Caesarea

What is Caesarea known for?


unique community

" Caesarea Foundation thumb 250px The Ralli Museum in Caesarea (File:תמונה 1097.jpg) The Caesarea Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Development Corporation (Hebrew: החברה לפיתוח קיסריה אדמונד בנימין דה רוטשילד) is the operational arm of the ''Caesarea Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Foundation'', whose goal is to establish a unique community that combines quality of life and safeguarding the environment with advanced industry and tourism. Today, the Chairman of the Caesarea


story high

one story high (with the exception of the house of the governor.) Some houses on the western side of the village, near the sea, have survived. There were a number of mosques in the village in the nineteenth century, but only one ("The Bosnian mosque") has survived. This mosque, located at the southern end of the city, next to the harbour, is described as a simple stone building with a red-tiled roof and a cylindrical minaret. It was used (in 1992) as a restaurant and as a gift shop. Petersen, 2001, p.129-130 British Mandate The Jewish kibbutz of Sdot Yam was established


top story

;p. 219, ''Byzantine garden culture'', Antony Robert Littlewood, Henry Maguire, and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, Dumbarton Oaks, 2002, ISBN 0-88402-280-3. The medieval Egyptian (History of Arab Egypt) city of Fustat had a number of high-rise buildings that Nasir Khusraw in the early 11th century described as rising up to 14 stories, with roof gardens on the top story complete with ox-drawn water wheels for irrigating them.


legal training

knew Latin, as was natural for a man with legal training. Procopius uses and translates a number of Latin words in the ''Wars of Justinan''. Börm suggests a possible acquaintance with Vergil and Sallust: Börm, Henning (2007) ''Prokop und die Perser'', p.46. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart. ISBN 978-3-515-09052-0 In 527, the first year of Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I's reign, he became the ''adsessor'' (legal adviser) for Belisarius, Justinian's chief


original focus

aspirations in the county. The claim that Raymond had poisoned Alphonso caused much of the Provençal force to turn back and go home.


brilliant career

military commander who was then beginning a brilliant career. Procopius ''Wars of Justinian'' 1.12.24. Procopius speaks of becoming Belisarius' ''symboulos'', 'advisor', in that year. DATE OF BIRTH 500 PLACE OF BIRTH Caesarea, Palestine DATE OF DEATH 565 Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castilla to push El Cid out of Kingdom of Valencia Valencia


famous school

Prima Procopius, ''Wars of Justinian'' I.1.1; Suda pi.2479. See under 'Procopius' on Suda On Line. (modern Israel). He would have received a conventional élite education in the Greek (Greece) classics and then rhetoric, Cameron, Averil (1985) ''Procopius and the Sixth Century'', p.7. Duckworth, London. ISBN 0-7156-1510-7. perhaps at the famous School of Gaza, Evans, James A. S. (1972) ''Procopius


