Falkland Islands

What is Falkland Islands known for?

oil title

basin. Landmine clearance work restarted in 2009, in accordance with the UK's obligations under the Ottawa Treaty, and Sapper Hill Corral

abundant species

Edition) publisher Oxford University Press location United Kingdom isbn 0-19-910207-4 150px left (File:Macaroni penguin rangemap.svg) A 1993 review estimated that the Macaroni was the most abundant species of penguin, with a minimum of 11,841,600 pairs of Macaroni Penguins worldwide.

outstanding music

, who hunt down and kill the calf. Meanwhile another gray whale carcass has sunk to the bottom of the deep sea. Hagfish, a sleeper shark, and other scavengers arrive to feast on the carcass. A year and a half later the carcass is striped to the bone. This episode won an Emmy Award for "Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming". George Fenton's work in this episode won another Emmy for "Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore)". This episode was broadcast in the United States with the title "Ocean World". The '''black cod''' or '''smallscaled cod''', ''Notothenia microlepidota'', is a marine cod icefish in the genus Notothenia with distribution ranging from southern New Zealand to sub-Antarctic seas, although they have also been fished off the Great Australian Bight, Chile, and round the Falkland Islands, on rocky reefs. Their length is between 25 and 70 cm, and they may weigh up to 3 kg. * The eastern part of the ''Isla Grande (Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego)'' of Tierra del Fuego archipelago (the western part is the Chilean province of Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego Province, Chile)) and the Staten Island (Isla de los Estados). * Argentina's claims to the Falkland Islands (under their Spanish-language name, ''Malvinas'') and to South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; these are self-governing overseas territories (British Overseas Territories) of the United Kingdom. * Argentina's claims to Antarctica (Argentine Antarctica). All claims to Antarctica are effectively subject to the Antarctic Treaty. Argentina's claim overlaps with both the British claim (British Antarctic Territory) and the Chilean claim (Chilean Antarctica). In 1828 Argentina established a penal colony at ''Puerto Luis'' on the Falkland Islands, but in 1833 the British sent a naval task force (Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands (1833)) to request that the Argentine representative of the islands, José María Pinedo, and Argentine forces leave the islands. thumb left 175px A inhabitant of the Selknam people (Image:Ona Selknam.jpg), 1904. The Selknams, or, Onas, who place great value on amiability, were the island's most numerous native people. Most of the islands of the Southern Atlantic have a more humid climate, except for the Falkland Islands: for instance, the ''Año Nuevo'' and Isla de los Estados islands have a dense vegetation of low forests of lenga beech (Nothofagus pumilio) and antarctic beech (Nothofagus antarctica). # Antártida Argentina (Argentine Antarctica): the Argentine claim to Antarctica, which lies between 25°W and 74°W (overlapping both Chilean and British claims) and which is uninhabited apart from the staff of scientific bases. Being south of 60°S, the Argentine claim to the entire department is suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. The South Orkney Islands and South Shetland Islands, which also lie south of 60°S, are considered by Argentina to be part of the department of Islas del Atlántico Sur. # Islas del Atlántico Sur: consists of the Argentine claim to the Falkland Islands (''Malvinas'' in Spanish) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, both of which are self-governing overseas territories of the United Kingdom. The department also includes the South Orkney Islands and South Shetland Islands, though these lie south of 60°S and thus the Argentine claim is again suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. Falklands War In 1982, the ''Welsh Guards'' (CO Lieutenant-Colonel John Rickett) formed part of the 5th Infantry Brigade (British 5th Infantry Brigade) of the British Task Force sent to liberate the Falkland Islands from Argentinian occupation during the Falklands War. On 7 June they were on board the ill-fated ''Sir Galahad'' (RFA Sir Galahad (1966)), which was accompanied by ''Sir Tristram'' (RFA Sir Tristram), waiting to be landed at Bluff Cove though they were delayed from doing so. However, attack was imminent after the landing craft were spotted by Argentinian observers. At 2:00 am, five Dagger (IAI Nesher) and five A-4 Skyhawk aircraft were seen over the Falklands. Shortly afterwards, the Daggers were the first to attack. They hit the frigate HMS ''Plymouth'' (HMS Plymouth (F126)) with cannon fire as well as bombs. In 1982, she led protests within the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)) and the CND movement against the Task Force (British naval forces in the Falklands War) sent to the Falkland Islands. Julian Lewis, ''When Is a Smear Not a Smear?'', in ''Salisbury Review'', October 1984, online at julianlewis.net In 1984, she co-founded ''Everywoman'' magazine - a "post-feminist" women's magazine. Carrington was again Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords from 1974 to 1979. In 1979 he was made Foreign Secretary and Minister for Overseas Development as part of the first Cabinet (Cabinet (government)) of Margaret Thatcher. He chaired the Lancaster House conference (Lancaster House Agreement) in 1979, attended by Ian Smith, Abel Muzorewa, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, and Josiah Tongogara, which brought to an end Zimbabwe's revolutionary war. He was Foreign Secretary in 1982 when the Falkland Islands were invaded by Argentina. He took full responsibility for the complacency and failures in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Foreign Office) to foresee this development and resigned. Ministerial resignations in such circumstances are rare, and Carrington's attracted animated press discussion of the principles involved; it may be no coincidence that he had in 1954 been junior minister to Sir Thomas Dugdale at the time of the latter's landmark resignation as Minister of Agriculture over the Crichel Down affair, and had then himself offered his resignation but been persuaded to withdraw it. '''Operation Corporate''' was the codename given to the 1982 British (United Kingdom) military involvement in the Falkland Islands during the Falklands War. The commander of task force operations was Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse (John Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse). Operations lasted from 1 April 1982 to 20 June 1982. WikiPedia:Falkland Islands Dmoz:Regional South America Falkland Islands Commons:Category:Falkland Islands

