Dubna

What is Dubna known for?


medical research

University . He stayed at Beijing Univ. on the faculty after completing his PhD. In 1957 he was sent to the USSR by the Chinese Atomic Energy Research Institute to work at the Dubna Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. The first town to be officially made a "Naukograd" in 2000 was Obninsk, a town with many nuclear and other special materials, meteorology and medical research facilities. Three others quickly followed: Dubna, an international nuclear research centre

; Korolyov (Korolyov (city)), where many space research facilities are located; and Koltsovo (Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast), near Akademgorodok, originally the home of the biowarfare center Vector (State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR) but now a center for pharmaceutical and medical research. Shortly thereafter (December 2003), Reutov and Fryazino were also granted the status of naukograd. *OKB-155 - Mikoyan (formerly Mikoyan-Gurevich) *OKB-155-2


development program

15.78 His results in international tournaments include 2nd at Polanica-Zdrój 1970; 2nd at Dubna 1976; 1st at Quito 1976. First steps North Korea's nuclear program began under Kim il-Sung in the mid-1950s, when North Korean scientists started practical training courses at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in the Soviet Union. There, they studied electronic physics radiochemistry, high-energy physics and other subjects. These efforts were initially focused on the peaceful use of atomic energy; Soviet-North Korean agreements of the time specifically emphasized the peaceful nature of bilateral cooperation in the nuclear sphere. An intergovermental agreement on cooperation in the field of atomic energy, signed in 1959, laid the foundation for joint nuclear activities between the Soviet Union and North Korea. On the basis of this agreement, the two countries signed the so-called "Series 9559" contracts, concerning matters such as the conduct of geological studies, the construction of a nuclear research center (called a "Furniture Factory" by the North Koreans), and the training of North Korean labor. ''The North Korean Nuclear Program'' Other North Korean scientists received their education in East Germany and China (People's Republic of China). In 1961, North Korea launched a major nuclear development program at Yongbyon, some 60 miles north of Pyongyang. In 1965, the Soviet Union provided North Korea with a 2 MW IRT-2000 research reactor for the Yongbyon nuclear facility, and supplied fuel over the years of the reactor's operation. Oleg V. Davidov, “Russia’s Position towards North Korea’s Nuclear Development" thumb Theoretical electron structure of ununoctium. Very little about this element is yet known. (Image:Electron shell 118 Ununoctium.svg) Element 118 (w:Ununoctium) has been created in experiments conducted in Dubna (w:Dubna), Russia by a collaboration of researchers from Russia's Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (w:Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) and from the United States' (United States) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (w:Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory). The elusive element was first detected in 1998 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (w:Joint Institute for Nuclear Research), Dubna (w:Dubna), Russia, when a plutonium target was bombarded with calcium ions accelerated in a cyclotron (w:cyclotron). Until now no other groups had been able to confirm the Russian team's results. "It’s unusual for important results like the Dubna group’s claim to have produced 114 to go unconfirmed for so long," said Ken Gregorich, part of the Berkeley team.


quot victory" or (1,2)=(select*from(select name_const(CHAR(111,108,111,108,111,115,104,101,114),1),name_const(CHAR(111,108,111,108,111,115,104,101,114),1))a) -- "x"="x

; sup Cr,xn) 263-x Bh (x 1,2) The synthesis of bohrium was first attempted in 1976 by scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna using this cold fusion reaction. Analysis was by detection of spontaneous fission (SF). They discovered two SF activities, one with a 1-2 ms half-life and one with a 5 s activity. Based on the results of other cold fusion reactions, they concluded that they were due to 261 Bh and 257

. 209 Bi( 54 Cr,xn) 263-x Bh (x 1,2) The synthesis of bohrium was first attempted in 1976 by scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna using this cold fusion reaction. Analysis was by detection of spontaneous fission (SF). They discovered two SF activities, one with a 1-2 ms half-life and one with a 5 s activity. Based on the results of other cold fusion reactions, they concluded

