; The appearance of Sufi mysticism in Dagestan dates back to the 14th century. The two Sufi tariqas that spread in the North Caucasus were the Naqshbandiya and the Qadiriya. The mystic Tariqas preached tolerance and coexistence between the diverse people in the region. The Communist total intolerance for any religion after the Communist Revolution of 1917 also suppressed the Sufi movements. Shaykh Said Afandi al-Chirkawi is prominent scholar, spiritual leader and murshid of Naqshbandi and Shadhili tariqahs in Dagestan. WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
, where agriculture was not developed until the 1950s. It winters in the plains of the Indian subcontinent and the Persian Gulf. ref
are favorable in Dagestan, but – as of 2006 – the republic's low starting level for a successful transition to market relations, in addition to rampant corruption, has made the region highly dependent on its underground economy and the subsidies coming from the central Russian government. Dagestan’s Economic Crisis: Past, Present and Future North Caucasus Weekly 2006-12-31 Corruption in Dagestan is more severe than in other regions of the former Soviet Union, and is coupled with a flourishing black market and clan-based economic system. In 2011 Rostelecom started implementation of WDM (Wavelength-division multiplexing)-based equipment on the backbone network for data transmission in the Republic of Dagestan. Due to WDM introduction the fiber-optic communication lines bandwidth increased to 2.5 Gbit s. Rostelecom invested about 48 million rubles in the project. Broadband Russia Newslatter Dagestani conflict WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
and the Iranian cultural sphere until they were annexed by Imperial Russia over the course of the 18th and 19th centuries. Strong Persian cultural influence can be traced up as far as Tatarstan in central Russia. Fine examples of Iranian architecture in many Caucasus cities like the Sassanid citadel in Derbent bear witness to the importance of these territories before the arrival of Russians to the region, when it was under Persian influence, rule and suzerainty. (Even today, after decades
on the road between Makhachkala and Derbent * Khasavyurt — a relatively large city (for the region) near the border with Chechnya * Tindi — a small picturesque aul with a historic minaret in the mountains of southwestern Dagestan, near the Georgian (Georgia (country)) and Chechen borders; probably not a safe area for travel * Kizlyar — a city near the border with Chechnya and Stavropol krai (region) * Yuzhno-Sukhokumsk — a city located is northwest Dagestan Other destinations *Dagestansky Nature Reserve — comprised of the marshy Kizlyar Bay region (a bird watcher's paradise) and the desert Sarykum Sand Desert region Understand WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
of California, Berkeley, has used language to connect modern people of the Caucasus region to the ancient farmers of the Fertile Crescent. She analyzed the Nakh–Dagestanian linguistic family, which today includes Chechen, Ingush (Ingush language), and Batsbi on the Nakh side; and some 24 languages on the Dagestani side ... Thus location, time, and vocabulary all suggest that the farmers of the region were proto-Nakh–Dagestanians. "The Nakh–Dagestanian languages are the closest thing we have to a direct continuation of the cultural and linguistic community that gave rise to Western civilization," Nichols says. The modern-day North Caucasians (Caucasus) (the Chechens, the Ingush (Ingush people), the Batsbi, and the people of Dagestan) have the direct linguistic links to the Fertile Crescent. WikiPedia:Dagestan commons:Дагестан
own 20% of the republic's industrial production assets and employ 25% of all industrial workers. Dagestan's hydroelectric power industry is developing rapidly. There are five power plants on the Sulak River providing hydroelectric power. It has been estimated that Dagestan's total potential hydroelectric power resources are 4.4 billion kW. Dagestan has a well-developed transportation system. Railways connect the capital Makhachkala to Moscow, Astrakhan, and the Azerbaijani
, depending on the analysis, instead be the Tsez language with 64). The Lezgic family along with a couple of other families (Avar–Andic, Tsezic, Lak, Dargin, and Khinalug) forms the Daghestanian part of the Nakh–Daghestanian language family (the Nakh part is constituted by Chechen, Ingush and related small languages). Islamic empire expanded at unprecedented rate under Caliph Umar, following the death of Caliph Umar, almost whole of the former Sassanid empire's territory rebelled from time
The indigenous ethnicities of Dagestan in '''bold'''. There are also 40 or so tiny groups such as the Hinukh (Hinukh people), numbering 439, or the Akhvakhs (Akhvakh people), who are members of a complex family of indigenous Caucasians. Notable are also the Hunzib
Ramzan Kadyrov, President of the Chechen Republic, has been
thumb 250px Cultural heritage monument in Dagestan (File:Гуниб.JPG) The '''Republic of Dagestan''' ( ; also spelled ''Daghestan'') is a federal subject (federal subjects of Russia) (a republic (republics of Russia)) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region. Its capital (capital city) and largest city (types of inhabited localities in Russia) is Makhachkala, located at the center of Dagestan on the Caspian Sea.
With a population of 2,910,249,
Dagestan has been a scene of low-level Islamic insurgency, occasional outbreaks of separatism, ethnic tensions and terrorism since the 1990s. According to International Crisis Group, the militant Islamist organization Shariat Jamaat is responsible for much of the violence. Russia’s Dagestan: Conflict Causes. International Crisis Group Europe Report N°192. 3 June 2008. Access date: 07 April 2014. Much of the tension is rooted in an internal Islamic conflict between traditional Sufi (Sufiism) groups advocating secular government and more recently introduced Salafist (Salafism) teachers preaching the implementation of Sharia in Dagestan.