(4,000,000), the Chechens (1,330,000 (according to 2002 Russian Census (Russian Census (2002)))), the Lezgins (about 700,000 (source Lezgins)), the Kabardins (600,000) and the Avars (500,000), while outside the Caucasus, the largest people of Caucasian origin, in diaspora in more than 40 countries (such as Jordan, Turkey, the countries of Europe, Syria, United States) are the Circassians with about 3,000,000-4,000,000 speakers. Georgians are the only Caucasian people
. On a lighter note, Chechnya is a country of extraordinary beauty, full of majestic mountains with lush vegetation and ''auls'' (mountaintop villages) rising above the tree lines; rapid rivers have cut spectacular gorges throughout the region. Chechen culture is distinctly romantic and chivalric. It is at once steeped in Islamic Sufi mysticism and in the macho codes of hardy mountain tribes. The Chechens have a distinct culture of Caucasian music and dance. The Chechens traditionally follow a strict code of honor and hospitality to accepted guests; unyielding hostility and violence towards enemies. All this could make Chechnya an intoxicating destination for the truly adventurous, but the present security situation should rule out this destination to all but the hardiest of travellers. The present situation is taking an improvement, however on a light scale. The region is headed by the autocratic Kadyrov family. More recently, the government has allowed foreign companies to develop, if neglected rich oil resources, which have brought wealth to the country. Yet, the money falls in the hands of a few people. While Grozny is full of new construction and a rising middle-class, much of the region remains poor. Corruption is considerably ubiquitous compared to some of it's neighbors. Get in By plane Chechnya's airport is finally open again for the first time since the start of the war. Planes to Grozny leave 3 times a week from Moscow's Vnukovo airport. Estimated flying time is 2 hours and 30 minutes. By train A train leaves from to Moscow once every 2 days. This train is under '''heavy''' security by the Russian military so expect ''long'' delays and possibly other hassles. Caution must be exercised when traveling by rail in Chechnya due to potential terrorist attacks. In 2005 a train traveling from Moscow to Chechnya was derailed during a bombing. By car By bus A daily bus leaves from to Nazran in equally unstable Ingushetia. Small buses leave from to many caucasian, south-russians cities. Get around Talk Chechen (Chechen phrasebook) and Russian (Russian phrasebook) are the two main languages spoken in Chechnya. Remember that the political situation is very tense — a foreigner speaking Chechen may attract unwanted attention from the authorities. English on the other hand is spoken by almost nobody, even in the capital. See Do Buy Chechnya is famous for its traditional swords and daggers. Costs Due to the economic consequences of the war, things in Chechnya are very cheap. But do not expect to find everything you are looking for. There's not much to find in Chechnya except for carpets, daggers, etc. Supplies are also somewhat limited. Eat There are presently not many shops in Chechnya. However, restaurants and cafès are slowly re-opening and new ones are being built. Drink There are no night clubs or discos in Chechnya. However beer is sold on the street in Grozny. Common sense should be used when drinking alcohol, especially in danger zones. Sales of alcohol legally only from 8.00 to 10.00 AM and prohibited for all other times. Sleep More and more hotels appear. Their flagship is the 5-star GROZNY CITY with English-speaking staff near the Presidential palace. Stay safe As of 2007, independent analysts said were no more than 2,000 separatist combatants still fighting. By traveling to Chechnya you are taking a serious risk. Kidnappings and unexploded mines and munitions are widespread, while terrorist activity and shootings still occur on a lesser scale. Throughout the region, local criminal gangs routinely kidnap foreigners, including Americans, Canadians, and UK nationals, for ransom. Close contacts within the local population does not guarantee safety. Before visiting, consider watching the Russian popular film ''Война (War)'', which may help inform your final decision. '''Many foreign governments, including the UK, Canadian and US governments, strongly warn their citizens not to travel to Chechnya under any circumstances. They report that there have been many incidents of their citizens visiting there as well as Russian citizens being missing, killed, or kidnapped for ransom.''' If you still feel determined to experience the beauty of Chechnya despite the accompanying dangers, you may want to consider visiting the Pankisi area of Georgia (Georgia (country)) instead. The security situation there has stabilized enough for reasonably safe travel, it looks very similar to Chechnya, and it is full of Chechen refugees who may be much more approachable than in Chechnya. Stay healthy The civil war may be over in Chechnya, but the situation is far from secure and basic necessities are often relatively scarce. It would be wise for one to assume that some necessities may not be available there, so get everything you need before visiting the region. Working plumbing, heat, and electricity are valuable commodities in parts of Chechnya due to a failing infrastructure that is the result of years of conflict. Be sure to sanitize '''all''' water or bring bottled water. Respect Remember that Chechnya is a strongly patriarchal Sunni Muslim society, so try to behave accordingly. Women travellers are advised to exercise particular caution, and should seriously consider bringing a male escort for their own protection. Connect Mobile In Chechnya there are two Russian federal GSM operators (Beeline,Megafon) and they often have offers that give you a SIM card for free or at least very cheap. If you are planning to stay a while and to keep in touch with locals, you should consider buying a local SIM card instead of going on roaming. To buy a SIM card from a shop you'll need your passport for identification. WikiPedia:Chechnya commons:Category:Chechnya wikipedia:Chechnya
the thirst. In December 2003 the aviation assets of the Army—mostly helicopters—were transferred to the VVS, following the shooting down of a Mi-26 helicopter in Chechnya on 19 August 2002, that claimed 19 lives. The former Army Aviation was in its previous form intended for the direct support of the Ground Forces, by providing their tactical air support, conducting tactical aerial reconnaissance, transporting airborne troops, providing fire support of their actions, electronic warfare
Chechen opposition. Decorated with the Hero of the Russian Federation title,art Current%20Topics Efficacy%20of%20Putins%20plenipotentiary%20representatives_277534.html he was involved in coordinating the government responses to various violent actions in Chechnya. Kazanstev was also involved in coordinating the rescue attempt during the Moscow theatre hostage situation, which took place in October 2002.
