as a ''lingua franca'' for trade between the different peoples in southeastern Africa. In the Kalahari Desert of Southern Africa, the distinct people known as the Bushmen (also "San", closely related to, but distinct from "Hottentots (Khoikhoi)") have long been present. The San evince unique physical traits, and are the indigenous people of southern Africa. Pygmies are the pre-Bantu indigenous peoples of central Africa. São Tomé and Príncipe constitute one of Africa's smallest countries, with a Commons:Category:Equatorial Guinea WikiPedia:Equatorial Guinea Dmoz:Regional Africa Equatorial Guinea
. Bbc.co.uk (11 December 2012). Retrieved on 5 May 2013. Since August 1979 some 12 real and perceived unsuccessful coup attempts have occurred. The 'real' coup attempts were often perpetrated in an attempt by rival elites to seize the state's economic resources. According
backer of the 2004 Equatorial Guinea coup d'état attempt organized by Simon Mann. Various accounts also named the United Kingdom's MI6 (Secret Intelligence Service), the United States' CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), and Spain as having been tacit supporters of the coup attempt.
on the ensuing trial of those allegedly involved highlighted the prosecution's failure to produce conclusive evidence that a coup attempt had actually taken place. Simon Mann was released from prison on 3 November 2009 for humanitarian reasons. A 2004 United States Senate US Senate
associational formulae that would somehow preserve viable links between France and its African empire. For them, "independence" meant autonomy within some form of French political community, not complete rejection of France and all it had meant for them. This is not entirely surprising, as these leaders had participated in the Republic's birth, helped write its constitution and laws, and participated in its legislatures and political parties. Le Vine, pp. 122, 127. ref>
had settled some 2,000 Sierra Leoneans and freed slaves during their brief occupation of the island in the early nineteenth century, and a small current of immigration from West Africa and the West Indies continued after the departure of the British. To this core of settlers were added Cubans, Filipinos and Spaniards of various colours deported for political or other crimes, as well as some assisted settlers. There was also a trickle of immigration from the neighbouring Portuguese islands
Equatorial Guinea 1974 .gq Commons:Category:Equatorial Guinea WikiPedia:Equatorial Guinea Dmoz:Regional Africa Equatorial Guinea
, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, CNS - The Race Towards Entry Into Force of the Pelindaba Treaty: Mozambique Leading the Charge - March 31, 2008 - Feature Story Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, and Zimbabwe.
, and Portugal wanted to enlarge even more the territory that they saw as the “New Portugal” (Brazil). Nevertheless, the populace of Ano Bom was against the shift and was hostile toward the Spaniards. This hostility, combined with the isolation of mainland Equatorial Guinea and the proximity of São Tomé and Príncipe — just 400 km from the island — has assured the maintenance of its identity. Win a Trip with Nick Kristof contest In 2006, ''The New York Times'' launched
the Win a Trip with Nick Kristof contest, offering a college student the opportunity to win a reporting trip to Africa with Kristof by submitting essays outlining what they intend to accomplish in such a trip. From among 3,800 students who submitted entries, Kristof chose Casey Parks of Jackson (Jackson, Mississippi), Mississippi. In September 2006, Kristof and Parks traveled to Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Central African Republic and reported on AIDS, poverty
, and maternal mortality. During the trip, Kristof published his ''New York Times'' columns while Parks wrote about her observations in her blog. 300px thumb Image:Iberoamérica.png 360px thumb Map of Ibero-America as a whole as well as Spain (Image:Iberoamérica.png) and Portugal '''Ibero-America''' is a term used since the second half of the 19th century to refer collectively to the countries in the Americas that were formerly colonies (colony) of Spain or Portugal
''Those Were the Days''. ref>
of Justice only with the consent of all involved parties. '''Marathon Oil Corporation''' ( Commons:Category:Equatorial Guinea WikiPedia:Equatorial Guinea Dmoz:Regional Africa Equatorial Guinea
9707 26 russia.university work CNN title From Marxism 101 to Capitalism 101 accessdate 21 May 2010 '''Hispanic''' (Spanish (Spanish language): ''hispano'', ''hispánico'') is a term that originally denoted a relationship to Hispania - an ancient designation for the Iberian Peninsula. Over time, the term ''Hispanic'' has evolved from the ancient usage, now more broadly referring to any cultural connection to Spain.
'''Equatorial Guinea''' ( ), * * . Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Equatorial Guinea is the only African nation where Spanish (Spanish (language)) is an official language. As of 2012, the country has a population of 1.6 million.
Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. The insular region (Islands of Equatorial Guinea) consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly ''Fernando Pó'') in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón (Annobón Province), a small volcanic island south of the equator. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo. The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón. The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. It is the location of Bata, Equatorial Guinea's largest city, and Oyala, the country's planned future capital. Rio Muni also includes several small offshore islands, such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico.
Since the mid-1990s, Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Sahara's largest oil producers. With a population of almost two million, it is the richest country per capita in Africa, GDP – per capita (PPP) – Country Comparison. Indexmundi.com. Retrieved on 5 May 2013. and its gross domestic product (GDP) per capita ranks 69th in the world; GDP – per capita (PPP), The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. However, the wealth is distributed very unevenly and few people have benefited from the oil riches. The country ranks 144th on the UN's 2014 Human Development Index. The UN says that less than half of the population has access to clean drinking water and that 20% of children die before reaching five.
The authoritarian regime ruling Equatorial Guinea has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights (Freedom in the World). Worst of the Worst 2010. The World's Most Repressive Societies. freedomhouse.org Reporters Without Borders ranks President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo among its "predators" of press freedom. Equatorial Guinea – Reporters Without Borders. En.rsf.org. Retrieved on 5 May 2013. Human trafficking (Human trafficking in Equatorial Guinea) is a significant problem, with the US Trafficking in Persons Report, 2012, stating that "Equatorial Guinea is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking." The report rates Equatorial Guinea as a "Tier 3" country, the lowest (worst) ranking: "Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so." "Equatorial Guinea". Trafficking in Persons Report 2012. U.S. Department of State (19 June 2012). This source is in the public domain.
The country is a member of the African Union, Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie) and CPLP (Community of Portuguese Language Countries).