Cape Verde

What is Cape Verde known for?


influential quot

, Mozambique, Timor Leste, Macau and São Tomé and Príncipe. In the case of Brazil, the influential "Indianist" novels of José de Alencar (O Guarany, Iracema, and Ubirajara (Ubirajara (novel))) perhaps went farther than in the other colonies, advocating miscegenation in order to create a truly Brazilian race. Sá, Lúcia. Rain Forest Literatures: Amazonian Texts and Latin American Culture. Minneapolis, Minnesota: U of Minnesota Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0-8166


colorful green

Verde (municipality) Ribeira Brava (then by its island name) bounds at the mountaintop. The mountain is almost partly deforested, vegetations are mainly in valley areas and slopes and it contains trees and also features some areas with colorful ledges and a crater area. A communications tower serving radio and television to the island is near the mountaintop with the only road linking Monte Gordo, colorful green pine trees are in the higher elevations. The mountain can be seen from almost


successful history

of the wealthiest regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia (Economy of Ethiopia) in particular had a long and successful history. The poverty of the region, and the associated famines and wars, have been a problem since the 1800s. There is considerable internal variation within countries. Urban (Urban area) areas, especially capital (Capital (political)) cities, are generally wealthier than rural zones. Inequality (Social equality) is pronounced in most African countries; the upper class


main member

time known to inhabit the islands of Branco (Ilhéu Branco) and Raso (Ilhéu Raso) in the Cape Verde islands of the Atlantic Ocean, rendered deserts by human caused habitat destruction. No ''Macroscincus coctei'' has been observed since early in the 20th century.


