What is Berlin known for?

construction programs

Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin

art song

-Dieskau. '''Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau''' (born 28 May 1925 in Berlin) is a retired German lyric baritone and conductor of classical music, one of the most famous lieder (art song) performers of the post-war period and "one of the supreme vocal artists of the 20th century". Ted Libbey. ''The NPR Listener's Encyclopedia of Classical Music'' New York: Workman Publishing, 2006 Fischer-Dieskau was ranked the second greatest singer of the century (after Jussi Björling) by Classic CD (United Kingdom) "Top Singers of the Century" Critics' Poll (June 1999). Recognition of Soviet Russia The German delegation became the object of unwelcome attention when it concluded a political and economic agreement with the Russian foreign minister Georgi Chicherin in Rapallo on Easter Sunday (April 16). The agreement had been drawn up in Berlin, but laid aside before being finally adopted. This agreement finally established peace between the two countries, waived all claims arising from the war on both sides and restored diplomatic relations. Thus, the Bolshevist (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) government was accorded open recognition. The former Russian ambassador's palace in Berlin, after being empty for years, had already been handed over. This step added some difficulty to the negotiations of the Great Powers with the Moscow government due to the open hostility that many of the European democracies displayed against the Communist regime. birth_date Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin


in the summer of 1878). Hertz, however, did not contribute much to the field himself except some early articles as an assistant to Helmholtz in Berlin, including research on the evaporation of liquids, a new kind of hygrometer, and a graphical means of determining the properties of moist air when subjected to adiabatic changes. Mulligan, J. F., and H. G. Hertz, "On the energy balance of the Earth," ''American Journal of Physics'', Vol. 65, pp. 36–45. After returning to Germany, Creutzfeldt worked at the Neurological Institute in Frankfurt am Main, at the psychiatric-neurological clinics in Breslau (Wrocław), Kiel and Berlin, and at the ''Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Psychiatrie'' in Munich. He was habilitated (habilitation) at Kiel in 1920, and in 1925 became ''Extraordinarius'' of psychiatry and neurology. In 1938 he was appointed professor and director of the university psychiatric and neurological division in Kiel. thumb 350px The Schliemann mansion in Athens, ca. 1910 (File:Schliemann1910.png) On August 1, 1890, Schliemann returned reluctantly to Athens, and in November traveled to Halle (Halle, Saxony-Anhalt) for an operation on his chronically infected ears. The doctors dubbed the operation a success, but his inner ear became painfully inflamed. Ignoring his doctors' advice, he left the hospital and traveled to Leipzig, Berlin, and Paris. From the latter, he planned to return to Athens in time for Christmas, but his ears became even worse. Too sick to make the boat ride from Naples to Greece, Schliemann remained in Naples, but managed to make a journey to the ruins of Pompeii. On Christmas Day he collapsed into a coma and died in a Naples hotel room on December 26, 1890. His corpse was then transported by friends to the First Cemetery (First Cemetery of Athens) in Athens. It was interred in a mausoleum shaped like a temple erected in ancient Greek style designed by Ernst Ziller in the form of a pedimental sculpture. The frieze circling the outside of the mausoleum shows Schliemann conducting the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. His magnificent residence in the city centre of Athens, houses today the Numismatic Museum of Athens. Professional career After acquiring his PhD, Ebbinghaus moved to Berlin, where he spent several years before leaving to travel in France and England for the next three years. In England, he may have taught in two small schools in the South of the country (Gorfein, 1885). In London, in a used bookstore, he came across Gustav Fechner's book ''Elements of Psychophysics'', which arguably spurred him to conduct his famous memory experiments. He began his work in 1879, but he may have performed his first set of experiments on several students from the English schools he had taught at. In 1885, the same year that he published his monumental work, ''Memory: A Contribution to Experimental Psychology'', he was accepted as a professor at the University of Berlin. In Berlin, he founded the Psychological journal ''Zeitschrift für Physiologie und Psychologie der Sinnesorgane'' (''The Psychology and Physiology of the Sense Organs''). He also founded two psychological laboratories in Germany. Poland's foreign minister, Radosław Sikorski, delivered a speech on 28 November 2011 in Berlin, in which he emphatically appealed to Germany and other European Union countries for closer economic and political integration and coordination, to be accomplished through a more powerful central government of the Union (Institutions of the European Union). Sikorski feels that decisive action and substantial reform, led by Germany, are necessary to prevent a collapse of the euro and subsequent destabilization and possible demise of the European Union. His remarks, directed primarily at the German audience, encountered hostile reception in Poland from Jarosław Kaczyński and his conservative parliamentary opposition (Law and Justice), who accused the minister of betraying Poland's sovereignty and demanded his ouster and trial. Sikorski identified in his speech several areas important to Polish traditionalists, which, he said, should permanently remain within the domain of individual national governments. birth_date July 19, 1898 birth_place Berlin, German Empire death_date Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin

