Colonial Brazil

What is Colonial Brazil known for?


contemporary portrait

thumb right 240px Non-contemporary portrait by Victor Meirelles de Lima '''António Filipe Camarão''' (c. 1580 – August 24, 1648) was a Native American (Indigenous peoples in Brazil) from the tribe of the Potiguar near the Rio Grande do Norte area of the Portuguese colony of Brazil (Colonial Brazil). His original tribal name was Poti, which means prawn (port. Camarão). He was born in the neighbourhood of Igapó, in Natal, or, according to some other historians


large industry

fishermen populate the island. The fishing boats, the lacemakers, the folklore, the cuisine and the colonial architecture (Colonial Brazil) contribute to the growing tourism and attract resources that compensate for the lack of any large industry. Villages immersed in tradition (Culture of Brazil) and history (History of Brazil), such as Santo Antônio de Lisboa and Ribeirão da Ilha still resist the advances of modernity.


made great

, the city has made great strides in reducing its historical dependence on agriculture (Agriculture in Brazil) for its prosperity. The term ''afrancesado'' in Portugal is connected with liberal politicians who organized the Revolution of Porto, begun on August 25, 1820. Demanding the rule of law as opposed to William Carr Beresford (William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford)'s arbitrary regime, calling for the return of King (List of Portuguese monarchs) John VI (John VI of Portugal) - who had preferred to remain in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil (Colonial Brazil)), where he had transferred the Portuguese Court (Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil) during the French invasion.


century main

, in the states of São Paulo (São Paulo (state)) (most markedly on the countryside and rural areas); southern Minas Gerais, northern Paraná (Paraná (state)), southeastern Mato Grosso do Sul. Depending on the vision of what constitutes ''caipira'', Triângulo Mineiro, Southern Goiás, the remaining parts of Mato Grosso do Sul, and the frontier of ''caipira'' in Minas Gerais is expanded some further northerly, sufficiently to include localities in the "Zona da Mata Mineira", nevertheless does not reach Belo Horizonte expanded metropolitan area. It is often said that ''caipira'' appeared by decreolization of São Paulo's língua brasílica (Old Tupi) and its related língua geral paulista, a former lingua franca in most of the contemporary Centro-Sul of Brazil before the 18th century, spoken by most of the ''bandeirantes'', interior pioneers of Colonial Brazil, closely related to its Northern counterpart Nheengatu, and that is why the dialect shows many general differences from other variants of the language. http: www.sosaci.org balaio2.htm Nheengatu and caipira dialect Nevertheless, its most marked difference from ''fluminense'' and many other Brazilian dialects, the postalveolar (postalveolar consonant) "r" instead of the usual guttural "r" (Guttural R#Portuguese), is often said do derivate from the transmutation of the traditional ''paulista'' feature alveolar flap in combination with the presence of American immigrants (American Brazilian). In Greater Campinas, which happens to be the center of American immigration in Brazil, ''caipira'' accent is particularly distinctive. As a result of the influx of immigrants to Brazil from the late 19th to the early 20th century, one may find in Rio de Janeiro and its metropolitan area (Greater Rio de Janeiro) communities of Levantine Arabs (Arab Brazilian) (mostly Christian (Arab Christians) or Irreligious (Demographics of atheism#South America)), Spaniards (Spanish immigration to Brazil), Italians (Italian Brazilian), Germans (German Brazilian), Japanese (Japanese Brazilians),


contemporary translation

;Frederick A. De Armas, ''Ovid in the Age of Cervantes'' (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010), pp. 11-12. In the 16th century, Ovid's works were criticized in England. The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London ordered that a contemporary translation of Ovid's love poems be publicly burned in 1599. The Puritans of the following century viewed Ovid as pagan, thus as an immoral influence. Ovid's ''Metamorphoses'', Alan H. F. Griffin


commercial ties

Francisco in Historic Centre (Historic Centre (Neighborhood)). Throughout Brazilian history (History of Brazil) Salvador has played an important role.. Throughout the colonial era (Colonial Brazil) Salvador was the colony's largest and most important city. Because of its location (Location (geography)) on Brazil's northeastern coast, the city served as an important link in the Portuguese empire, maintaining close commercial ties with Portugal and Portuguese colonies


strong commitment

of Brazil various indigenous peoples and tribes which had developed neither a writing system nor school education. The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was since its beginnings in 1540, a missionary order. Evangelisation was one of the main goals of the Jesuits, but they were also committed to teaching and education, both in Europe and overseas. The missionary activities, both in the cities and in the countryside, were complemented by a strong commitment to Education in Portugal


