Brittany

What is Brittany known for?


rock+drawings

, with many rock drawings left by the Neolithic Boyne Valley culture (Brú na Bóinne) in Ireland, within a few miles of centres for Early Medieval Insular art some 4,000 years later. Other centres such as Brittany are also in areas that remain defined as Celtic today. Other correspondences are between the gold lunulas and large collars of Bronze Age Ireland and Europe and the torcs of Iron Age Celts, all elaborate ornaments worn round the neck. The trumpet shaped terminations of various types of Bronze Age Irish jewellery are also reminiscent of motifs popular in later Celtic decoration.


powerful performance

the name from Cap Fréhel in Brittany where her parents had been born. Singing as Fréhel, at the Paris Olympia in 1924 she recaptured the former magic with a powerful performance and was soon headlining at the most popular venues in the country. Part of what is now referred to as the bal musette, Fréhel often sang accompanied by pipes and or an accordion player. On returning to England he was promoted, on 9 January 1778, to be lieutenant of the ''Princess Amelia'' guardship at Portsmouth. He wanted to be appointed to a sea-going ship but Lord Sandwich considered that he was bound by the terms of the surrender at Saratoga not to undertake any active service. Towards the end of the year he was appointed to the ''Licorne'', which, in the spring of 1779, went out to Newfoundland (Newfoundland (island)), returning in the winter, when Pellew was moved into the ''Apollo'', with his old captain, Pownoll. On 15 June 1780 the ''Apollo'' engaged a large French privateer, the ''Stanislaus'', off Ostend. Pownoll was killed by a musket-shot, but Pellew, continuing the action, dismasted the ''Stanislaus'' and drove her on shore, where she was protected by the neutrality of the coast. On the 18th Lord Sandwich wrote to him: ''"I will not delay informing you that I mean to give you immediate promotion as a reward for your gallant and officer-like conduct."'' and on 1 July he was accordingly promoted to the command of the ''Hazard'' sloop, which was employed for the next six months on the east coast of Scotland. She was then paid off. In March 1782 Pellew was appointed to the ''Pelican'', a small French prize, and so low that he used to say ''"his servant could dress his hair from the deck while he sat in the cabin."'' On 28 April, while cruising on the coast of Brittany, he engaged and drove on shore three privateers. In special reward for this service he was promoted to post rank on 25 May, and ten days later was appointed to the temporary command of the ''Artois'' (HMS Artois (1780)), in which on 1 July, he captured a large frigate-built privateer. Jean Langlais was born in La Fontenelle (La Fontenelle, Ille-et-Vilaine) (Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany), a small village near Mont St Michel, France. Langlais became blind due to glaucoma when he was only two years old, and was sent to study at the Institut National des Jeunes Aveugles in Paris, where he began to study the organ, with André Marchal. From there, he progressed to the Paris Conservatoire, obtaining prizes in organ (Pipe organ), which he studied with Marcel Dupré, composition (musical composition), which he studied with Paul Dukas. He studied also gregorian improvisation with Charles Tournemire. thumb right Radyr Twinning Fellowship monument (Image:Radyr Twinning Fellowship.jpg) Radyr is twinned with Saint-Philbert-de-Grand-Lieu, a town south-west of Nantes (Cardiff's twin city) on the southern shores of the Lac de Grand Lieu in Brittany, France which has over 300 hectares of vineyards producing Muscadet wine.


major contribution

accessdate 8 February 2011 publisher Parliament of the United Kingdom year 25 January 2011 quote Cornwall sees itself as the fourth Celtic nation of the United Kingdom; Lord Teverson (Robin Teverson, Baron Teverson) work Hansard


bagpipes

192 Francis, however, viewed Henry as a valuable tool to bargain for England's aid and kept the Tudors under his protection. In recent years, often driven by revivals of native folk music and dance, many types of bagpipes have resurged in popularity, and in many cases instruments that were on the brink of extinction have become extremely popular. In Brittany, the Great Highland Bagpipe and concept of the pipe band were appropriated to create a Breton

interpretation, the bagad. The pipe band idiom has also been adopted and applied to the Spanish (Spanish bagpipes) gaita as well. Additionally, bagpipes have often been used in various films depicting moments from Scottish and Irish history; the film Braveheart and the theatrical show Riverdance have served to make the uilleann pipes more commonly known. The Brythonic languages derive from the British language (British language (Celtic)), spoken throughout Britain south

countries and former British colonies like the United States of America, Canada, India, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Brunei, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. Pipe bands have also been established in countries with few Scottish or Celtic connections like Thailand, Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Argentina. There are two bagpipes called ''binioù'' in Brittany: the traditional '''''binioù kozh''''' (''kozh'' means "