solo part

at Berlin University. He studied piano with Adolph Jullack. He went to Weimar in 1853 where he met Liszt and became familiar with all the musicians in Liszt's circle at the time, including Hector Berlioz and Johannes Brahms. It is a measure of his close relationship with Liszt that it was he who played the solo part in the first Weimar performance of Liszt's second piano concerto, with the composer conducting. When the concerto was published, Liszt dedicated it to Bronsart. After having trained for several years with Liszt, he worked as a conductor in Leipzig and Berlin, and then took the post of general manager of the royal theatre in Hanover from 1867 to 1887. He held a similar post in Weimar from 1887 until his retirement in 1895. The Hindenburg Line fell to the Allies and the Canal du Nord was crossed. In Berlin, Kaiser Wilhelm was told Germany had lost, and must now surrender. Advances continued but political developments inside Germany compelled Germany to sign an Armistice (Armistice with Germany (Compiègne)) on November 11, 1918. On 20 April 2001, Sinopoli died of a heart attack (Myocardial infarction) while conducting Giuseppe Verdi's ''Aida'' at the Deutsche Oper (Deutsche Oper Berlin) in Berlin. The performance was dedicated to the memory of the company's late chief director, Goetz Friedrich. Two nights later, Marcello Viotti stepped in to direct ''Aida'', and dedicated his performance to Sinopoli's memory. His funeral in Rome on 23 April was attended by the Italian President and Prime Minister, as well as a large contingent from La Scala. He was survived by his wife Silvia and two sons. Albeit an illegal party, the TKP issued a series of publications like ''Kızıl Istanbul'' (1930–1935), ''Bolşevik'' (1927), ''Komünist'' (1929) and ''İnkilap Yolu'' (published in Berlin 1930–1932). The party organised a party conference in Vienna in 1926. Work for the church Hinckley returned to the United States in 1935 after having completed a short tour of the European continent, including preaching in both Berlin and Paris. He was given an assignment by his mission president, Joseph F. Merrill, to meet with the First Presidency (First Presidency (LDS Church)) of the church and request that better materials be made available to missionaries for proselytizing purposes. As a result of this meeting, Hinckley received employment as executive secretary of the Radio, Publicity and Missionary Literature Committee of the church (he had received schooling as a journalist in college). Hinckley's responsibilities included developing the church's fledgling radio broadcasts and making use of the era's new communication technologies. Starting in 1937, he also served on the Sunday School (Sunday School (LDS Church)) General Board. After the Second World War (World War II) Hinckley served as executive secretary to the Missionary Committee of the church. He also served as the church's liaison to Deseret Book, working with Deseret Book's liaison to the church, Thomas S. Monson. Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin


, this change significantly turned over the ways of the royalty. In response to the shortage of pre-war accommodation and housing, tenements were constructed not very far from the Kaiser's Stadtschloss and all the other majestic structures that were erected in honor of former royalties. People used their backyards and basements to run small shops, restaurants, workshops and haulage carts. This led to the establishment of bigger and better commerce in Berlin, including its first department

national work

;ref name "Tuchman, p.78" He was a successful lawyer in Berlin, representing many foreign corporations. After World War II, he resumed his career in international business. In April 1933, the recently installed Nazi government (Nazi Germany) declared May 1 the "Day of National Work," an official state holiday, and announced that all celebrations were to be organized by the government. Any separate celebrations by communists, social democrats or labour union (trade union)s were banned. After the World War II, May 1 remained a state holiday in both East (East Germany) and West Germany. In communist East Germany, workers were ''de facto'' required to participate in large state-organized parades on Mayday. Today in Germany it is simply called the "Day of Labour" (''"Tag der Arbeit"''), and there are numerous demonstrations and celebrations by independent workers' organizations. Today, Berlin witnesses yearly demonstrations on May Day, the largest organized by labour union (trade union)s, political parties and others by the far left and Autonomen (Autonomism). Trübner's paintings are in many public collections, especially in Germany, including the Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin and the Neue Pinakothek in Munich. '''Benno Besson''' (born ''René-Benjamin Besson''; 4 November 1922 in Yverdon-les-Bains; died 23 February 2006 in Berlin, Germany) was a Swiss (Switzerland) actor and director (Theatre director). He had great success as director at Volksbühne Berlin, Deutsches Theater and Berliner Ensemble in East-Berlin, where he went by an invitation of Bertolt Brecht in 1949. Some of his acquainted stagings were "The Dragon" by Jewgenij Schwarz, so that he travelled with Deutsches Theater all-around Europe and Asia (also in Japan), and "Der Frieden (Peace (play))" (Aristophanes edited by Peter Hacks). He became the Intendant at Volksbühne in the 1960s and worked often with Heiner Müller. In his plays, he worked amongst others with the popular actors Fred Düren, Eberhard Esche and Ursula Karusseit. DATE OF DEATH 23 February 2006 PLACE OF DEATH Berlin, Germany birth_date Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin

top work

declared as Woman of the Year 2009 by ''Glamour''. In June 2007, Gillette (Gillette (brand)) named her the Venus Breeze's Celebrity Legs of a Goddess.

