WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
and Guadeloupe is an important element, and are a distinctive part of the music. Generally, zouk is based around star singers, with little attention given to instrumentalists, and is based almost entirely around studio recordings. The '''music of Dominica''' plays an important role in the social and culture life of the Antillean island of Dominica. The Nature island boasts of Cadence-lypso, a genre developed in Dominica and made popular in the French deparments of Martinique and Guadeloupe. It spread through France and was very popular there during the 1970s. Cadence has influenced many other genres including zouk, bouyon (bouyon music) (another Dominican creation) and even soca (soca music). Jing Ping is a kind of folk music originated on the slave plantations of Dominica, also known colloquially as an accordion band. In Dominican folk music, jing ping bands accompany a circle dance called the flirtation, as well as the Dominican quadrille. The '''Leeward Islands''' WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
and kwéyòl. Shorty's 1974 ''Endless Vibrations'' and ''Soul of Calypso'' brought soca to its peak of international fame. # Steelband-Soca: Steel Pans are types of drum often used in Soca and Calypso music; it became so popular that it became its own musical genre—Steelband. The steel pans are hand-made, bowl-like, metal drums that are crafted so that different sections of the drum produce different notes when struck. Steelbands are groups of musicians who play songs entirely on steel drums. There are many different types of steel pans, each with its own unique set of pitches. #Bouyon Soca is a style of Soca music from Dominica. It uses more prominent elements of bouyon music. #Rockso: a futuristic-sounding, North America- and Trinidad-based 'mutant' style of calypso. It recontextualizes elements of calypso instrumentation, with a heavy focus on a wide range of lyrical 'flows' (delivery) and topics, various song structures, bass-heavy drum patterns, quirky sound effects, and an urban music sensibility. Unlike soca, its exponents gear it less for seasonal competition and more for general, year-round play, while promoting such calypso standbys as 'extempo' (lyrical freestyling). After France fell to the Nazis in 1940, Vichy French naval troops were blockaded on Martinique. Forced to remain on the island, French soldiers became "authentic racists." WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
of centenarianism in developed countries. Pickford, John ''From Our Own Correspondent'' BBC Radio 4. First broadcast 31 March 2007. Dominica report 17'49" – 22'55" The reasons for this are the subject of current research being undertaken at Ross University School of Medicine. Dominica was partially integrated into the federal colony of the Leeward Islands in 1832. Later, in 1871, it became a full part of the Federation of the Leeward Islands. From the start
on the upper Hudson River near Albany (Albany, New York). The area, known as Fort Miller, served both as Duer's first residence and as the site of his early financial ventures. Duer set up sawmills, warehouses, and a store. In 1773 he went again to England and obtained a contract to supply the Royal Navy with timber for masts and spars. By 1776, had built a moderately successful mercantile business based primarily on lumber production. Early life Born in London, to a St. Lucian (Saint Lucian British) mother and Dominican father, Defoe attended St Joachim Primary School in Custom House (Custom House, London) WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
their name to the Caribbean, once lived throughout the Lesser Antilles, and although their language is now extinct (extinct language) there, ethnic Caribs still live on Dominica, Trinidad, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent (Saint Vincent (island)). The Caribs had conquered the previous population of the islands, Arawakan peoples (Maipurean languages) like the Taino (Taíno people) and Palikur peoples. During the conquest, which was conducted primarily by men, the Carib married Arawakan women. Children were raised by their mothers speaking Arawak, but as boys came of age, their fathers taught them Carib (Carib language), a language still spoken in mainland South America. When European missionaries described the Island Carib people in the seventeenth century, they recorded two unrelated languages—Carib spoken by the men and Arawak spoken by the women. However, while the boys acquired Carib vocabulary, after a few generations they retained the Arawakan grammar of their first language. Thus Island Carib (Island Carib language) as spoken by the men was genetically either a mixed language or a relexified language. Over the generations, men substituted fewer Arawak words, and many Carib words diffused to the women, so that the amount of distinctly male vocabulary diminished, until both genders spoke Arawak with an infusion of Carib vocabulary and distinct words in only a handful of cases. Attempts to view or film the dolphin killing in the cove are physically blocked by local volunteers who treat the visitors with open intimidation, derision, and anger. Foreigners who come to Taiji, including ''The Cove's'' film crew, are shadowed and questioned by local police. In response, together with the Oceanic Preservation Society, Psihoyos, O'Barry, and the crew utilize special tactics and technology to covertly film what is taking place in the cove. WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
