Bosnia and Herzegovina

What is Bosnia and Herzegovina known for?


amp fact

biologija Biologica-Nyssana 1-(1-2)-December-2010 BN01-01-05-Stesevic-Petrovic.pdf Preliminary list of plant invaders in Montenegro (page 38) , June, 2010 and Albania


prominent publications

, Abdulah Sidran, Petar Kočić, Aleksandar Hemon, and Nedžad Ibrišimović. The National Theater was founded 1919 in Sarajevo and its first director was the dramatist Branislav Nušić. Magazines such as ''Novi Plamen'' or ''Sarajevske biljeznice'' are some of the more prominent publications covering cultural and literary themes. Art upright thumb Stećci from Radimlja, near Stolac (File:Bosniangraves bosniska gravar februari 2007 stecak stecci5.jpg) (13th century).


career service

education, and several books on the American civil service. Dr. Huddleston took up the position at UNH after stepping away from his post as the 15th president of Ohio Wesleyan University. Huddleston specializes in public administration, a field in which he has published widely, focusing on the senior federal (Federal government of the United States) career service and a variety of international issues (international relations). Before going to Ohio Wesleyan, Huddleston served in the faculty of the University of Delaware for 24 years, ultimately as the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Mark Huddleston named president of Ohio Wesleyan University. ''University of Delaware Daily'' (June 12, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-12-02. Huddleston has been an active consultant for both the U.S. government and international organizations in the past. He worked previously in the Balkans, southern Africa, and central and southeast Asia. He gained international development experience in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) as an advisor on rebuilding financial and administrative infrastructures following the Dayton Accords. The term was used technically in internal Pentagon (The Pentagon) critiques of the Vietnam War (cf. President Richard Nixon's promise of Peace With Honor), but remained obscure to the general public until the Battle of Mogadishu (Battle of Mogadishu (1993)), Somalia when the U.S. military involvement in that U.N. peacekeeping operation cost the lives of U.S. troops without a clear objective. Republican (Republican Party (United States)) critics of President Bill Clinton derided him for having no ''exit strategy'', although he had inherited an active military operation from his predecessor, President George H. W. Bush. The criticism was revived later against the U.S. involvement in the Yugoslav wars, including peacekeeping operations in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Kosovo and the Kosovo war against Serbia. '''Scott Francis O'Grady''' (born October 12, 1965) is a former USAF Captain (Captain (United States)) and former United States Air Force fighter pilot who gained prominence after the June 2, 1995 Mrkonjić Grad incident, in which he ejected over Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) when his F-16C (F-16 Fighting Falcon) was shot down by a Bosnian Serb SA-6 while he was patrolling the no-fly zone. He also participated in the Banja Luka incident where he fired upon one enemy aircraft. The film "Behind Enemy Lines (Behind Enemy Lines (2001 film))" is loosely based upon his experiences. Bosnia and Herzegovina Football hooliganism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a big problem.


written+years

with the assistance of South African singer-songwriter Zain Bhikha. The title song was one Yusuf had written years before to introduce his first child to both the religion and the Arabic alphabet. He also established his own record label, "Jamal Records", and Mountain of Light Productions, and he donates a percentage of his projects' proceeds to his ''Small Kindness'' charity, whose name is taken from the Qur'an.


played supporting

, with Operation Southern Watch continuing until 2003. Lambeth, p. 6 However, most carriers in operation in Operation Desert Shield (Operation Desert Shield (Gulf War)) and Operation Desert Storm played supporting roles, with only ''Roosevelt'' playing an active part in combat operations. Throughout the 1990s and more recently, ''Nimitz''-class carriers have been deployed as part of humanitarian missions. While deployed in the Gulf War, ''Lincoln'' was diverted to the Indian Ocean to participate alongside 22 other ships in Operation Fiery Vigil, evacuating civilians following the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo on Luzon Island in the Philippines. In October 1993, ''Lincoln'' deployed to Somalia to assist UN humanitarian operations there, spending four weeks flying patrols over the area around Mogadishu while supporting U.S. troops during Operation Restore Hope. The same ship also participated in Operation Vigilant Sentinel in the Persian Gulf in 1995. ''Roosevelt'' flew patrols in support of the Kurds over northern Iraq as part of Operation Provide Comfort in 1991. In 1996, ''George Washington'' played a peacekeeping role in Operation Decisive Endeavor in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


sweet amp

, such as pickled peppers, onions, cucumbers "pickles" , and tomatoes. ''Kajmak'' is a dairy spread, with consistency and taste like cream cheese. It is made of milk fat, which is removed, salted and canned. It has a smoky, salty cheese taste, with a texture slightly drier than cream cheese. Kajmak from Travnik is a local specialty and is exported as far as Australia. Bosnian food generally does not combine sweet & savory foods, and you will never encounter such a thing as a Caesar salad


