Buenos Aires

What is Buenos Aires known for?


opera stage

on the international opera stage. In 1962 she made the first of many appearances at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires singing the title role in Gluck (Christoph Willibald Gluck)'s ''Iphigénie en Tauride''. Her last role at that house was Madame Flora (Baba) in ''The Medium'' in 1987. She appeared as Tosca in Geneva in 1962. In 1966 she sang Ariadne at the Aix-en-Provence Festival and that same year made her first appearance at the San Francisco Opera singing both Cassandre


historical commercial

, more than 70 restaurants and amazing nightlife, with quick access routes to both the domestic and international airports. *


architectural interest

. It is on the northern edge of the city on the banks of the Rio de la Plata. The ''barrio'' of Belgrano (Belgrano, Buenos Aires) is to the southeast; Saavedra (Saavedra, Buenos Aires) and Coghlan (Coghlan, Buenos Aires) are to the west; and Vicente López, in Buenos Aires Province, is to the north. '''Recoleta''' is a downtown residential neighborhood in the city of Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires), Argentina; it is an area of great historical and architectural interest, due


outstanding books

in 2002. He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Lapland, Finland in 2004 and by Universidad del Salvador, Buenos Aires, Argentina in 2010. He also received the Amigo Honorifica de la Comunidad Universitaria de esta Institucion by La Universidad Pedagogica Nacional, Unidad 141, Guadalajara, Mexico. Four of his books have been winners of the American Education Studies Association Critics Choice Awards for outstanding books in education. Culture Montreal


played promotion

are automatically promoted to Primera División Argentina while the 3rd and 4th ranked teams played promotion relegation playoffs against the 17th and 18th Primera Division teams. --


huge football

are practically love songs) which they sing to their teams. Even if you are not a huge football fan, going to a game is definitely worth it just to take in the atmosphere and to observe the fans singing and cheering. While this is an experience you don't want to miss while visiting Buenos Aires, it can also be dangerous for tourists to go on their own depending on the stadium. Tourists are often advised to go with large, organized groups with bilingual guides, in particular to a Boca Juniors game


