and Príncipe, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau. Due to historical and cultural ties, the sovereign Afro-Iberian dimension of Equatorial Guinea as the territory was first explored by the Portuguese in the 15th century and a Portuguese possession until 1777 and the exceptional friendship ties with Brazil, São Tomé and Principe, Portugal and Cape Verde, a 2010 project of Constitutional Law amended article four of the Constitution of Equatorial Guinea was enacted by the Chamber of People's Representatives. It established Portuguese has an official language of the Republic. This was in an effort by the government to improve its communications, trade, and bilateral relations with Portuguese-speaking countries. Commons:Category:Equatorial Guinea WikiPedia:Equatorial Guinea Dmoz:Regional Africa Equatorial Guinea
of Ethnicity in the African Diaspora last Lovejoy first Paul E. isbn 0-8264-4907-7 publisher Continuum International Publishing Group year 2003 page 289 p 92–93
as a ''lingua franca'' for trade between the different peoples in southeastern Africa. In the Kalahari Desert of Southern Africa, the distinct people known as the Bushmen (also "San", closely related to, but distinct from "Hottentots (Khoikhoi)") have long been present. The San evince unique physical traits, and are the indigenous people of southern Africa. Pygmies are the pre-Bantu indigenous peoples of central Africa. São Tomé and Príncipe constitute one of Africa's smallest countries, with a Commons:Category:Equatorial Guinea WikiPedia:Equatorial Guinea Dmoz:Regional Africa Equatorial Guinea
&lpg PA224&dq Frankfurter+L%C3%B6wen+American+football&source bl&ots 7rL1LJ4igs&sig lIzYV5fdtiVJ2ojH0MboAADDt28&hl en&ei iZktTZqQPIHEvQOWyemOCQ&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 8&ved 0CEUQ6AEwBw#v onepage&q&f false Google book review: Turnen and sport: transatlantic transfers author: Annette R. Hofmann, accessed: 12 January 2010 * September 28 – John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921
, 20% of children die before age 5 and more than 50% of the population lack access to clean drinking water. BBC (14 November 2014) Equatorial Guinea profile. President Teodoro Obiang (Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo) is widely suspected of using the country's oil wealth to enrich himself Commons:Category:Equatorial Guinea WikiPedia:Equatorial Guinea Dmoz:Regional Africa Equatorial Guinea
War I, and had most of its area administered by France, in close association with French Equatorial Africa). thumb right 300px Detailed map of Annobón (left) (Image:Annobón Bioko.PNG) '''Annobón''' (or '''Annabon''' or '''Anabon'''; from ''Ano bom'' Portuguese (Portuguese language) for ''Good Year''), also known as '''Pagalu''' or '''Pigalu''', is an island of Equatorial Guinea. It is located in the South Atlantic Ocean at
, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, CNS - The Race Towards Entry Into Force of the Pelindaba Treaty: Mozambique Leading the Charge - March 31, 2008 - Feature Story Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, and Zimbabwe.
of these communities were responsible for building and expanding the cocoa farming industry on Fernando Po (Bioko) during the 1880s and 1890s. African and European Cocoa Producers on Fernando Póo, 1880s to 1910s, W. G. Clarence-Smith, The Journal of African History, Volume 35, Issue 02, Jul 1994, pp 179-199, doi: 10.1017 S0021853700026384, Published online by Cambridge University Press 22 Jan 2009 The Fernandinos of Fernando Po were closely related to each other as well
to hunt thylacines''. In video games, boomerang-wielding Ty the Tasmanian Tiger is the star of his own trilogy. Characters in the early 1990s cartoon ''Taz-Mania'' included the neurotic Wendell T. Wolf, the last surviving Tasmanian wolf. ''Tiger Tale'' is a children's book based on an Aboriginal myth about how the thylacine got its stripes. The thylacine character Rolf is featured in the extinction musical ''Rockford's Rock Opera''. The thylacine is the mascot for the Tasmanian
the United States, Marathon Oil has recently focused development efforts on liquids-rich shale plays, including the Bakken (Bakken formation) and Eagle Ford (Eagle Ford Formation) formations. Marathon Oil owns interests developing Athabasca oil sands (Canada) resources and in Waha Oil Company (Libya). Marathon's headquarters facility is the Marathon Oil Tower in Houston, Texas. "Contact Us."
'''Equatorial Guinea''' ( ), * * . Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is the only African nation where Spanish (Spanish (language)) is an official language. As of 2012, the country has a population of 1.6 million.
Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. The insular region (Islands of Equatorial Guinea) consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly ''Fernando Pó'') in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón (Annobón Province), a small volcanic island south of the equator. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo. The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón. The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. It is the location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea's largest city, and Oyala, the country's planned future capital. Rio Muni also includes several small offshore islands, such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico.
Since the mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Sahara's largest oil producers. With a population of almost two million, it is the richest country per capita in Africa, GDP – per capita (PPP) – Country Comparison. Indexmundi.com. Retrieved on 5 May 2013. and its gross domestic product (GDP) per capita ranks 69th in the world; GDP – per capita (PPP), The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. However, the wealth is distributed very unevenly and few people have benefited from the oil riches. The country ranks 144th on the UN's 2014 Human Development Index. The UN says that less than half of the population has access to clean drinking water and that 20% of children die before reaching five.
The authoritarian regime ruling Equatorial Guinea has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights (Freedom in the World). Worst of the Worst 2010. The World's Most Repressive Societies. freedomhouse.org Reporters Without Borders ranks President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo among its "predators" of press freedom. Equatorial Guinea – Reporters Without Borders. En.rsf.org. Retrieved on 5 May 2013. Human trafficking (Human trafficking in Equatorial Guinea) is a significant problem, with the US Trafficking in Persons Report, 2012, stating that "Equatorial Guinea is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking." The report rates Equatorial Guinea as a "Tier 3" country, the lowest (worst) ranking: "Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so." "Equatorial Guinea". Trafficking in Persons Report 2012. U.S. Department of State (19 June 2012). This source is in the public domain.
The country is a member of the African Union, Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie) and CPLP (Community of Portuguese Language Countries).