bringing great

as porters on the trans-Saharan routes, and for sale in the Islamic Empire. The Portuguese found Muslim merchants entrenched along the African coast as far as the Bight of Benin. H. Miner, The City in Modern Africa - 1967 Before the arrival of the Europeans, the African slave trade, centuries old in Africa, was not yet the major feature of the coastal economy of Guinea. The expansion of trade occurs after the Portuguese reach this region in 1446, bringing great wealth to several local slave trading tribes. The Portuguese used slave labour to colonize and develop the previously uninhabited Cape Verde islands where they founded settlements and grew cotton and indigo. They then traded these goods, in the estuary of the Geba river, for black slaves captured by other black peoples in local African wars and raids. The slaves were sold in Europe and, from the 16th century, in the Americas. The Company of Guinea was a Portuguese governative institution whose task was to deal with the spices and to fix the prices of the goods. It was called ''Casa da Guiné'', ''Casa da Guiné e Mina'' from 1482 to 1483 and ''Casa da Índia e da Guiné'' in 1499. The local African rulers in Guinea, who prosper greatly from the slave trade, have no interest in allowing the Europeans any further inland than the fortified coastal settlements where the trading takes place. The Portuguese presence in Guinea was therefore largely limited to the port of Bissau. Alvise Cadamosto explored the Atlantic coast of Africa and discovered several islands of the Cape Verde archipelago between 1455 and 1456. In his first voyage, which started on 22 March 1455, he visited the Madeira Islands and the Canary Islands. On the second voyage, in 1456, Cadamosto became the first European to reach the Cape Verde Islands. António Noli later claimed the credit. By 1462, the Portuguese had explored the coast of Africa as far as the present-day nation Sierra Leone. Twenty-eight years later, Bartolomeu Dias proved that Africa could be circumnavigated when he reached the southern tip of the continent, now known as the "Cape of Good Hope." In 1498, Vasco da Gama was the first sailor to travel from Portugal to India. Of these, the Cook Islands and Niue are not UN members, and have limited sovereignty due to their free association (associated state) with New Zealand. In addition, most of the states with limited recognition (List of states with limited recognition) (i.e., those that are not UN members (List of United Nations member states)) are not Member States of the IAEA. Cape Verde, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, and Togo as non-member states, have been approved for membership, and will each become a Member State once it deposits the necessary legal instrument. The Portuguese Inquisition held its first ''auto-da-fé'' in 1540. It concentrated its efforts on rooting out converts from other faiths (overwhelmingly Judaism) who did not adhere to the observances of Catholic orthodoxy; the Portuguese inquisitors mostly targeted the Jewish "New Christians" (i.e. conversos or marranos). The Portuguese Inquisition expanded its scope of operations from Portugal to Portugal's colonial (colony) possessions, including Brazil, Cape Verde, and Goa, where it continued as a religious court, investigating and trying cases of breaches of the tenets of orthodox Roman Catholicism until 1821. King João III (John III of Portugal) (reigned 1521–57) extended the activity of the courts to cover censorship, divination, witchcraft and bigamy. Originally oriented for a religious action, the Inquisition had an influence in almost every aspect of Portuguese society: politically, culturally and socially. The Goa Inquisition, an inquisition largely aimed at Catholic converts from Hinduism or Islam who were thought to have returned to their original ways, started in Goa in 1560. In addition, the Inquisition prosecuted non-converts who broke prohibitions against the observance of Hindu or Muslim rites or interfered with Portuguese attempts to convert non-Christians to Catholicism. Salomon, H. P. and Sassoon, I. S. D., in Saraiva, Antonio Jose. ''The Marrano Factory. The Portuguese Inquisition and Its New Christians, 1536-1765'' (Brill, 2001), pgs. 345-7 Aleixo Dias Falcão and Francisco Marques set it up in the palace of the Sabaio Adil Khan. *1975 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon (The Championships, Wimbledon) singles title. * 1975 – Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal. *1977 – Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown. *Independence Day, celebrate the independence of Algeria from France in 1962. *Independence Day, celebrate the independence of Cape Verde from Portugal in 1975. *Independence Day, celebrate the independence of Venezuela from Spain in 1811. The '''lavenders''' (botanic name '''''Lavandula''''') are a genus of 39 species of flowering plants in the mint family, ''Lamiaceae''. It is an Old World genus, found from Cape Verde and Canary Islands, southern Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, south-west Asia to south-east India. Many members of the genus are cultivated extensively in temperate climates as ornamental plants for garden and landscape use, and also commercially for the extraction of essential oils. * Fernão Lopes (c. 1385 – after 1459) was a chronicler appointed by King Edward of Portugal. Fernão Lopes wrote the history of Portugal, but only a part of his work remained. His way of writing was based on oral discourse, and, on every page, it revealed his roots among the common people. He is one of the fathers of the European historiography, or a precursor of the scientific historiography, basing his works always on the documental proof, and, has he said, on his pages "one cannot find the beauty of words but the nudity of the truth." He was an autodidact; * Duarte Pacheco Pereira, called "the Great", was a 15th century sea captain, soldier, explorer and cartographer (cartography). He travelled particularly in the central Atlantic Ocean west of the Cape Verde islands, around northern Brazil, in 1498 and before; also along the coast of West Africa and to India. His accomplishments in strategic warfare, exploration, mathematics and astronomy were of an exceptional level. With the anticipation of more than two centuries, he was responsible for calculating the value of the degree of the meridian arc with a margin of error of only 4%; * Francisco de Almeida, (c. 1450 – 1 March 1510), was a nobleman, soldier and explorer, counsellor to King John II of Portugal and the first Viceroy of Portuguese India. Almeida is credited with establishing Portuguese hegemony in the Indian Ocean, with his decisive victory at the naval Battle of Diu in 1509; languages ethnic_groups 96.87% '''Portuguese (Portuguese people)''' 3.13% other ethnicities (Cape Verdeans, Brazilians, Goans (Goan Catholics), Angolans, Ukrainians, etc.) ethnic_groups_year 2007 Other episodes during this period of the Portuguese presence in Africa include the 1890 British Ultimatum. This forced the Portuguese military to retreat from the land between the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique (Portuguese Mozambique) and Angola (Portuguese Angola) (most of present-day Zimbabwe and Zambia), which had been claimed by Portugal and included in its "Pink Map," which clashed with British aspirations to create a Cape to Cairo Railway. The Portuguese territories in Africa were Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Portuguese Guinea, Angola (Angola (Portugal)), and Mozambique (Mozambique (Portugal)). The tiny fortress of São João Baptista de Ajudá on the coast of Dahomey, was also under Portuguese rule. In addition, the country still ruled the Asian territories of Portuguese India, Portuguese Timor and Macau. '''Portuguese''' (