contemporary term

then decided to become a pharmacist, and graduated with a degree in pharmacology in 1876. Origin of the term and its application The '''Angevin Empire''' is a neologism defining the lands of the Plantagenets: Henry II (Henry II of England) and his sons Richard I (Richard I of England) and John (John of England). Another son Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany ruled Brittany and established a separate line there. As far as historians know, there was no contemporary term for the region under Angevin control; however descriptions such as "our kingdom and everything subject to our rule whatever it may be" were used. John Gillingham: "The Angevin Empire" page 2, second edition, Arnold Editions. The term ''Angevin Empire'' was coined by Kate Norgate in her 1887 publication, ''England under the Angevin Kings''. Norgate, Kate, ''England Under the Angevin Kings''. In France, the term ''Espace Plantagenêt'' (Plantagenet Area) is sometimes used to describe the fiefdoms the Plantagenets had acquired. Martin Aurell - L'empire des Plantagenêt page 11: ''En 1984, résumant les communications d'un colloque franco-anglais tenu à Fontevraud (Anjou), lieu de mémoire par excellence des Plantagenêt, Robert Henri-Bautier, coté français, n'est pas en reste, proposant, pour cette "juxtaposition d'entités" sans "aucune structure commune" de substituer l'imprécis "espace" aux trop contraignants "Empire Plantagenêt" ou "Etat anglo-angevin".'' Geography and administration At its largest extent, the Angevin Empire consisted of the Kingdom of England, the Lordship of Ireland, the duchies of Normandy, Gascony and Aquitaine (also called Guyenne) Capetian France 937 - 1328" Editions Longman page 74: "There was a hiatus between the Carolingian duchy and its successor that was assembled by Count of Poitou in the early tenth century..." as well as of the Counties of Anjou, Poitou, Maine (Maine (province of France)), Touraine, Saintonge, Marche (County of Marche), Périgord, Limousin (Limousin (province)), Nantes and Quercy. While the duchies and counties were held with various levels of vassalage to the King of France (List of French monarchs), Capetian France 937 - 1328 page 64: "Then in 1151 Henry Plantagenet paid hommage for the duchy to Louis VII in Paris, homage he repeated as king of England in 1156." the Plantagenets held various levels of control over the Duchies of Brittany and Cornwall, the Welsh princedoms (Wales), the county of Toulouse, and the Kingdom of Scotland, although those regions were not formal parts of the empire. Further claims were laid over Berry (Berry (province)) and Auvergne (Auvergne (province)), but these were not fulfilled.


critical biography

. Kerouac's baptism certificate lists his name simply as ''Jean Louis Kirouac'', and indeed Kirouac is the most common spelling of the name in Quebec. Nicosia, Gerald- Memory Babe: A Critical Biography of Jack Kerouac, 1983. Kerouac claimed he descended from a Breton (Breton people) nobleman, granted land after the Battle of Quebec (Battle of the Plains of Abraham), whose sons all married Indigenous peoples of the Americas Native Americans


