Commander Islands

What is Commander Islands known for?


international year

to extinction by around 1850. There is no true forest on the Commander Islands. The vegetation is dominated by lichens, mosses and different associations of marshy plants with low grass and dwarf trees. Very tall umbellifers are also common. There are no amphibians or reptiles. History File:Bering


including wild

terrestrial fauna includes two distinct, endemic subspecies of arctic fox, (''Alopex lagopus semenovi'' and ''A. l. beringensis''). Though relatively healthy now, these populations had been significantly depleted in the past due to the fur trade. Most other terrestrial species, including wild reindeer, American mink, and rats have all been introduced to the islands by man. Over a million seabirds gather to nest on numerous large colonies along almost all


quot great

name silverstein35 The surviving crew members, which included naturalist Georg Steller, discovered sea otters on the beaches of the island and spent the winter hunting sea otters and gambling with otter pelts. They returned to Siberia having killed nearly 1000 sea otters, and were able to command high prices for the pelts. Silverstein, p. 35 Thus began what is sometimes called the "Great Hunt", which


extremely local

the coastal cliffs. The most common are northern fulmar, common (Common guillemot), brunnich's (Brunnich's guillemot) and pigeon guillemots, horned (Horned puffin) and tufted puffins, cormorants, gulls, and kittiwakes including the extremely local red-legged kittiwake which nests in only a few other colonies in the world. Waterfowl and sandpipers are also abundant along the pre-lake depressions and river valleys of Bering Island, though largely absent from


title analysis

first6 DC year 2002 title Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Diversity in the Aleuts of the Commander Islands and Its Implications for the Genetic History of Beringia url journal American Journal of Human Genetics volume 71 issue 2 pages 415–21 doi 10.1086 341720 pmid 12082644 pmc 379174 The majority of the islands' area, as well as much of the adjacent marine habitat ( ), is taken up by the Komandorsky Zapovednik, a natural preserve


great abundance

by a great abundance of marine animal life and a relative paucity of terrestrial organisms. Notably, significant numbers of northern fur seals (some 200,000 individuals) and Steller sea lions (approximately 5,000 individuals


fast running

–56 date January 1961 jstor 4082233 The fish fauna in the mountainous, fast running streams in composed primarily of migratory salmonids, including Arctic char, Dolly Varden (Dolly Varden trout), black spotted trout, chinook (Chinook salmon), sockeye (sockeye salmon), coho and pink salmon. Bering Island was the only known habitat of Steller's sea cows, an immense (over 4000 kg) sirenian similar to the manatee. The sea cow was hunted to extinction within 27 years of its discovery in 1741. ), also spelled ''Mednyy'' or ''Mednyi'', sometimes called '''Copper Island''' in English, is the smaller (after Bering Island) of the two main islands in the Commander Islands in the North Pacific Ocean, east of Kamchatka, Russia. (The other fifteen are better described as islets and rocks.) These islands belong to the Kamchatka Krai of the Russian Federation. The '''Whiskered Auklet''', ''Aethia pygmaea'', is a small seabird of the auk family (family (biology)). It has a more restricted range than other members of its genus, ''Aethia'', living only around the Aleutian Islands and on some islands off Siberia (like Commander Islands), and breeding on these islands. It is one of the smallest alcids, only the closely related Least Auklet being smaller. Its name is derived from the long white feathers on its face that are part of its breeding plumage. As the ship was preparing for her next cruise, a violent earthquake shook San Francisco on 18 April 1906, and a disastrous fire ensued. ''Albatross'' assisted greatly in the relief efforts. Underway on 3 May, the ship sailed for the familiar climes of the Aleutians, and, during the cruise, ranged as far as the Commander Islands (Komandorskis) and the Sea of Okhotsk, and even visited the coasts of Japan and Korea. She investigated the salmon fisheries, the distribution of the various types of fish which inhabited the waters she traversed, and conducted scientific explorations of the northern Pacific Ocean. Tragically, on the return leg of the voyage, her captain, Lt. Comdr. LeRoy M. Garrett, was washed overboard in rough seas on 21 November 1906. The ship, under the command of Lt. (later Admiral) Arthur J. Hepburn ultimately reached San Francisco on 10 December 1906. ! Komandor (Komandorsky Zapovednik) Kamchatka Krai 36487 (14088) 1993 Includes the Commander Islands off the coast of Kamchatka Peninsula in the Pacific Ocean - He later settled in a small village Kultuk and began detailed studying of Baikal Lake with some technical support of Russian Geographical Society. He served as a medical doctor for indigenous population of Kamchatka, Aleutian Islands, Commander Islands, Bering Island, making four trips per year around the populated areas there.


