mud huts (Mudbrick). The growth of the cultured pearl industry in the first half of the twentieth century created hardship for residents of Abu Dhabi as pearls represented the largest export and main source of cash earnings. In 1939, Sheikh Shakhbut Bin-Sultan Al Nahyan granted petroleum concessions, and oil was first found in 1958. At first, oil money had a marginal impact. A few lowrise concrete buildings were erected, and the first paved road was completed in 1961, but Sheikh
as ruler and carry out his vision of developing the country. On August 6, 1966, with the assistance of the British, Sheikh Zayed became the new ruler. See Al-Fahim, M, ''From Rags to Riches: A Story of Abu Dhabi'', Chapter Six (London Centre of Arab Studies, 1995), ISBN 1-900404-00-1. With the announcement by the UK in 1968 that it would withdraw from the Persian Gulf area by 1971, Sheikh Zayed became the main driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates
. The population of Abu Dhabi reached 1.968 million in mid-2010, with an average annual growth rate of 9.6% since 1960 - among the highest in the world. The total population has increased 99 times in 50 years. The number of citizens increased 39 times and Non-citizens 173 times in the half century from 1960 to 2010. The most important reason behind the increase in the population growth of citizens is the increase in naturalization, while immigration constitutes the main factor in increasing the population
- Age dependency ratio, young 21.3 - Urban population 1,292,800 - Rural population 827,900 - Percentage of the population residing in rural areas (%) 39.0 - Average annual population growth rate (2005- 2011) (%) 7.7 - General fertility rate (births per 1000 women aged 15 – 49 years) 80.3 - Crude birth rate (per 1000 population) 15.1 - Crude death rate (per 1000 population) 1.4 - Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 6.3 - Under 5 mortality rate (per 1000 live
Authority , which invests the money into various government projects. Economy thumb The Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline (File:HABSHAN PIPELINE.1.jpg) Abu Dhabi GDP estimates in 2011 amounted to AED 806,031 million at current prices, compared with AED 620,316 million at current prices in 2010. This represents an annual growth rate of 29.9 per cent in 2011. Accordingly, the annual per capita gross domestic product amounted to AED 380.1 thousand in 2011. The total fixed capital
births) 8.5 - Life expectancy at birth for females (years) 78.2 - Life expectancy at birth for males (years) 77.1 - Singulate median age at first marriage for males (years) 27.7 - Singulate median age at first marriage for females (years) 26.1 Government thumb upright Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (File:Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.jpg), emir of Abu Dhabi The emirate's political form is an absolutist, hereditary monarchy. The law is based on the holy Koran. Head
compared with AED 86.6 billion in 2010. The main imports during 2011 were machinery and base metals, which accounted for 50.7 per cent of the total value of imports. The United States of America was the main country for imports, from which the Emirate received imports worth AED 13.4 billion. Non-oil exports were valued at AED 11.5 billion, with transport equipment and base metals contributing 61.5 per cent of the total. Canada was the top destination of Abu Dhabi non-oil exports, receiving
* style "text-align:right;" 532,858.0* - style "text-align:left;" Total exports style "text-align:right;" 191,125.2 style "text-align:right;" 214,827.2 style "text-align:right;" 300,702.1* style "text-align:right;" 416,484.0* - style "text-align:left;" Oil, gas and oil products style "text-align:right;" 184,711.7 style "text-align:right;" 196,632.2 style "text-align:right;"
; 278,105.4* style "text-align:right;" 393,439.0* - style "text-align:left;" Non-oil exports style "text-align:right;" 3,186.4 style "text-align:right;" 9,500.8 style "text-align:right;" 11,610.8 style "text-align:right;" 11,478.0 - style "text-align:left;" Re-exports style "text-align:right;" 3,227.1 style "text-align:right;" 8,694.2 style "text-align:right;" 10,985.9 style "
. After the Emirates gained independence in 1971, oil wealth continued to flow to the area and traditional mud-brick huts were rapidly replaced with banks, boutiques and modern highrises. At present, Abu Dhabi boasts what is estimated to be the world's highest absolute and per-capita Geography File:United arab
