Cyprus

What is Cyprus known for?


important research

*United Kingdom Akrotiri (UK (United Kingdom)) Dhekelia (UK (United Kingdom)) Gibraltar (UK (United Kingdom)) Academic career Professor Vine had a distinguished career. He did important research with E.M. Moores on the Ophiolite within the Troodos mountains of southern Cyprus. He worked with R.A. Livermore and A.G.Smith on the history of Earth's magnetic field. He then did groundbreaking work on the electrical


contemporary rock

BfuBF7fOnyoC&pg PA106 accessdate 13 July 2011 publisher Simon Barclay isbn 9781445784151 pages 106– with ''Tha 'Ne Erotas''. Life experience, rejection and passion fuel Marlain's new rebranded material, starting with the CD single ‘Being Blonde Today’ which was released in January 2011. It brings a ballsy approach to contemporary rock, driven by an extreme hunger to perform. 'Bedroom Rock' (live) is the new engine for a well seasoned performer to re-introduce herself to existing and win over new fans. Angelidou, her mother, and siblings all have triple nationality (Greek (Greece), Cypriot (Cyprus), and British (United Kingdom)). Early and Later Life Marlain Angelidou was born in Athens, Greece, to a Cypriot-born (Cyprus) father of mainland Greek origin (Greek diaspora) and a mother of half Scottish (Scotland) and half Greek Cypriot descent. Due to her father's job position in a multinational company, Marlain Angelidou spent most of her childhood around the world: she emigrated to Venezuela aged 5, learning fluent Spanish (Spanish language) (which she has since forgotten), then to Belgium, and back to Cyprus, where she lived during her teenage years, on her father's request to return home. Angelidou is currently based in Athens, although her mother and brothers remain in Cyprus. In 1998 (Eurovision Song Contest 1998) she came third duetting ''Fterougisma'' with Alex Panayi during the Cypriot pre-Eurovision (Eurovision Song Contest) selections show in which the winner would go on to represent Cyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest. She did, however, manage to get into the Eurovision (Eurovision Song Contest) event the following year (Eurovision Song Contest 1999) with her song ''Tha 'Ne Erotas''. Background The claims of Italy over Libya dated back to discussions after the Congress of Berlin in 1878, in which France (French Third Republic) and Great Britain (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) had agreed to the occupation of Tunisia (French occupation of Tunisia) and Cyprus respectively, both parts of the then declining Ottoman Empire. When Italian diplomats hinted about possible opposition by their government, the French replied that Tripoli would have been a counterpart for Italy. In 1902, Italy and France had signed a secret treaty which accorded freedom of intervention in Tripolitania and Morocco. WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


religious population

WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


arts training

Loizos moved to Athens at the age of 17 intending to study pharmacology but soon gave up his studies in order to concentrate on his musical career. He was a self-taught musician, with no formal musical arts training. His first recordings were made in 1963 but he started gaining a larger audience after 1967. By 1975 Loizos had become one of the most popular artists in Greek music. Fruit production - crops The tree thrives