sharp sound

material (therefore often the instrument is referred to as "gusle javorove" - maple gusle), covered with an animal skin and a neck with an intricately carved head. A bow (bow (music)) is pulled over the string s (made of horsetail), creating a dramatic and sharp sound, expressive and difficult to master. The string is made of thirty horsehairs. The most common and traditional version is single-stringed (in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Zagora (Zagora (Croatia)) in Croatia), while a much less version is the two-stringed (in Bosanska Krajina and in Lika in Croatia). They are held between the legs with the long neck supported on one thigh. thumb 200px right A gusle instrument from Zagora (Croatia) Zagora (File:Gusle Zelovo kod Sinja Jukić 260109.jpg) The Gusle has been used by the Croats in Herzegovina, the South Croatian hinterland (Zagora (Croatia)), Lika, as well as in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Western Bosnia (Turkish Croatia) as an accompaniment for epic poetry for hundreds of years. Often they were constructed by the singers and players themselves, shepherds or even by specialized Gusle builders from urban areas. The Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury had already banned various branches of this organization at various times, including the US branch on 9 September 2004. U.S.-Based Branch of Al Haramain Foundation Linked to Terror, press release, US Department of the Treasury, 9 September 2004 Under various names it had branches in Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Comoros, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Tanzania, and the United States. The '''Baltic Defence College''' (official acronym BALTDEFCOL, commonly also BDCOL) is a multi-lateral co-operative military college which educates officers from not only the three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), but also from NATO and EU States and other European States as Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia (Georgia (country)) and Romania. The ITBP is trained in Civil Medical Camp, disaster management, and nuclear (Nuclear and radiation accidents), biological and chemical disasters. ITBP personnel have been deployed abroad in UN peacekeeping missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Haiti, Sudan, and elsewhere. Heavily involved and interested in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Clark was forced to apologise for not declaring a 1993 meeting with Radovan Karadžić in the Register of Members' Interests, as he "thought it had been a United Nations-funded trip". Lord Clark of Windermere's ongoing political interests include Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), open spaces, hunting and bloodsports (to which he is opposed), defence, and the environment. *In Belarus, there is a hypermarket called Gippo (Гиппо) in Minsk. http: www.psk.by v_object_torg_gippo.php *In Bosnia and Herzegovina,the largest hypermarket retailer is Bingo (Bingo (hypermarket)) in Tuzla. http: www.bingotuzla.com.ba *In Brazil, there are hypermarkets open 24 hours a day, such as Extra (from the Pão de Açúcar business group), as well as foreign companies, such as Wal-Mart and Carrefour. * February 22, 1994: Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged with spying for the Soviet Union by the United States Department of Justice. Ames is later convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment; his wife receives 5 years in prison. * February 28, 1994: 4 United States F-16s shoot down 4 Serbian J-21 (Saab 21)s over Bosnia and Herzegovina for violation of the Operation Deny Flight and its no-fly zone. * September 13, 1994: President Bill Clinton signs the Assault Weapons Ban, which bans the manufacture of new weapons with certain features for a period of 10 years. After his fourth consecutive season title in downhill in 1978 (1978 Alpine Skiing World Cup), he began a prolonged slump until the end of the 1981 (1981 Alpine Skiing World Cup) season. He may have been affected by his brother's spinal cord injury in a downhill race, as well as a change of ski supplier (from Fischer (Fischer (company)) to Kneissl). Unable to make the strong four-member Austrian downhill team for the 1980 Olympics, Klammer could not defend his Olympic title at the 1980 Winter Olympics (Alpine skiing at the 1980 Winter Olympics) in Lake Placid (Whiteface Mountain). Rather than retire, he worked long and hard at a comeback; finally in December 1981 (1982 Alpine Skiing World Cup), after another ski change from Kneissl to Blizzard (Blizzard Sport), he won at Val-d'Isère. The following season he regained the World Cup Downhill title, his fifth, followed by the 1984 (1984 Alpine Skiing World Cup) victory at Kitzbuehel, his fourth on the Hahnenkamm. At the 1984 Olympics (1984 Winter Olympics) in Sarajevo, (then Yugoslavia, now Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina)), Klammer finished a disappointing tenth on a less-than-challenging course on Bjelašnica (Bjelašnica Mountain). The race was won by the brash Bill Johnson (Bill Johnson (skier)) of the U.S. (United States) (whom he called a "nose picker"), an excellent glider who had recently won his first World Cup race on a shortened course at Wengen (Lauberhorn). Johnson had promising training runs and publicly predicted his Olympic victory. The '''coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina''' was adopted in 1998, replacing the previous design that had been in use since 1992 when Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence, and follows the design of the national flag (Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina). The three pointed shield is specific and is to symbolize the three major ethnic groups of Bosnia, as well as allude to the shape of the country. The stars were adopted to replace the fleur de lys (fleur-de-lis) that were found on more ancient coat of arms to avoid singling out the Bosniak (Bosniaks) ethnicity as most prominent, and possibly to allude to the European Union, of which the state is recognized as a potential candidate for entry. Deployments The Eurocorps participated in peacekeeping missions in Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and led KFOR III (Kosovo Force) in Kosovo from 18 April 2000 to October 2000 and led the ISAF6 Force (International Security Assistance Force) in Afghanistan from 9 August 2004 to 11 February 2005.