satirical poem

Britanniae '' by Geoffrey of Monmouth. Smith was also a vociferous opponent of the Disestablishment (Disestablishmentarianism) of the Welsh portions of the Church of England (Church in Wales), calling the Welsh Disestablishment Bill introduced into parliament in 1913 “a bill which has shocked the conscience of every Christian (Christianity) community in Europe”. This prompted G. K. Chesterton to write a satirical poem, “Antichrist, Or the Reunion of Christendom: An Ode” (s:Antichrist, or the Reunion of Christendom: An Ode), which asked if Breton (Brittany) sailors, Russian peasants and Christians evicted by the Turks (Ottoman Empire) would know or care of what happened to the Anglican Church of Wales (Church in Wales), and answered the question with the line “Chuck it, Smith”. The bill was approved by parliament, under the provisions of the Parliamentary Act of 1911 (Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949) but its implementation delayed by the outbreak of the First World War (World War I). When it was finally implemented in 1920, Smith was part of the Lloyd George Coalition (Lloyd George Coalition Government) that did so. Biography He was born at Rennes in Brittany, where his father was ''bâtonnier'' of the corporation of lawyers, a title equivalent to President of the Bar (Bar association). He entered the law profession, and was a noted orator. thumb Major Dutch defence lines in 1940 (Image:Dutch defense lines - ln-en.jpg) From the middle of the 19th century until 1914 the fortress city of Antwerp was the official National Redoubt of Antwerp (Réduit national) in Belgium, and until 1940, the "Fortress Holland" was that of the Netherlands, although in neither case did the "redoubt" prove defensible — even though the same area of Holland proper did manage to stop the advances of the French troops in the ''Rampjaar'' 1672 (Rampjaar), providing the Dutch with much-needed time to eventually gain the upper hand. In 1940 Brittany was briefly considered as such in the last stages of the Fall of France, but again proved impractical. :*Upon breaking out of Normandy in August, the Americans committed two armored divisions to operations in Brittany when armored units were direly needed for the pursuit of the German army across France. While the port of Brest (Brest, France), France was ultimately captured by the Americans, it consumed the operations of an American corps for an entire month and ultimately did little for the Allied effort because the Germans so thoroughly destroyed the port before it was captured. Weigley, p. 285. Seismographical (Seismology) research shows that the crust (Crust (geology)) of the Earth below Great Britain is from 27 to 35 km (17 to 22 miles) thick. The oldest rocks are found at the surface in north west Scotland and are more than half as old as the planet (Age of the Earth). These rocks are thought to underlie much of Great Britain and Ireland (although boreholes have only penetrated the first few kilometres), but next appear extensively at the surface in Brittany and the Channel Islands. The youngest rocks are found in south east England. It lies on the threshold of Brittany and on the border between Normandy and Anjou. Its citizens are called ''Lavallois''. * Medieval Château de Laval (tower and building) * Significant remains of the town walls and of a town gate. The town came together around the foundation of the castle in 1020 in its position in the march (Marches), the border lands between France and Brittany. It was built for Guy I of Dénéré who became a vassal of the Count of Maine. at the end of the 12th century, local troubles combined with the town's position on the road into Brittany led the lord of Laval to build a great round keep which still has its original hoarding (Hoarding (disambiguation)). At first the town was composed of scattered settlements such as the ''bourg cheverel'' and the ''bourg hersent''. However, from the time of the new castle, it grew rapidly. It was enclosed in ramparts from the 13th century. There were five gates in the walls of which the sole one remaining is the ''porte Beucheresse'' or gate of the woodcutters. * Cathedral of the Trinity (''La Trinité''). Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque (Romanesque architecture) characteristically, it has rich wall paintings (Mural) and figurative stone carving (Sculpture) but the general architectural style of the buildings is restrained. In Laval, that architectural sobriety was retained through the early Gothic period (Gothic architecture). The painting can be seen well in the calendars in ''Notre-Dame de Pritz, Saint-Martin'', and ''Saint-Pierre-le-Potier''. The architecture shows best at ''Grenoux'', and ''Avesnières''; while the stone carving is well displayed in the zoomorphic column capitals at ''Avesnières''. The early Gothic, what in England would be called Early English (Early English Period) but in Laval is Angevin Gothic, is to be seen in ''la Trinité''. Here we are close to Anjou, the home of the Angevin kings of England beginning with Henry II (Henry II of England). In the Cathedral, on the effigy tomb of the bishop Louis Bougaud (1888), the following inscription may be read: In 1946 Messali founded the ''Mouvement pour le triomphe des libertés démocratiques'' (MTLD). Messali lived under house arrest in Brittany, France, and could not travel to Algeria. His group was perceived as moderate and accommodating, but his revolutionary ideals alienated parts of Algeria's conservative (Conservatism) Muslim society. Messali's brand of Algerian nationalism gained its most important following among Algerian workers in France, while the FLN and other grass-roots groups took hold in Algeria. Carrick-on-Shannon is twinned (Town twinning) with the following places: *


giving quot

On leaving the École Niedermeyer Fauré was appointed organist at the Church of Saint-Sauveur, at Rennes in Brittany. He took up the post in January 1866. Nectoux (1991), p. 12 During his four years at Rennes he supplemented his income by taking private pupils, giving "countless piano lessons". Nectoux (1991), p. 508 At Saint-Saëns's regular prompting he continued to compose, but none of his works from this period survive. ref>

bouc de Mendès ou le Baphomet du temple avec tous ses attributs panthéistiques.''" Lévi, vol. ii, p. 352. Lévi, working with correspondences different from those later used by Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers, "equated the Devil Tarot key with Mercury (Mercury (mythology))," giving "his figure Mercury's caduceus, rising like a phallus from his groin." Place, p. 85. ref


previous works

of Gráinne O'Malley, an Irish pirate queen in the 16th century. It has more songs than the previous works and features the voice of Rita Connolly (who married Davey soon after). Donal Lunny again contributed as a session musician. It is a homophonic piece of music set in the re mode.It was also played by a chamber orchestra He was secretary of the Society of British Artists from 1861 to 1870. In the latter part of his life he lived in Brittany, where he painted '' The Holy Family


vast silver

" or ''Mine au Breton'', was founded between 1760 and 1780 by Francis Azor, of Brittany, France (Brittany). Moses Austin came here in 1798 with his family, including his son Stephen F. Austin. Moses obtained a grant of 7,153 arpents of land from the Spanish Empire and started large-scale mining operations, building his town to support it. Moses named the town after Potosí in Bolivia, which was famous for its vast silver mines. Austin's tomb and the foundation

Brittany

'''Brittany''' ( .

The historical province of Brittany is now split among five French departments: Finistère in the west, Côtes-d'Armor in the north, Ille-et-Vilaine in the north east, Loire-Atlantique in the south east and Morbihan in the south on the Bay of Biscay. Since reorganisation in 1956, the modern administrative region of Brittany (Brittany (administrative region)) comprises only four of the five Breton departments, or 80% of historical Brittany. The remaining area of old Brittany, the Loire-Atlantique department around Nantes, now forms part of the Pays de la Loire region.

At the 2010 census, the population of historic Brittany was estimated to be 4,475,295. Of these, 71% lived in the region of Brittany, while 29% lived in the Loire-Atlantique department. In 2008, the largest metropolitan areas were Nantes (854,807 inhabitants), Rennes (654,478 inhabitants), and Brest (Brest, France) (311,735 inhabitants).

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