Caesarea

What is Caesarea known for?


sidon

Antiquity Caesarea is believed to have been built on the ruins of Stratonospyrgos (Straton's Tower), founded by Straton I of Sidon, and was likely an agricultural storehouse in its earliest configuration. In 90 BCE, Alexander Jannaeus captured Straton's Tower as part of his policy of developing the shipbuilding industry

Malalas, 15. According to Procopius, Terebinthus went to Zeno to ask for revenge; the Emperor personally went to Samaria to quell the rebellion. Procopius, ''Buildings'', 5.7. * Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre (Tyre (Lebanon)) and Sidon ( ) and from this region many came forth to hear him preaching (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17), leading to the stark contrast in

to Korazin and Bethsaida. * From Sidon, at which the ship put in after leaving Caesarea, Paul (Paul of Tarsus) finally sailed for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4). * Corbulo recruits Syrian auxiliary (auxiliaries (Roman military)) units in the region and stationed them in border forts (Roman fort), with orders from Nero not to provoke the Parthians. * Violence erupts in Caesarea regarding the a local ordinance restricting the civil rights of Jews, creating clashes between Jews and pagans


providing military


religious scholarship

of the Bible Edited by Watson E. Mills, Roger Aubrey Bullard, Mercer University Press, (1998) ISBN 0865543739 p 917 It was to be its final meeting place before its disbanding in the early Byzantine period. Following the expulsion of all Jews from Jerusalem after 135, Tiberias and its neighbor Sepphoris became the major Jewish centres. From the time when Yochanan bar Nafcha (d. 279) settled in Tiberias, the city became the focus of Jewish religious

scholarship in the land. The Mishnah along with the Jerusalem Talmud, (the written discussions of generations of rabbis in the Land of Israel – primarily in the academies of Tiberias and Caesarea), was probably compiled in Tiberias by Rabbi Judah haNasi in around 200 CE. The 13 synagogues served the spiritual needs of a growing Jewish population. thumb 375px Raymond of Poitiers welcoming Louis VII in Antioch. alt Painting of two men meeting in front of a city gate. Both men are in front of crowds of other people. The one on the left is bareheaded and holds his hat in one hand while he bows to the other figure, who is dressed in blue embroidered robes and wears a crown. (File:RaymondOfPoitiersWelcomingLouisVIIinAntioch.JPG) Louis eventually arrived in Antioch on March 19 after being delayed by storms; Amadeus of Savoy had died on Cyprus along the way. Louis was welcomed by Eleanor's uncle Raymond of Poitiers (Raymond of Antioch). Raymond expected him to help defend against the Turks and to accompany him on an expedition against Aleppo, the Muslim city that was the gateway to Edessa, but Louis refused, preferring instead to finish his pilgrimage to Jerusalem rather than focus on the military aspect of the crusade.


title making

and Jerusalem. A 2007 report commissioned by the Haifa Municipality calls for the construction of more hotels, a ferry line between Haifa, Acre (Acre, Israel) and Caesarea, development of the western anchorage of the port as a recreation and entertainment area, and an expansion of the local airport and port to accommodate international travel and cruise ships.


frequently made

presided over by R. Johanan, with whom his relations were almost those of a son (Yer. Berakhot (Berakhot (Talmud)) ii.4b; Gittin 44b; Bava Batra 39a). He frequently made pilgrimages to Tiberias, even after he had become well known as rector of the Caesarean Academy (Yer. Shab viii.11a; Yer. Pesahim x.37c).