culture acting

of the center, a process termed "emulation" while the center is an engine for generation of new cultural standards. The cultural interaction between the Achaemenid center and the periphery was through a system of states, called the "satrapy." The influence of the Persian center was such that places such as Anatolia, Lydia, and the Lykian dynasty completely adopted the Persian culture acting as a full periphery to the central influence. The Greeks also were influenced by the Persians, since originally they were a logical next step in the cultural expansion of the Achaemenids, and in fact such places as Cyprus, and Ionia were for a considerable time within the sphere of Persian cultural influences. For a number of years after the passing of the first Quarantine Act (1710) the protective practices in England were of the most haphazard and arbitrary kind. In 1721 two vessels laden with cotton goods from Cyprus, then a seat of plague, were ordered to be burned with their cargoes, the owners receiving £23,935 as indemnity. By the clause in the Levant Trade Act of 1752 vessels for the United Kingdom with a foul bill (i.e. coming from a country where plague existed) had to repair to the lazarets of Malta, Venice, Messina, Livorno, Genoa or Marseille, to perform their quarantine or to have their cargoes sufficiently opened and aired. Since 1741 Stangate Creek (on the Medway) had been made the quarantine station at home; but it would appear from the above clause that it was available only for vessels with clean bills. In 1755 lazarets in the form of floating hulks were established in England for the first time, the cleansing of cargo (particularly by exposure to dews) having been done previously on the ships deck. There was no medical inspection employed, but the whole routine left to the officers of customs and quarantine. In 1780, when plague was in Poland, even vessels with grain (cereal) from the Baltic had to lie forty days in quarantine, and unpack and air the sacks; but owing to remonstrances, which came chiefly from Edinburgh and Leith, grain was from that date declared to be a non-susceptible article. About 1788 an order of the council required every ship liable to quarantine, in case of meeting any vessel at sea, or within four leagues of the coast of Great Britain or Ireland, to hoist a yellow flag in the daytime and show a light at the main topmast head at night, under a penalty of £200. After 1800, ships from plague-countries (or with foul bills) were enabled to perform their quarantine on arrival in the Medway instead of taking a Mediterranean port on the way for that purpose; and about the same time an extensive lazaret was built on Chetney Hill near Chatham at an expense of £170,000, which was almost at once condemned owing to its marshy foundations, and the materials sold for £15,000. The use of floating hulks as lazarets continued as before. In 1800 two ships with hides from Mogador (Morocco) were ordered to be sunk with their cargoes at the Nore, the owners receiving £15,000. About this period it was merchandise that was chiefly suspected: there was a long schedule of susceptible articles, and these were first exposed on the ships deck for twenty-one days or less (six days for each instalment of the cargo), and then transported to the lazaret, where they were opened and aired forty days more. The whole detention of the vessel was from sixty to sixty-five days, including the time for reshipment of her cargo. Pilots had to pass fifteen days on board a convalescent ship. The expenses may be estimated from one or two examples. In 1820 the ''Asia'', 763 tons, arrived in the Medway with a foul bill from Alexandria, laden with linseed; her freight was £1475 and her quarantine dues £610. The same year the ''Pilato'', 495 tons, making the same voyage, paid £200 quarantine dues on a freight of £1060. In 1823 the expenses of the quarantine service (at various ports) were £26,090, and the dues paid by shipping (nearly all with clean bills) £22,000. A return for the United Kingdom and colonies in 1849 showed, among other details, that the expenses of the lazaret at Malta for ten years from 1839 to 1848 had been £53,553. From 1846 onwards the establishments in the United Kingdom were gradually reduced, while the last vestige of the British quarantine law was removed by the Public Health Act 1896, which repealed the Quarantine Act 1825 (with dependent clauses of other acts), and transferred from the privy council to the Local Government Board the powers to deal with ships arriving infected with yellow fever or plague, the powers to deal with cholera ships having been already transferred by the Public Health Act 1875. Important as both languages were, today the descendants of Latin (Romance language) are widely spoken in many parts of the world, while the Greek dialects are limited mostly to Greece, Cyprus, and small enclaves in Turkey and Southern Italy (where the Eastern Empire (Byzantine Empire) retained control for several more centuries). To some degree this can be attributed to the fact that the western provinces fell mainly to "Latinised" Christian (Germanic Christianity) tribes whereas the eastern provinces fell to Muslim Arabs and Turks for whom Greek held less cultural significance. dealt with the correspondence, in Greek for the eastern provinces, and in Latin for the western provinces. - Cyprus Malta 1940– RAF Akrotiri RAF Nicosia RAF Luqa Operation Musketeer (Operation Musketeer (1956)) also known as the Suez crisis involved RAF aircraft based on Malta and Cyprus. Although no RAF bases remain on Malta, RAF aircraft continue to be stationed at RAF Akrotiri on Cyprus. - style "background:#efefef; color:black" * The woman forged out of gold in Finnish myth The ''Kalevala'' (prehistoric folklore) * From 600 BC onward legends of talking bronze and clay statues coming to life have been a regular occurrence in the works of classical authors such as: Homer, Plato, Pindar, Tacitus, and Pliny (Pliny the Elder). In Book 18 of the ''Iliad'', Hephaestus the god of all mechanical arts, was assisted by two moving female statues made from gold – "living young damsels, filled with minds and wisdoms". Another legend has Hephaestus being commanded by Zeus to create the first woman, Pandora, out of clay. The myth of Pygmalion (Pygmalion (mythology)), king of Cyprus, tells of a lonely man who sculpted his ideal woman from ivory, Galatea (Galatea (mythology)), and then promptly fell in love with her after the goddess Aphrodite brings her to life. * '''Talos''' -The bronze giant Talos, in Apollonius of Rhodes' ''Argonautica'', 3rd century BCE. thumb upright Arms of King Richard I adopted towards the end of his reign, a version of the lion emblems or recognizance (File:Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg) used on the shield of his grandfather Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou(d.1151), which became fixed during his reign as the Royal Arms of England: ''Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or'' '''Richard I''' (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King (List of English monarchs) of England (Kingdom of England) from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes, and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period. He was known as ''' WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


award amp

;This tradition has been included by St Gregory Palamas into his book ''"Life of Petros the Athonite"'' p. 150, 1005AD. * 2001 Project


distinct natural

. 24; ssnp.com "Our Syria has distinct natural boundaries…" (accessed 30 June 2006). It is the largest political group in Syria after the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Syria Region ), http: www.debka.com headline.php?hid 5425 The SSNP is now Syria’s largest party after the ruling Ba'ath. with over 100,000 members. In Lebanon, it is part of the March 8 Alliance. Political Tenets