part thumb Skyline of the capital city Abu Dhabi (File:Abu Dhabi Skyline from Marina.jpg) The emirate is located in the tropical dry region. The Tropic of Cancer runs through the southern part of the Emirate, giving its climate an arid nature characterised by high temperatures throughout the year, and a very hot summer. The Emirate’s high summer (June to August) temperatures are associated with high relative humidity, especially in coastal areas. Abu Dhabi has warm winters with occasionally low temperatures. The air temperatures show variations between the coastal strip, the desert interior and areas of higher elevation, which together make up the topography of the Emirate. Abu Dhabi receives scant rainfall but totals vary greatly from year to year. Seasonal northerly winds blow across the country, helping to ameliorate the weather, when they are not laden with dust, in addition to the brief moisture laden south-easterly winds. The winds often vary between southerly, southeasterly, westerly, northerly and north westerly. Another characteristic of the Emirate’s weather is the high rate of evaporation of water due to several factors, namely high temperature, wind speed, and low rainfall. The oasis city of Al Ain, about ) (variously translated Jabal, Jabel and Jebal) is a mountain primarily in the United Arab Emirates on the outskirts of Al Ain in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Brian McMorrow, Jebel Hafeet. The mountain actually straddles part of the border with Oman. The mountain rises 1249 meters and offers an impressive view over the city. Jebel Hafeet was a well-known landmark throughout the area's history and is a contemporary tourist attraction. An extensive natural cave system winds through Jebel Hafeet.
emirates rel95.jpg thumb Geographic map of the emirate of Abu Dhabi The United Arab Emirates is located in the oil-rich and strategic Persian Gulf region. It adjoins the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate of Oman. Abu Dhabi is located in the far west and southwest part of the United Arab Emirates along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf between latitudes 22°40’ and around 25° north and longitudes 51° and around 56° east. It borders
Nahyan , the first president of the United Arab Emirates, and it has the country's highest number of Emirati nationals. '''Jebel Hafeet''' ( ) (variously translated Jabal, Jabel and Jebal) is a mountain primarily in the United Arab Emirates on the outskirts of Al Ain in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Brian McMorrow, Jebel Hafeet. The mountain actually straddles part of the border with Oman. The mountain rises 1249 meters and offers an impressive view over the city. Jebel Hafeet was a well-known landmark throughout the area's history and is a contemporary tourist attraction. An extensive natural cave system winds through Jebel Hafeet.
of the world, and mortality remains extremely low. In 2011, Crude Birth Rates and Crude Death Rates among Citizens were 15.1 births per 1,000 people and 1.4 deaths per 1,000 people respectively. class "wikitable" - ! Selected demographic indicators 2011 - Total population ( mid-year estimate) 2,120,700 - Males 1,499,800 - Females 620,900 - Age dependency ratio 22.4 - Age dependency ratio, old 1.1
The '''Emirate of Abu Dhabi''' ( ), is one of seven states (Emirates of the United Arab Emirates) that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the largest emirate by area (67,340 km ² ), accounting for approximately 87 per cent of the total land area of the federation. Abu Dhabi also has the largest population of the seven emirates. In June 2011, it was estimated to be 2,120,700 people, of which, 439,100 people (less than 21%) were Emirati citizens, which has risen to 2.3 million in 2012. http: www.arabnews.com news 508116
Abu Dhabi is the capital city of the emirate, after which it is named, as well as the capital of the federation.
Abu Dhabi’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimates, in 2011, amounted to AED 806,031 million at current prices. Mining and quarrying (includes crude oil and natural gas) accounts for the largest contribution to GDP (58.5 per cent in 2011). Construction related industries are the next largest contributor (10.1 per cent in 2011). GDP grew to AED 911.6 billion in 2012, or over 100,000 USD per capita.
In recent times, the emirate has continuously contributed around 60 per cent of the GDP of the United Arab Emirates, while its population constitutes only 34 per cent of the total UAE population according to the 2005 census.
In the early 1970s, two important developments helped the emirate achieve leaps on the path of development. The first was the establishment of the United Arab Emirates in December 1971 with Abu Dhabi as its political and administrative capital. The second was the sharp increase in oil prices following the October 1973 War, which accompanied a change in the relationship between the oil countries and foreign oil companies, leading to a dramatic rise in oil revenues.