Bryansk

What is Bryansk known for?


major world

, Russian SFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic), Soviet Union DATE OF DEATH The '''Second Battle of Smolensk (Battle of Smolensk (1943))''' was a major World War II Red Army offensive in western Russia, staged almost simultaneously with the Battle of the Lower Dnieper. The two-month offensive led by Generals Andrei Yeremenko and Vasily Sokolovsky was aimed at clearing the German presence from the Smolensk and Bryansk regions. Smolensk had been


early success

Moscow via a pincer movement. It much early success and succeeded in enveloping considerable Soviet forces at Vyazma and Bryansk by 10 October. However, the initial success gave way to a grinding battle of attrition. By 11 November the situation in the air was also changing from a position of initial parity. Kesselring's ''Luftflotte 2'' and the Headquarters of ''Fliegerkorps I'' were moved to the Mediterranean Theatre (Mediterranean Theatre of Operations). This left von Richthofen's


active stance

of Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Vologda, Kashin and several others. However, his fortunes were soon to reverse, as the Commonwealth decided to take a more active stance in the Russian civil wars. thumb right 300px ''Relief of Smolensk'' by Polish forces, by Juliusz Kossak (Image:Juliusz Kossak Odsiecz Smolenska.jpeg). While both countries were shaken by internal strife, many smaller factions thrived. Polish Lisowczycy mercenaries, who were essential in the defense of Smolensk in 1612, when most of regulars (wojsko kwarciane) mutinied and joined the ''konfederacja rohatynska'', were content to guard the Polish border against the Russian incursions for the next three years. However, in 1615 Aleksander Józef Lisowski gathered many outlaws and invaded Russia with 6 ''chorągiew'' of cavalry. He besieged Bryansk and defeated the relief force of few thousand soldiers under Prince Yuri Shakhovskoy near Karachev. Then Lisowski defeated the front guard of a force several times larger than his own, under the command of knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky, who decided to defend instead of attack and fortified his forces in a camp. Lisowczycy broke contact with his forces, burned Belyov and Likhvin, took Peremyshl (Peremyshl, Russia), turned north, defeated the Russian army at Rzhev, proceeded north towards Kashin, burned Torzhok, and, heavy with loot returned to Poland without any further opposition from Russian forces. Lisowski and his forces remained at the Russo–Polish border until autumn 1616, at which point Lisowski suddenly fell ill and died on 11 October The formation was then known as ''Lisowczycy''. Despite the death of Lisowski, his forces remained a significant threat: in 1616 they captured Kursk and defeated Russian forces at Bolkhov. In 1608, together with Aleksander Kleczkowski, leading his forces - a band of few hundred ragtag soldiers of fortune (mercenary), mainly Lithuanians, Poles, Don Cossacks, Ruthenians, Tatars, Germans, Swedes - he defeated the armies of tsar Vasili Shuisky, led by Zakhary Lyapunov and Ivan Khovansky, near Zaraysk and captured Mikhailov and Kolomna, moving on to blockade Moscow. However, he was soon to be defeated at Niedźwiedzi Bród, losing most of his loot. He reorganized the army and joined with Jan Piotr Sapieha, but they failed to capture the Troitse-Sergieva Lavra fortress and were forced to retreat to near Rakhmantsevo. Then came successful pillages at Kostroma, Soligalich, and some other cities (those battles took place around 1608-1609). He took Pskov in 1610 and clashed with Swedes operating in Muscovy during the Ingrian War. The Lisowczycy proved essential in the defence of Smolensk in 1612, when most of the Commonwealth regular army, the (''wojsko kwarciane''), mutined and joined the Rohatyn Confederation. For the next three years Lisowski's forces were of importance in the guarding of the Commonwealth border against Muscovy incursions. In 1615, Lisowski gathered many outlaws and invaded Muscovy with 6 companies of cavalry. He besieged Bryansk and defeated the Muscovite relief force of a few thousand soldiers under Kniaz Yuri Shakhovskoy near Karachev. Lisowski moved on to defeat the Muscovite advance guard of a force (several times larger than his) under the command of Kniaz Dmitry Pozharsky, who decided to not to attack and fortified his forces inside a camp. Lisowski's men broke contact with other forces, burned Belyov (Belev) and Likhvin, took Peremyshl (Peremyshl-on-the-Oka), turned north, defeated a Muscovite army at Rzhev, turned towards the Kara Sea coast, then to Kashin, burned Torzhok, returned to Commonwealth without any further contact with Muscovy forces. Until the autumn of 1616, Lisowski and his forces remained on the Commonwealth-Muscovy border, when Lisowski suddenly fell ill and died on October 11. Vyazma is a major railway junction (Junction (rail)), with connecting trains from Moscow, St.Petersburg, Kaluga and Bryansk. It is also located near the main M1 highway (M1 highway (Russia)) between Moscow and Minsk. The 890th Long-Range Aviation Regiment ( page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 thumb left Aleksey Trubetskoy was the godparent godfather (File:Young peter.jpg) of Peter I of Russia. Young Peter with royal (Regalia) regalia. In 1654 Prince Aleksey Trubetskoy on the side of Alexis I of Russia led the southern flank of the Muscovite army from Bryansk to Ukraine. The territory between the Dniepr and Berezyna was overrun quickly, with Aleksey Trubetskoy taking Mścisław and Rosławl. In 1654 the former Principality of Trubetsk was finally conquered by Aleksey Trubetskoy, Prince of Trubetsk himself, as a result of the Russo-Polish War (1654-1667). In 1656 the second Muscovian (Muscovite Tsardom) army advanced in the north of Swedish Livonia and besieged Tartu. In 1659 a Muscovite army, led by Aleksey Trubetskoy, crossed into Ukraine and was partly defeated by a Ruthenian (Principality of Ruthenia)–Tatar (Crimean Tatars) army led by Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop. In 1659 he negotiated the Second Treaty of Pereiaslav with Yurii Khmelnytsky. In 1659 Aleksey Trubetskoy together with Ivan Sirko, who went to Zaporozhian Sich in 1654, and became a polkovnyk (colonel), fought against the Crimean Khanate.


