into the Caspian Sea. Below the city of Kizlyar it forms a swampy river delta around commons:Category:Chechnya wikipedia:Chechnya
(4,000,000), the Chechens (1,330,000 (according to 2002 Russian Census (Russian Census (2002)))), the Lezgins (about 700,000 (source Lezgins)), the Kabardins (600,000) and the Avars (500,000), while outside the Caucasus, the largest people of Caucasian origin, in diaspora in more than 40 countries (such as Jordan, Turkey, the countries of Europe, Syria, United States) are the Circassians with about 3,000,000-4,000,000 speakers. Georgians are the only Caucasian people
is independent, international and Islamic" that "does not represent the viewpoint of any state structures". http: www.jamestown.org single ?no_cache 1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D 2131 RADICALIZATION OF THE CHECHEN RESISTANCE OR THE TACTICAL CHOICE OF THE LEADERSHIP? The stated mission of the site is to report events related to Chechnya and also to "provide international news agencies with news-letters, background information and assistance in making
reported that more than a million people participated, while according to the sources of Caucasian Knot the number was between 350 and 500 thousand. Caucasian Knot, Данные о числе участников митинга в Грозном против карикатур на Мухаммада значительно расходятся, 19.01.2015 Politics Since 1990, the Chechen Republic has had many legal, military, and civil conflicts involving separatist
exercises at these schools. Because of its experience in fighting wars in mountain regions for over 50 years, as well as its history of recruitment of natives from the Himalayan regions of India and Nepal (such as Gurkha, Kumaon (Kumauni division), Garhwal (Garhwal division) and Dogras), Indian Mountain Warfare Units are considered among the best in the world. Numerous army units across the world are now implementing training modules modeled after Indian Mountain Warfare training systems
the Soviet takeover (Soviet invasion of Georgia) of Georgia in 1921, he was appointed a militsiya chief in the Pshavi district, which was a scene of an anti-Soviet guerrilla revolt. Razikashvili was suspected by the Bolshevik government to have sympathized with the insurgents who were led by Kakutsa Cholokashvili, Razikashvili's erstwhile friend. After the rebel leaders managed to escape into Chechnya in September 1922, Razikashvili was arrested on the charges of "
;participation in banditism." A group of Georgian writers attempted a mediation and urged the Soviet official Sergo Ordzhonikidze to prevent the son of Vazha-Pshavela from being executed, but to no avail. Razikashvili was shot by the Cheka in February 1923. The Case of Razikashvili. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia Archival Department. Retrieved on March 3, 2007. The concept of ''constitutional
declared independence in November 1991. Despite overwhelming numerical superiority in men, weaponry, and air support, the Russian forces were unable to establish effective permanent control over the mountainous area due to numerous successful full-scale battles and insurgency raids. For three months, Russia lost more tanks (over 1,997 tanks) in Grozny than during the Battle of Berlin in 1945.