activities skill

activities, skill workshops, and excursions throughout Argentina and Uruguay, as well as student support services. * '''VOS Buenos Aires''' VOS Buenos Aires offers Regular and Intensive Spanish courses, Exam preparation CELU, DELE, and Immersion programs in Argentina. Vos Buenos Aires offers a wide range of cultural activities every day of the week. The school's main attributes are the excellence of their teachers, the cultural approach, and the great atmosphere. At VOS, Spanish is learned by speaking, feeling, thinking, writing, laughing and living in Spanish. * '''Vamos Spanish''' An all-rounded and eco-friendly Spanish school offering customized group and private classes supplemented with cultural immersion workshops and activities. * '''Enforex''' This is a satellite school from Spain. There is no mention as to whether they teach Spanish of Spain or if they follow Argentine Spanish. They are located in Microcentro and have a capacity for 200 students in 20 classrooms. * '''Ibero''' This school has received attention in guide books. Their method of education is TEFL, a highly regarded method. You can expect, given their foreign press, a higher concentration of the younger backpacker crowd and a higher turnover of students. There has also been observed a high turnover of teachers and other difficulties. * '''ONEonONE Argentina''' This school, which offers both Spanish and English classes as well as a translation service, is known for its personalized approach to teaching by creating tailor made programmes for students. Using only qualified teachers who are all native speakers, the school also offers an activity programme and accommodation options. * '''Linguaschools Buenos Aires''' The school is open all year round. Students can start any Monday. * '''AISL''' Offers small group lessons as well as private classes rotating teacher to expose the student to various teaching style. High quality material, loads of extracurricular activities and a helpful bilingual administrative staff. Argentine Spanish is tought, but the difference to other dialects are explained and contained in the material. Also offers various forms of accommodation. * '''Spanglish Exchange'''. Gives you the opportunity to practice what you are learning in class with native speakers. Events take place almost nightly in bars and restaurants throughout the city. Tutors Many very qualified teachers advertise on Craigslist which is more known by foreigners on the Buenos Aires page than locals. Often these teachers have formal education in teaching language and prior or current experience in a school of language. Work Employment is available for Spanish-speaking visitors in Buenos Aires. Many foreigners work as translators, or English teachers. There's also a recent trend for technology and recruiting companies hiring English-speaking or bilingual employees. Call centers It is very common for foreigners to work in call centers. There are companies that provide customer care and technical support services to many big American and European companies like Microsoft, Verizon, Vodafone, Motorola and others. If you speak just a bit of Spanish, you can get this kind of job. It should be noted that wages in call centers are much less than in countries like the USA, far lower than the difference in the cost of living. In 2007, typical wages were 1 5 of the typical rate for the same work in the USA, while living costs were between 1 3 and 1 2. Many foreigners from "richer countries" find it very hard to survive in Buenos Aires for very long unless they have other funds. Work permit If you wish to work, remember to obtain proper immigration status so as to be able to work legally. It is possible to convert your tourist visa into a work permit, but you need to bring with you a letter of good conduct for your country of residence and a birth certificate. Both documents has to have apostille and a certified translation to Spanish if they are not already in this language. You may find the latest requisites at "Dirección Nacional de Migraciones" Some employers may still offer you work under less than formal terms, but be reminded that if you accept this sort of employment you may not receive the full benefits that are mandated by law and are actually 'helping' that employer break a good number of local laws. Buy Opening times Shops at shopping malls and Supermarkets are usually open from 10:00 to 22:00 hrs, 7 days a week. Non-chain, small stores usually close around 20:00 and stay closed on Saturday afternoons and Sundays except on big avenues and touristic areas. All of the main avenues are full with kiosks and very small convenience stores that stay open 24 hours. You will find no less than 2 for each 100 meters you walk. In the Recoleta area, several bookstores and record stores close as late as 2:30AM daily. Money The Argentinian currency is the Peso (Argentinian Peso; ARP). A 100 Pesos bill can be hard to break, so avoid changing round numbers so you get some change (e.g. when changing money change the amount that will give you 90 Pesos instead of 100 Pesos). Coins are rare and they are required for buses, so try not to spend them in stores. Exchanging money Money can be exchanged at ''Banco de la Nación Argentina'' at the airport and at any of the '''cambios''' ('''changes''') along Florida or Lavalle, but, if you have the time, shop around for the best rate at the zone known as "La city". This zone is the banking district of Buenos Aires, and numerous exchange places are located right near one another. This mean fierce competition and options to check the best rates. In addition to this, in this zone is possible not only to change US Dollars or Euros, but also some other major currencies from Latin America (such as Brazilian Reals, Mexican Pesos, Colombian Pesos, etc.), Canadian Dollars, Asian (Japanese Yens, Chinese Renminbis, etc.), and Europe (Swedish Kronas, Swiss Francs, etc.). This can mean a saving of time and money by not having to convert 2 times. Take into consideration that wherever you go to an official money changer, you are always officially required to present your passport and