news people

and cellist. http: www.independent.co.uk news people obituary-tatiana-nikolayeva-1507034.html She studied piano from the age of three and was composing by age twelve. At thirteen, she entered the Moscow Conservatory, studying with Goldenweiser and Evgeny Golubev. Goldenweiser, who had been friends with Alexander Scriabin, Sergei Rachmaninoff and Nikolai Medtner, stressed the need to develop the highest proficiency in contrapuntal (counterpoint) playing


military role

under German occupation since the first Battle of Smolensk (Battle of Smolensk (1941)) in 1941. Despite an impressive German defense setup, the Red Army was able to stage several breakthroughs, liberating several major cities, including Smolensk and Roslavl, and moving into occupied Belorussia (Belarus). Although playing a major military role in its own right, the Smolensk Operation was also important for its effect on the Battle of Dnieper. It has been estimated that as many as 55 German


technical school

of Dmitrov (C.1333–1363) History In October 1941 the Nazi German military advance into Soviet Union reached Lokot area near the city of Bryansk, which was captured by the Germans on October 6, 1941. http: militera.lib.ru research sokolov3 03.html In November 1941 Bronislav Kaminski, an engineer at a local distillery, and Konstantin Voskoboinik, a local technical school teacher, approached the German military administration with proposals

, which is the smallest city in the country with its own tram system. In October 1941, the Nazi Germany military advance into the Soviet Union reached Lokot area (Lokot Autonomy) near the city of Bryansk and captured it on October 6, 1941 http: militera.lib.ru research sokolov3 03.html In November 1941, an engineer at the local alcohol plant, Bronislav Kaminski, and a local technical school teacher, Konstantin Voskoboinik, approached the German