news serving

Derby publisher Footballderbies.com accessdate 29 September 2011 In addition, in 2002 the World Bank defined Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later Serbia and Montenegro) as transition economies. In 2009, World Bank included Kosovo in the list of transition economies.


place making

and Herzegovina , performed by Hari Mata Hari. The song finished in third place, making it Bosnia's best performance in the contest. He also won the prestigious Best Composer Award (COMPOSERAWARD 2006), assigned to Željko by all composers who participated in that festival. In 2007 he released his second greatest hits compilation called ''Platinum Collection (Platinum Collection (Željko Joksimović))''. The same year, in front of 18,000 people Joksimović made a concert where he sang all


scientific cultural

attractions in Bosnia and Herzegovina include: * Sarajevo, the "Olympic City" or "European Jerusalem"; the scientific, cultural, tourist and commercial center of Bosnia and Herzegovina. * Shrine of Our Lady of Međugorje (Medjugorje), with Annual Youth Festival; the site of a Marian apparition and subsequent Catholic pilgrimage destination. * Mostar, the "City on Neretva" or "City of Sunshine"; the location of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Stari most and old-town Mostar. * Višegrad, location of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge. * Banja Luka, the "Green City", with sights such as the Kastel fortress and Ferhadija mosque (Ferhat Pasha Mosque). * Bihać and the waterfalls of the river Una (Una (Sava)) within Una National Park. * Jajce, city of the Bosnian kings and the place where Yugoslavia was founded, Pliva lakes and waterfall. * Prijedor, featuring its Old City Mosque, Kozara National Park and, at Mrakovica, Bosnia's largest World War II monument. * The salt-lakes of Tuzla, birthplace of Meša Selimović. * The Neretva river and the Rakitnica river canyons in Upper Neretva (Neretva). * The Trebižat (Trebižat (river)) river and its waterfalls at Kravice and Kočuša. * The Buna (Buna (Neretva)) with its spring and historic town of Blagaj (Vrelo Bune). * The Lower Tara (Tara (Drina)) river canyon, the deepest canyon in Europe. * Sutjeska National Park, featuring the ancient forest (Old-growth forest) of Perućica (one of the last two remaining primeval forests in Europe) and the Sutjeska river canyon. * Počitelj (Počitelj (Čapljina)) historical village. * Mount Bjelašnica (Bjelašnica Mountain) and Jahorina, sites used during XIV Olympic Winter Games in 1984 (1984 Winter Olympics). * The coastal city of Neum. * Doboj and its 13th-century fortress. * Stolac (Stolac Municipality), featuring the Begovina neighborhood and Radimlja tombstones. * Visoko (Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina), city of the Bosnian nobility and monarchy, historical capital of the Kingdom of Bosnia and the site of the alleged Bosnian pyramids; * Tešanj, one of Bosnia's oldest known cities (List of cities by time of continuous habitation). * Bijeljina, known for its agriculture and ethnic village Stanišić. * Lukavac, featuring Modrac Lake, the largest artificial lake in Bosnia and Herzegovina. * Travnik, the birthplace of Ivo Andrić and once the capital city of the Bosnia Eyalet. * Jablanica (Jablanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina), Museum of Battle of Neretva and Old bridge destroyed by Yugoslav army in Second World War. * Ostrožac Castle, a 16th-century castle built by the Ottoman Empire and later expanded by the House of Habsburg. * Gornji Vakuf * Konjic, featuring Tito's underground nuclear bunker. Exploring Tito's Cold War bunker Education thumb right 200px The University of Sarajevo (File:Sarajevo University building.JPG)'s Faculty of Law (Sarajevo Law School). thumb right The University of Bijeljina (File:University.JPG)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

'''Bosnia and Herzegovina''' ( , ''Encarta'', 2006. Archived 2009-10-31. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age, during and after which it was populated by several Illyrian and Celtic (Celts) civilizations. Culturally, politically, and socially, the country has one of the richest histories in the region, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries CE. They then established the first independent ban (ban (title))ate in the region, known as the Banate of Bosnia, , p. 120; ''..medieval Bosnia was a country of one people, of the single Bosnian people called the Bošnjani, who belonged to three confessions''. This evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it would remain from the mid-15th to the late 19th centuries. The Ottomans brought Islam (Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina) to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country. This was followed by annexation into the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (History of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878–1918)), which lasted up until World War I. In the interwar period, Bosnia was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and after World War II, the country was granted full republic status in the newly formed Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Following the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the country proclaimed independence (Breakup of Yugoslavia#Independence of the Republic of Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 1992, which was followed by the Bosnian War, lasting until late 1995.

Today, the country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education (List of countries by Human Development Index) levels and is one of the most frequently visited countries in the region (Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina),

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is itself complex and consists of 10 federal units – cantons (Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union (Accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union) and has been a candidate for North Atlantic Treaty Organisation membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan at a summit in Tallinn . Additionally, the country has been a member of the Council of Europe since April 2002 and a founding member of the Mediterranean Union (Union for the Mediterranean) upon its establishment in July 2008.

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