frequently history

Phoenician mythology , for whom Cyprus was an important cult centre, was later identified with (interpretatio graeca) Aphrodite. Prehistoric and Ancient Cyprus


music voice

at St Ignatius' College in Enfield (London Borough of Enfield). Sarbel studied music (voice), drama, and performing arts. From the age of 5 to 16 he performed at the English National Opera and the Royal Opera House Covent Garden and has recorded Tosca in English for Chandos Recordings as the shepherd boy. http: www.sonybmg.gr page artist artists_greek.asp?art_id 41 Early life Sarbel Michael was born and raised in Southgate, London, England, to a Cypriot (Cyprus) father, Elias, himself a singer and bouzouki player, and a Lebanese (Lebanese people) Maronite (Maronite Church) mother, a lawyer. Sarbel's family made frequent summer trips to Greece and Cyprus. He received a Jesuit education at St Ignatius' College in Enfield (London Borough of Enfield). Sarbel studied music (voice), drama, and performing arts. From the age of 5 to 16 he performed at the English National Opera and the Royal Opera House Covent Garden and has recorded Tosca in English for Chandos Recordings as the shepherd boy. http: www.sonybmg.gr page artist artists_greek.asp?art_id 41 250px thumb left The cover of ''Parakseno Sinesthima''. (Image:Sarbel parakseno synesthima.jpg) He shot into the limelight in 2004, when he recorded the oriental hit "Se pira sovara (Se Pira Sovara)" featuring Greek singerIrini Merkouri, which first introduced the young singer to fans in Greece, but also across the Middle East (especially Cyprus and Lebanon) WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus


created including

0-415-04684-X The Armenian Apostolic Church itself donated gifts in the area totaling around 800,000 rubles (Soviet ruble), 1,000 British sterling (Pound sterling), and 50,000 in Soviet rubles. Various fund raising committees were created including the first, on March 7, 1943 in New York City. '''BuySell Magazine''', published by BuySell International Real Estate (BuySell) in Paphos, Cyprus is a real estate magazine in Cyprus. "Re gamoto"

Cyprus

languages_type Minority languages languages Armenian (Armenian language) Cypriot Arabic languages2_type Vernaculars languages2 Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish demonym Cypriot ethnic_groups Greek Cypriots Turkish Cypriots Armenians (Armenians in Cyprus) Maronites (Maronites in Cyprus) ethnic_groups_year capital Nicosia latd 35 latm 10 latNS N longd 33 longm 22 longEW E government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional republic leader_title1 President (President of Cyprus) leader_name1 Nicos Anastasiades legislature accession EU date 1 May 2004 area_rank 168th area_label Total area_km2 9,251 area_sq_mi 3,572 percent_water 9 population_estimate 1,117,000 population_estimate_year 2011 population_estimate_rank population_census 838,897 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 90.7 population_density_sq_mi 234.85 population_density_rank 79th GDP_PPP $23.613 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2013 GDP_PPP_per_capita $27,085 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $23.006 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2012 GDP_nominal_per_capita $26,389 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2011 Gini_change Gini 29.1 Gini_ref Gini_rank 19th HDI_year 2013 HDI_change steady HDI 0.845 HDI_rank 32nd HDI_ref sovereignty_type Independence established_event1 Zürich and London Agreement established_date1 19 February 1959 established_event2 Independence proclaimed established_date2 16 August 1960 established_event3 established_date3 1 October 1960 established_event4 established_date4 1 May 2004 currency Euro currency_code EUR time_zone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 time_zone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 drives_on left (Right- and left-hand traffic) calling_code +357 (Telephone numbers in Cyprus) cctld .cy footnotes

'''Cyprus''' ( Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island (List of islands in the Mediterranean) in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.

The earliest known human activity (Prehistoric Cyprus) on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.

Cyprus was placed under British administration (Cyprus Convention) on 4 June 1878 (formally annexed by Britain on 5 November 1914, in response to the Ottoman government's decision to join World War I on the side of the Central Powers) until it was granted independence (London and Zurich Agreements) in 1960, Cyprus date of independence (click on Historical review) becoming a member of the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) in 1961. In 1963, the 11-year intercommunal violence (Cypriot intercommunal violence) between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots started, which almost sparked a war in 1964 between Turkey and Greece. The intercommunal violence, attempted coup by Greek forces and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement (Cypriot refugees) of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots Barbara Rose Johnston, Susan Slyomovics. ''Waging War, Making Peace: Reparations and Human Rights'' (2009), American Anthropological Association Reparations Task Force, p. 211 Morelli, Vincent. ''Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive'' (2011), DIANE Publishing, p. 10 and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, Borowiec, Andrew. ''Cyprus: A Troubled Island'' (2000), Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 125 and the establishment in 1983 of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north (Northern Cyprus). These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute (Cyprus dispute).

The Republic of Cyprus has ''de jure'' sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is ''de facto'' partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north,

Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.

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