Economic Community of West African States

What is Economic Community of West African States known for?


member

;collective self-sufficiency" for its member states by creating a single large trading bloc through an economic and trading union. It also serves as a peacekeeping force in the region. The organization operates officially in three co-equal languages—French (French language), English

, a former Portuguese colony (Portuguese Empire), became the organization’s eighth (and only non-Francophone) member state. UEMOA is a customs union and currency union between the members of ECOWAS. Its objectives include the following: REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND COOPERATION IN WEST AFRICA A Multidimensional Perspective, Chapter 1. Introduction: Reflections on an Agenda for Regional Integration and Cooperation in West Africa<

liberalization and macroeconomic policy convergence. The organizations have also agreed on common rules of origin to enhance trade, and ECOWAS has agreed to adopt UEMOA’s customs declaration forms and compensation mechanisms. “Annual Report on Integration in Africa 2002” All Africa, 1 March 2002 Membership * (Founding Member


business amp'

?option com_content&view article&id 27733:wamz-gets-us-78-million-grant&catid 81:business&amp;Itemid 211 accessdate 7 May 2011 * A Trans-ECOWAS project, established in 2007, plans to upgrade railways in this zone. Proposed Ecowas railway. ''railwaysafrica.com''. Controversies NSA surveillance


international stage

, Executive Secretaries of the Economic Community of West African States (2002-2006) On the international stage, Konaré worked for peace and integration in the West African region. He served as president of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in 1999, and of the West African Monetary Union (UEMOA) in 2000. Rebellion and civil war Vieira dismissed the suspended Mané and appointed General Humberto Gomes to replace him on 6 June 1998. http


founding member

liberalization and macroeconomic policy convergence. The organizations have also agreed on common rules of origin to enhance trade, and ECOWAS has agreed to adopt UEMOA’s customs declaration forms and compensation mechanisms. “Annual Report on Integration in Africa 2002” All Africa, 1 March 2002 Membership * (Founding Member) *

(Founding Member) * ref

currency to rival the CFA franc, whose exchange rate is tied to that of the Euro and is guaranteed by the French Treasury. The eventual goal is for the CFA franc and Eco to merge, giving all of West and Central Africa a single, stable currency. The launch of the new currency is being developed by the West African Monetary Institute based in Accra, Ghana. Membership * (Joined on 16 February 2010


close political

. It was captured by ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) troops seeking to restore President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah in 1998, and later it was unsuccessfully attacked by rebels of the Revolutionary United Front. Côte d'Ivoire became independent on 7 August 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by . It maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbours, while at the same time maintaining close ties to the West


Benin

Désiré Ouedraogo (Burkina Faso) 1 March 2012 – Present Chairmen *Gnassingbé Eyadéma (Togo) 1977–1978 *Olusegun Obasanjo (Nigeria) 1978–1979 *Léopold Sédar Senghor (Senegal) 1979–1980 *Gnassingbé Eyadéma (Togo) 1980–1981 *Siaka Stevens (Sierra Leone) 1981–1982 *Mathieu Kérékou (Benin) 1982–1983 *Ahmed Sékou Touré (Guinea) 1983–1984 *Lansana Conté (Guinea) 1984–1985 *Muhammadu Buhari (Nigeria) 1985 – 27 August 1985 *Ibrahim Babangida (Nigeria) 27

August 1985 – 1989 *Dawda Jawara (the Gambia) 1989–1990 *Blaise Compaoré (Burkina Faso) 1990–1991 *Dawda Jawara (the Gambia) 1991–1992 *Abdou Diouf (Senegal) 1992–1993 *Nicéphore Soglo (Benin) 1993–1994 *Jerry John Rawlings (Jerry Rawlings) (Ghana) 1994 – 27 July 1996 *Sani Abacha (Nigeria) 27 July 1996 – 8 June 1998 *Abdulsalami Abubakar (Nigeria) 9 June 1998 – 1999 *Gnassingbé Eyadéma (Togo) 1999 *Alpha Oumar Konaré (Mali) 1999 – 21 December 2001

language French , ''Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine'') is an organization of eight West African states. It was established to promote economic integration among countries that share the CFA franc as a common currency. UEMOA was created by a Treaty signed at Dakar, Senegal, on 10 January 1994, by the heads of state and governments of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. On 2 May 1997, Guinea-Bissau