famous translation

, ''Greece & Rome'', Second Series, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Apr., 1977), pp. 57–70. Cambridge University Press. John Dryden composed a famous translation of the ''Metamorphoses'' into stopped rhyming couples during the 18th century, when Ovid was "refashioned ... in its own image, one kind of Augustanism making over another." The Romantic movement of the 19th century, in contrast, considered Ovid and his poems "stuffy, dull, over-formalized and lacking in genuine passion." Romantics might have preferred his poetry of exile. Peter Green (trad.), ''The poems of exile: Tristia and the Black Sea letters'' (University of California Press, 2005), p. xiv. ISBN 0-520-24260-2, ISBN 978-0-520-24260-9 The picture ''Ovid among the Scythians'', painted by Delacroix (Eugène Delacroix), portrays the last years of the poet in exile in Scythia, and was seen by Baudelaire, Gautier (Théophile Gautier) and Edgar Degas. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2007–2008," in The Metropolitan Museum of Art ''Bulletin'', v. 66, no. 2 (Fall, 2008). Baudelaire took the opportunity to write a long essay about the life of an exiled poet like Ovid. Timothy Bell Raser, ''The simplest of signs: Victor Hugo and the language of images in France'', 1850-1950 (University of Delaware Press, 2004), p.127. ISBN 0-87413-867-1, ISBN 978-0-87413-867-2 These informations show that the exile of Ovid had some influence in 19th century Romanticism since it makes connections with its key concepts such as the wildness and the misunderstood genius (Genius). Matt Cartmill, ''A View to a Death in the Morning: Hunting and Nature Through History'', Harvard University Press, 1996, p.118-19. ISBN 0-674-93736-8 Trade was mostly with the Portuguese colony of Brazil (Colonial Brazil); Brazilian ships were the most numerous in the ports of Luanda and Benguela. By this time, Angola, a Portuguese colony, was in fact like a colony of Brazil, paradoxically another Portuguese colony. A strong Brazilian influence was also exercised by the Jesuits in religion and education. War gradually gave way to the philosophy of trade The term ''afrancesado'' in Portugal is connected with liberal politicians who organized the Revolution of Porto, begun on August 25, 1820. Demanding the rule of law as opposed to William Carr Beresford (William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford)'s arbitrary regime, calling for the return of King (List of Portuguese monarchs) John VI (John VI of Portugal) - who had preferred to remain in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil (Colonial Brazil)), where he had transferred the Portuguese Court (Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil) during the French invasion.


small commercial

to Lisbon. Recognized by Portugal in 1825. - From 1580 to 1670 mostly, the Bandeirantes in Brazil focused on slave hunting, then from 1670–1750 they focused on mineral wealth. Through these expeditions and the Dutch–Portuguese War, Colonial Brazil expanded from the small limits of the Tordesilhas Line to roughly the same borders as current Brazil. Most of the population lives on the island's central and northern half. The southern half is less inhabited. Many small commercial fishermen


amp nearby

center 1737 bgcolor #FFE5CC The Kingdom of Portugal moves the capital of its colony of the State of Maranhão (Colonial Brazil) from São Luís to Belém. list2 '''Africa & nearby Islands:''' Aguz (Souira Guedima) Souira Guedima, Morocco (1506-1525) Arguin Arguin

Colonial Brazil

native_name Brasil Colônia conventional_long_name Colonial Brazil common_name Brazil continent South America region Brazil country Brazil status Colony of Portugal (Kingdom of Portugal) government_type Colony empire Portugal year_start 1500 year_end 1815 date_start 22 April date_end 16 December event_start Arrival of Pedro Álvares Cabral on behalf of the Portuguese Empire event_end Elevation to Kingdom and creation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves p1 Indigenous peoples in Brazil flag_p1 s1 United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves flag_s1 Flag United Kingdom Portugal Brazil Algarves.svg image_flag Flag Princes of Brazil.svg image_coat Brazil colonial blason.svg image_map Brazil states1789.png image_map_caption Brazil in 1789. capital Salvador (Salvador, Bahia) (1549–1763) Rio de Janeiro (1763–1815) latd 12 latm 58 lats 15 latNS S longd 38 longm 30 longs 39 longEW W national_motto national_anthem common_languages Portuguese (Portuguese language) religion Roman Catholic (Roman Catholic Church) currency Portuguese real leader1 Manuel I (Manuel I of Portugal) (first) leader2 Maria I (Maria I of Portugal) (last) year_leader1 1500–1521 year_leader2 1777–1815 title_leader Monarch (Monarchs of Portugal) deputy1 Tomé de Sousa (first) deputy2 Marcos de Noronha, 8th Count of the Arcos (last) year_deputy1 1549–1553 year_deputy2 1806–1808 title_deputy Viceroy

'''Colonial Brazil''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language): ''Brasil Colônia'') comprises the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese (Portugal), until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to a kingdom alongside Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. During the early 300 years of Brazilian colonial history, the economic exploitation of the territory was based first on brazilwood extraction (16th century), sugar production (16th–18th centuries), and finally on gold and diamond (diamond (gemstone)) mining (18th century). Slaves, especially those brought from Africa, provided most of the working force of the Brazilian economy.

In contrast to the neighboring fragmented Spanish possessions, the Portuguese colony, built up by the Portuguese (Portuguese people) in Latin America, kept its territorial unity and linguistic integrity after independence, giving rise to the largest country in the region.

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