Constanța

What is Constanța known for?


black characters

at the beginning of Mamaia and from there you must walk, take a taxi or a mini van. By taxi The best option is a taxi. A legal taxi must be painted yellow and must have the fee written with green or black characters on the driver's door. Always insist on starting the meter and try to avoid the cabs with red tariffs right next to the train station who, as in every major city, try to take advantage of tourists. Walk 100 meters from the station and only then wave to a cab. The typical fee from the train station to Mamaia is maximum €5, €10 to the end of Mamaia (The typical fee is: 1,79lei km during the day; 2,15lei km during the night and 2,75lei km outside the city limits. The prices are available in October 2011). You can ask in advance the taxi driver how much does he think the ride will cost. If it is more than €10 do not accept. Taxis do not accept credit card payments. By bike In Constanţa there are no paths for bike, but it is safe to ride the bike on the main road. There is a free rental service sponsored by Raiffeisen Bank, located in Parcul Tabacarie, which runs from June to October. You can rent the bike with your ID or passport for 2 hours with the option to extend for another 2 hours. On foot Walking in Constanţa is one of the great pleasures of visiting the city. It is possible to cross the entire city in only a few hours. Be aware of dogs. See Constanţa has been continuously inhabited for 2500 years so there is a lot to see: * '''The old Casino''' and the surrounding promenade was opened in 1911. It was built in the Art Nouveau style and conceived by two architects, Petre Antonescu and Daniel Renard (of Swiss extraction but born in Romania). * '''The statue of Ovid''' (Born 43 BC in Sulmona, died in AD 17 in Tomis Constanţa). The statue by Ettore Ferrari was erected in 1887 after a public subscription (the same statue can be seen in Sulmona). In AD 09 Ovid was sent in exile by Augustus for obscure reasons. He wrote his Tristia in Tomis. thumb 150px right Interior of Great Mosque (File:Interior of Great Mosque.jpg) *'''The Great Mosque''', a stone's throw from Ovidiu Square, was the first public building made of concrete in Romania (1910), a gift from King Carol I to the local Muslim community. The Mosque is built in Moorish style in honor of Sultan Mohamed II. It hosts a carpet brought ​​in 1965 from the island of Ada Kaleh, a Sultan Abdul Hamid (1876-1909) donation, work of the famous Herek handicraft center in Turkey. *'''Roman Mosaic Edifice''' (''Edificiul Roman cu Mozaic'') Utility work undertaken in 1959 in Ovidiu Square led to the discovery of one of the most important monuments of ancient Tomis - Roman mosaic edifice. Located on the western shore, the complex was built in three terraces and connects the city and the ancient port.Monumental building - with over 2,000 square meters of mosaic - was erected in the 4th century AD, probably under Emperor Constantine the Great, being repaired at various stages by the end of the 6th century, when their existence ends, falling in decay ruin with the commercial activities of the city. From the initial 2,000 square meters area still maintains about 700 m square - but enough to infer that we are in front of a large port construction. Upper terrace was occupied by an impressive hall (100m long and 20 m wide), probably covered in antiquity, with a huge dome supported by pillars. From this room there are still today part of the long wall and one of the side walls. The first presents an arcade ordinance open to the sea, is covered entirely with white marble and polychrome plywood. Pillars decorated with beautiful arches Areu capitals decorated with acanthus leaves zoomorphic or anthropomorphic figures and center. Museums * Wikipedia:Constanța Commons:Category:Constanţa


related important

Category:Pontic Greeks Category:Ancient Greek cities Category:Port cities and towns in Romania Category:Port cities of the Black Sea Category:Populated places established in the 1st millennium BC Category:Place names of Greek origin in Romania Category:World Digital Library related Important cities along the coast include Batumi, Burgas, Constanța, Giresun, Hopa, Istanbul, Kerch, Kherson, Mangalia, Năvodari, Novorossiysk, Odessa