defensive stance

defensive stance only on 27 September 1941. However, new Soviet divisions were being formed on the Volga, in Asia and in the Urals, and it would only be a matter of a few months before these new troops could be committed, Vasilevsky, p. 138. making the battle a race against time as well. birth_date December 31, 1948 birth_place Bryansk, Russian SFSR occupation Pilot (aviator) '''Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasyev''' page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 thumb left Aleksey Trubetskoy was the godparent godfather (File:Young peter.jpg) of Peter I of Russia. Young Peter with royal (Regalia) regalia. In 1654 Prince Aleksey Trubetskoy on the side of Alexis I of Russia led the southern flank of the Muscovite army from Bryansk to Ukraine. The territory between the Dniepr and Berezyna was overrun quickly, with Aleksey Trubetskoy taking Mścisław and Rosławl. In 1654 the former Principality of Trubetsk was finally conquered by Aleksey Trubetskoy, Prince of Trubetsk himself, as a result of the Russo-Polish War (1654-1667). In 1656 the second Muscovian (Muscovite Tsardom) army advanced in the north of Swedish Livonia and besieged Tartu. In 1659 a Muscovite army, led by Aleksey Trubetskoy, crossed into Ukraine and was partly defeated by a Ruthenian (Principality of Ruthenia)–Tatar (Crimean Tatars) army led by Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop. In 1659 he negotiated the Second Treaty of Pereiaslav with Yurii Khmelnytsky. In 1659 Aleksey Trubetskoy together with Ivan Sirko, who went to Zaporozhian Sich in 1654, and became a polkovnyk (colonel), fought against the Crimean Khanate.


important+approach

divisions (division (military)) were committed to counter the Smolensk Operation—divisions that were critically needed to prevent Soviet troops from crossing the Dnieper River in the south. Additionally, the operation allowed the Red Army to repulse German forces definitively from the Smolensk landbridge, historically the most important approach for an attack on Moscow from the west. '''(More...) (Battle of Smolensk (1943))''' - 041 041 '''Bryansk''' Брянск Bryansk Oblast 431,526 415,640 page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 thumb left Aleksey Trubetskoy was the godparent godfather (File:Young peter.jpg) of Peter I of Russia. Young Peter with royal (Regalia) regalia. In 1654 Prince Aleksey Trubetskoy on the side of Alexis I of Russia led the southern flank of the Muscovite army from Bryansk to Ukraine. The territory between the Dniepr and Berezyna was overrun quickly, with Aleksey Trubetskoy taking Mścisław and Rosławl. In 1654 the former Principality of Trubetsk was finally conquered by Aleksey Trubetskoy, Prince of Trubetsk himself, as a result of the Russo-Polish War (1654-1667). In 1656 the second Muscovian (Muscovite Tsardom) army advanced in the north of Swedish Livonia and besieged Tartu. In 1659 a Muscovite army, led by Aleksey Trubetskoy, crossed into Ukraine and was partly defeated by a Ruthenian (Principality of Ruthenia)–Tatar (Crimean Tatars) army led by Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop. In 1659 he negotiated the Second Treaty of Pereiaslav with Yurii Khmelnytsky. In 1659 Aleksey Trubetskoy together with Ivan Sirko, who went to Zaporozhian Sich in 1654, and became a polkovnyk (colonel), fought against the Crimean Khanate.


black book

, 8 November 2005 (UTC) *Salt Riot by me. Any pictures for this event? KNewman (User:KNewman) 03:31, 8 November 2005 (UTC) Bregman was born in the town of Zlynka in the Bryansk district. Bregman was a deputy minister of State Control and an active party member since 1912. He was editor-in-chief of ''The Book About Jews-Heroes of the War against Fascism''. He also participated in collecting materials for Black Book (Black Book (World War II)), a publication detailing


local technical

of Dmitrov (C.1333–1363) History In October 1941 the Nazi German military advance into Soviet Union reached Lokot area near the city of Bryansk, which was captured by the Germans on October 6, 1941. http: militera.lib.ru research sokolov3 03.html In November 1941 Bronislav Kaminski, an engineer at a local distillery, and Konstantin Voskoboinik, a local technical school teacher, approached the German military administration with proposals

, which is the smallest city in the country with its own tram system. In October 1941, the Nazi Germany military advance into the Soviet Union reached Lokot area (Lokot Autonomy) near the city of Bryansk and captured it on October 6, 1941 http: militera.lib.ru research sokolov3 03.html In November 1941, an engineer at the local alcohol plant, Bronislav Kaminski, and a local technical school teacher, Konstantin Voskoboinik, approached the German

Bryansk

'''Bryansk''' (

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