Birmingham, Alabama

What is Birmingham, Alabama known for?


including commercial

Cast Iron Pipe Company (ACIPCO) and McWane are based in the city. Several of the nation's largest steelmakers, including CMC Steel (Commercial Metals Company), U.S. Steel, and Nucor, also have a major presence in Birmingham. In recent years, local steel companies have announced about $100 million worth of investment in expansions and new plants in and around the city. Vulcan Materials Company, a major provider of crushed stone, sand, and gravel used in construction


news record

Shield of Alabama , Protective Life, Infinity Property & Casualty, ProAssurance, and Liberty National have their headquarters in Birmingham, and these employ a large number of people in Greater Birmingham. Birmingham is also a powerhouse of construction and engineering companies, including BE&K, Brasfield & Gorrie and B.L. Harbert International which routinely are included in the Engineering News-Record lists of top design and international construction firms. McGraw-Hill Construction Engineering News-Record; 2008 Top Design Firms McGraw-Hill Construction Engineering News-Record; 2007 Top International Contractors Two of the largest soft-drink bottlers in the United States, each with more than $500 million in sales per year, are located in Birmingham. The Buffalo Rock Company, founded in 1901, was formerly a maker of just ginger ale, but now it is a major bottler for the Pepsi Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Bottling Company, United, founded in 1902, is the third-largest bottler of Coca-Cola products in the U.S. The Birmingham metropolitan area has consistently been rated as one of America's best places to work and earn a living based on the area's competitive salary rates and relatively low living expenses. One study published in 2006 by Salary.com determined that Birmingham was second in the nation for building personal net worth, based on local salary rates, living expenses, and unemployment rates. He entered the Army on September 1, 1942, and was a member of the 2nd Battalion, 29th Quartermaster Regiment. He was a passenger aboard the Dutch (Netherlands) steamer USAT ''s'Jacob'' (SS s'Jacob) on March 8, 1943, which was near Porlock Harbor (Porlock Bay, Papua New Guinea), New Guinea, when the ship was hit by Japanese bombers. 125px right thumb City plan of Birmingham, Alabama drawn by Warren Manning. (Image:Birmingham District copy.jpg) In 1919, Manning’s talents took him to Birmingham, Alabama, where he worked on a new design for the city. He recommended a radical resource-based plan which included “multiple neighborhood-based centers determined by available resources” (Karson, 2001). He also makes note of the importance of parks throughout the city stating that “the cities that are best designed have about one-eight of their area in parks and about one acre to 75 people” (Manning, 1919). This approach was in direct contrast to the then popular City Beautiful movement which emphasized monumental civic centers and Beaux Arts architecture style public buildings (Karson, 2001). The architectural design of the Chicago Columbian Exposition was based in the City Beautiful movement, but now, on his own, Manning decided on a different course following his own landscape theories which were based on the natural available resources. This idea was the basis for his creation of the “wild garden” which he applied to many of his landscape designs.


