Derbent

What is Derbent known for?


military prowess

reputation for their military prowess. They defeated Kyrgyz (Old Kirghiz), Turgesh, and Karluks, extending the Kaganate territory all the way to the Iron Gates (modern day Derbent in Dagestan). They also subjugated all nine of the Tokuz Oguz (Tokuz-Oguzes) tribes.


century amp

. Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the Eurasian Steppe and the Middle East. The only other practicable crossing of the Caucasus ridge was over the Darial Gorge. The first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BCE; the site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BCE. Until the 4th century CE, it was part of Caucasian Albania

and is traditionally identified with '''Albana''', the capital. The modern name is a Persian (Persian language) word (دربند ''Darband'') meaning "gateway", which came into use in the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century CE, when the city was re-established by Kavadh I (Kavadh I of Persia) of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia (Persian Empire). The high walls with thirty north-looking towers are believed to belong to the time

by a confederation of Dagestani tribes. In the first few centuries AD, Caucasian Albania continued to rule over what is present day Azerbaijan and mountains of Dagestan. It was fought over in classical times by Rome and the Persian (Persian Empire) Sassanids and was early converted to Christianity. In the 5th century AD, the Sassanids gained the upper hand and constructed a strong citadel at Derbent, known henceforward as the Caspian Gates, while


building food

title -- Economy and culture The city is home to machine building, food, textile, fishing and fishery supplies, construction materials and wood industries. It is the center of Russian brandy production. The educational infrastructure includes a university as well as several technical schools. On the cultural front, there is a Lezgin drama theater (named after S. Stalsky). About two kilometers ( ) from the city is the vacation


impressive historical

List UNESCO World Heritage site . It is the location of the mythical "Gates of Alexander," and easily one of the most impressive historical sites in Russia. Get in There are two daily communter trains from the regional capital of Makhachkala, one departing 10AM and another departing 5:20PM, journey time is around three hours. Long-distance trains heading to and from Baku makes a stop-over here. From Moscow there are departures on Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays, leaving from ''Moskva Paveletsky'' station at 6:05PM and arriving two nights later at 6:40PM. A second class sleeper ticket costs around 3,500 RUB. Other Russian cities with rail connections includes Saint Petersburg (59 h), Rostov-on-Don (25½ h) and Yekaterinburg (64 h). International connections includes Kiev (56 h) and Minsk (65 h). Get around thumb 270px The entrance to the Dagestan Museum (File:Dagestan museum.jpg) See Do Buy Eat Drink Sleep thumb 270px Naryn-Kala Fortress (File:Цитадель "Нарын-Кала".JPG) Go next wikipedia:Derbent commons:Derbent


prowess

reputation for their military prowess. They defeated Kyrgyz (Old Kirghiz), Turgesh, and Karluks, extending the Kaganate territory all the way to the Iron Gates (modern day Derbent in Dagestan). They also subjugated all nine of the Tokuz Oguz (Tokuz-Oguzes) tribes.


main military

campaign of 1722-1723 and the Russo-Persian War (1804-1813), assisting the Russian army in capturing Derbent and Baku during the Persian Expedition of 1796. As a result of the Treaty of Gulistan of 1813, the '''CF''' remained the only military flotilla in the Caspian Sea. Baku became its main base (military base) in 1867. thumb The Table of Ranks (File:Tabel o rangah.jpg) The marathon Great Northern War was not the last war during Peter's tsardom, which saw one last


centuries past

to western Afghanistan following the Anglo-Iranian war of 1856-1857. Only in 1970 did a UN sponsored consultation end Iranian claims to suzerainty over the Persian Gulf island nation of Bahrain. In centuries past, Iranian rule once stretched westward into modern Iraq and beyond. When the western world complains of Iranian interference beyond its borders, the Iranian government often convinced itself that it is merely exerting its influence in lands that were once its own. Simultaneously


world culture

. - ISBN 5-85733-042-4. cтр. 730-731 Igor Diakonov. The book of memoirs. while the rural population seems to mostly have retained their old Caucasian languages. Up to the nineteenth century, there was still a large number of Tat population (who claim to be descendants of Sassanid era Persian settlers), however due to similar culture and religion with Turkic speaking Azerbaijanis, this population was partly assimilated. Natalia G. Volkova “Tats”in Encyclopedia of World

Culture, Editor: David Publisher, New York: G.K. Hall, Prentice Hall International, 1991-1996).: "In the nineteenth century the Tats were settled in large homogeneous groups. The intensive processes of assimilation by the Turkic-speaking Azerbaijanis cut back the territory and numbers of the Tats. In 1886 they numbered more than 120,000 in Azerbaijan and 3,600 in Daghestan. According to the census of 1926 the number of Tats in Azerbaijan (despite the effect of natural increase) had dropped


centuries strong

including the republics of Dagestan, Chechnya, North Ossetia, Kabardino-Balkariya and other republics and oblasts of the region long formed part of Persia and the Iranian cultural sphere until they were annexed by Imperial Russia over the course of the 18th and 19th centuries. Strong Persian cultural influence can be traced up as far as Tatarstan in central Russia. Fine examples of Iranian architecture in many Caucasus cities like the Sassanid citadel in Derbent bear


impressive quot

. Derbent and its Caspian Gates are at the western part of the historical region of Hyrcania. While the fortification and walls on the east side of the Caspian Sea remained unknown to the Graeco-Roman historians, the western half of the impressive "northern fortifications" in the Caucasus were well known to Classical authors. Larger than Hadrian's Wall and the Antonine Wall taken together (two separate structures in Britain that marked the northern limits of the Roman

Derbent

WHS Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent Image 250px Wall of the Derbent citadel — the only Sassanid fortification in existence (File:Derbent wall.jpg) State Party 22px (File:Flag of Russia.svg) Russia Type Cultural Criteria iii, iv ID 1070 Region Europe (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe) Year 2003 Session 27th Link http: whc.unesco.org en list 1070 '''Derbent''' (

Derbent occupies the narrow gateway between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains connecting the Eurasian steppes to the north and the Iranian Plateau to the south. Its etymology derives from the Persian (Persian language) ''Darband'' ( and it is often identified with the legendary (Alexander romance) Gates of Alexander, being known in Arabic (Arabic language) as ''Bāb al Abwab'' ("Gate of Gates") and Turkish (Turkish language) as ''Demirkapı'' ("Iron Gate"). Derbent claims to be the oldest city in Russia (8th century BCE). Derbent - Russia’s oldest city: 5,000 and counting Since antiquity, the value of the area as the gate to the Caucasus has been understood, and Derbent has archaeological structures over 5,000 years old. As a result of this geographic particularity, the city developed between two walls, stretching from the mountains to the sea. These fortifications were continuously employed for a millennium and a half, longer than any other extant fortress in the world. Over the years, different nations gave the city different names, but all connected to the word ''gate''; its name in Persian (Persian language) is ''Darband'', which means "closed gates".

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