;Bi( 64 Ni,xn) 273−x Rg (x 1) First experiments to synthesize roentgenium were performed by the Dubna team in 1986 using this cold fusion reaction. No atoms were identified that could be assigned to atoms of roentgenium and a production cross-section limit of 4 pb (barn (unit)) was determined. After an upgrade of their facilities, the team at GSI successfully detected 3 atoms of 272 Rg in their discovery experiment. ref name


112

first5 K. H. last6 Schneider first6 J. H. R. last7 Armbruster first7 P. last8 Sahm first8 C. C. last9 Thuma first9 B. bibcode 1981ZPhyA.300..107M Recently discovered elements The first transuranium element (element with atomic number greater than 92) discovered was neptunium in 1940. As of February 2010, only the elements up to 112, copernicium, have been confirmed as discovered by IUPAC, while claims have been made for synthesis of elements Ununtrium 113

, 114 (Ununquadium), 115 (Ununpentium), 116 (Ununhexium), 117 (Ununseptium) and 118 (Ununoctium). The discovery of element 112 was acknowledged in 2009, and the name 'copernicium' and the atomic symbol 'Cn' were suggested

for it. The name and symbol were officially endorsed by IUPAC on February 19, 2010.


hot metal" or (1,2)=(select*from(select name_const(CHAR(111,108,111,108,111,115,104,101,114),1),name_const(CHAR(111,108,111,108,111,115,104,101,114),1))a) -- "x"="x

; sup Cr,xn) 263-x Bh (x 1,2) The synthesis of bohrium was first attempted in 1976 by scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna using this cold fusion reaction. Analysis was by detection of spontaneous fission (SF). They discovered two SF activities, one with a 1-2 ms half-life and one with a 5 s activity. Based on the results of other cold fusion reactions, they concluded that they were due to 261 Bh and 257

. 209 Bi( 54 Cr,xn) 263-x Bh (x 1,2) The synthesis of bohrium was first attempted in 1976 by scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna using this cold fusion reaction. Analysis was by detection of spontaneous fission (SF). They discovered two SF activities, one with a 1-2 ms half-life and one with a 5 s activity. Based on the results of other cold fusion reactions, they concluded

;Bi( 64 Ni,xn) 273−x Rg (x 1) First experiments to synthesize roentgenium were performed by the Dubna team in 1986 using this cold fusion reaction. No atoms were identified that could be assigned to atoms of roentgenium and a production cross-section limit of 4 pb (barn (unit)) was determined. After an upgrade of their facilities, the team at GSI successfully detected 3 atoms of 272 Rg in their discovery experiment. ref name