poor young

-professor.htm Pepperdine Graphic article . Accessed February 26, 2008. reaching out to help poor young children for "Children's Empowerment Week" in Birmingham, Alabama, Lisa Osborne, ''Young professionals spend week reaching out to kids: Lessons focus on unity, opportunity'', The Birmingham News, September 16, 2007, found at Birmingham News article; Broadcast television story, ''FOX6 at your school'', 18 Sep. 2007, found at Fox Broadcast. Both accessed February 26, 2008. and America's Second Harvest in Kansas, '', In Ghana, they go on NID's, (National immunization Day) campaigns to immunise children from the six killer diseases, Community Service Group For Young Adults in Tri-Cities Looking For New Members'', February 13, 2008, found at KNDO news story. Accessed February 26, 2008. amongst many other good works. area_code +380 43 blank_info_sec1 Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Kielce, Peterborough, Rîbniţa (Rybnytsia) (Rîbniţa) blank_name_sec1 Sister cities (Town twinning) * He entered the Army on September 1, 1942, and was a member of the 2nd Battalion, 29th Quartermaster Regiment. He was a passenger aboard the Dutch (Netherlands) steamer USAT ''s'Jacob'' (SS s'Jacob) on March 8, 1943, which was near Porlock Harbor (Porlock Bay, Papua New Guinea), New Guinea, when the ship was hit by Japanese bombers. 125px right thumb City plan of Birmingham, Alabama drawn by Warren Manning. (Image:Birmingham District copy.jpg) In 1919, Manning’s talents took him to Birmingham, Alabama, where he worked on a new design for the city. He recommended a radical resource-based plan which included “multiple neighborhood-based centers determined by available resources” (Karson, 2001). He also makes note of the importance of parks throughout the city stating that “the cities that are best designed have about one-eight of their area in parks and about one acre to 75 people” (Manning, 1919). This approach was in direct contrast to the then popular City Beautiful movement which emphasized monumental civic centers and Beaux Arts architecture style public buildings (Karson, 2001). The architectural design of the Chicago Columbian Exposition was based in the City Beautiful movement, but now, on his own, Manning decided on a different course following his own landscape theories which were based on the natural available resources. This idea was the basis for his creation of the “wild garden” which he applied to many of his landscape designs.


public offering

Be Love". Downs succeeded Miss America 2004 Ericka Dunlap on September 18, 2004. In 1989, the hospital operator was acquired for $5.3 billion in a management buyout led by Chairman Thomas J. Frist Freudenheim, Milt. Buyout Set For Chain Of Hospitals. The New York Times, November 22, 1988. and completed a successful initial public offering in the 1990s. In 1993 HCA merged with Louisville (Louisville, Kentucky)-based Columbia Hospital Corporation to form '''Columbia HCA'''. In April 1998 Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama-based HealthSouth Corporation announced it was acquiring the majority of HCA's surgical division. Temporarily out of politics, Clement remained active in Democratic circles. He also had a large network of contacts through his ongoing service in the National Guard. In 1983, Clement became president of Cumberland College (Cumberland University), a struggling private junior college in Lebanon (Lebanon, Tennessee), 30 miles south of Nashville. Cumberland had once been one of the most prestigious universities (university) in the South, but had fallen upon hard times, never fully recovering from the Great Depression and the widespread availability of lower-cost public higher education after World War II. The nadir probably occurred when it was forced, for financial reasons, to sell its once-renowned law school (Cumberland School of Law) (which Clement's father had attended) to what is now Samford University in Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama) and downgrade to a junior college. During Clement's tenure, the school regained four-year college (college), and shortly later, full university status. He also tripled the school's private donations. In March 2004, Seattle was recognized in a report released by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development as one of the seven cities in the United States that are leading the way toward reducing chronic homelessness. (The other cities are Birmingham, Alabama; Boston (Boston, Massachusetts); Columbus, Ohio; Los Angeles (Los Angeles, California); Philadelphia (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania); and San Diego (San Diego, California).) Many of the services cited are funding fairly traditional programs, such as homeless shelters, emergency shelters, low-income housing, and hygiene programs. Also, the Community Psychiatric Clinic in Seattle provides housing for about 5,000 homeless mentally ill (mental illness) clients per year. There are also private shelters, soup kitchens, and food banks. The Seattle Housing Authority also provides 5,300 low-income public housing units for over 24,000 residents. Its first development, Yesler Terrace (1942), was the first public housing development in Washington (Washington (U.S. state)) and the first integrated (desegregation) such development in the country. The work is named after Tinsley R. Harrison (Tinsley Randolph Harrison) of Birmingham, Alabama, who served as editor-in-chief of the first five editions and established the format of the work: a strong basis of clinical medicine interwoven with an understanding of pathophysiology. The '''Vulcan statue''' is the largest '''cast iron statue''' in the world, and is the city symbol of Birmingham, Alabama, reflecting its roots in the iron and steel industry. The He entered the Army on September 1, 1942, and was a member of the 2nd Battalion, 29th Quartermaster Regiment. He was a passenger aboard the Dutch (Netherlands) steamer USAT ''s'Jacob'' (SS s'Jacob) on March 8, 1943, which was near Porlock Harbor (Porlock Bay, Papua New Guinea), New Guinea, when the ship was hit by Japanese bombers. 125px right thumb City plan of Birmingham, Alabama drawn by Warren Manning. (Image:Birmingham District copy.jpg) In 1919, Manning’s talents took him to Birmingham, Alabama, where he worked on a new design for the city. He recommended a radical resource-based plan which included “multiple neighborhood-based centers determined by available resources” (Karson, 2001). He also makes note of the importance of parks throughout the city stating that “the cities that are best designed have about one-eight of their area in parks and about one acre to 75 people” (Manning, 1919). This approach was in direct contrast to the then popular City Beautiful movement which emphasized monumental civic centers and Beaux Arts architecture style public buildings (Karson, 2001). The architectural design of the Chicago Columbian Exposition was based in the City Beautiful movement, but now, on his own, Manning decided on a different course following his own landscape theories which were based on the natural available resources. This idea was the basis for his creation of the “wild garden” which he applied to many of his landscape designs.