copies are not acceptable. Traveller's checks '''Traveller's Checks''' are rarely used and may actually be difficult to exchange, but there is an American Express office at San Martin Plaza that will take American Express' Traveller's Checks. Banco Frances will cash them with proper identification, and are located all over B.A., including around tourist attractions such as El Obelesco. Banks '''Banks''' open from 10:00 to 15:00 and only on weekdays. ''Banelco'' or "Red Link" ATMs can be found around the city, but banks and ATMs are few and far between in residential neighborhoods like Palermo. Try major roads near metro stations. ATMs are the most convenient source of cash but should be used only in banks or ATMs that acted as the banks' branches. Just like in most cities, independent ATMs (not affiliated with any bank) are considered less safe. ATM '''ATM limits and fees ''' Some ATMs strictly limit withdrawals on foreign cards. You may be able to get out only 300 Pesos per day, so plan to visit the ATM often or hunt around for a more relaxed limit. The Citibank multipurpose ATMs are currently the only ones allowing withdrawals over 300 Pesos per day (probably up to the limit of your card). Otherwise, look for ATMs in the Link network. Banco Patagonico has a limit of 600 Pesos. The Visa Plus network of ATM cards have a lower limit of 320 Pesos per withdrawal with U$5–6 fee. Fees vary wildly from nothing to US $5–6. Read the fine print! As of July 2011, all ATMs in the Link and Banelco networks are charging a 16 Pesos fee for withdrawals from American cards. As these are the only two ATM networks to be found in Buenos Aires, plan accordingly. Cash exchange rates for US Dollars are very competitive, and it may be advantageous to simply bring a large sum of US currency. Banking Fees '''Fees''' for banking may be from both your bank and the Argentinian bank. Specific fee amounts depends on your bank and the ATM you use; most ATMs will charge foreign travellers around US $5–7 per transaction, which will be added to your withdrawal amount. Sometimes the machines also dispense US Dollars for international bank cards that are members of the Cirrus and PLUS networks. Visitors from Brazil can find many Banco Itaú agencies all over the city. Change '''Change''' is a problem in Buenos Aires as there is a seeming shortage of coins. The locals give two basic reasons for it. The first being that the metal is worth more than the value of the coin so people sell their coins to scrap metal merchants, or the other reason is that the bus system requires all trips to be paid for with coins so there is a shortage in a city of 13 million people. Whatever the reason, if you buy an item that costs 4 Pesos and 60 cents, almost always expect to pay with the correct amount of money. Some shopkeepers sometimes hope that the purchaser will simply say 'keep the change'. However, this is not the case if you use larger bills at bigger stores (such as a chain store like Carrefour) for purchases. Credit cards As of July 2011, credit cards are very widely accepted in the city center and Recoleta, and it is not an issue to use a card for a small purchase such as lunch. Credit cards are used less common in Argentina than in the USA or Europe. However, most of tourist-oriented businesses accept credit cards, although sometimes with additional handling fee to offset the fee that the merchants have to pay to the credit card networks. Souvenirs * '''The mate:''' It is a sort of cup made from different materials, commonly from a desiccated vegetal core (a gourd), sometimes with silver or gold ornaments; which is used to drink ''mate'', the most traditional social non-alcoholic beverage. The mate is drunk in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil. * '''Other gaucho items:''' Traditional clothes, knives, etc. * '''Leather items:''' The cow is totally used here: meat, milk, sausages, and leather; all high quality. You can find coats and other leather products on Murillo street though the quality of the goods here varies widely. The best place to find high quality leather goods may be the malls and other major shopping streets. * '''Alfajores:''' These traditional cake cookies, often containing dulce de leche, are delicious. * '''Football Jersey:''' Football ('soccer' for Americans) is a huge part of Argentine culture, so it is normal to bring home a jersey to represent your time there. Shirts from River, Boca or the Argentine National Team are always very popular and make great gifts. * '''Tango Shoes''' The zona de calzados is just Past Diagonal Norte on Suipacha. You will see many shops grouped together that sell tango shoes. As with many things in Buenos Aires shop around and make sure you are not getting the gringo price. Men can buy excellent hand made leather shoes for around US $50. For those of you with time on your hands you can ask them to make you a pair. They will draw your foot on a piece of paper and you can design your own shoe for the same price. Do be aware that if they tell you that it will be ready in a week, that probably means about 10 days (or around 7 business days). * '''Handmade Ponchos:''' The Native Americans in Argentina wear ponchos made of handwoven materials, usually distinct from other regions of South America. Some are seasonal, many are considered unisex. A good deal can be found, especially on the outskirts of the city. * '''A Bottle of Malbec:''' Argentina is famous for its wine, and Malbec is the signature grape of the land. A fine quality Malbec can be had for 8-10 US Dollars per bottle and makes a fine gift. If you know nothing about wine, go to a liquor store and look for the same brands years found in nice restaurants. Shopping districts * '''Florida Street''' and '''Lavalle Street''' (from 500 up to 1000) are for pedestrians only and is the place to find the majority of tourist's shops in MicroCentro (Buenos Aires Microcentro). At the intersection of these two pedestrian streets, there is often some sort of interesting street performance going on, especially at night. * '''The Palermo Viejo''' in Palermo (Buenos Aires Palermo) has many shops that will