original productions

and enlarged the orchestra to one of the greatest in the world. Beside the operatic repertoire of Wagner (Richard Wagner), he also led the original productions of the Richard Strauss operas ''Feuersnot'' (1901), ''Salome (Salome (opera))'' (1905), ''Elektra (Elektra (opera))'' (1909) and ''Der Rosenkavalier'' (1911) as well as the first German productions of operas by Puccini (Giacomo Puccini) and Mascagni (Pietro Mascagni). Hence he was also highly valued as an orchestral director and took on that role particularly for the orchestral works of Felix Draeseke and Strauss. The ideas of Modernism were developed especially in what was taught at the German Bauhaus School in Weimar (from 1919), Dessau (between 1926–32) and finally Berlin between 1932–33, under the leadership first of its founder Walter Gropius, then Hannes Meyer, and finally Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Modernist theory in architecture resided in the attempt to bypass the question of what style (Architectural style) a building should be built in, a concern that had overshadowed 19th-century architecture, and the wish to reduce form to its most minimal expression of structure and function. In the USA, Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock treated this new phenomenon in 1931 as if it represented a new style - the International Style (international style (architecture)), thereby misrepresenting its primary mission as merely a matter of eliminating traditional ornament (ornament (architecture)). The core effort to pursue Modern architecture as an abstract, scientific programme was more faithfully carried forward in Europe, but issues of style always overshadowed its stricter and more puritan goals, not least in the work of Le Corbusier. thumb left 200px Colonel Pessian in Germany (File:Colonel Pessian in Germany.jpg) During his time in Berlin, he was trained as a pilot in the German Airforce and was rewarded with the Eisernes Kreuz Medal for shooting down more than 25 enemy aircraft during World War I. He also translated many works from Persian (Persian language) to from French (French language), German (German language) and English (English language), some of these included Alphone de Lamartine and Rabindranath Tagore. He also wrote two books in Persian (Persian language), ''Sargozasht-e yek javan-e vatandoust'' and ''Jang-e Moqaddas az Baghdad ta Iran''. Sara Wennerberg-Reuter received her early musical training in organ and harmony in Gothenburg and studied at the Stockholm Conservatory (1893-1895), graduating as an organist. She then studied in Leipzig (1896-1898) with Salomon Jadassohn and Carl Reinecke and continued her composition and counterpoint studies (1901-1902) with Max Bruch in Berlin. She was organist at the Sofia Church in Stockholm, from 1906 to 1945. Meyer was born in Tønsberg to an affluent family. Her father gave her a Kodak Folding Camera for her travels, which seems to have led to her professional choice later. She joined the Oslo Camera Club in 1932, and then traveled to Berlin in 1937 to study photography at the Reimann School, where she studied with Walter Peterhans and Otto Croy. She worked as an apprentice for Joszef Pécsi in Budapest before returning to Norway, where she spent the war years. In 1900 the Heyms moved to Berlin, and there Georg began unsuccessfully attending a series of different schools. Eventually, he arrived at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Gymnasium at Neuruppin in Brandenburg. He was very unsatisfied, and as a way to achieve some release he began writing poetry. After he graduated and went to study law at Würzburg, he started writing plays as well. However, publishers largely ignored his work. thumb Classic ''Litfaßsäule'' in Germany, celebrating their 150th anniversary in 2005. (Image:Litfass2005.jpg) '''Advertising columns''' or '''morris columns''' ( Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin

early love

painter . Most of his childhood was spent in Munich, where his father taught at the city's Ludwig Maximilian University (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich). He was given a musical education from an early age, and developed an early love of Ludwig van Beethoven, a composer

title Florence Allen, 82, First Woman On U.S. Appellate Bench, Dead newspaper New York Times location pages 47 language publisher date September 14, 1966 url accessdate She also showed an early love of poetry, as well as a talent for music,

light white

; on the album Sticky Fingers ("Y'all got cocaine eyes Yeah, ya got speed-freak jive now"). Lou Reed refers explicitly to the drug on his album Berlin, in the song "How Do You Think It Feels?". Reed's band The Velvet Underground, a creation of Andy Warhol's Factory Years, was fueled by amphetamines, as well as naming their second album White Light White Heat after the drug and making reference to the song in "Sister Ray.". The pulp (band


'''Berlin''' (

First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945).

Berlin is a world city (Global city) of culture, politics, media, and science. Significant industries also include IT (information technology), pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction, and electronics.

Modern Berlin is home to renowned universities, orchestras, museums, entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events. Over the last decade Berlin has seen the upcoming of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial (entrepreneurship) scene.

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