and distribution The Lesser Antillean iguana is found in scrub woodland, rainforest, and mangrove throughout the Lesser Antilles on Saint Barth, Anguilla, St. Martin, St. Eustatius, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Dominica, and Martinique. Description and habitat ''Byrsonima crassifolia'' is a slow-growing large shrub or tree to 33 ft (10 m). Sometimes cultivated for its edible fruits, the tree is native and abundant in the wild, sometimes in extensive stands, in open pine forests (Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests) and grassy savannas, from central Mexico, through Central America, to Peru, Bolivia and Brazil; it also occurs in Trinidad, Barbados, Curaçao, St. Martin, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and throughout Cuba and the Isle of Pines (Isla de la Juventud). The nance is limited to tropical and subtropical climates. In Central and South America, the tree ranges from sea-level to an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,800 m). It is highly drought-tolerant. '''''Sleep It Off Lady''''', originally published in late 1976 by André Deutsch of Great Britain, was famed Dominican author Jean Rhys' final collection of short stories (short story). The sixteen stories in this collection stretch over an approximate 75-year period, starting from the end of the nineteenth century (November 1899) to the present time of writing (circa 1975). The novel is about a young woman who sets out on the quest to be the very best that no one ever was, she ends up becoming a huge prostitute. She uses prostitution in order to become more free and not be dependant on the Men's sphere of influence. Stories in the collection *The F-117A Nighthawk "Stealth" fighter made its first flight, with Lockheed test pilot Hal Farley at the controls. David B. Thurston, ''The World's Most Significant and Magnificent Aircraft: Evolution of the Modern Airplane'' (SAE, 2000) p213 *The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) was created by the signing of the Treaty of Basseterre, with Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Christopher and Nevis, St. Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines Kenneth Hall and Myrtle Chuck-A-Sang, ''CARICOM Single Market and Economy: Genesis and Prognosis'' (Ian Randle Publishers, 2007) p389 *The first genetically-engineered (genetic engineering) vaccine, created by Genentech to protect livestock against hoof-and-mouth disease, was announced by U.S. Secretrary of Agriculture John Block in a visit to Sacramento. "Block reveals disease 'breakthrough'", ''Modesto (CA) Bee'', June 19, 1981, p1 In the last decade, Spanish-speaking immigrants from the Dominican Republic and African-Caribbean immigrants from Guyana and Dominica have been added to this ethnic mosaic. As new immigrants often fleeing poverty and political unrest, they have entered at the bottom of the hierarchy. Today, an increasingly large percentage of Antiguans have migrated abroad, most notably to the United Kingdom (Antiguan Britons (Antiguan British)), United States and Canada. A minority of Antiguan residents are immigrants from other countries, particularly Dominica, Guyana and Jamaica, with an increasing number of immigrants from the Dominican Republic, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Ghana, and Nigeria. There is also a significant population of American citizens estimated at 4500 people, one of the largest American citizen populations in the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean. WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
on the morning of 12 December. Psychotherapy career In 1985, Wightman received a bachelor of arts degree (Academic degree) from Emerson College, and subsequently earned a masters degree in counseling psychology from Lesley University. She then enrolled at the Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology for five years, from 1996 to 2001. Wightman then withdrew from MSPP, submitted her credits and hours to an online degree program to which she paid
colonial administration used the term ''Black Carib'' and Garifuna to distinguish them from ''Yellow'' and ''Red Carib'', the Amerindian population that did not intermarry with Africans. The Amerindians who had not intermarried with Africans are still living in the Lesser Antilles; Dominica, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, etc. History The French missionary Raymond Breton, who arrived in the Lesser Antilles in 1635, and lived on Guadeloupe and Dominica until 1653, took ethnographic and linguistic notes of the native peoples of these islands, including St Vincent which he visited only briefly. According to oral history noted by the English governor William Young in 1795 Carib-speaking people of the Orinoco came to St. Vincent long before the arrival of Europeans to the New World, where they subdued the local inhabitants called Galibeis. They lived along with the Carib men. Young recorded the arrival of the African descended population as commencing with a wrecked slave ship from the Bight of Biafra in 1675. The survivors, members of the Mokko people of today's Nigeria (now known as Ibibio (Ibibio people)), reached the small island of Bequia, where the Caribs brought them to Saint Vincent and ill-used them. When the Carib masters felt that the Africans were too independent in spirit, according to Young, they planned to kill all the male children. The Africans, learning of this plan revolted, killed as many Caribs as possible and withdrew to the mountains, where they joined with other