in present day Saudi Arabia into what is now Eritrea and north-east Sudan after tribal warfare had broken out in their homeland. The Rashaida of Sudan and Eritrea live in close proximity with the Beja people. Large numbers of Bani Rasheed are also found on the Arabian Peninsula.They are related to the Banu Abs tribe. Rashaida People History, Niaz Murtaza The pillage of sustainability in Eritrea 1998, p.177 The Rashaida are Arabs who kept their traditional dress, culture, customs, camel breeds and religion (Sunni Islam). Snap Shots, Al-Ahram Weekly, 29 December 2005 - 4 January 2006, Issue No. 775 The racing camel breeds of the Rashaida tribe are prized all over Sudan and the Arabian Peninsula and fetch very high prices. The Rashaida speak Hejazi Arabic. ...that the French (France national football team) footballer (football (soccer)) '''Lucien Laurent''' scored the first ever World Cup (FIFA World Cup) goal, against Mexico (Mexico national football team) in 1930? ...that the '''Nine Saints''' were a group of Christians from the Byzantine Empire who took part in converting areas of what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia in the late fifth century AD (Anno Domini)? pronunciation states Ethiopia, Eritrea and Israel extinct ? During his office, much urban property that had been taken from the church was returned, most notably the return of the campus and the library of Holy Trinity Theological College, and the College was reopened. Abuna Paulos built a new Patriarchal office and residence complex at the site of the old one, and reformed the bureaucracy of the Patriarchate. He has also traveled widely, strengthening the ties of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church with other sister churches. He reluctantly acquiesced to the breaking away of the Eritrean Church when that country declared independence. Abune Paulos also took the initiative to the series of peace meetings between all Ethiopian and Eritrean religious leaders in 1998, 1999 and 2000 in an effort to bring peace between the two countries in response to a bitterly fought border war (Eritrean-Ethiopian War). Patriarch Abune Paulos and the Orthodox Church have also been extensively involved in the support of war-displaced and drought-hit Ethiopians, making the Church one of the major relief organizations in the country. On 18 March, she embarked upon a voyage in the course of which she circumnavigated the African continent. Unable to use the Suez Canal, closed as a result of the hostilities between Israel and Egypt that followed in the wake of Nasser (Gamal Abdel Nasser)'s nationalization of the canal the preceding summer, the warship deployed to the Indian Ocean via the long route around southern Africa. Steaming by way of the Azores, ''Beale'' reached the African coast at Freetown, Sierra Leone, on 30 March. She visited Simonstown, Union of South Africa, from 10 to 12 April before rounding Cape Agulhas, Africa's southernmost point, on her way to Mombassa, Kenya. After leaving Mombassa, the destroyer sailed to the Persian Gulf where she called at Qeshm, Iran, and Bahrain. From the Persian Gulf, she headed for the reopened Suez Canal via Massawa, Eritrea (now a province of Ethiopia). ''Beale'' transited the canal at the beginning of June and arrived at Piraeus, Greece, on the 4th. Between 5 and 14 June, she crossed the Mediterranean Sea to Spain where she spent the ensuing four weeks making calls at the ports of Valencia (Valencia, Spain), Cartagena (Cartagena, Spain), and Barcelona. Following a two-day stop at Gibraltar, she embarked upon the voyage across the Atlantic on 14 July and stood into Norfolk again on 26 July. A major proportion of aid from donor nations is tied (tied aid), mandating that a receiving nation spend on products and expertise originating only from the donor country. Commons:Category:Eritrea WikiPedia:Eritrea Dmoz:Regional Africa Eritrea
the Bible, from the Book of Proverbs, or from the Book of Qine, an anthology of proverbs and love poems. Subject matter includes the futility of life, the inevitability of death, saints, mores, morality, prayer, and praises to God. A song can last a few minutes to several hours depending on the text and the persistence of the player. Though many texts are of a religious nature, the instrument is not used in the Ethiopian Orthodox (Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church) church
, currently holds the world record in half marathon distance running. World records ratified. Iaaf.org (8 May 2010). Retrieved on 20 September 2013. The Tour of Eritrea, a multi-stage international cycling event, is held annually throughout the country. The Eritrea national cycling team has experienced a lot of success, winning the continental cycling championship several years in a row. Six Eritrean riders have been
merchants began to abandon the town. '''Assab''' (or '''Aseb''', anciently '''Avalites''', Ge'ez (Ge'ez alphabet) ዓሳብ ''ʿAsab'') is a port city in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea on the west coast of the Red Sea. In 1989, it had a population of 39,600. Assab possesses an oil refinery, which was shut down in 1997 for economic reasons. Nearby is the site of the ancient city of Arsinoe (Arsinoe (Eritrea)). Red Sea From 10 June 1940, the ''Regia Marina'' Red Sea Flotilla, based in Massawa, Eritrea, posed a potential threat to Allied shipping crossing the Red Sea between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Initially, the East African Campaign (East African Campaign (World War II)) went well for Italy. In August 1940, the threat to Allied passage of the Red Sea was increased after the Italian conquest of British Somaliland. This allowed the Italians the use of the port of Berbera in what had been British Somaliland. In January 1941, British and Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) forces launched a counterattack in East Africa and the threat posed by the Red Sea Flotilla disappeared when Italian East Africa fell. For most of the first millennium AD, the Axumite Kingdom in Ethiopia and Eritrea had a powerful navy and trading links reaching as far as the Byzantine Empire and India. Between the 14th and 17th centuries, the Ajuuraan State centered in modern-day Somalia practiced hydraulic engineering and developed new systems for agriculture and taxation, which continued to be used in parts of the Horn of Africa as late as the 19th century. '''El Ferik Ibrahim Abboud''' ( Commons:Category:Eritrea WikiPedia:Eritrea Dmoz:Regional Africa Eritrea