national history

ex Ponto ''. Tomis was "by his account a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire". The Cambridge Companion to Ovid ed. Philip Hardie p.235. thumb left 250px Statue of Ovid in front of the Museum of National History (File:Statue of Ovid and National History Museum in Constantza.jpg) A statue of Ovid stands in the Ovid Square (''Piața Ovidiu'') of Constanța, in front of the History Museum (the former City Hall). A number of inscriptions found in the city and its vicinity show that Constanța lies where Tomis once stood. The city was afterwards included in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, in Scythia Minor, of which it was the metropolis. After the 5th century, Tomis fell under the rule of the Eastern Roman Empire. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, Tomis was besieged by the Avars in the winter of 597 598. Tomis was later renamed to Constantiana in honour of Constantia (Flavia Julia Constantia), the half-sister of Roman (Roman Empire) Emperor Constantine the Great (274-337). The earliest known usage of this name was "Κωνστάντια" ("Constantia") in 950. The city lay at the seaward end of the Great Wall of Trajan (Trajan's Wall), and has evidently been surrounded by fortifications of its own. After successively becoming part of the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, and later of the independent principality of Dobrotitsa Dobrotici and of Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, Constanța fell under the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule around 1419. A railroad linking Constanța to Cernavodă was opened in 1860. In spite of damage done by railway contractors there are considerable remains of ancient masonry walls, pillars, etc. An impressive public building, thought to have originally been a port building, has been excavated, and contains the substantial remains of one of the longest mosaic pavements in the world. In 1878, after the Romanian War of Independence, Constanța and the rest of Northern Dobruja were ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Romania. The city became Romania's main seaport and transit point for much of Romania's exports. On October 22, 1916 (during World War I), the Central Powers (German, Turkish and Bulgarian troops) occupied Constanța. According to the Treaty of Bucharest (Treaty of Bucharest, 1918) in May 1918, article 10.b (a treaty never ratified by Romania), Constanța remained under the joint control of the Central Powers. Allied troops liberated the city in 1918 after the successful offensive on the Thessaloniki front knocked Bulgaria out of the war. In the interwar years, the city became Romania's main commercial hub, so that by the 1930s over half of the national exports were going through the port. During World War II, when Romania joined the Axis powers, Constanța was one of the country's main targets for the Allied (Allies of World War II) bombers. While the town was left relatively undamaged, the port suffered extensive damage, recovering only in the early 1950s. Geography thumb Mamaia (File:Mamaia Hotel Parc.jpg), administratively a district of Constanța thumb Mamaia, view towards Constanța (File:Mamaia Beach (September 2013).JPG) Constanța is the administrative center of the county with the same name (Constanţa County) and the largest city in the EU (European Union) Southeastern development region (Sud-Est (development region)) of Romania. The city is located on the Black Sea coast, having a beach length of Wikipedia:Constanța Commons:Category:Constanţa


great scientific

instruments, documents and photographs, fire arms, propellers, lighthouses lenses, flags, paintings, exhibits of great scientific value and documentary. Open hours: 9AM-5PM (during summer); 10AM-6PM (during winter). thumb upright The Genoese Lighthouse (File:Farul Genovez, Constanta.jpg) *'''The Sea's Museum''' with the Genovese Lighthouse, behind the statue of Eminescu, on the sea front. Although built between 1858-1860, on the rock of the southeast corner of the Tomitane Peninsula, by an English company, the Lighthouse is called "Genovese Lighthouse" in memory of another time Lighthouse merchants having a white light, last time running being in 1913, and a few years later, in 1948, was restored for the last time and gave to the tourist circuit. *'''The ''Ion Jalea'' Sculpture Museum''', Arhiepiscopiei Street, 26. Ion Jalea Museum is arranged in a building built in the interwar period by architect C. Pariano in Brancoveanu style. Museum shows more than 120 donated works in bronze and plaster by artist Ion Jalea to his hometown. * Wikipedia:Constanța Commons:Category:Constanţa


public building

of Dobrotitsa Dobrotici and of Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, Constanța fell under the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule around 1419. A railroad linking Constanța to Cernavodă was opened in 1860. In spite of damage done by railway contractors there are considerable remains of ancient masonry walls, pillars, etc. An impressive public building, thought to have originally been a port building, has been excavated, and contains the substantial remains of one of the longest mosaic pavements in the world. In 1878, after the Romanian War of Independence, Constanța and the rest of Northern Dobruja were ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Romania. The city became Romania's main seaport and transit point for much of Romania's exports. On October 22, 1916 (during World War I), the Central Powers (German, Turkish and Bulgarian troops) occupied Constanța. According to the Treaty of Bucharest (Treaty of Bucharest, 1918) in May 1918, article 10.b (a treaty never ratified by Romania), Constanța remained under the joint control of the Central Powers. Allied troops liberated the city in 1918 after the successful offensive on the Thessaloniki front knocked Bulgaria out of the war. In the interwar years, the city became Romania's main commercial hub, so that by the 1930s over half of the national exports were going through the port. During World War II, when Romania joined the Axis powers, Constanța was one of the country's main targets for the Allied (Allies of World War II) bombers. While the town was left relatively undamaged, the port suffered extensive damage, recovering only in the early 1950s. Geography thumb Mamaia (File:Mamaia Hotel Parc.jpg), administratively a district of Constanța thumb Mamaia, view towards Constanța (File:Mamaia Beach (September 2013).JPG) Constanța is the administrative center of the county with the same name (Constanţa County) and the largest city in the EU (European Union) Southeastern development region (Sud-Est (development region)) of Romania. The city is located on the Black Sea coast, having a beach length of Wikipedia:Constanța Commons:Category:Constanţa


614

; * '''Adris''', Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. - +40 241-550-611; * '''Albatros''', Str. Traian, Nr. 52; Tel. - +40 241-615-717; * '''Amarilis''', Str. I.C. Brătianu; Tel. - +40 241-511-185; Fax - +40 241-692-679; * '''Ambient''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 191; Tel. - +40 241-614-401; * '''Aristocrat''', B-dul Tomis, Nr. 279; Tel. - +40 241-692-021; * '''Aspendos''', B-dul Tomis, Nr. 48; Tel. - +40 241-617-612; * '''Astoria''', P-ţa Ovidiu, Nr. 5; Tel. - +40 241-611-285; * '''Au Coq Simpa''', Str. Ştefan

cel Mare, Nr. 19; Tel. - +40 241-614-797; * '''Avanti''', B-dul Tomis, Nr. 334; Tel. - +40 241-693-992; * '''Bad Rock''', Str. Călăraşi, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40 721-204-000; * '''Balada''', B-dul 1 Decembrie 1918, Nr. 12; Tel. - +40 241-625-327; * '''Bel Ami''', Str. Poporului, Nr. 24; Tel. - +40 241-609-522; *