runaways who had taken refuge there. From there they raided the Caribs continually until they had greatly reduced them in numbers. William Young, ''An Account of the Black Charaibs in the Island of Saint Vincent'' (London, 1795), pp. 6-8 There are few other accounts of the island, as it was not occupied by Europeans and visitors were rare or there unofficially, hence Young's account is the only one of the century before he wrote to provide specific details of the origins of the Garifuna. :''This list is of national parks in Dominica. For national parks in the similarly named country of the Dominican Republic, see List of national parks of the Dominican Republic.'' There are three National parks in Dominica. Other protected areas include two Forest Reserves and the Syndicate Parrot Preserve. date 9 April 1782 – 12 April 1782 place Off Dominica, West Indies casus The battle is named after the Saintes (Îles des Saintes) (or Saints), a group of islands between Guadeloupe and Dominica in the West Indies. The French fleet defeated here by the Royal Navy was the same French fleet that had blockaded the British Army during the Siege of Yorktown. The British are sometimes credited with pioneering the tactic of "breaking the line (Naval tactics in the Age of Sail)" in the battle; this is however erroneous as Dano–Norwegian (Denmark–Norway) admiral Niels Juel did this in the Battle of Køge Bay more than a hundred years earlier. *''Buteo platypterus insulicola'' – Antigua Broad-winged Hawk that occurs in Antigua. *''Buteo platypterus rivierei'' – Dominican Broad-winged Hawk that occurs in Dominica, Martinique and St. Lucia. *''Buteo platypterus antillarum'' – Antillean Broad-winged Hawk that occurs in the Lesser Antilles from Saint Vincent (Saint Vincent (island)) and Grenada to Tobago, excluding Antigua. *Broad-winged Hawk photo gallery VIREO *Stamps (for Antigua, Colombia, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Nevis, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) *– Broad-winged hawk Priories and Commanderies Following constitutional changes made in 1999, the Priory of England and The Islands was established (including the Commandery (Commandry (feudalism)) of Ards in Northern Ireland) alongside the existing Priories of Wales, Scotland, Canada, Australia (including the Commandery of Western Australia), New Zealand, South Africa, and, since 1996, the United States, each of which is governed by a Prior and a Priory Chapter. Commanderies, governed by a Knight or Dame Commander and a Commandery Chapter, WikiPedia:Dominica Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Dominica commons:Dominica
as Compas Direct in French, and '''Kompa''' or '''konpa''' in Haitian creole) is a musical genre originating from Haiti and the French Antilles. It derived from Méringue, the national music of Haiti that people have been dancing and singing since the 1800s. Worldwide, several festivals annually feature Compas music. Compas is the basic music of many countries in the Caribbean such as the French Antilles of Martinique & Guadeloupe; most of the Lesser Antilles
'''Dominica''' ( . The Commonwealth of Dominica had a population of 72,301 at the 2014 Census. The capital is Roseau which is located on the leeward side of the island.
Dominica was first discovered by the Spanish, then colonized by the French and British before finally obtaining independence in 1978. Dominica has been nicknamed the "Nature Isle of the Caribbean" P.C. Evans & L. Honeychurch - Dominica: Nature Island of the Caribbean. Hansib (1989) for its unspoiled natural beauty. It is the youngest island in the Lesser Antilles, still being formed by geothermal (Geothermal (geology))-volcanic (volcano) activity, as evidenced by the world's second-largest hot spring, Boiling Lake. The island features lush mountainous rainforests, home of many rare plant, animal, and bird species. There are xeric areas in some of the western coastal regions, but heavy rainfall occurs inland. The island has 365 rivers. The Sisserou parrot (imperial amazon) (also known as the imperial amazon), is found only on Dominica and is the island's national bird. It is featured on the national flag (Flag of Dominica). Dominica's economy is heavily dependent on tourism and agriculture.
Christopher Columbus named the island after the day of the week on which he spotted it, a Sunday (''dies Dominica'' in Latin), 3 November 1493. In the hundred years after Columbus's landing, Dominica remained isolated. At the time it was inhabited by the Island Caribs, or Kalinago people, and over time more settled there after being driven from surrounding islands, as European powers entered the region. The people of Spain left the island due to isolation and the fierce Island Carib warriors that inhabited the island at the moment. France had a colony for several years, importing African slaves to work on its plantations. In this period, the Antillean Creole language developed. France formally ceded possession of Dominica to Great Britain in 1763. Great Britain established a small colony on the island in 1805.
Britain abolished (Slavery Abolition Act 1833) slavery throughout the British Empire in 1834. By 1838, Dominica became the first British Caribbean colony to have a legislature controlled by an ethnic African majority. In 1896, the United Kingdom took governmental control of Dominica, turning it into a Crown colony. Half a century later, from 1958 to 1962, Dominica became a province of the short-lived West Indies Federation. On 3 November 1978, Dominica became an independent nation.