Shaebia.org accessdate 2 May 2010 However, Tigrinya (Tigrinya language) serve as de facto language of national identity. With 2,540,000 total speakers of a population of 5,254,000 in 2006, Tigrinya is the most widely spoken language; particularly in the southern and central parts of Eritrea. Modern Standard Arabic serves as de facto national language. English (English language) also serves as a de facto national working language, and there are a few monolinguals of Italian (Italian language). Commons:Category:Eritrea WikiPedia:Eritrea Dmoz:Regional Africa Eritrea
population for its size. Over 98 different nationalities call the city home. In just four square miles the ethnic background of the people range from German (Germans), Portuguese (Portuguese people), Eritrean, Indian, Middle Eastern, and Brazilian to Mexican (Mexico), Gambian, Italian (Italian people), Jewish (Jewish people), Korean (Korean people), Puerto Rican (Puerto Rico), and Jamaican. The city has a large Brazilian community located in the neighborhoods
). Humidity keeps the temperatures high all throughout the day and seasonal variations are the same as on the northern coast. The northern inland areas of the southern coast offer a dramatic landscape of contrast between the backdrop of the towering mountains of the highlands to the west and the vast expanses of coastal desert to the east. It is the only area of considerable vegetation in the whole region, thanks to the highland rainfall and runoff. The area also hosts an interesting array
King Ezana the Great (Ezana) made Ethiopia one of the first Christian nations. http: www.kebranegast.com Kebra Negast ''), also called the '''Ge'ez calendar''', is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and also serves as the liturgical calendar for Christians in Eritrea belonging to the Eritrean Orthodox Church
of the flight and take little more than two hours while making time for refreshing stops in the mountains. The only rail line in Eritrea runs between Asmara and Massawa, and it is only served by a museum railway (steam engine and all) with currently no regular service except for freight. It only caters to chartered tour groups, and it takes a daunting 5 hours to complete just the one way journey. Talk The official languages of Eritrea are Tigrinya and Arabic, with Tigrinya used for most
; A major proportion of aid from donor nations is tied (tied aid), mandating that a receiving nation spend on products and expertise originating only from the donor country. For example, Eritrea is forced to spend aid money on foreign goods and services to build a network of railways even though
of aid from donor nations is tied (tied aid), mandating that a receiving nation spend on products and expertise originating only from the donor country. For example, Eritrea is forced to spend aid money on foreign goods and services to build a network of railways even though it is cheaper to use local
'''Eritrea''' ( ), which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890.
Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around six million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afroasiatic languages, either of the Semitic (Semitic languages) or Cushitic (Cushitic languages) branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinya (Tigray-Tigrinya people) make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan (Nilo-Saharan languages)-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.
The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia (Tigray Region), rose somewhere around the first or second centuries Munro-Hay, Stuart (1991) Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity. Edinburgh: University Press, p. 57 ISBN 0-7486-0106-6. Henze, Paul B. (2005) ''Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia'', ISBN 1-85065-522-7. and adopted Christianity (Eritrean Orthodox Church) around the time Islam had spread through Egypt and the Levant. Aksumite Ethiopia. Workmall.com (24 March 2007). Retrieved on 3 March 2012. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri Kingdom (Medri Bahri), with a smaller region being part of the Hamasien Republic (Hamasien). The creation of modern day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent Kingdoms and various vassal states of the Ethiopian empire and the Ottoman Empire (Habesh), eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. In 1947 Eritrea became part of a federation with Ethiopia, the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Subsequent annexation into Ethiopia led to the Eritrean War of Independence, ending with Eritrean independence following a referendum (Eritrean independence referendum, 1993) in April 1993. Hostilities between Eritrea and Ethiopia persisted, leading to the Eritrean–Ethiopian War of 1998–2000 and further skirmishes with both Djibouti (Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict) and Ethiopia (2010 Eritrean–Ethiopian border skirmish).
Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations and IGAD, and is an observer in the Arab League.