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terrestrial fauna includes two distinct, endemic subspecies of arctic fox, (''Alopex lagopus semenovi'' and ''A. l. beringensis''). Though relatively healthy now, these populations had been significantly depleted in the past due to the fur trade. Most other terrestrial species, including wild reindeer, American mink, and rats have all been introduced to the islands by man. Over a million seabirds gather to nest on numerous large colonies along almost all

–56 date January 1961 jstor 4082233 The fish fauna in the mountainous, fast running streams in composed primarily of migratory salmonids, including Arctic char, Dolly Varden (Dolly Varden trout), black spotted trout, chinook (Chinook salmon), sockeye (sockeye salmon), coho and pink salmon. Bering Island was the only known habitat of Steller's sea cows, an immense (over 4000 kg) sirenian similar to the manatee. The sea cow was hunted

, R.G. (1987) Aleuts: Noted on their ethnological history (in Russian) and to the Pribilof Islands (currently in Alaska), where there are currently established majority Aleut communities. Bonner, W. N. (1982) Seals and Man: A Study of Interactions. Seattle: University of Washington Press Corbett, H.D. and S. M Swibold. (2000) The Aleuts of the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. book chapter in "Endangered people of the Arctic. Struggle to Survive


712

. The larger island to the west is Bering Island; the smaller island is Medny (Medny Island). ethnic_groups admin_center_type Settlement admin_center Nikolskoye (Nikolskoye, Kamchatka Krai) latd 55 latm 12 latNS N longd 165 longm 59 longEW E area_km2 1,846 area_sq_mi 712 population_estimate 613 population_estimate_year 2009 !--(taken from article text)-->


largest member

; * Pribilof Islands * Komandorski Islands (Commander Islands), including Bering Island * St. Lawrence Island '''Steller's sea cow''' (''Hydrodamalis gigas'') was a large, herbivorous marine mammal. It was the largest member of the order Sirenia, which includes its closest living relative, the dugong (''Dugong dugon''), and the manatees (''Trichechus'' spp.). Formerly abundant throughout the North Pacific, its range was limited to a single, isolated population surrounding the uninhabited Commander Islands in 1741 when it was first described by Georg Wilhelm Steller, chief naturalist on an expedition (Second Kamchatka Expedition) led by explorer Vitus Bering. ), also spelled ''Mednyy'' or ''Mednyi'', sometimes called '''Copper Island''' in English, is the smaller (after Bering Island) of the two main islands in the Commander Islands in the North Pacific Ocean, east of Kamchatka, Russia. (The other fifteen are better described as islets and rocks.) These islands belong to the Kamchatka Krai of the Russian Federation. The '''Whiskered Auklet''', ''Aethia pygmaea'', is a small seabird of the auk family (family (biology)). It has a more restricted range than other members of its genus, ''Aethia'', living only around the Aleutian Islands and on some islands off Siberia (like Commander Islands), and breeding on these islands. It is one of the smallest alcids, only the closely related Least Auklet being smaller. Its name is derived from the long white feathers on its face that are part of its breeding plumage. As the ship was preparing for her next cruise, a violent earthquake shook San Francisco on 18 April 1906, and a disastrous fire ensued. ''Albatross'' assisted greatly in the relief efforts. Underway on 3 May, the ship sailed for the familiar climes of the Aleutians, and, during the cruise, ranged as far as the Commander Islands (Komandorskis) and the Sea of Okhotsk, and even visited the coasts of Japan and Korea. She investigated the salmon fisheries, the distribution of the various types of fish which inhabited the waters she traversed, and conducted scientific explorations of the northern Pacific Ocean. Tragically, on the return leg of the voyage, her captain, Lt. Comdr. LeRoy M. Garrett, was washed overboard in rough seas on 21 November 1906. The ship, under the command of Lt. (later Admiral) Arthur J. Hepburn ultimately reached San Francisco on 10 December 1906. ! Komandor (Komandorsky Zapovednik) Kamchatka Krai 36487 (14088) 1993 Includes the Commander Islands off the coast of Kamchatka Peninsula in the Pacific Ocean - He later settled in a small village Kultuk and began detailed studying of Baikal Lake with some technical support of Russian Geographical Society. He served as a medical doctor for indigenous population of Kamchatka, Aleutian Islands, Commander Islands, Bering Island, making four trips per year around the populated areas there.

Commander Islands

The '''Commander Islands''' or '''Komandorski''' or '''Komandorskie Islands''' ( west of the only settlement, Nikolskoye (Nikolskoye, Kamchatka Krai). Administratively (Administrative divisions of Kamchatka Krai), they compose Aleutsky District of Kamchatka Krai.

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