Chad

What is Chad known for?


fishing water

" From the African fund, over 70 recovery and development projects were launched in seven African nations. Such projects included aid in agriculture, fishing, water management, manufacturing and reforestation. Training programs were also developed in the African countries of Mozambique, Senegal, Chad, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Mali. Habitat and range The Red-cheeked


kristof

this numbers correspond to statistics since 1997. COHDES determined that the IDP amount is higher, surpassing 5 million people. Sudan and Darfur Kristof is particularly well known for his reporting on Sudan. At the beginning of 2004, he was among the first reporters to visit Darfur and describe "the most vicious ethnic cleansing you've never heard of." He recounted what he called "a campaign of murder, rape and pillage by Sudan," and he was among the first

to call it genocide. His biography says he has made 11 trips to the region, some illegally by sneaking in from Chad, and on at least one occasion he was detained at a checkpoint when the authorities seized his interpreter and Kristof refused to leave him behind. Kristof's reporting from Sudan has been both praised and criticized. Robert DeVecchi, past president of the International Rescue Committee, told the Council on Foreign Relations: "Nicholas Kristof...had an unprecedented

impact in single-handedly mobilizing world attention to this crisis. There are undoubtedly hundreds of thousands of refugees in and from the Darfur region who owe their very lives to this formidable humanitarian and journalist." Robert DeVecchi, introduction to Nicholas Kristof, Council on Foreign Relations, April 2004 New York Magazine said that Kristof "single-handedly focused the world's attention on Darfur," "The Influentials: Media, New York


intelligence quot

WikiPedia:Chad Dmoz:Regional Africa Chad Commons:Category:Chad


active power

are active, power lies firmly in the hands of President Déby and his political party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Chad remains plagued by political violence and recurrent attempted coups d'état (coup d'état). Chad is one of the poorest (List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita) and most corrupt (Corruption Perceptions Index) countries in the world; most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers (Agriculture in Chad). Since 2003, crude oil (petroleum) has


political community

political community, not complete rejection of France and all it had meant for them. This is not entirely surprising, as these leaders had participated in the Republic's birth, helped write its constitution and laws, and participated in its legislatures and political parties. Le Vine, pp. 122, 127. For Boganda, the 1956 election (French legislative election, 1956), in which he took 89% of the vote against another Oubanguian, was an uncontested speaker's platform with which


drawing local

. However, language and ethnicity are not the same. Moreover, neither element can be tied to a particular physical type. In Chad, European conquest and administration intensified feelings of ethnic separateness by drawing local boundaries along perceived ethnic lines. The Europeans also appointed chiefs and other local African authorities who had little legitimacy over the groups they were to lead. In general, the French (France) favored southerners over northerners and settled populations over


strong population

become the country's primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry. History In the 7th millennium BC, ecological conditions in the northern half of Chadian territory favored human settlement, and the region experienced a strong population increase. Some of the most important African archaeological (African archaeology) sites are found in Chad, mainly in the Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region; some date to earlier than 2000 BC


international publications

March 2007. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State. In 2005, opposition parties and human rights organisations supported the boycott of the constitutional referendum that allowed Déby to stand for re-election for a third term "Chad". ''Amnesty International Report 2006''. Amnesty International Publications. amid reports of widespread irregularities in voter

Monetary Fund accessdate 18 April 2012 * "Chad". ''International Religious Freedom Report 2006''. 15 September 2006. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State. * "''Amnesty International Report 2006''". Amnesty International Publications. * "Chad" (PDF). ''African


industry history

become the country's primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry. History In the 7th millennium BC, ecological conditions in the northern half of Chadian territory favored human settlement, and the region experienced a strong population increase. Some of the most important African archaeological (African archaeology) sites are found in Chad, mainly in the Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region; some date to earlier than 2000 BC


annual performance

and Tanzania. Other training was given to employees of Kenya Airways, Air Zimbabwe, Bellview Airlines, Cape Verde Airlines and Air Madagascar. - Flight 162 (Air West Flight 612) N'Djamena, Chad January 24, 2007

Chad

'''Chad''' ), officially the '''Republic of Chad''', is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest and Niger to the west. It is the fifth largest country in Africa in terms of area.

Chad is divided into multiple regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanese (Sudan (region)) savanna zone in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second-largest in Africa. N'Djamena, the capital, is the largest city. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic (List of ethnic groups in Chad) and linguistic groups (Languages of Chad). Arabic (Arabic language) and French (French language) are the official languages. Islam and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions.

Beginning in the 7th millennium BC, human populations moved into the Chadian basin in great numbers. By the end of the 1st millennium BC, a series of states and empires rose and fell in Chad's Sahelian strip, each focused on controlling the trans-Saharan trade routes that passed through the region. France conquered the territory by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960, Chad obtained independence under the leadership of François Tombalbaye. Resentment towards his policies in the Muslim north culminated in the eruption of a long-lasting civil war (The Tombalbaye Regime#Rebellion in Chad) in 1965. In 1979, the rebels (Transitional Government of National Unity) conquered the capital and put an end to the south's hegemony. However, the rebel commanders fought amongst themselves until Hissène Habré defeated his rivals. He was overthrown in 1990 by his general Idriss Déby. Since 2003, the Darfur crisis (Darfur conflict) in Sudan has spilt over the border and destabilised the nation (War in Chad (2005–present)), with hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees living in and around camps in eastern Chad.

While many political parties are active, power lies firmly in the hands of President Déby and his political party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Chad remains plagued by political violence and recurrent attempted coups d'état (coup d'état). Chad is one of the poorest (List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita) and most corrupt (Corruption Perceptions Index) countries in the world; most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers (Agriculture in Chad). Since 2003, crude oil (petroleum) has become the country's primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry.

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