appeal to young or artsy people (think New York's SoHo). Nearby is Murillo Street, a block full of leather houses. thumb 250px El Ateneo (File:ElAteneo.jpg) Book stores * '''Santa Fe Avenue''' offers not only lots and lots of clothes and book shops but also a nice atmosphere where you can walk along. You can start from the intersection of Santa Fe Avenue with 9 de Julio Avenue, and walk along Santa Fe up to the Alto Palermo Shopping (Av. Santa Fe 3253). * In the Corrientes Ave. from the ''Obelisco'' (big obelisk landed in the intersection with 9 de Julio avenue) up to Callao Ave., you will find a lot of cheap bookstores with tons of books mostly in Spanish. They remain open as late as 3AM, Monday to Monday. * '''El Ateneo''', originally a theater (Teatro Grand Splendid), has now become in one of the top 5 most beautiful bookstores in the world It has a reasonable offering of books in English. Located at Santa Fe 1860. Markets and fairs Saturdays and Sundays are great days for the outdoor markets, especially in the summer. * '''Recoleta''': The ''Feria Recoleta'' (in ''Plaza Francia'') is an assortment of all sorts of artisan products, from jewelry to shawls. * '''Palermo''': ''Plaza Serrano'' in Palermo viejo comes alive in the afternoon with more artisan's handiwork and freelance clothes designers. Another nearby Plaza (in Palermo viejo) between Malabia, Armenia, Costa Rica and Nicaragua streets has stalls with items for sale. The ''Último Taller'' at Jorge L. Borges 1975 (between Soler and Nicaragua streets) sells funky candles and street address plates and markers; there are charming cats, and photos can be etched onto these plates as well. The shop is open Monday to Saturday 10AM-9PM; * '''San Telmo''': On Sundays, ''Plaza Dorrego'' in San Telmo offers tango and antique products. Defensa street from Chile to San Juan comes to life with live performers and vendors. The crowds are thick, so keep an eye on your possessions. * '''San Isidro''': Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays, the "Feria de Anticuarios" at the train station of Barrancas has a nice atmosphere. It offers nearly 70 stands of antiques, from toys to books and stuff for your home. Check their website for pictures and more info. '''San Fernando''': Saturdays from 10 to 18 hs., and Wednesdays from 10 to 16 hs. This is a market where you will be buying items directly from producers, with the condition that goods are produced with social and environment ethics in mind. You'll find books, vegetables, hand made clothing, musical instruments, etc. If you plan to buy things, remember to bring your own bag. The market is located at San Fernando train station, in Madero and Rosario streets (between Sarmiento and 9 de Julio). Eat While the primary consumption of Argentinians is beef, there are other options in this cosmopolitan city. Italian food is pervasive but in neighborhoods like Palermo, pizza joints are seeing heavy competition from sushi, fusion, and even vegetarian bistros. Just about everything can be delivered - including fantastic, gourmet ''helado'' (ice cream). Meat You will want to try ''asado'' (beef steak barbecue) at a ''parrilla'', restaurants specializing in roasted meats. There are expensive ''parrillas'', and more simple and cost effective ones, In either case you will likely have some of the best "meat" you have ever tasted. The ''bife de lomo'' (tenderloin) is unbelievably tender. As matter in fact. the first regular refrigator ship is the Steamers ''Le Frigorifique'' and ''Paraguay'', that carried frozen mutton from Argentina to France. Jugoso means rare (literally "juicy"), however the Argentine concept of rare is very different from that of someone from the States (perhaps its a tourist thing, but an American ordering rare is likely to get something between medium well and hockey puck). Argentines cook their meat all the way through, and they can only get away with this method because the meat is so tender that cooking it well does not necessarily mean it's shoe leather. For Westerners, don't be afraid to order "azul" ("blue"), you will not get a blue steak, more like an American Medium Rare. If you like your meat "bloody", or practically "still walking" it might pay to learn words like "sangre" ("blood"), or to make statements like "me gusta la sangre" ("I like the blood"). Don't be afraid to spend two minutes stressing how rare you want your steak to your waiter- this is something no one talks about in guidebooks but every other American and Brit once you arrive will tell you the same thing, if you want it rare, you have to explain exactly how rare. Only the most old school ''parrillas'' (grills) don't offer at least one or two pasta dishes and pizza is everywhere. Parrilla Tour Buenos Aires leads walking tours around different neighborhoods of classic parrillas. During the tour, participants stop and sample traditional foods at 4 restaurants, 3 parrillas (steakhouses) and an artisanal ice cream shop, as well as learn about the history and culture around Argentine cuisine. The stops chosen tend to be hole-in-the-wall, locals only, establishments not in guidebooks. Pizza Italian and Spanish food are almost native here, as the cultural heritage heralds in great part from these two countries. Other popular meals are pizzas and ''empanadas'' (small pastries stuffed with a combination of cheese and meats). They are a popular home delivery or takeaway takeout option. '''Pizza''' is a strong tradition in Buenos Aires. It comes ''al molde'' (cooked in a pan, usually medium to thick crust), ''a la piedra'' (baked in a stone oven, usually thin to medium crust), and ''a la parilla'' (cooked on a parilla grill, very thin, crispy crust). Best places: "Los Inmortales", "Las Cuartetas", "Guerrín", ·El Cuartito", "Banchero's", "Kentucky". "El Cuartito" in Recoleta has a delicious "Fugazzeta rellena" pizza. This restaurant can be packed with families and friends even at midnight. In "Guerrin", ask for a slice of pizza muzarella with a glass of Moscato. Vegetarian Commons:Category:Buenos Aires Wikipedia:Buenos Aires Dmoz:Regional South America Argentina Provinces Buenos Aires City