important discovery

2005, Israeli blind golfer Zohar Sharon, 53, achieved a hole-in-one on the 15th hole at the Caesarea golf course in Israel. The most important discovery on the site was the mosaic floor of the Church of St Stephen. It was made in 785 (discovered after 1986). The perfectly preserved mosaic floor is the largest one in Jordan. On the central panel, hunting and fishing scenes are depicted, while another panel illustrates the most important cities of the region including Philadelphia (Amman), Madaba, Esbounta (Heshbon), Belemounta (Ma'an), Areopolis (Ar-Rabba), Charac Moaba (Karak (Al Karak)), Jerusalem, Nablus, Caesarea, and Gaza. The frame of the mosaic is especially decorative. Six mosaic masters signed the work: Staurachios from Esbus, Euremios, Elias, Constantinus, Germanus, and Abdela. It overlays another, damaged, mosaic floor of the earlier (587) Church of Bishop Sergius. Another four churches were excavated nearby with traces of mosaic decoration. thumb Seal of Gagik II as duke of the ''thema'' of Charsianon (Image:Gagikseal.jpeg) Gagik received as compensation for his Kingdom the district of Lycandus in Asia Minor and the town of Bizou, in the vicinity of Caesarea. He was also granted the use of a palace on the Bosphorus in Constantinople and a pension from the Imperial treasury. Several seals testify '''Kakikios Aniotes''' (Gagik of Ani) as duke of the thema of Charsianon. Michael Iasites, duke of Iberia (Iberia (theme)) was entrusted with the government of Ani. Sarkis went in the service of Bagrat IV of Georgia. The Bishop of Caesarea, named Marcus, lost no occasion to express his scorn towards Gagik whom he considered a heretic. After several insults by Marcus directed against him, Gagik eventually murdered the Bishop, an act that made Gagik even more unpopular among the locals. As the story goes, it is said the Bishop had a dog named Armenen, so as to scorn the Armenians. One day, Gagik visited the Bishop, had the dog put in a canvas bag and beat with sticks. He then had the Bishop seized and placed in the same bag with the dog, now maddened by pain. The bishop died in pain from the wounds inflicted by his own dog. Later, Gagik was killed by the Byzantine governors (three brothers) of Kyzistra who had his body mutilated and hanged from the fort for others to see. His body was later buried outside the fort but was later said to have been secretly conveyed by an Armenian from Ani named Banik to a convent he had built in a city called Piza. Caesarea * Caesarea's old city includes Roman and Crusader ruins, such as the amphitheater, where live concerts of classical and popular music are frequently held, as well as the harbor from which St. Paul was taken as a prisoner to Rome. * Grassy golf course and upscale private homes. * Berlin Music Festival, Berlin, Germany * Israel Festival, Caesarea, Israel * Flanders Music Festival, Antwerp, Belgium The Jews almost single-handedly defended Haifa against the crusaders, holding out in the besieged town for a whole month (June–July 1099) in fierce battles. At this time, a full thousand years after the fall of the Jewish state, there were Jewish communities all over the country. Fifty of them are known and include Jerusalem, Tiberias, Ramleh (Ramla), Ashkelon, Caesarea, and Gaza. Katz, Shmuel (Shmuel Katz (politician)). ''Battleground: Fact and Fantasy in Palestine.'' Taylor Productions Ltd., 1974 (ISBN 0-929093-13-5), pg. 97 Carmel, Alex. ''The History of Haifa Under Turkish Rule''. Haifa: Pardes, 2002 (ISBN 965-7171-05-9), pp. 16-17 Upon taking office in Caesarea, Florus began a practice of favoring the local Greek population of the city over the Jewish population. The local Greek population noticed Florus' policies and took advantage of the circumstances to denigrate the local Jewish population. One notable instance of provocation occurred while the Jews were worshiping at their local synagogue and a Hellenist (Hellenization) sacrificed several birds on top of an earthenware container at the entrance of the synagogue, an act that rendered the building ritually unclean (Ritual purification). In response to this action, the Jews sent a group of men to petition Florus for redress. Despite accepting a payment of eight talents (talent (weight)) to hear the case, Florus refused to listen to the complaints and instead had the petitioners imprisoned. Josephus, ''The Wars of the Jews'', Book 2, Chapter 14, Section 5 '''el-Ahwat''' is the name of an archaeological site in the Manasseh (Tribe of Manasseh) region of Israel, located 10 miles east of Caesarea. The site was discovered in November 1992 during a survey by archaeologist Adam Zertal. Ahwat Homepage It is considered to be the location of the northwesternmost settlement of the ancient Israelites in the region. The settlement has been dated back to the Bronze (Bronze Age) and Iron (Iron Age) Ages.


construction program

; some of whom he housed in Tiberias, which also caused Claudius some displeasure. Herod's Temple was one of the larger construction projects of the 1st century BCE. Herod was interested in perpetuating his name for all eternity through building projects, and his construction program was extensive. He had magnificent palaces in Masada, Caesarea and Tiberias. Herod built temples for various pagan gods to serve the gentile populations, which


writings set

Basil the Great , a man from a professional family who was educated in Caesarea, Constantinople, and Athens. Saint Basil visited colonies of hermits in Palestine and Egypt but was most strongly impressed by the organized communities developed under the guidance of Saint Pachomius. Saint Basil's ascetical writings set forth standards for well-disciplined community life and offered lessons in what became the ideal monastic virtue: humility. The Kingdom of Armenia was the first state

Caesarea

'''Caesarea''' ( It is the only Israeli locality managed by a private organization, the Caesarea Development Corporation, About the CDC and also one of the most populous localities not recognized as a local council (local council (Israel)). It lies under the jurisdiction of the Hof HaCarmel Regional Council.

The town was built by Herod the Great about 25–13 BCE as the port city Caesarea Maritima. It served as an administrative center of Judaea Province of the Roman Empire, and later the capital of the Byzantine Palaestina Prima province during the classic period. Following the Muslim conquest (Muslim conquest of the Levant) in the 7th century, the city had an Arab majority until Crusader renovation, but was again abandoned after the Mamluk conquest. It was populated in 1884 by Bosniak immigrants, who settled in a small fishing village. In 1940, kibbutz Sdot Yam was established next to the village. In February 1948 the village was conquered by a Palmach unit commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, its people already having fled following an attack by the Stern Gang. In 1952, a Jewish town of Caesarea was established near the ruins of the old city, which were made into the national park of Caesarea Maritima.

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