Erbil

What is Erbil known for?


quot battle

, Wiesbaden, 1968, pp. 304-07 The Battle of Gaugamela, in which Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in 331 BC, took place approximately west of Erbil. After the battle, Darius managed to flee to the city, and, somewhat inaccurately, the confrontation is sometimes known as the "Battle of Arbela". Erbil became part of the region disputed between Rome and Persia under the Sasanids. The ancient Assyrian kingdom of Adiabene


Christianity

(the Greek form of ''Ḥadyab'') had its center at Erbil, and the town and kingdom are known in Jewish Middle Eastern history for the conversion of the royal family to Judaism. Adiabene, Jewish Kingdom of Mesopotamia, Jonah Gabriel Lissner Its populace then converted from the Mesopotamian Religion (Mesopotamian religion) during the 1st and 2nd centuries to Church of the East Christianity, with ''Pkidha

) metropolitanate of Ḥadyab in Arbela (Syriac (Syriac language): ref>

; Medieval history Arbela was an early center of Syriac Christianity. By 100 AD there was a bishop seated in the city. As many of the Aramaic-speaking Assyrians adapted Biblical (including Jewish) names, most of the early bishops had Eastern Aramaic or Jewish Biblical names, which does not suggest that many of the early Christians in this city were converts from Judaism. Gillman, Ian and Hans-Joachim Klimkeit. ''Christians in Asia before 1500''. (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan


large collection

times the city came to be ruled by the Seljuk (Seljuk Empire) and Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) Turks (Turkish people). Georges Roux - Ancient Iraq Erbil's archaeological museum houses a large collection of pre-Islamic artifacts, and is a center for archaeological projects in the area. The city officially has been appointed Arab Tourism (Tourism in the Arab world) Capital 2014 by the Arab Council of Tourism. http


extremely hot

climate is hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa), according to Köppen climate classification, with extremely hot summers and mild wet winters. January is the wettest month. align center EBL align center ORER Erbil International Airport align center Qatar Airways Announces Five New International Routes - In the Kurdish dominated Northern provinces of w:Dohuk, w:Erbil, and w:Sulaymaniyah, the Kurdistan Coalition List had received between 87% and 95% of votes cast. In the southern province of Basrah the Shia United Iraqi Alliance held a commanding lead with 615,255 votes. Allawi's group was in second place with 87,538 votes, while the Iraqi Accordance Front trailed with 37,098.


major football

; 'Directorate Antiquities of Erbil's Guide' Brochure produced by General Directorate of Antiquities, KRG, Ministry of Tourism * Kurdish Textile Museum Culture Sports thumb Franso Hariri Stadium (File:Franso Hariri Stadium.JPG) The local major football team is Erbil SC which plays its football matches at Franso Hariri Stadium (named after the assassinated Assyrian politician Franso Hariri) which is based in the south part of central Erbil. Erbil SC were the first Kurdish team to make it to the AFC Champions league. Gallery File:Newsstand-iraqi-kurdistan-Arbil.JPG Newsstand in Erbil File:Arbil Clock.JPG Erbil clock File:Minar Park, Erbil, Iraq.jpg Minare Park File:Inside the Bazaar - Erbil - Iraq.jpg Old Markets (Qeyseri) File:IMG 4734.JPG Sofi Mall See also align center EBL align center ORER Erbil International Airport align center Qatar Airways Announces Five New International Routes - In the Kurdish dominated Northern provinces of w:Dohuk, w:Erbil, and w:Sulaymaniyah, the Kurdistan Coalition List had received between 87% and 95% of votes cast. In the southern province of Basrah the Shia United Iraqi Alliance held a commanding lead with 615,255 votes. Allawi's group was in second place with 87,538 votes, while the Iraqi Accordance Front trailed with 37,098.


public buildings

, a chamber tomb dating to the Neo-Assyrian period has been excavated. During the Sassanian (Sassanid Empire) period and the Abbasid Caliphate, Erbil was an important center for Christianity and the Assyrians. After the Mongols (Mongol Empire) captured the citadel in 1258, Erbil's importance began to decline. During the 20th century, the urban structure was significantly modified, as a result of which a number of houses and public buildings were


bliss

Grousset, p. 383 The city's Aramaic-speaking Assyrian population remained significant until the destruction of the city by the forces of Timur in 1397. Edwin Munsell Bliss, ''Turkey and the Armenian Atrocities'', (Chicago 1896) p. 153 In the Middle Ages, Erbil was ruled successively by the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Buwayhids, the Seljuks and then the Atabegs of Erbil (1131–1232), under whom it was a Turkmen state


culture sports

; 'Directorate Antiquities of Erbil's Guide' Brochure produced by General Directorate of Antiquities, KRG, Ministry of Tourism * Kurdish Textile Museum Culture Sports thumb Franso Hariri Stadium (File:Franso Hariri Stadium.JPG) The local major football team is Erbil SC which plays its football matches at Franso Hariri Stadium (named after the assassinated Assyrian politician Franso Hariri) which is based in the south part of central Erbil. Erbil SC


696

- 8,000 Years , Allvoices.com The first mention of Erbil in literary sources' comes from the archives of Ebla. They record two journeys to Erbil (Irbilum) by a messenger from Ebla around 2300 BC. Later, Erridupizir, king of Gutium, captured the city in 2200 BC.696 Timeline ErbilCitadel.orq The Neo-Sumerian


studies title

) metropolitanate of Ḥadyab in Arbela (Syriac (Syriac language): ref>

Erbil

'''Erbil''', known as '''Hewlêr''' (Kurdish (Kurdish language): east of Mosul and has a permanent population of approximately 1.5 million as of 2013.

Urban life at Erbil (Hewlêr) can be dated back to at least 6000 BC, and it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities (List of cities by time of continuous habitation) in the world. At the heart of the city is the ancient Citadel of Arbil. In the early part of the 3rd millennium BC, the Hurrians from Asia Minor were the first to establish ''Urbilum'' and expand their rule to parts of northern Mesopotamia. The city became an integral part of Assyria from the 25th century BC to the 7th century BC, but after it lost its independence at the end of the 7th century BC, both Assyria and the city of Erbil were under the rule of many regional powers in turn, including the Babylonians, the Medes, the Persians (Achaemenid Empire) and Greeks (Macedonian Empire). Following the Arab Islamic conquest of Mesopotamia, the Arabs (Abbasid Caliphate) dissolved Assyria (then known as Assuristan Athura) as a geo-political entity in the mid-7th century AD, and during medieval times the city came to be ruled by the Seljuk (Seljuk Empire) and Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) Turks (Turkish people). Georges Roux - Ancient Iraq

Erbil's archaeological museum houses a large collection of pre-Islamic artifacts, and is a center for archaeological projects in the area.

The city officially has been appointed Arab Tourism (Tourism in the Arab world) Capital 2014 by the Arab Council of Tourism. Erbil named 2014 Arab Tourism Capital, Kurdistan Regional Government. Retrieved 2014-01-30 "Erbil: Kurdish City, Arab Capital", Rudaw. Retrieved 2014-01-30 In July 2014 Erbil Citadel (Citadel of Arbil) was appointed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Search by keywords:


Copyright (C) 2015-2017 PlacesKnownFor.com
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017