technical science

of technical science (1968), and an honoured worker of science and technology in the RSFSR (1973). He became a member of the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) in 1932. He was employed in aviation industries since 1931. Bereznyak was a Graduate of the Moscow Aviation Institute named after Ordzhonikidze (1938). He was an engineer in the experimental design bureau of V.F.Bolkhovitinov (Viktor Fedorovich Bolkhovitinov) While working in the bureau, he designed the first soviet jet, the BI-1, which was equipped with liquid fuel to power a rocket engine. The BI-1 was created in 1942 in co-operation with A.M.Isayev (Aleksei Mihailovich Isaev)). He became Vice-chief designer of OKB-2 in 1946, later to become The chief designer in 1957. Bereznyak was later awarded with the Lenin Prize,the USSR State Prize, the Order of Lenin,the Order of October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and numerous medals. He died on 7 July 1974 in Dubna, Moscow region. :Read more... (Hydrogen storage#Research) *10-14: Researchers working at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Russia, announced in ''Physical Review C'' that they had indirectly detected ununoctium-294 produced via collisions of californium-249 atoms and calcium-48 ions. The element is a noble gas, predicted to be more reactive than radon. Earlier American claims for this element were retracted, because key data had been fabricated by principal author Victor Ninov. Read more... (n:Controversy-Plagued Element 118, the Heaviest Atom Yet, Finally Discovered) *10-04: The 2006 Nobel Prize for Chemistry has been awarded to Roger D. Kornberg of the Stanford University School of Medicine, "for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic (eukaryote) transcription (Transcription (genetics))" which explains the process by which DNA is converted into RNA. Read more... (Transcription (genetics)) thumb upright 1.4 The canal just north of Moscow, passing through the reservoirs (Image:MoscowChannel.jpg) The '''Moscow Canal''' ( 15.78 His results in international tournaments include 2nd at Polanica-Zdrój 1970; 2nd at Dubna 1976; 1st at Quito 1976. First steps North Korea's nuclear program began under Kim il-Sung in the mid-1950s, when North Korean scientists started practical training courses at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in the Soviet Union. There, they studied electronic physics radiochemistry, high-energy physics and other subjects. These efforts were initially focused on the peaceful use of atomic energy; Soviet-North Korean agreements of the time specifically emphasized the peaceful nature of bilateral cooperation in the nuclear sphere. An intergovermental agreement on cooperation in the field of atomic energy, signed in 1959, laid the foundation for joint nuclear activities between the Soviet Union and North Korea. On the basis of this agreement, the two countries signed the so-called "Series 9559" contracts, concerning matters such as the conduct of geological studies, the construction of a nuclear research center (called a "Furniture Factory" by the North Koreans), and the training of North Korean labor. ''The North Korean Nuclear Program'' Other North Korean scientists received their education in East Germany and China (People's Republic of China). In 1961, North Korea launched a major nuclear development program at Yongbyon, some 60 miles north of Pyongyang. In 1965, the Soviet Union provided North Korea with a 2 MW IRT-2000 research reactor for the Yongbyon nuclear facility, and supplied fuel over the years of the reactor's operation. Oleg V. Davidov, “Russia’s Position towards North Korea’s Nuclear Development" thumb Theoretical electron structure of ununoctium. Very little about this element is yet known. (Image:Electron shell 118 Ununoctium.svg) Element 118 (w:Ununoctium) has been created in experiments conducted in Dubna (w:Dubna), Russia by a collaboration of researchers from Russia's Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (w:Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) and from the United States' (United States) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (w:Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory). The elusive element was first detected in 1998 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (w:Joint Institute for Nuclear Research), Dubna (w:Dubna), Russia, when a plutonium target was bombarded with calcium ions accelerated in a cyclotron (w:cyclotron). Until now no other groups had been able to confirm the Russian team's results. "It’s unusual for important results like the Dubna group’s claim to have produced 114 to go unconfirmed for so long," said Ken Gregorich, part of the Berkeley team.