called early

in an excavation of an ancient theater (Roman theatre (structure)) (built by decree of Herod the Great c. 30 BC), called Caesarea Maritima (Early centers of Christianity#Caesarea) in the present-day city of Caesarea-on-the-Sea (Caesarea) (also called Maritima). On the partially damaged block is a dedication to Tiberius Caesar Augustus (Tiberius). It has been deemed authentic because it was discovered in the coastal town of Caesarea, which was the capital of Iudaea Province ''A History of the Jewish People'', H.H. Ben-Sasson editor, 1976, page 247: "When Judea was converted into a Roman province in 6 CE, page 246 , Jerusalem ceased to be the administrative capital of the country. The Romans moved the governmental residence and military headquarters to Caesarea. The centre of government was thus removed from Jerusalem, and the administration became increasingly based on inhabitants of the hellenistic cities (Sebaste, Caesarea and others)." during the time Pontius Pilate was Roman governor. :East (East Africa) - Akhmim, Aromaton Emporion, Axum, Coloe, Dongola, Juba (Juba, Southern Sudan), Maji, Opone, Panopolis, Sarapion, Sennar. :North (North Africa) - Caesarea, Carthage, Cyrene (Cyrene, Libya), Leptis Magna, Murzuk, Sijilmassa, Tamanrasset, Tingis. "Sainte Réparade" is probably a corruption of "Sainte Réparate (Saint Reparata)", patron saint of the diocese of Nice, some of whose relics were removed in the 11th century to the parish church of "Saint Maurice of Puy" which later took the name "Chapelle Sainte Réparade". According to legend, Saint Réparade was a young girl martyred in Caesarea during the reign of the Emperor Decius by a Roman Proconsul. Her body was laid in a boat and blown by the breath of angels to the bay now known as the Baie des Anges in Nice. Archbishop This honor was bestowed by making the Senior Bishop an Archbishop, thus presiding in dignity of honor over all the Alexandrine and Egyptian Bishops. So was the case among other Provinces in the Roman Empire East & West (Rome, Antioch, Jerusalem, Ephesus, Caesarea, Edessa (Edessa, Mesopotamia), Seleucia and many others major Metropolitanates), as the Bishops of these Major Cities, and those who were presiding over the Churches, which were first established within the region, became to be known as Archbishops. *Righteous Joseph of Arimathea *Martyr Julitta at Caesarea (305) *Saint Maughold, Bishop of the Isle of Man He was much involved in the wars between the English and French and was employed by Charles VII of France and by his successor Louis XI (Louis XI of France), at whose request Basin drew up a memorandum setting forth the misery of the people and suggesting measures for alleviating their condition. In 1464 the bishop joined the League of the Public Weal and fell into disfavour with the king, who seized the temporalities of his see (Holy See). After exile in various places Basin proceeded to Rome and renounced his bishopric. At this time (1474) Pope Sixtus IV bestowed upon him the title of archbishop of Caesarea. Occupied with his writings Basin then passed some years at Trier and afterwards transferred his residence to Utrecht (Utrecht (city)) (now in the Netherlands), where he died on 3 December 1489. He was buried in the church of St. John, Utrecht. *Martyrs Straton, Philip, Eutychian, and Cyprian of Nicomedia (303) *Martyrs Thyrsus, Leucius, and Coronatus at Caesarea in Bithynia (ca 250) *Martyrs Paul and his sister Juliana of Ptolemais


history design

and shrubs on aboveground terraces. An example in Roman (Roman Empire) times was the Villa of the Mysteries in Pompeii, which had an elevated terrace where plants were grown. pp. 112–115, chapter 2, "Roof gardens through history", ''Roof gardens: history, design, and construction'', Theodore Osmundson, W. W. Norton & Company, 1999, ISBN 0-393-73012-3. A roof garden has also been discovered around an audience hall in Roman-Byzantine Caesarea. ref>


original focus

aspirations in the county. The claim that Raymond had poisoned Alphonso caused much of the Provençal force to turn back and go home.