medical buildings

were acquired by the University of Alabama Board of Trustees (University of Alabama System) from Jefferson County (Jefferson County, Alabama). The rapid growth of the Greater Birmingham (Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Combined Statistical Area) area led the hospital to continue to expand to some 20 surrounding medical buildings. In 1992, UAB opened "The Kirklin Clinic", a 5-story outpatient facility. http: medicine.uab.edu radiology 58815 From 1948 to 1951


weekly amp

and Industries in Birmingham * Birmingham article, Encyclopedia of Alabama * Birmingham Recreation Trails * Birmingham media: ** The Birmingham News – newspaper of record ** The Birmingham Times – African-American community news ** Birmingham Weekly – alternative news&nbsp


run+movie

2,500 people at the time, it was the largest in the Birmingham Theatre district. The district was once home to a myriad of large theaters that featured vaudeville, performing arts, nickelodeons (Nickelodeon (movie theater)), and large first-run movie palaces. The Alabama is the only district theater still operating today. Built to show silent films, the Alabama still features its original Wurlitzer theater organ (Theatre organ). Other than the Alabama, the Lyric Theatre is the only theater still standing in the district. Also, in some cases, two Interstate highways can be concurrent. An example of this is the concurrency of Interstates 20 (Interstate 20) and 59 (Interstate 59) between west of Birmingham, Alabama, and east of Meridian, MS. In other cases, instances of arc-shaped bypasses of medium-sized cities can involve concurrencies of Interstate Highways and other route types. Personal life Street is now retired and splits her time between homes in Alabama and Park City (Park City, Utah), Utah. She has a son, Treyjan James Pawley, born in August 2004, with her former partner N. J. Pawley. On October 25, 2008, she married businessman John Reeser atop Prospect Mountain, near Hanceville, Alabama. "Olympic Skier Picabo Street Weds" People Online, November 3, 2008. On August 3, 2009, Picabo gave birth to her second son, Dax Meyer Street Reeser, in Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama). On ESPN's "College Game Day" in Boise (Boise, Idaho) on September 25, 2010, Picabo stated that she was pregnant and expecting her third boy. '''Azure Ray''' is an American (United States) dream pop duo (Duet (music)), consisting of musicians Maria Taylor and Orenda Fink. The pair met at the age of 15 at the Alabama School of Fine Arts. They fronted a band called Little Red Rocket, often compared to Veruca Salt (Veruca Salt (band)), in their hometown of Birmingham, Alabama in the mid and late 1990s and released two albums with the band on Tim Kerr records. *Alabama **Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama) – Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport **Huntsville (Huntsville, Alabama) Decatur (Decatur, Alabama) – Huntsville International Airport Potential and confirmed acquisitions A report in the December 15, 2010 issue of the ''American City Business Journals'' reported that PNC was looking to expand its Florida presence and that it was in talks to acquire Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama-based Regions Financial Corporation, which would have greatly increased PNC's presence in the Southern United States. He entered the Army on September 1, 1942, and was a member of the 2nd Battalion, 29th Quartermaster Regiment. He was a passenger aboard the Dutch (Netherlands) steamer USAT ''s'Jacob'' (SS s'Jacob) on March 8, 1943, which was near Porlock Harbor (Porlock Bay, Papua New Guinea), New Guinea, when the ship was hit by Japanese bombers. 125px right thumb City plan of Birmingham, Alabama drawn by Warren Manning. (Image:Birmingham District copy.jpg) In 1919, Manning’s talents took him to Birmingham, Alabama, where he worked on a new design for the city. He recommended a radical resource-based plan which included “multiple neighborhood-based centers determined by available resources” (Karson, 2001). He also makes note of the importance of parks throughout the city stating that “the cities that are best designed have about one-eight of their area in parks and about one acre to 75 people” (Manning, 1919). This approach was in direct contrast to the then popular City Beautiful movement which emphasized monumental civic centers and Beaux Arts architecture style public buildings (Karson, 2001). The architectural design of the Chicago Columbian Exposition was based in the City Beautiful movement, but now, on his own, Manning decided on a different course following his own landscape theories which were based on the natural available resources. This idea was the basis for his creation of the “wild garden” which he applied to many of his landscape designs.