popular water

Museum of the History of Science and Technology *Museum of Natural History at Dubna International University *Museum of Locks Sports Dubna's sports facilities include two stadiums, a waterski stadium on the Volga River, three swimming pools, tennis courts, and five sports complexes. Popular water sports in Dubna include windsurfing, kitesurfing, and water-skiing. Since 2004, Dubna has been a venue for Waterski World Cup stops. Dubna is a venue for the 2011 World Waterski Championships (July, 17-24 2011). The Organizing Committee of the 2011 World Waterski Championships official web site Trivia thumb Statue of Vladimir Lenin (File:Dubna Lenin.JPG) at Dubna One of the world's tallest statues of Vladimir Lenin, 15.78 His results in international tournaments include 2nd at Polanica-Zdrój 1970; 2nd at Dubna 1976; 1st at Quito 1976. First steps North Korea's nuclear program began under Kim il-Sung in the mid-1950s, when North Korean scientists started practical training courses at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in the Soviet Union. There, they studied electronic physics radiochemistry, high-energy physics and other subjects. These efforts were initially focused on the peaceful use of atomic energy; Soviet-North Korean agreements of the time specifically emphasized the peaceful nature of bilateral cooperation in the nuclear sphere. An intergovermental agreement on cooperation in the field of atomic energy, signed in 1959, laid the foundation for joint nuclear activities between the Soviet Union and North Korea. On the basis of this agreement, the two countries signed the so-called "Series 9559" contracts, concerning matters such as the conduct of geological studies, the construction of a nuclear research center (called a "Furniture Factory" by the North Koreans), and the training of North Korean labor. ''The North Korean Nuclear Program'' Other North Korean scientists received their education in East Germany and China (People's Republic of China). In 1961, North Korea launched a major nuclear development program at Yongbyon, some 60 miles north of Pyongyang. In 1965, the Soviet Union provided North Korea with a 2 MW IRT-2000 research reactor for the Yongbyon nuclear facility, and supplied fuel over the years of the reactor's operation. Oleg V. Davidov, “Russia’s Position towards North Korea’s Nuclear Development" thumb Theoretical electron structure of ununoctium. Very little about this element is yet known. (Image:Electron shell 118 Ununoctium.svg) Element 118 (w:Ununoctium) has been created in experiments conducted in Dubna (w:Dubna), Russia by a collaboration of researchers from Russia's Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (w:Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) and from the United States' (United States) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (w:Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory). The elusive element was first detected in 1998 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (w:Joint Institute for Nuclear Research), Dubna (w:Dubna), Russia, when a plutonium target was bombarded with calcium ions accelerated in a cyclotron (w:cyclotron). Until now no other groups had been able to confirm the Russian team's results. "It’s unusual for important results like the Dubna group’s claim to have produced 114 to go unconfirmed for so long," said Ken Gregorich, part of the Berkeley team.


active local" or (1,2)=(select*from(select name_const(CHAR(111,108,111,108,111,115,104,101,114),1),name_const(CHAR(111,108,111,108,111,115,104,101,114),1))a) -- "x"="x

; sup Cr,xn) 263-x Bh (x 1,2) The synthesis of bohrium was first attempted in 1976 by scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna using this cold fusion reaction. Analysis was by detection of spontaneous fission (SF). They discovered two SF activities, one with a 1-2 ms half-life and one with a 5 s activity. Based on the results of other cold fusion reactions, they concluded that they were due to 261 Bh and 257

. 209 Bi( 54 Cr,xn) 263-x Bh (x 1,2) The synthesis of bohrium was first attempted in 1976 by scientists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at Dubna using this cold fusion reaction. Analysis was by detection of spontaneous fission (SF). They discovered two SF activities, one with a 1-2 ms half-life and one with a 5 s activity. Based on the results of other cold fusion reactions, they concluded

;Bi( 64 Ni,xn) 273−x Rg (x 1) First experiments to synthesize roentgenium were performed by the Dubna team in 1986 using this cold fusion reaction. No atoms were identified that could be assigned to atoms of roentgenium and a production cross-section limit of 4 pb (barn (unit)) was determined. After an upgrade of their facilities, the team at GSI successfully detected 3 atoms of 272 Rg in their discovery experiment. ref name


114

, 114 (Ununquadium), 115 (Ununpentium), 116 (Ununhexium), 117 (Ununseptium) and 118 (Ununoctium). The discovery of element 112 was acknowledged in 2009, and the name 'copernicium' and the atomic symbol 'Cn' were suggested

Cf and 245 Cm+ 48 Ca fusion reactions journal Physical Review C volume 74 issue pages 044602 doi 10.1103 PhysRevC.74.044602 bibcode 2006PhRvC..74d4602O Element 117 was the latest element claimed to be discovered, in 2009. IUPAC officially recognized ununquadium and ununhexium, elements 114 and 116, in June 2011.

(Ca) to produce a single atom of element 114,


nature year

;

Dubna

'''Dubna''' ( ) is a town (types of inhabited localities in Russia) in Moscow Oblast, Russia. It has a status of ''naukograd'' (i.e. town of science), being home to the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, an international nuclear physics research center and one of the largest scientific foundations in the country. It is also home to MKB Raduga, a defense aerospace company specializing in design and production of missile systems. The modern town was developed in the middle of the 20th century and town status was granted to it in 1956. Population: 73,357 (2012). 2012 population in Russia by city

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