related historical

Chronological List of Antarctic Expeditions and Related Historical Events year 1989 publisher Cambridge University Press location New York ref harv isbn 978-0-521-30903-5 *

title short

Island , the Prince Edward and Marion island (Prince Edward Islands)s, the Crozet Islands, the Kerguelen Islands, the Heard and McDonald Islands (McDonald Islands). While

game character

''' may refer to: * Falkland Islands: country code top-level domain (ccTLD) * Funky Kong, video game character The Channel Islands (the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey) and the Isle of Man produce their own local issues of sterling; see Guernsey pound, Jersey pound and Manx pound. The pound sterling is also used in Gibraltar (alongside the Gibraltar pound), the Falkland Islands (alongside the Falkland Islands pound

series dramatic

, who hunt down and kill the calf. Meanwhile another gray whale carcass has sunk to the bottom of the deep sea. Hagfish, a sleeper shark, and other scavengers arrive to feast on the carcass. A year and a half later the carcass is striped to the bone. This episode won an Emmy Award for "Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming". George Fenton's work in this episode won another Emmy for "Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore)". ref

water species

Howe Island , New Caledonia and the Falkland Islands. One of the galaxiid species, the common galaxias (''Galaxias maculatus''), is probably the most widely naturally distributed freshwater fish in the world. They are cool water species, found in temperate latitudes, with only one species known from sub-tropical habitat. McDowall, R.M. (2006) Crying wolf, crying foul, or crying shame: alien salmonids and a biodiversity crisis in the southern cool-temperate galaxioid fishes? ''Rev Fish Biol Fisheries'' '''16:''' 233–422. Many specialise in living in cold, high altitude upland (upland and lowland (freshwater ecology)) rivers, streams and lakes. On the voyage around South America the vessel put in at the Falkland Islands to make repairs and take on fresh water. Upon leaving Captain Thorn set sail without eight of the crew and only stopped to pick them up after Robert Stuart threatened to shoot Thorn if he did not stop for them, as his uncle David was one of those not onboard. On December 25, they rounded Cape Horn and sailed north, reaching the Hawaiian Islands on February 12, 1811, where they dropped anchor at Kealakekua Bay (then known as the "Sandwich Islands" and "Karakakooa"). WikiPedia:Falkland Islands Dmoz:Regional South America Falkland Islands Commons:Category:Falkland Islands

controversial relationship

: news.bbc.co.uk 1 hi uk_politics 6167351.stm work BBC News title Pinochet death 'saddens' Thatcher date December 11, 2006 accessdate April 28, 2010 Pinochet's controversial relationship with Thatcher led Labour (Labour Party (UK)) Prime Minister Tony Blair to mock Thatcher's Conservatives (Conservative Party (UK)) as "the party of Pinochet" in 1999. *Governor Pedro Antonio de Cevallos (or Ceballos) (1756–1766). Colonia del Sacramento retaken. *Governor

incorporating political

in a personal union with the kingdoms of England (Kingdom of England) and Ireland (Kingdom of Ireland) since James VI of Scotland (James VI and I) succeeded to the English and Irish thrones in 1603. On 1 May 1707, Scotland entered into an incorporating political union with England to create the united Kingdom of Great Britain. This union resulted from the Treaty of Union agreed in 1706 and enacted by the twin Acts of Union (Acts of Union 1707) passed by the Parliaments of both countries, despite widespread protest across Scotland. WikiPedia:Falkland Islands Dmoz:Regional South America Falkland Islands Commons:Category:Falkland Islands

Falkland Islands


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-- The '''Falkland Islands''' ( ) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles (500 km) east of South America's southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 square miles (12,200 km 2 ), comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory (British Overseas Territories), the Falklands have internal self-governance (self-governance), and the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The islands' capital is Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) on East Falkland.

Controversy exists over the Falklands' discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine (Argentina) settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833 (Reassertion of British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (1833)), although Argentina maintains its claim to the islands (Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute). In April 1982, Argentine forces temporarily occupied the islands (1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands). British administration was restored two months later at the end of the Falklands War.

The population (2,932 inhabitants in 2012) primarily consists of native Falkland Islanders, the majority of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarian (Gibraltarians) and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a population decline. The predominant (and official) language is English. Under the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, Falkland Islanders are British citizens (British nationality law).

The islands lie on the boundary of the subantarctic oceanic (Oceanic climate) and tundra climate zones, and both major islands have mountain ranges reaching . They are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands because of competition from introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing, tourism and sheep farming, with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.

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