title song

)'' ''Western Sahara'' '''''Song for My Father''''' is a 1965 album by The Horace Silver Quintet, released on the Blue Note (Blue Note Records) label in 1965. The album was inspired by a trip that Silver had made to Brazil. The cover artwork features a photograph of Silver's father, John Tavares Silva, to whom the title song was dedicated. "My mother was of Irish and Negro descent, my father of Portuguese origin", Silver recalls in the liner notes, "He was born on the island


century main

time known to inhabit the islands of Branco (Ilhéu Branco) and Raso (Ilhéu Raso) in the Cape Verde islands of the Atlantic Ocean, rendered deserts by human caused habitat destruction. No ''Macroscincus coctei'' has been observed since early in the 20th century. The CPLP was formed in 1996 with seven countries: Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and São


friendly international

, and thirdly to cultivate friendly international relations. After the three ships arrived at Queenstown (Cobh), Ireland, ''Ashuelot'' sailed independently to the Far East, and ''Augusta'' and ''Miantonomoh'' then visited England, before finally arriving at Kronstadt in August. After a month's stay in Russia, during which the Tsar and members of the royal family visited the ships, they called at Stockholm, Sweden, Kiel, Germany, and ports in France, Portugal, and Spain. After


supporting numerous

of the Macaronesian islands of the North Atlantic and Macaronesian African mainland enclaves, namely Madeira Islands, the Azores, Cape Verde Islands and the Canary Islands, a relict of the Pliocene subtropical forests, supporting numerous endemic species. ''Laurisilva'' formerly covered much of the mountain areas of Annobon, Azores, Bioko, Cape Verde, Canary Islands, Madeira, São Tomé, Príncipe, other Atlantic islands, and locally


popular band

, Angola, Mozambique and Cape Verde, the fado song tradition did not penetrate Guinea-Bissau to any significant degree. Gumbe was the first popular song tradition to arise in the country, and began in 1973 with the recording of Ernesto Dabó's "M'Ba Bolama" in Lisbon. Dabó's record producer was Zé Carlos, who had formed the most popular band in Guinea-Bissau's history, Cobiana Djazz, in 1972. The next popular band to form was Super Mama Djombo

Cape Verde

'''Cape Verde''' .

Portuguese (Portugal) explorers discovered and colonized (Colony) the uninhabited islands in the 15th century, the first European settlement in the tropics. Ideally located for the Atlantic slave trade, the islands grew prosperous and often attracted privateers and pirates, among them Sir Francis Drake in the 1580s. The islands were also visited by Charles Darwin during FitzRoy's (Robert FitzRoy) ''Beagle'' (HMS Beagle) voyage in 1832. The islands were settled as the colony grew in importance on the main shipping lanes from Europe to India and Australia, and population increased steadily.

At the time of independence from Portugal in 1975, Cape Verdeans emigrated across the world, such that the population in the 21st century of over half a million people on the islands is equaled by the diaspora in Europe, the Americas, and on the African continent. The Cape Verdean economy is mostly service-oriented with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment.

The country is known for the Cape Verdean type hurricanes (Cape Verde-type hurricane) that form off the coast of the archipelago islands. While many move harmlessly out to sea, some move across the Caribbean sea and Gulf of Mexico, becoming damaging storms for Caribbean nations, Central America, Mexico, Bermuda, the United States, and occasionally even Canada.

Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the archipelago and, since independence in 1975, for the country. In 2013, the Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation "Cabo Verde" would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at the United Nations, even in English contexts.

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