01 2-150104.asp '''Viktor Germanovich Kazantsev''' (Russian Виктор Германович Казанцев ), born 1946, was an envoy (envoy (title)) of the Russian president (President of Russia) to the Southern Federal District from 2000 to 2004. He performed primary negotiations between the Russian government and the Chechen (Chechnya) opposition. Decorated with the Hero of the Russian Federation title, art Current%20Topics Efficacy%20of%20Putins%20plenipotentiary
is_199501 ai_n6388504 Botched operation. (Russian troops in Chechnya) (Editorial) , ''The Nation'', January 1995 Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya, Foreign Military Studies Office, December 1996 He was rumoured to launch the disastrous storming of Grozny (Battle of Grozny (1994-1995)) while drunk during the celebrations of his January 1 birthday.
'', to USA to face drug trafficking charges (BBC) * Anti-fascist protesters in the center of Riga, Latvia, end up in custody after trying to stop the annual march of Waffen-SS veterans and young radical nationalists. (BBC) * Russia announces that it will pay US$10 m to the people who betrayed Chechen (Chechnya) separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov, who was killed by Russian
'' on July 28, 2006 contained seventeen terror groups. It included al-Qaeda, Taliban, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Egypt's banned Muslim Brotherhood, as well as groups linked to separatist militants in Chechnya and Islamic radicals in Central Asia but omitted both Hamas and Hezbollah. Yury Sapunov, the top official of Russian Federal Security Service in charge of fighting international terrorism, said that the list "Includes only those organizations which represent
, especially in the attack on Shamil's stronghold, for which he received the Order of St. George. In 1846, he assisted Field Marshal Ivan Paskevich to suppress the Krakow Uprising. From 1848 to 1856 he took a leading part in all the chief military events in the Caucasus, his most notable exploits being his victory at Mezeninsk in 1850 and his operations against Shamil in Chechnya. His energetic and at the same time systematic tactics (military tactics) inaugurated a new era of mountain warfare. On January 6, 1853, he was appointed adjutant general and, on July 5 of the same year, chief of staff (Chief of staff (military)). In 1854, he took part in the brilliant Kurbsk Dere campaign. On January 1, 1856, he became commander-in-chief of the Caucasian army, and, subsequently, governor of the Caucasus. As an administrator, he showed himself fully worthy of his high reputation. Within three years of his appointment, the whole of the eastern Caucasus was subdued and the long elusive Shamil was taken captive. Baryatinsky also conquered many of the tribes of the western Caucasus dwelling between the rivers of Laba (Bolshaya Laba River) and Belaya (Belaya River). commons:Category:Chechnya wikipedia:Chechnya
. On a lighter note, Chechnya is a country of extraordinary beauty, full of majestic mountains with lush vegetation and ''auls'' (mountaintop villages) rising above the tree lines; rapid rivers have cut spectacular gorges throughout the region. Chechen culture is distinctly romantic and chivalric. It is at once steeped in Islamic Sufi mysticism and in the macho codes of hardy mountain tribes. The Chechens have a distinct culture of Caucasian music and dance. The Chechens traditionally follow a strict code
of honor and hospitality to accepted guests; unyielding hostility and violence towards enemies. All this could make Chechnya an intoxicating destination for the truly adventurous, but the present security situation should rule out this destination to all but the hardiest of travellers. The present situation is taking an improvement, however on a light scale. The region is headed by the autocratic Kadyrov family. More recently, the government has allowed foreign companies to develop, if neglected
The '''Chechen Republic''' ( , ''Noxçiyçö''), also spelled ''Chechnia'' or ''Chechenia'', sometimes referred to as '''Ichkeria''' (lit ''land of minerals''), is a federal subject (federal subjects of Russia) (a republic (republics of Russia)) of Russia.
It is located in the North Caucasus, situated in the southernmost part of Eastern Europe, and within 100 kilometers of the Caspian Sea. Chechnya: The World Atlas Retrieved on April 24, 2013 The capital (capital city) of the republic is the city (types of inhabited localities in Russia) of Grozny. As of the 2010 Russian Census (Russian Census (2010)), the republic was reported to have a population of 1,268,989 people;
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR (Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) was split into two parts: the Republic of Ingushetia (Ingushetia) and the Chechen Republic. The latter proclaimed the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, which sought independence. Following the First Chechen War with Russia, Chechnya gained ''de facto'' independence as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Russian federal control was restored during the Second Chechen War. Since then there has been a systematic reconstruction and rebuilding process, though sporadic fighting (Insurgency in the North Caucasus) continues in the mountains and southern regions of the republic.