European External Action Service

What is European External Action Service known for?


quot historic

. The EEAS manages the EU's response to crises, has intelligence capabilities and cooperates with the Commission (European Commission) in areas which it shares competence with. However, although the High Representative and the EEAS can propose and implement policy, it will not make it as that role is left to the Foreign Affairs Council which the High Representative chairs. The EEAS is unique and independent from other EU

name "Concessions to Parliament" Parliament removed the last hurdle to the plan on 8 July, when MEPs approved the service by 549 votes for and 78 against with 17 abstentions. The Council approved the transfer of departments to the EAS on 20 July. Until the EEAS became operational, Ashton was only been supported by around 30 people on a floor of the Berlaymont building. Rettman, Andrew (8 July 2010) EU takes

" Below the secretary-general there are two deputy secretaries-general. One of the deputy secretaries-general will deal with administrative matters (such as co-ordination and co-operation with the Commission) while the other will assist with foreign policy formulation. Rettman, Andrew (11 March 2010) France and Germany eye top job in EU diplomatic corps, EU Observer ref>


intelligence analysis

, the intelligence gathering services in the Commission and Council will be merged. These services are the Council's ''Joint Situation Centre'' (SitCen) and ''Watch-Keeping Capability'' and the Commission's ''Crisis Room''. The Situation Centre has 110 staff and has a cell of intelligence analysts (Intelligence analysis) from member states who pool classified information to produce concise reports on important topics. It also runs a 24 7 alert desk based on public sources which then updates EU


current events

diplomats via SMS on current events. The Watch-Keeping Capability is composed of 12 police and military officers who gather news from the EU's overseas missions. Rettman, Andrew (22 February 2010) EU diplomats to benefit from new intelligence hub, EU Observer The Commission's Crisis Room is run by six commission officials who run a restricted website reporting breaking news on the 118 active conflicts in the world


historic quot

. The EEAS manages the EU's response to crises, has intelligence capabilities and cooperates with the Commission (European Commission) in areas which it shares competence with. However, although the High Representative and the EEAS can propose and implement policy, it will not make it as that role is left to the Foreign Affairs Council which the High Representative chairs. The EEAS is unique and independent from other EU institutions, formed by merger of the external relation departments of the Council and the European Commission, sitting outside those institutions and it also has its own independent budget. History The EEAS was first included in the original European Constitution, a single EU external relations department was seen as necessary to support the proposed single HR (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) post; as Charles Grant, Director of the Centre for European Reform, says it would '...be like having a conductor without an orchestra—or rather, a conductor trying to conduct two separate orchestras at the same time.' The '''Directorate-General for the External Relations''' (DG RELEX) (DG E VIII) was a Directorate-General of the European Commission, responsible for the external policy. The DG was merged into the European External Action Service in 2010, headed by Catherine Ashton (the High Representative). Merger Under the Lisbon Treaty, the European External Action Service (EEAS) took over RELEX's functions, merging them with its counterparts in the Council of the European Union as of 1 December 2010. Under the second Barroso Commission, the elements of RELEX relating to international climate change negotiations were transferred to the new Climate Action DG. http: europa.eu rapid pressReleasesAction.do?reference IP 10 164&format HTML&aged 0&language EN&guiLanguage en This was in preparation for the merger as not all foreign policy DGs were to be merged but elements of a number. A minor turf war erupted as the Commission attempted to retain control of certain policy areas in the face of EEAS' consolidation. Those areas of RELEX that the commission retains but needs close cooperation with the EEAS were established in a new DG, the Foreign Policy Instruments Service. '''Robert Francis Cooper''', CMG (Order of St Michael and St George), MVO (Royal Victorian Order) (born 1947 in Essex, United Kingdom) is a British diplomat and advisor currently serving as a Counsellor in the European External Action Service. He is also a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and is an acclaimed publisher on foreign affairs.