extremely active

of West African States . Generally, it follows the consensus of the Nonaligned Movement and the OAU on economic and political issues not directly affecting its own interests. Ghana has been extremely active in international peacekeeping activities under UN auspices in Lebanon, Afghanistan, Rwanda, and the Balkans, in addition to an eight-year sub-regional initiative with its ECOWAS partners to develop and then enforce a cease-fire in Liberia. Guinea-Bissau is a member


international red

organization participation ACCT (Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique), ACP (ACP (Lomé Convention)), AfDB (African Development Bank), CCC (Customs Coordination Council), ECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa), ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), G-77 (Group of 77), IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), ICRM (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement), IDA (International Development Association), IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development), IFC (International Finance Corporation), IFRCS (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement), ILO (International Labour Organization), IMF (International Monetary Fund), International Maritime Organization, Intelsat, Interpol (Interpol (organization)), IOC, IOM (International Organization for Migration) (observer), ITU (International Telecommunication Union), ITUC (International Trade Union Confederation), NAM, OAU (Organisation of African Unity), OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons), UN (United Nations), UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), UNESCO, UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization), UPU (Universal Postal Union), WHO (World Health Organization), WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization), WMO (World Meteorological Organization), WTrO (World Trade Organization) (applicant) International organization participation ACP (ACP (Lomé Convention)), AfDB (African Development Bank), ECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa), ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States), Entente (Conseil de l'Entente), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), FZ, G-24 (Group of 24), G-77 (Group of 77), IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), ICCt (International Criminal Court) (signatory), ICRM (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement), IDA (International Development Association), IDB (Islamic Development Bank), IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development), IFC (International Finance Corporation), IFRCS (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement), ILO (International Labour Organization), IMF (International Monetary Fund), IMO (International Maritime Organization), Interpol (Interpol (organization)), IOC, IOM (International Organization for Migration), ISO (International Organization for Standardization), ITU (International Telecommunication Union), ITUC (International Trade Union Confederation), MONUC, NAM (Non-Aligned Movement), OAU (Organisation of African Unity), OIC (Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons), UN, UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development), UNESCO, UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization), UPU (Universal Postal Union), WADB (West African Development Bank) (regional), WAEMU (West African Economic and Monetary Union), WCO (World Customs Organization), WFTU (World Federation of Trade Unions), WHO (World Health Organization), WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization), WMO (World Meteorological Organization), WToO (World Tourism Organization), WTrO (World Trade Organization) Ghana is a member of the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, and an associate member of La Francophonie. Ghana is one of the largest cocoa (Cocoa bean) producers in the world, *St. Tammany Parish Schools reopen in Louisiana just over a month after Hurricane Katrina closed them. * West African leaders (Economic Community of West African States) call for the strengthening of United Nations peacekeeping force to ensure efforts to end the three year civil war in Côte d'Ivoire (Ivorian Civil War) pay off. A total 6,640 peacekeepers are currently serving in the UN force, which is under Senegalese command, monitoring the buffer zone between the north and south with the help of 4,000 French (France) troops. (allAfrica) * South Africa announces a ZAR (Rand (currency)) 140 million (USD $22 million) donation to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to alleviate food shortages in Southern Africa. (allAfrica)


promotion de

in Dakar (Senegal) on 4 and 5 January 2005, by the Organisation internationale de la francophonie (La Francophonie) in partnership with the ''Haut commissariat aux Droits de l'homme et à la promotion de la Paix'' (High Office on Human Rights and on the Promotion of Peace) of Senegal. On 5 February 2005, president Gnassingbé Eyadéma died after having led Togo for 38 years. According to the constitution, the chairman of the National Assembly should


military ties

with the People's Republic of China (China)'s People's Liberation Army. Ghana has in the past contributed forces to numerous UN and ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) operations

Economic Community of West African States

The '''Economic Community of West African States''' ('''ECOWAS'''; French (French language): ''Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest'', '''CEDEAO''') is a regional group of fifteen West African countries. Founded on 28 May 1975, with the signing of the Treaty of Lagos, its mission is to promote economic integration across the region.

Considered one of the pillars of the African Economic Community, the organization was founded in order to achieve "collective self-sufficiency" for its member states by creating a single large trading bloc through an economic and trading union. It also serves as a peacekeeping force in the region. The organization operates officially in three co-equal languages—French (French language), English (English language), and Portuguese (Portuguese language).

The ECOWAS consists of two institutions to implement policies—the ECOWAS Commission and the ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development, formerly known as the Fund for Cooperation until it was renamed in 2001.

A few members of the organization have come and gone over the years. In 1976 Cape Verde joined ECOWAS, and in December 2000 Mauritania withdrew, having announced its intention to do so in December 1999.

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