drawing criticism

for a private visit to his home in Caesarea. In 1999, he met with the DFLP (Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine) leader Nayef Hawatmeh, declaring "I am even prepared to meet with the devil if it helps to bring peace ." Obituary: Ezer Weizman The Guardian He openly supported withdrawal from the Golan Heights in exchange for peace with Syria, drawing criticism from the right wing parties. During the reign of Augustus, eight colonies were established in Pisidia, but only Antioch was honoured with the title of Caesarea and given the right of the ''Ius Italicum'', maybe because of its strategic position. The city became an important Roman colony which rose to the position of a capital city with the name of "''Colonia (Colonia (Roman)) Caesarea''". Among the first to set forth precepts for the monastic life was Saint Basil the Great (Basil of Caesarea), a man from a professional family who was educated in Caesarea, Constantinople, and Athens. Saint Basil visited colonies of hermits in Palestine and Egypt but was most strongly impressed by the organized communities developed under the guidance of Saint Pachomius. Saint Basil's ascetical writings set forth standards for well-disciplined community life and offered lessons in what became the ideal monastic virtue: humility. The Kingdom of Armenia was the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion ''"The conversion of Armenia to Christianity was probably the most crucial step in its history. It turned Armenia sharply away from its Persian (Aranian, Iranian) past and stamped it for centuries with an intrinsic character as clear to the native population as to those outside its borders, who identified Armenia almost at once as the first state to adopt Christianity"''. (Nina Garsoïan in ''Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times'', ed. R.G. Hovannisian, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997, Volume 1, p.81). when St. Gregory the Illuminator converted King Tiridates III (Tiridates III of Armenia) and members of his court, Academic American Encyclopedia – Page 172 by Grolier Incorporated an event dated to AD 301. Gregory, trained in Christianity and ordained (ordination) to the presbyterate at Caesarea, returned to his native land to preach about 287, the same time that Tiridates III took the throne. Tiridates owed his position to the Roman Emperor Diocletian, a noted persecutor of Christianity. In addition, he became aware that Gregory was a son of Anak, the man who assassinated his father. Consequently Tiridates imprisoned Gregory in an underground pit, called Khor Virap, for 13 years. In 301, 37 Christian virgins, among whom was Saint Nune (St. Nino for Georgia), who later became the founder of the Georgian Orthodox Church, fleeing Roman persecution, came to Armenia. Tiridates desired one of them, Rhipsime, to be his wife, but she turned him down. In a rage, he martyred the whole group of them. Soon afterward, according to legend, God struck him with an illness that left him crawling around like a beast. (The story is reminiscent of Nebuchadnezzar II in Daniel 4.) Khosrovidukht (Khosrovidukht (sister of Tiridates III of Armenia)), the king’s sister, had a dream in which she was told that the persecution of Christians must stop. She related this to Tiridates, who released Gregory from prison. Gregory then healed Tiridates who then converted to Christianity and immediately declared Armenia to be a Christian nation, becoming the first official Christian state.


brilliant career

military commander who was then beginning a brilliant career. Procopius ''Wars of Justinian'' 1.12.24. Procopius speaks of becoming Belisarius' ''symboulos'', 'advisor', in that year. DATE OF BIRTH 500 PLACE OF BIRTH Caesarea, Palestine DATE OF DEATH 565 Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castilla to push El Cid out of Kingdom of Valencia Valencia

Caesarea

'''Caesarea''' ( It is the only Israeli locality managed by a private organization, the Caesarea Development Corporation, About the CDC and also one of the most populous localities not recognized as a local council (local council (Israel)). It lies under the jurisdiction of the Hof HaCarmel Regional Council.

The town was built by Herod the Great about 25–13 BCE as the port city Caesarea Maritima. It served as an administrative center of Judaea Province of the Roman Empire, and later the capital of the Byzantine Palaestina Prima province during the classic period. Following the Muslim conquest (Muslim conquest of the Levant) in the 7th century, the city had an Arab majority until Crusader renovation, but was again abandoned after the Mamluk conquest. It was populated in 1884 by Bosniak immigrants, who settled in a small fishing village. In 1940, kibbutz Sdot Yam was established next to the village. In February 1948 the village was conquered by a Palmach unit commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, its people already having fled following an attack by the Stern Gang. In 1952, a Jewish town of Caesarea was established near the ruins of the old city, which were made into the national park of Caesarea Maritima.

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