of Rizvan Elbiev (Elbiyev), a local Chechen rebel counterintelligence commander. "Who killed Fred Cury", ''Frontline'', Sherry Jones It is suspected that the Russians, antagonised by Cuny's published criticism of the war, disseminated propaganda that Cuny and his team were Russian spies (spy). "Russian Role Seen in Aid Worker's Death", ''The New York Times'', ALESSANDRA STANLEY, August 18, 1995 "Spy or Savior?", ''The Nation'', George Kenney, July 8, 1999 Their remains were never found. Benchellali, was convicted, along with 24 others, on June 14, 2006 for their roles in planning a terrorist attack that was to have taken place in France to support Chechen (Chechnya) independence. French court convicts 25 for planning attack, ''Globe and Mail'', June 14, 2006 Benchellali was described as the group's leader, and received a 10 year sentence. Benchellali's father, Chellali Benchellali, The largest peoples speaking languages which belong to the Caucasian language families and who are currently resident in the Caucasus are the Georgians (4,000,000), the Chechens (1,330,000 (according to 2002 Russian Census (Russian Census (2002)))), the Lezgins (about 700,000 (source Lezgins)), the Kabardins (600,000) and the Avars (500,000), while outside the Caucasus, the largest people of Caucasian origin, in diaspora in more than 40 countries (such as Jordan, Turkey, the countries of Europe, Syria, United States) are the Circassians with about 3,000,000-4,000,000 speakers. Georgians are the only Caucasian people that have their own undisputedly independent state—Georgia (Georgia (country)). Abkhazia's status is disputed. Other Caucasian peoples have republics within the Russian Federation: Adyghe (Adygea (Republic of Adygea)), Cherkess (Karachay–Cherkessia), Kabardins (Kabardino-Balkaria), Ingush (Ingushetia), Chechens (Chechnya), while other Northeast Caucasian peoples mostly live in Dagestan. Vityaz was assigned specifically to counter-terrorism duties. Vityaz unit regularly conducts counter-terrorism patrols in Chechnya and along the Caucasus border. Vityaz troops are also trained to stop rebellions in prisons and regular army units, should they occur. Approximately 75 members of Vityaz have been awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation for their bravery. As a member of the European Network of Civil Peace Services, PWUK also works closely with partner organisations sharing similar aims in ten other European countries. We have partnerships with organisations working directly on their own situations of violent conflict or its aftermath in Chechnya, Moldova, Turkey, Croatia, and Georgia (Georgia (country)). Outside Europe, PWUK has a special link with the 93 member organisations of the Nonviolent Peaceforce as well as with a few specific organisations with which we have worked in Nepal, Palestine, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe. After studies in Algiers, Algeria; Angers, France; and Cairo, Egypt, Giannou went on to begin a surgical career which has taken him to many of the contemporary world's most mediatized conflict zones, including Afghanistan, Chechnya, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia and Somalia. Although he had trained as a cancer surgeon in Egypt, Giannou began to develop a specialized expertise in war surgery. Giannou is reportedly known among humanitarian workers for his efficiency. He is reputed to be one of the few non-Palestinians to have sat as a member of the Palestine National Council, and is noted for his work as the only surgeon, alongside thousands of Palestinians, during the Lebanese Shiite militia Amal's siege of the Palestinian refugee camp Shatila in 1985-1986, documented in his ''Besieged: A Doctor's Story of Life and Death in Beirut'' (1991). commons:Category:Chechnya wikipedia:Chechnya
unqualified support for Israel; our ability to keep oil prices at a level that is more or less acceptable to Western consumers. Probably the most damaging of all is our 30-year support for police states across the Islamic world: the Al Sauds and the Egyptians under Hosni Mubarak and his predecessors; the Algerians; the Moroccans; the Kuwaitis. They're all police states. U.S. support for the creation (United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor) of the an independent
. Translations The main themes of Akhmadulina's works are friendship, love, and relations between people. She wrote numerous essays about Russian poets and translators, some devoted to her close friend, Bulat Okudzhava. Akhmadulina avoided writing overtly political poems, but took part in political events in her youth, supporting the so-called "dissident movement". She translated into Russian (Russian language) poetry from France, Italy, Chechnya, Poland
The '''Chechen Republic''' ( , ''Noxçiyçö''), also spelled ''Chechnia'' or ''Chechenia'', sometimes referred to as '''Ichkeria''' (lit ''land of minerals''), is a federal subject (federal subjects of Russia) (a republic (republics of Russia)) of Russia.
It is located in the North Caucasus, situated in the southernmost part of Eastern Europe, and within 100 kilometers of the Caspian Sea. Chechnya: The World Atlas Retrieved on April 24, 2013 The capital (capital city) of the republic is the city (types of inhabited localities in Russia) of Grozny. As of the 2010 Russian Census (Russian Census (2010)), the republic was reported to have a population of 1,268,989 people;
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR (Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) was split into two parts: the Republic of Ingushetia (Ingushetia) and the Chechen Republic. The latter proclaimed the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, which sought independence. Following the First Chechen War with Russia, Chechnya gained ''de facto'' independence as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Russian federal control was restored during the Second Chechen War. Since then there has been a systematic reconstruction and rebuilding process, though sporadic fighting (Insurgency in the North Caucasus) continues in the mountains and southern regions of the republic.