game design

to their film school, but was never admitted. After a few years pursuing his dream of directing movies, he turned to game design. '''Tavaris Jermell "T. J." Slaughter''' (born February 20, 1977 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American football linebacker who is currently a free agent. He was drafted by the Jacksonville Jaguars in the third round of the 2000 NFL Draft. He played college football at Southern Miss Golden Eagles#Football Southern Mississippi


international based

; founder Courtney Shropshire location Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama origins '''Civitan International''', based in Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), Alabama, is an association of community service clubs founded in 1917. The organization aims "to build good citizenship by providing a volunteer organization of clubs dedicated to serving individual and community needs with an emphasis on helping people with developmental disabilities."


annual football

, in Tucson, Arizona. Universities in the Southeastern U.S., including those in the Atlantic Coast Conference, Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, Southwestern Athletic Conference, Southeastern Conference, Southern Conference, and Sun Belt Conference, have perhaps the most complex jumble of rivalries, many associated with annual football games, and often with colorful nicknames: * '''Alabama State University''' and '''Alabama A&M University''' — "The Magic City Classic", played annually in Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama). ASU also has a long-running rivalry with nearby Tuskegee University, "The Turkey Day Classic" played each Thanksgiving Day. * '''Appalachian State University''' and '''Western Carolina University''' — the annual football game known as The Battle for the Old Mountain Jug (Battle for the Old Mountain Jug) * '''Appalachian State University''' and '''Western Carolina University''' — the annual football game known as The Battle for the Old Mountain Jug (Battle for the Old Mountain Jug) * '''Auburn University''' and '''University of Alabama''' — —the "Iron Bowl", formerly played in Birmingham, Alabama, but now played alternately in Auburn and Tuscaloosa. The schools have a lower-profile, but still intense, men's basketball rivalry (Iron Bowl of Basketball). * '''Auburn University''' and '''University of Georgia''' — "The Deep South's Oldest Rivalry (Deep South's Oldest Rivalry)" John was born near Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama) in Jefferson County, Alabama, the son of John and Elizabeth Camp. After graduating from the University of Tennessee (University of Tennessee at Knoxville) in 1848 he moved to Gilmer (Gilmer, Texas) in Upshur County, Texas. He started a plantation and was admitted to the bar. In 1851 he married Mary Ann Ward, the daughter of a local doctor. The couple would have five children, including John Lafayette, Jr. Civil war '''B.A.M.A.''', an acronym meaning '''Boyz After Money Always''', is an American (United States) hip-hop (Hip hop music) group from Alabama. The group consists of two members- Rain and Taurus Caine. The members met in 1997 when the two (then both solo artists) were recording at Knight Crimes studio in Montgomery, Alabama. At the time, the only mission on their minds was recording anything so that people knew they existed. From that point, the two kindled a friendship that would eventually see Taurus Caine moving to the west coast and back to launch a "street worthy" solo career, Rain moving to Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama), and launching a successful "ghost writing" career, and both artists ending up back in Montgomery, Alabama with the same manager. It was that manager, Brian Miller, who saw the uniqueness in the two and convinced the "Boyz" to form what has become one of the largest music accomplishments to the state of Alabama. '''Alabama Adventure''' is an Alabama amusement park, located off Interstate 20 59 (Interstate 59) in Bessemer (Bessemer, Alabama), just west of Birmingham (Birmingham, Alabama) and east of Tuscaloosa (Tuscaloosa, Alabama). It is owned by General Attractions LLC. He entered the Army on September 1, 1942, and was a member of the 2nd Battalion, 29th Quartermaster Regiment. He was a passenger aboard the Dutch (Netherlands) steamer USAT ''s'Jacob'' (SS s'Jacob) on March 8, 1943, which was near Porlock Harbor (Porlock Bay, Papua New Guinea), New Guinea, when the ship was hit by Japanese bombers. 