unique independent

associated with RELEX (going against the image of the EEAS as a unique independent institution) and would take too long to overhaul. It was also proposed that the EEAS take over the Lex building. Due to cost and security considerations, Ashton had preferred to take over the Lex building which could be rented from the Council at a lower rate and already has a higher


title putting

. The Commission wanted to retain as many of its existing competencies (trade, development, enlargement, representations and so forth) as possible while Parliament fought to gain as much oversight over the EEAS as possible by demanding scrutiny of appointments and budgets. ref


stage quot

The '''Directorate-General for the External Relations''' (DG RELEX) (DG E VIII) was a Directorate-General of the European Commission, responsible for the external policy. The DG was merged into the European External Action Service in 2010, headed by Catherine Ashton (the High Representative). Merger Under the Lisbon Treaty, the European External Action Service (EEAS) took over RELEX's functions, merging them with its counterparts in the Council of the European Union as of 1 December 2010. Under the second Barroso Commission, the elements of RELEX relating to international climate change negotiations were transferred to the new Climate Action DG. http: europa.eu rapid pressReleasesAction.do?reference IP 10 164&format HTML&aged 0&language EN&guiLanguage en This was in preparation for the merger as not all foreign policy DGs were to be merged but elements of a number. A minor turf war erupted as the Commission attempted to retain control of certain policy areas in the face of EEAS' consolidation. Those areas of RELEX that the commission retains but needs close cooperation with the EEAS were established in a new DG, the Foreign Policy Instruments Service. '''Robert Francis Cooper''', CMG (Order of St Michael and St George), MVO (Royal Victorian Order) (born 1947 in Essex, United Kingdom) is a British diplomat and advisor currently serving as a Counsellor in the European External Action Service. He is also a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and is an acclaimed publisher on foreign affairs.


service

: eeas.europa.eu footnotes map map_width map_caption The '''European External Action Service''' ('''EEAS''' or '''EAS''') is a European Union (EU) department that was established following the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009. It was formally launched on 1 December 2010 Rettman, Andrew (2 December 2010) Ashton names EU foreign-service

of Lisbon which came into force in 2009. The mandate for the External Action Service is laid down under article 13a-III (s:Treaty of Lisbon Article 1 - Treaty on European Union Article 13) of the Treaty of Lisbon (TEU Article 27 (s:Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union Title V: General Provisions on the Union's External Action Service and Specific Provisions on the Common Foreign and Security Policy#Article 27)), and states the following:


member

, the High Representative shall be assisted by a European External Action Service. This service shall work in cooperation with the diplomatic services of the Member States and shall comprise officials from relevant departments of the General Secretariat of the Council and of the Commission as well as staff seconded from national diplomatic services of the Member States. The organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service shall be established by a decision of the Council

Ashton was named HR (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) and tasked with drawing up the structure of the new EEAS. Following the 2010 Haiti earthquake Ashton chaired a meeting of the foreign policy actors across the Commission (European Commission), Council (Council of the European Union) and member states (Member State of the European Union) to give a coordinated response to the disaster. Although she refused to describe it as the first act

accessdate July 6, 2014 website BBC publisher BBC last Lewis first Aidan The EEAS manages general foreign relations, security and defence policies and controls the Situation Centre (Joint Situation Centre) (see intelligence below). However, although the HR (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) and the EEAS can prepare initiatives, member states make the final policy decisions and the Commission also plays


