2013-01-17 The island is the home to numerous examples of high quality religious icon painting from the Middle Ages (Cyprus in the Middle Ages) as well as many painted churches (List of painted churches in Cyprus). Cypriot architecture was heavily influenced by French Gothic (French Gothic architecture) and Italian renaissance (renaissance architecture) introduced in the island during the era of Latin domination (1191–1571). In modern times Cypriot art history begins
, enforcing trade sanctions, and fighting piracy and smuggling. In popular culture StWC is mentioned in the fictional 2004 publication by Sue Townsend: ''Adrian Mole and the Weapons of Mass Destruction''. In the satirical story, the protagonist, Adrian Mole, writes to Tony Blair in an attempt to retrieve his bond, after canceling a holiday to Cyprus due to the Blair Government's controversial 45 minute claim (September_Dossier#The 45 minute claim) from the 2002 September
to the Confraternity of Saint James, the London-based pilgrim association. Other journeys, on foot, also generated popular travel books and newspaper articles. International presence International PrivatBank network comprises such bank partners as MoscomPrivatBank (Russian Federation), AS PrivatBank (Latvia) (PrivatBank (Latvia)), AS PrivatBank ( Portugal ) and TaoPrivatBank (Georgia (Georgia_(country))).
"SummersTranscaspicus" territory Macedon, Thrace and Ionia gain independence from Persia place Mainland Greece, Thrace, Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt (Ancient Egypt) combatant1 Greek city states including Athens (Classical Athens) and Sparta The allied Greeks followed up their success by destroying the rest of the Persian fleet at the Battle of Mycale, before expelling Persian garrisons from Sestos (479 BC) and Byzantium
in the Balkans: The Overview; Milosevic to Get One 'Last Chance' to Avoid Bombing last Perlez first Jane date 1999-03-22 publisher The New York Times accessdate 2009-02-15 Holbrooke has written numerous articles about his experiences in the Balkans, and in 1998, published the widely acclaimed book, ''To End a War'', a memoir of his time as the chief negotiator of the Dayton Peace Accords, ending the Bosnian civil war. ''The New York Times'' ranked the book as one
for cenobites, based on those compiled by Theodore Studites and Basil of Caesarea. thumb Gecko being handled by a human (File:Hemidactylus turcicus.jpg) The "med gecko" is one of the most successful species of geckos in the world. Native to southern Europe, it has spread over much of the world and established stable populations far from its origins. Due to this it holds no threatened or endangered status. It can be found in Portugal, Spain, France, Italy
'' (The Star.com) 13 June 2007. However, a reference from 1973 states that he was a native of Philadelphia who moved to Toronto. Post-war
lazaret '' by the port authorities. Duchêne & Contrucci (2004), pages 361-362. Due largely to its monopoly on French trade with the Levant, this important port had a large stock of imported goods in warehouses and was actively expanding its trade with other areas of the Middle East and emerging markets in the New World. Powerful city merchants needed the silk and cotton cargo of the ship for the great medieval fair at Beaucaire (Beaucaire, Gard) and pressured
began to decline in the 18th century and the industry did not revive until 1872, when a school of lacemaking was opened. Lacemaking on the island boomed again, but few now make lace in the traditional manner as it is extremely time-consuming and therefore expensive. WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
tr Girne Kyrenia WikiPedia:Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle East Cyprus Commons:Category:Cyprus
languages_type Minority languages languages Armenian (Armenian language) Cypriot Arabic languages2_type Vernaculars languages2 Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish demonym Cypriot ethnic_groups Greek Cypriots Turkish Cypriots Armenians (Armenians in Cyprus) Maronites (Maronites in Cyprus) ethnic_groups_year capital Nicosia latd 35 latm 10 latNS N longd 33 longm 22 longEW E government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional republic leader_title1 President (President of Cyprus) leader_name1 Nicos Anastasiades legislature accession EU date 1 May 2004 area_rank 168th area_label Total area_km2 9,251 area_sq_mi 3,572 percent_water 9 population_estimate 1,117,000 population_estimate_year 2011 population_estimate_rank population_census 838,897 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 90.7 population_density_sq_mi 234.85 population_density_rank 79th GDP_PPP $23.613 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2013 GDP_PPP_per_capita $27,085 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $23.006 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2012 GDP_nominal_per_capita $26,389 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2011 Gini_change Gini 29.1 Gini_ref Gini_rank 19th HDI_year 2013 HDI_change steady HDI 0.845 HDI_rank 32nd HDI_ref sovereignty_type Independence established_event1 Zürich and London Agreement established_date1 19 February 1959 established_event2 Independence proclaimed established_date2 16 August 1960 established_event3 established_date3 1 October 1960 established_event4 established_date4 1 May 2004 currency Euro currency_code EUR time_zone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 time_zone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 drives_on left (Right- and left-hand traffic) calling_code +357 (Telephone numbers in Cyprus) cctld .cy footnotes
'''Cyprus''' ( Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island (List of islands in the Mediterranean) in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.
The earliest known human activity (Prehistoric Cyprus) on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world.
Cyprus was placed under British administration (Cyprus Convention) on 4 June 1878 (formally annexed by Britain on 5 November 1914, in response to the Ottoman government's decision to join World War I on the side of the Central Powers) until it was granted independence (London and Zurich Agreements) in 1960, Cyprus date of independence (click on Historical review) becoming a member of the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) in 1961. In 1963, the 11-year intercommunal violence (Cypriot intercommunal violence) between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots started, which almost sparked a war in 1964 between Turkey and Greece. The intercommunal violence, attempted coup by Greek forces and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement (Cypriot refugees) of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots Barbara Rose Johnston, Susan Slyomovics. ''Waging War, Making Peace: Reparations and Human Rights'' (2009), American Anthropological Association Reparations Task Force, p. 211 Morelli, Vincent. ''Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive'' (2011), DIANE Publishing, p. 10 and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, Borowiec, Andrew. ''Cyprus: A Troubled Island'' (2000), Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 125 and the establishment in 1983 of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north (Northern Cyprus). These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute (Cyprus dispute).
The Republic of Cyprus has ''de jure'' sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is ''de facto'' partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north,
Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.