125px right thumb City plan of Birmingham, Alabama drawn by Warren Manning. (Image:Birmingham District copy.jpg) In 1919, Manning’s talents took him to Birmingham, Alabama, where he worked on a new design for the city. He recommended a radical resource-based plan which included “multiple neighborhood-based centers determined by available resources” (Karson, 2001). He also makes note of the importance of parks throughout the city stating that “the cities that are best designed have about one-eight of their area in parks and about one acre to 75 people” (Manning, 1919). This approach was in direct contrast to the then popular City Beautiful movement which emphasized monumental civic centers and Beaux Arts architecture style public buildings (Karson, 2001). The architectural design of the Chicago Columbian Exposition was based in the City Beautiful movement, but now, on his own, Manning decided on a different course following his own landscape theories which were based on the natural available resources. This idea was the basis for his creation of the “wild garden” which he applied to many of his landscape designs.

Birmingham, Alabama

'''Birmingham''' ( ) is the largest city in Alabama. The city is the county seat of Jefferson County (Jefferson County, Alabama). The city's population was 212,237 according to the 2010 United States Census. U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Alabama's 2010 Census Population Totals, 2010.census.gov The Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area (Birmingham–Hoover Metropolitan Area) had a population of about 1,128,047 according to the 2010 Census, which is approximately one quarter of Alabama's population.

Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil War (American Civil War) Reconstruction period (Reconstruction Era of the United States), through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, former Elyton (Elyton, Alabama). It grew from there, annexing (annexation) many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and railroad transportation (rail transportation) center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry (steel), and railroading. Birmingham was named for Birmingham, England, United Kingdom; one of the UK's major industrial cities. Many, if not most, of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry (English American). In one writer's view, the city was planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast (Northeastern United States). The Most Segregated City in America: City Planning and Civil Rights in Birmingham, 1920–1980, p. 14.

From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the South (Southern United States). The pace of Birmingham's growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames ''The Magic City'' and ''The Pittsburgh of the South''. Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham's major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham. In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day. The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century. Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature. Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies.

In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine (formerly the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947. Since that time it has also obtained a campus of the University of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham (founded circa 1969), one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System. It is also home to three private institutions: Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College, and Miles College. Between these colleges and universities, the Birmingham area has major colleges of medicine, dentistry, optometry, pharmacy, law, engineering, and nursing. The city has three of the state's five law schools: Cumberland School of Law, Birmingham School of Law, and Miles Law School. Birmingham is also the headquarters of the Southeastern Conference, one of the major U.S. collegiate athletic conferences.

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