title member

title Member states to signal broad backing for diplomatic service blueprint publisher EU Observer url http: euobserver.com 24 29916 date 23 April 2010 accessdate 2 May 2010 PSC, which is based in Brussels, consists of ambassadorial level representatives from the EU member states and usually meets twice per week. France-Diplomatie: The main bodies specific to the CFSP: The Political and Security Committee, accessed on April 21, 2008 From 2010 it has been chaired by an EEAS (European External Action Service) official; Olof Skoog. http: euobserver.com 9 31291 As part of the process of establishment of the European External Action Service envisioned in the Lisbon Treaty, on 1 January 2010 all former ''European Commission delegations'' were renamed into ''European Union delegations'' and till the end of the month 54 of the missions (marked with † in the list of diplomatic missions (List of diplomatic missions of the European Union)) were transformed into embassy-type missions that employ greater powers than the regular delegations. These upgraded delegations have taken on the role previously carried out by the national embassies of the member state holding the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union and merged with the independent Council delegations around the world. Through this the EU delegations take on the role of co-ordinating national embassies and speaking for the EU as a whole, not just the Commission. EU commission 'embassies' granted new powers Prior to the establishment of the European External Action Service by the Treaty of Lisbon there were separate delegations of the Council of the European Union to the United Nations in New York, to the African Union and to Afghanistan - in addition to the European Commission delegations there. In the course of 2010 these would be transformed into integrated European Union delegations. Council delegations dissolved 1 December 2011 superseding European External Action Service Foreign Policy Instruments Service headquarters Charlemagne building Brussels, Belgium The '''Directorate-General for the External Relations''' (DG RELEX) (DG E VIII) was a Directorate-General of the European Commission, responsible for the external policy. The DG was merged into the European External Action Service in 2010, headed by Catherine Ashton (the High Representative). Merger Under the Lisbon Treaty, the European External Action Service (EEAS) took over RELEX's functions, merging them with its counterparts in the Council of the European Union as of 1 December 2010. Under the second Barroso Commission, the elements of RELEX relating to international climate change negotiations were transferred to the new Climate Action DG. http: europa.eu rapid pressReleasesAction.do?reference IP 10 164&format HTML&aged 0&language EN&guiLanguage en This was in preparation for the merger as not all foreign policy DGs were to be merged but elements of a number. A minor turf war erupted as the Commission attempted to retain control of certain policy areas in the face of EEAS' consolidation. Those areas of RELEX that the commission retains but needs close cooperation with the EEAS were established in a new DG, the Foreign Policy Instruments Service. '''Robert Francis Cooper''', CMG (Order of St Michael and St George), MVO (Royal Victorian Order) (born 1947 in Essex, United Kingdom) is a British diplomat and advisor currently serving as a Counsellor in the European External Action Service. He is also a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and is an acclaimed publisher on foreign affairs.

European External Action Service

nativename_a nativename_r logo logo_width logo_caption seal Insignia of the European External Action Service.svg seal_width 150px seal_caption Emblem of the EEAS picture picture_width 225px picture_caption formed preceding1 Commission DG RELEX (Directorate-General for External Relations (European Commission)) preceding2 Council Foreign Dept (Council of the European Union#Foreign affairs) headquarters Triangle building 1046 Brussels, Belgium latd 50 latm 50 lats 33 latNS N longd 4 longm 23 longs 8 longEW E region_code BE employees 3,500 budget € 489 million (2012) chief1_name Federica Mogherini chief1_position High Representative (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) chief2_name Pierre Vimont chief2_position Executive Secretary-General chief3_name David O'Sullivan (David O'Sullivan (civil servant)) chief3_position chief operating officer agency_type Autonomous institution parent_agency child1_agency EUMS (European Union Military Staff) child2_agency SitCen (Joint Situation Centre) keydocument1 Treaty of Lisbon website http: eeas.europa.eu footnotes map map_width map_caption The '''European External Action Service''' ('''EEAS''' or '''EAS''') is a European Union (EU) department that was established following the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009. It was formally launched on 1 December 2010 Rettman, Andrew (2 December 2010) Ashton names EU foreign-service priorities at low-key launch event, EU Observer and serves as a foreign ministry and diplomatic corps for the EU, implementing the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy and other areas of the EU's external representation. The EEAS is under the authority of the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) (HR), a post also created by the Treaty of Lisbon, whom it assists.

The EEAS manages the EU's response to crises, has intelligence capabilities and cooperates with the Commission (European Commission) in areas which it shares competence with. However, although the High Representative and the EEAS can propose and implement policy, it will not make it as that role is left to the Foreign Affairs Council which the High Representative chairs.

The EEAS is unique and independent from other EU institutions, formed by merger of the external relation departments of the Council and the European Commission, sitting outside those institutions and it also has its own independent budget.

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