Edirne

What is Edirne known for?


period modern

the Ottoman period. Modern period thumb left Edirne in the first quarter of the 20th century. (File:280713-2114AA.jpg) Under Ottoman rule, Edirne was the principal city of the administrative unit, the eponymous Eyalet of Edirne (Eyalet of Adrianople), and after land reforms in 1867, the Vilayet of Edirne (Vilayet of Adrianople). Sultan Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, was born in Edirne. It was here that he fell under the influence of some Hurufis dismissed by Taş


campaign battle

from the Bulgarians. In 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the European (European theatre of World War I) and Middle Eastern theatres (Middle Eastern theatre of World War I) of World War I allied with the Central Powers. Mustafa Kemal was given the task of organizing and commanding the 19th Division (19th Division (Ottoman Empire)) attached to the Fifth Army (Fifth Army (Ottoman Empire)) during the Battle of Gallipoli (Gallipoli Campaign). Mustafa Kemal became the front-line commander


original family

: www.litencyc.com php speople.php?rec true&UID 725 accessdate 2009-10-13 His ancestors were Sephardi Jews who had been expelled from Spain in 1492. His paternal ancestors had settled in Ruse from Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) Adrianople (Edirne). The original family name was ''Cañete'', named after a village in Spain (Cañete, Cuenca). In Ruse, Elias' father and grandfather were successful merchants who operated out of a commercial building, which they had built in 1898. Commons:Edirne


great scholarship

: www.albanianhistory.net texts16-18 AH1515.html 1515. John Musachi: Brief Chronicle on the Descendants of our Musachi Dynasty ". ''Documents 16th to 18th centuries''. Texts and Documents of Albanian History. Robert Elsie, expert on Albanian studies, characterizes John Musachi's chronicle as "no work of great scholarship" whose historical accounts are confusing, although it is an important source for late 15th-century Albania.


military position

declaring his mission as a Messenger of God in letters to the world's religious and secular rulers, including Pope Pius IX, Napoleon III, and Queen Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom). Seeing the military position of the Bulgarian army the Ottomans (Ottoman Empire) decided to intervene. They attacked and finding no opposition, managed to recover eastern Thrace with its fortified city of Adrianople (Edirne), regaining an area in Europe which was only slightly larger than the present-day European territory of the Republic of Turkey. Life Born to Jacques Canetti and Mathilde ''née'' Arditti in Ruse (Ruse, Bulgaria), a city on the Danube in Bulgaria, Elias Canetti was the eldest of three sons of a Jewish businessman. Commons:Edirne


original innovations

Seljuk (Seljuks of Rum) and Anatolian Beylik monumental buildings and their own original innovations. The most famous of Ottoman architects was (and remains) Mimar Sinan, who lived for approximately one hundred years and designed several hundreds of buildings, of which two of the most important are Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul and Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne. Apprentices of Sinan later built the famous Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque) in Istanbul and the Taj


prominent place

Commons:Edirne


medical knowledge

), he served at the military hospital in Edirne as a specialist in dermatology and venereal diseases and was assigned to the head of the hospital as an assistant. After the war, between 1918–1919, he first went to Budapest, Hungary and then to Berlin, Germany to improve his medical knowledge. He had the opportunity to meet some well known colleagues there. After his return to Turkey, he went into private practice. In 1923, Behçet was appointed as the head physician at the Hasköy


world architecture

Topkapi ze Złotego Rogu RB1.jpg thumb left Topkapı Palace, Istanbul. During the classical period, mosque plans changed to include inner and outer courtyards. The inner courtyard and the mosque were inseparable. The master architect of the classical period, Mimar Sinan, was born in 1492 in Kayseri and died in Istanbul in the year 1588. Sinan started a new era in world architecture, creating 334 buildings in various cities. Mimar Sinan's first important work was the Şehzade Mosque

on Islamic Art and Architecture. Volume 3 last Grabar first Oleg isbn 9004076115 year 1985 publisher Leiden : E.J. Brill, pages accessdate 2007-08-20 During the classical period mosque plans changed to include inner and outer courtyards. The inner courtyard and the mosque were inseparable. The master architect of the classical period, Mimar Sinan, was born in 1492 in Kayseri and died in Istanbul in the year 1588. Sinan started a new era in world architecture, creating 334


mixing traditional

and tombs. Examples of Ottoman architecture of the classical period, besides Istanbul and Edirne, can also be seen in Egypt, Eritrea, Tunisia, Algiers, the Balkans and Romania, where mosques, bridges, fountains and schools were built. The art of Ottoman decoration developed with a multitude of influences due to the wide ethnic range of the Ottoman Empire. The greatest of the court artists enriched the Ottoman Empire with many pluralistic artistic influences: such as mixing traditional Byzantine

Edirne

'''Edirne''' ( ), is a city in the Turkish (Turkey) region of East Thrace, close to its borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1363 to 1453, "In 1363 the Ottoman capital moved from Bursa to Edirne, although Bursa retained its spiritual and economic importance." ''Ottoman Capital Bursa''. Official website of Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved 19 December 2014. before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became (Fall of Constantinople) the empire's fourth and final capital. At present, Edirne is the capital of Edirne Province in Turkish Thrace (East Thrace). The city's estimated population in 2010 was 138,793, up from 119,298 in 2000.

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