; Tel. - +40 241-617-814; Fax - +40 241-618-285 * '''Maria''', B-dul 1 Decembrie 1918, Nr. 2D; Tel. - +40 241-611-711; Fax - +40 241-616-852 * '''Millennium''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 135; Tel. - +40 241-607-317; Fax - +40 241-607-341 * '''Minihotel Adry'S''', Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. +40 241-550-611; Fax. +40 241-550-661 * '''Oxford''', B-dul Alexandru Lăpuşneanu intersecţie cu B-dul Aurel Vlaicu * '''Palace''', Str. Remus Opreanu, Nr. 5-7; Tel. - +40 241-614-696 Splurge * '''Bulevard


692

'' (a sort of thin pancake used as a substitute for bread by Turks), very good and not that expensive (around 7 lei for a small one and 10 lei for a big one). *'''International fast-food''' **McDonald's (Tomis Mall: ground floor, 3rd floor, Delfinariu Area, City Park Mall: Park Level) **KFC (Tomis Mall: 3rd floor; TOM; City Park Mall: Park Level) **Pizza Hut (Str. Rascoalei; TOM; City Park Mall: Lake Level) **Spring Time (TOM) * '''Acropolis''', Str. General Manu, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40 742-692-234

; * '''Adris''', Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. - +40 241-550-611; * '''Albatros''', Str. Traian, Nr. 52; Tel. - +40 241-615-717; * '''Amarilis''', Str. I.C. Brătianu; Tel. - +40 241-511-185; Fax - +40 241-692-679; * '''Ambient''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 191; Tel. - +40 241-614-401; * '''Aristocrat''', B-dul Tomis, Nr. 279; Tel. - +40 241-692-021; * '''Aspendos''', B-dul Tomis, Nr. 48; Tel. - +40 241-617-612; * '''Astoria''', P-ţa Ovidiu, Nr. 5; Tel. - +40 241-611-285; * '''Au Coq Simpa''', Str. Ştefan

. Mid-range * '''Adris''', Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. - +40 241-550-611; Fax - +40 241-550-611 * '''Amarilis''', B-dul I.C. Brătianu; Tel. - +40 241-511-185; Fax - +40 241-692-679 * '''Capri''', Str. Mircea cel Bătrân, Nr. 109; Tel. - +40 241-553-090; Fax - +40 241-553-090 * '''Cora''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 201; Tel. - +40 241-555-575; Fax - +40 241-613-179 * '''Guci''', Str. Răscoalei din 1907, Nr. 23; Tel. - +40 241-695-500; Fax - +40 241-638-426 * '''Intim''', Str. N. Titulescu, Nr. 7-9


building made

in Tomis. thumb 150px right Interior of Great Mosque (File:Interior of Great Mosque.jpg) *'''The Great Mosque''', a stone's throw from Ovidiu Square, was the first public building made of concrete in Romania (1910), a gift from King Carol I to the local Muslim community. The Mosque is built in Moorish style in honor of Sultan Mohamed II. It hosts a carpet brought ​​in 1965 from the island of Ada Kaleh, a Sultan Abdul Hamid (1876-1909) donation, work of the famous Herek handicraft center in Turkey


international high

and Telecommunication High School ** George Călinescu High School ** Ovidius High School ** Decebal High School (Decebal High School (Constanţa)) ** Traian High School ** Computer Science International High School ** "Nicolae Rotaru" Sports High School ** Orthodox Theological Seminary ** National College of Arts "Queen Marie" * International Schools


popular art

Ovidiu, (, +40241618763) displays an impressive collection of pieces from the Greek and Roman antiquity (for example, the Glykon Snake, Fortuna and Pontos, Two-faced Nemesis and countless amphoras). Also outside the museum there are some marble tombs and artifacts. Open hours: 1 May-30 September:daily 8AM-5PM; 1 October-30 April: Wednesday-Sunday 9AM-5PM. (Monday, Tuesday closed) *'''The Popular Art Museum''', Aristide Karatzali Street (+40241616133). Open hours: 9AM-8PM (during summer); 10AM

Constanța

'''Constanța''' ( ), is the oldest still-populated city in Romania. It was founded around 600 BC. The city is located in the Dobruja region of Romania, on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of Constanța County (Constanţa County) and the largest city in the region.

Constanța is the fifth most populous city in Romania. The Constanța metropolitan area (Constanţa metropolitan area) includes 14 localities within of the city, and, with 425,916 inhabitants, it is the second largest metropolitan area in Romania (Metropolitan areas in Romania).

The Port of Constanța (Port of Constanţa) has an area of

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