work writing

was written in exile, but this did not deter him from fiercely tackling Paraguayan social and historical issues in his work. Writing in a Spanish that was at times heavily augmented by Guaraní (Guarani language) words (the major Paraguayan indigenous language), Roa Bastos incorporated Paraguayan myths and symbols into a Baroque style known as magic realism. He is considered a late-comer to the Latin American Boom literary movement. Roa Bastos' personal canon includes the novels ''Hijo de hombre'' (1960; ''Son of Man'') and ''El fiscal'' (1993; ''The Prosecutor''), as well as numerous other novels, short stories, poems, and screenplays. Exile in Argentina (1947–1976) During the 1947 Paraguayan Civil War, Roa Bastos was forced to flee to Buenos Aires, Argentina, because he had spoken out against President Higinio Moríñigo. About 500,000 of his fellow Paraguayans left for Argentina at the same time. Commons:Category:Buenos Aires Wikipedia:Buenos Aires Dmoz:Regional South America Argentina Provinces Buenos Aires City


basketball played

Polo '' (located just across Libertador Avenue from the ''Hipódromo''), and pato, a kind of basketball played on horseback that was declared the national game in 1953. Buenos Aires native Guillermo Vilas (who was raised in Mar del Plata) and Gabriela Sabatini were great tennis players of the 1970s and 1980s and popularized tennis Nationwide in Argentina. Vilas won the ATP Buenos Aires numerous times in the 1970s. Other popular sports


passing ability

of the Organization of Ibero-American States. * Caracas, Venezuela The hosts scored the opening goal through Pablo Dorado, a low shot from a position on the right. Freddi, p. 12. Argentina, displaying superior passing ability, responded strongly. Within eight minutes they were back on level terms; Carlos Peucelle received a Ferreira

Club Internacional Internacional '''Andrés Nicolás D'Alessandro''' (born April 15, 1981 in Buenos Aires) is a left-footed Argentine (Argentina) footballer (Association football) who currently plays for Sport Club Internacional in Brazil. He is best known for his dribbling and his short passing ability. Early career D'Alessandro was born in the La Paternal (La Paternal, Buenos Aires) section of Buenos Aires, Argentina. He joined the labor force as a pizza

Buenos Aires

'''Buenos Aires''' (

The city of Buenos Aires is neither part of Buenos Aires Province nor the Province's capital; rather, it is an autonomous (autonomous city) district. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano (Belgrano, Buenos Aires) and Flores (Flores, Buenos Aires); both are now neighborhoods of the city (Barrios and Communes of Buenos Aires). The 1994 constitutional amendment (1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution) granted the city autonomy (autonomous area), hence its formal name: '''''Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires''''' ('''Autonomous City of Buenos Aires'''). Its citizens first elected a Chief of Government (List of mayors and chiefs of government of Buenos Aires) (i.e. Mayor) in 1996; before, the Mayor was directly appointed by the President of the Republic (President of Argentina).

Buenos Aires is, along with Mexico City and São Paulo, one of the three Latin American cities considered an 'alpha city' by the study GaWC5 (Global city).

Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination,

People from Buenos Aires are referred to as ''porteños'' (people of the port (Port of Buenos Aires)). The city is the birthplace of the current pope, Francis (Pope Francis) (former Archbishop of Buenos Aires), and Queen Máxima of the Netherlands.

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