Białystok

What is Białystok known for?


high artistic

adaptations of world literature for adults. Because of the high artistic level of productions, the theater has been recognized as one of the best puppetry arts centers in Poland. The Aleksandra Węgierki Drama Theatre. Housed in a building designed by Jarosław Girina, built in the years 1933–1938. WikiPedia:Białystok Commons:Białystok


significant influence

WikiPedia:Białystok Commons:Białystok


scientific work

in heraldry. For two of his books detailing the coats of arms of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth he prepared more than 4000 illustrations. Because his tremendous work is often used over the internet and many foreign publications, the style of the illustrations he prepared is often referred to as ''herb gajlowski'', or ''Gajlesque Coat of Arms''. Apart from his scientific work on the history and details of the coats of arms, he is also the author of modern emblems adopted by, among others, city of Białystok and Podlaskie Voivodship. Life Born in the village of Babiki near Sokółka, Kozaczuk joined the army in 1944, during World War II, at Białystok. In 1945 he became a Polish Army second lieutenant, and spent the first 5 years of his service commanding operational units of the Internal Security Corps, fighting the Polish anticommunist underground and then the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. In 1950 he was transferred to the Internal Security Corps Staff in Warsaw. WikiPedia:Białystok Commons:Białystok


speaking music

1996750152.html?FMT ABS&FMTS ABS:AI&type historic&date Apr+15%2C+1973&author &pub Boston+Globe+(1960-1979)&desc Around+the+Us+with+5+foreign+journalists&pqatl google title Around the US with 5 foreign journalists last Neville first Harry date April 15, 1973 work Boston Globe page B17 quote The visiting writers were a varied lot some of them not strictly speaking music critics Helen Krauze, a feature writer of Novidades Mexico City was a ... accessdate 11 May 2011


agricultural character

language pl The municipalities adjacent to Białystok are slowly losing their agricultural character, becoming residential suburban neighborhoods with single-family housing and small businesses.


art year

-25 Max Weber (Max Weber (artist)), painter. Tomasz Bagiński illustrator, animator and director Oscar nominee in 2002 for The Cathedral See also * Bialy (Bialy (pastry)) * L. L. Zamenhof * Albert Sabin * Jan Klemens Branicki References


largest cultural

and processing of grain with elevators in Białystok, Grajewo and Suwałki. WikiPedia:Białystok Commons:Białystok


fast development

serving as the capital for his mini-state. Zamość was planned by the renowned Paduan architect Bernardo Morando and modelled on Renaissance theories of the ''ideal city''. Realizing the importance of trade, Zamoyski issued special location charters for representatives of peoples traditionally engaged in trade, e.g. to Greeks, Armenians and Sephardic Jews and secured exemptions on taxes, customs duties and tolls, which contributed to its fast development. Zamoyski's success

on Renaissance theories of the 'ideal city'. Realizing the importance of trade, Zamoyski issued special location charters for representatives of peoples traditionally engaged in trade, i.e. to Greeks, Armenians and Sephardic Jews and secured exemptions on taxes, customs duties and tolls, which contributed to its fast development. Zamoyski's success with Zamość spawned numerous other Polish nobles to found their own "private" cities such as Białystok and many


artistic life

) which places it as the fifth most forested city in Poland. The first settlers arrived in the 14th century. A town grew up and received its municipal charter in 1692. Białystok has traditionally been one of the leading centers of academic, cultural, and artistic life in Podlaskie and the most important economic center in northeastern Poland. In the nineteenth century Białystok was an important center for light industry, which was the reason for the substantial growth of the city's


quot huge

conference, however, and Polish demands for German territory were agreed to. The eastern territories which the Soviet Union had occupied in 1939 (with the exception of the Białystok area) were permanently annexed, and most of their Polish inhabitants expelled: today these territories are part of Belarus, Ukraine and Lithuania. The factual basis of this decision was the result of a forged referendum from November 1939 in which the "huge majority" of voters accepted

Białystok

'''Białystok''' ( ) is the largest city in northeastern Poland and the capital of the Podlaskie Voivodeship.

Located in the Białystok Uplands ( ) on the banks of the Biała River (Biała (Supraśl)), Białystok ranks second in terms of population density, eleventh in population, and thirteenth in area, of the cities of Poland. It has historically attracted migrants from elsewhere in Poland and beyond, particularly from Central (Central Europe) and Eastern Europe. This is facilitated by the fact that the nearby border with Belarus is also the eastern border of the European Union, as well as the Schengen Area. The city and its adjacent municipalities constitute Metropolitan Białystok. The city has a Warm Summer Continental climate (Humid continental climate#Dfb Dwb Dsb: Mild to warm summer subtype), characterized by warm summers and long frosty winters. Forests are an important part of Białystok's character, and occupy around 1,756 ha (4,340 acres) (17.2% of the administrative area of the city) which places it as the fifth most forested city in Poland.

The first settlers arrived in the 14th century. A town grew up and received its municipal charter in 1692. Białystok has traditionally been one of the leading centers of academic, cultural, and artistic life in Podlaskie and the most important economic center in northeastern Poland. In the nineteenth century Białystok was an important center for light industry, which was the reason for the substantial growth of the city's population. But after the fall of communism in 1989 many of these factories faced severe problems and subsequently closed down. Through the infusion of EU investment funds, the city continues to work to reshape itself into a modern metropolis. Białystok in 2010, was on the short-list, but ultimately lost the competition to become a finalist for European Capital of Culture in 2016. Over the centuries Białystok has produced a number of people who have provided unique contributions to the fields of science, language, politics, religion, sports, visual arts and performing arts. This environment was created in the mid-eighteenth century by the patronage of Jan Klemens Branicki for the arts and sciences. These include Ryszard Kaczorowski, the last émigré (Polish government-in-exile) President of the Republic of Poland; L. L. Zamenhof, the creator of Esperanto; and Albert Sabin, the co-developer of the polio vaccine.

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