. The stated mission is to nurture impassioned students by guiding and inspiring them to discover and fulfill their individual creative abilities in an atmosphere distinguished by the fusion of fact and feeling, risk and reward, art and science, school and community. It provides career and technical education to students from grades 7-12 and is a member of the Coalition of Essential Schools.
they launched "Project C" (for "Confrontation"), a massive assault on the Jim Crow system (Jim Crow laws). During April and May daily sit-ins and mass marches organized and led by movement leader James Bevel were met with police repression, tear gas, attack dogs, fire hoses, and arrests. More than 3,000 people were arrested during these protests, almost all of them high-school age children. These protests were ultimately successful, leading not only to desegregation of public
, 2002. Additional purchases were approved that will potentially increase the size of the refuge to 7,300 acres (29.5 km²). Additional negotiations propose an expansion to a potential , most of which currently belongs to private landowners. The facility is unstaffed, but is administered by the Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge in Anniston, Alabama. Early life Jackson is a son of Dr. Jimmy Jackson, a fixture in the Dickson medical
community who operated (along with his brothers Lawerence and William) the former Goodlark Medical Center (now HCA (Hospital Corporation of America)-owned Horizon Medical Center). Most of the descendants of these three physicians and brothers entered the medical field, but Doug chose instead the study of law following his graduation from Battle Ground Academy in Franklin, Tennessee and Austin Peay State University in Clarksville, Tennessee. Jackson's legal studies were undertaken
, and Memphis, Tennessee, and B&W Cafeterias in Nashville, Tennessee. Both of those chains have closed, with Blue Boar the remaining remnant of the company. At one point there were 21 open Blue Boar locations in Louisville, Lexington, Memphis, Nashville Little Rock, and Cleveland. ref>
laid down by the Fore River Shipbuilding Company at Quincy, Massachusetts on 14 August 1905; launched on 29 May 1907; sponsored by Mrs L. Underwood; and commissioned on 11 April 1908, Commander (Commander (United States)) Burns Tracy Walling in command. '''USS ''Birmingham'' (CL-62)''', a light cruiser named for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, the "Steel City", was a Cleveland class light cruiser (Cleveland class cruiser) laid down at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company (Northrop Grumman Newport News) of Newport News in Virginia on 17 February 1941 and launched (Ship naming and launching) on 20 March 1942 by Mrs. Cooper Green, wife of the president of the Birmingham City Commission (List of Mayors of Birmingham, Alabama). She was commissioned (ship commissioning) on 29 January 1943. ''Birmingham'' was one of the "fightingest" ships of the Navy and suffered heavy damage on at least three occasions. * January 1 – A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian becomes the first commercial flight to depart from London Heathrow Airport. * January 6 – Pennsylvania Central Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-3-393 (Douglas DC-3), crashes while landing at Birmingham Municipal Airport in Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama, killing three and injuring five of the 19 people on board. * January 10 – A Sikorsky R5 sets an unofficial helicopter altitude record of 6,400 m (20,997 ft) at Stratford (Stratford, Connecticut), Connecticut. November * November 10 – Southern Airways Flight 49 from Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama, is hijacked (Aircraft hijacking). After the hijackers at one point threaten to crash the plane into the nuclear installation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the plane lands in Havana (Havana, Cuba), Cuba, on November 12, where the Cuban government jails the hijackers. * November 15 – The first attenpted aircraft hijacking in Australia takes place when Miloslav Hrabinec attempts to hijack
grown to 21,352 recorded by the 2010 census. It was named for famed Confederate American Civil War officer John Pelham (John Pelham (officer)). An F2 tornado damaged business buildings here along with Indian Springs (Indian Springs Village, Alabama), Helena (Helena, Alabama), and Inverness (Inverness, Shelby County, Alabama) on Palm Sunday March 27, 1994 (1994 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak). '''Wilsonville''' is a town in southeastern Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama
recently expanded Heiden Orthopaedics with an additional office in Park City, Utah. thumb 325px right Blast furnaces such as the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company (File:Ensley.jpg)'s Ensley Works made Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama) an important center for iron production in the early 20th century. Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama) was founded on June 1, 1871 by real estate promoters who sold lots near the planned crossing of the Alabama and Chattanooga Railroad Alabama &
as the Bruno's Memorial Classic. Shoal Creek will host Regions Tradition in 2011 Shoal Creek has previously hosted two PGA Championships, in 1984 (1984 PGA Championship) and 1990 (1990 PGA Championship). The tournament was held May 5-8, 2011, with associated events starting on May 2.
of Saint Paul (Birmingham, Alabama) St. Paul's Cathedral in downtown Birmingham The Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies published data showing that in 2010, among metro areas with a greater than one million population, Birmingham had the second highest ratio of Christians, and the greatest ratio of Protestant adherents, in the United States. 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study ref>
exhibitions, and an IMAX dome theater. The center also houses a major collection of fossil specimens for use by researchers. Other unique museums include the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame; the Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum, which contains the largest collection of motorcycles in the world; the Iron & Steel Museum of Alabama at Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park (Tannehill Ironworks), near McCalla (McCalla, Alabama); the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame; and the Talladega
'''Birmingham''' ( ) is the largest city in Alabama. The city is the county seat of Jefferson County (Jefferson County, Alabama). The city's population was 212,237 according to the 2010 United States Census. U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Alabama's 2010 Census Population Totals, 2010.census.gov The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area (Birmingham–Hoover Metropolitan Area) had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one quarter of Alabama's population.
Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil War (American Civil War) Reconstruction period (Reconstruction Era of the United States), through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, former Elyton (Elyton, Alabama). It grew from there, annexing (annexation) many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and railroad transportation (rail transportation) center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry (steel), and railroading. Birmingham was named for Birmingham, England, United Kingdom; one of the UK's major industrial cities. Many, if not most, of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry (English American). In one writer's view, the city was planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast (Northeastern United States). The Most Segregated City in America: City Planning and Civil Rights in Birmingham, 1920–1980, p. 14.
From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the South (Southern United States). The pace of Birmingham's growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames ''The Magic City'' and ''The Pittsburgh of the South''. Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham's major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham. In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day. The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature. Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies.
In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine (formerly the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947. Since that time it has also obtained a campus of the University of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham (founded circa 1969), one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System. It is also home to three private institutions: Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College, and Miles College. Between these colleges and universities, the Birmingham area has major colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, law, engineering, and nursing. The city has three of the state's five law schools: Cumberland School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, and Miles Law School. Birmingham is also the headquarters of the Southeastern Conference, one of the major U.S. collegiate athletic conferences.