvítanes''' ( Commons:Category:Faroe Islands WikiPedia:Faroe Islands Dmoz:Regional Europe Faroe Islands

conservative supporting

. The general view in the Faroes is that the Faroe Islands are undisputedly a separate nation but are, alas, a part of the Danish Kingdom - Danes are automatically looked upon as foreign nationals. In Denmark the Faroe Islands are a part of the Denmark - and the Faroese do not represent any nation different from the Danish one. * Danish and Faroese people do not understand each other. There are many stereotypes in Denmark, which portray Faroese people as being less civilized and extremely conservative

- Supporting this view are Danish newspapers who thrive on extreme cases. Faroese people can’t bear these clichés. So, if you are from Denmark don’t come to the Faroes and think you are flattering people by telling them how everyone must love sheep rearing and how proud they all must feel about their rural existence. It’s a no go. Faroese people live ordinary suburban lives and don’t know what on earth you are talking about, and only find you weird, insulting and embarrassing. * Most Faroese

based products

Commons:Category:Faroe Islands WikiPedia:Faroe Islands Dmoz:Regional Europe Faroe Islands

species version

; Currently long-finned pilot whales are only hunted at the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Taylor, B. L., Baird, R., Barlow, J., Dawson, S. M., Ford, J., Mead, J.G., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Wade, P. & Pitman, R.L. (2008) ''Globicephala melas''. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. Post codes In 2003, the Islands were given their own UK postcodes UK postcode

important stories

The island has been populated since the Viking age. One of the most important stories of the island is that of the Floksmenn. They were a flock (group) of rebels, in the middle ages, from Fugloy. The most notorious of the separatists, (referred by the Danish (Denmark) governmental officials in Tórshavn) were Høgni Nev, Rógvi Skel, Hálvdan Ulvsson from Hattarvík and Sjúrður við Kellingará, from Kirkja. These men controlled and ravaged the northern parts of the Faroe Islands for a long time. This is one of the most important separatist myths of the Faroe islands. '''Viðoy''' ( Commons:Category:Faroe Islands WikiPedia:Faroe Islands Dmoz:Regional Europe Faroe Islands

Faroe Islands

The '''Faroe Islands''' ( north-north-west of mainland Scotland. The total area is approximately 1,400 km 2 (540 sq mi) with a 2010 population of almost 50,000 people.

The Faroe Islands have been a self-governing country within the Danish Realm since 1948. Over the years, the Faroese have taken control of most domestic matters. Areas that remain the responsibility of Denmark include military defence (Danish Defence), police (Police of Denmark), justice (Justice Minister of Denmark), currency and foreign affairs (Minister of Foreign Affairs (Denmark)). https: www.retsinformation.dk Forms R0710.aspx?id 20991 Retsinformation.dk, Lov om de færøske myndigheders overtagelse af sager og sagsområder (Also called: Overtagelsesloven ''written in Danish'') The Faroe Islands also have representatives in the Nordic Council as members of the Danish delegation.

The islands were associated with and taxed by Norway, then the Union of Kalmar, and then Denmark–Norway until 1814, when Norway was united with Sweden. Scandinavia was in political turmoil following the Sixth Coalition (War of the Sixth Coalition) of the Napoleonic Wars, when the Treaty of Kiel granted Denmark control over the Faroes, Iceland and Greenland in 1814. The Danish trade monopoly ended in 1856.

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