independent African states, former members of the French Community created in 1958. These accords involved the sectors of finance and economy, culture and education, and the military. There were initially eleven countries involved: Mauritania, Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Dahomey (now Benin), Upper Volta (Republic of Upper Volta) (now Burkina Faso), Niger, Chad, Gabon, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, and Madagascar. Togo and Cameroon
, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Brazil, Solomon Islands, Bhutan, Nigeria, Lesotho, and most recently in Benin, Burundi and Rwanda. As of early-2012, 33 countries had formally joined the APRM by signing the MOU on the APRM. Algeria, Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya
, Benin, Niger and Nigeria through Cameroon, Chad and the Central African Republic to Sudan and Uganda. - The fair The advertising campaign, made on national and African levels, brought together 244 Burkinabé craftsmen and 20 exhibiting countries such as Algeria, Benin, Burundi, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Chad, Togo, Tunisia, Guadeloupe, France, Pakistan, Philippines. The Tenth edition: Bobo 98 took place the 24 March-02 April 2000 under the theme investment in Culture for the future.Ivory Coast, Benin and Mali participate to the manifestation "Just after the preliminary results were announced the red berets commandos went out into the streets and started shooting at the boys," said Marthe, who fled to a U.N. refugee camp in Benin to escape the fighting. "They only shot at the boys. They ransacked shops and blamed the youths, who were unarmed," she continued in her Reuters interview. More than 11,500 Togolese have fled from their country and taken up temporary residence in Benin (w:Benin) and Ghana (w:Ghana) since the elections, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (w:United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) (UNHCR). The countries to receive debt cancellation from the IMF, WB and the African Development Fund are Benin (w:Benin), Bolivia (w:Bolivia), Burkina Faso (w:Burkina Faso), Ethiopia (w:Ethiopia), Ghana (w:Ghana), Guyana (w:Guyana), Honduras (w:Honduras), Madagascar (w:Madagascar), Mali (w:Mali), Mauritania (w:Mauritania), Mozambique (w:Mozambique), Nicaragua (w:Nicaragua), Niger (w:Niger), Rwanda (w:Rwanda), Senegal (w:Senegal), Tanzania (w:Tanzania), Uganda (w:Uganda), and Zambia (w:Zambia).
of Dahomey (known today as Benin) became big players in the slave trade (History of slavery), waging a bitter war on their neighbours, resulting in the capture of 10,000, including another important slave trader, the King of Whydah. King Tegbessou made £250,000 a year selling people into slavery in 1750." Dahomey.jpg thumb upright ''Man-Shark'' by Sossa Dede (c. 1890), a Fon people Fon statue symbolizing Béhanzin, musée du quai Branly, Paris, France. !-- Deleted image removed: Image:Behanzin1894.jpg right frame Behanzin in 1894
, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, and Togo (and perhaps in Eritrea). Early service In 1886, as Midshipmen (Midshipman), Cowan and Beatty joined HMS ''Alexandra'' (HMS Alexandra (1875)), flagship
not participated in the Atlanta Games, competed in Sydney. "Still growing: Paralympics world's second-largest sporting event", ''Sports Illustrated'', 20 September 2000 The two main plots concern the fictional African state of Beninia (a name reminiscent of the real-life Benin, though that nation in the Bight of Benin was known as the Republic of Dahomey when the book was written
: travel.state.gov travel cis_pa_tw cis cis_1041.html#crime title Togo publisher Travel.state.gov date accessdate 2012-02-22 Senegal
nation, highly dependent on agriculture, with a climate that provides good growing seasons. While the official language is French (French language), there are many other languages spoken in Togo, particularly those of the Gbe family (Gbe languages). The largest religious group in Togo are those with indigenous beliefs, but there are significant Christian and Muslim minorities. Togo is a member of the United Nations, African Union, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
book last Woodfork first Lisa title Embodying American slavery in contemporary culture year 2009 publisher University of Illinois Press isbn 978-0252033902 url http: books.google.co.uk books?id lrofR-tFpdsC&pg PA101&dq %22slave+castles%22+died&hl en&ei A4Z1TsX1KeLW0QWH2LSXCA&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 1&ved 0CDAQ6AEwAA#v onepage&q %22slave%20castles%22%20died&f false page 101 where many died from multiple illnesses
also produced two albums at Saint Claire Recording Studio in Lexington, Kentucky: The Bright Lights of America (RCA) by Pittsburgh punk band Anti-Flag and an album by Alejandro Escovedo called ''Real Animal'' (Manhattan Records) released on June 2008. He has partially produced the new No. 1 album (in France) by French artist Raphael (Raphaël Haroche) in Paris and New York. He has just completed work on the new Kristeen Young album '' Music
'''Benin''' ) and formerly '''Dahomey''', is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, by Nigeria to the east and by Burkina Faso and Niger to the north. A majority of the population live on its small southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, part of the Gulf of Guinea in the northernmost tropical portion of the Atlantic Ocean. R. H. Hughes, J. S. Hughes. A directory of African wetlands, p. 301. IUCN, 1992. ISBN 2-88032-949-3 The capital of Benin is Porto-Novo, but the seat of government is in Cotonou, the country's largest city and economic capital. Benin covers an area of approximately 115,000 square kilometers (42,000 sq mi), with a population of approximately 9.98 million. Benin is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, highly dependent on agriculture, with substantial employment and income arising from subsistence farming (subsistence agriculture). "Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations". United Nations, June 29th, 2010
The official language of Benin is French (French language). However, indigenous languages such as Fon (Fon language) and Yoruba (Yoruba language) are commonly spoken. The largest religious group in Benin is Roman Catholicism (Catholic Church), followed closely by Islam, Vodun and Protestantism (Protestants). Benin is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie), the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Petroleum Producers Association and the Niger Basin Authority. "Benin – International Cooperation". Nation Encyclopedia (2010-06-29).
From the 17th to the 19th century, the main political entities in the area were the Kingdom of Dahomey along with the city-state of Porto-Novo and a large area with many different tribes to the north. This region was referred to as the Slave Coast from as early as the 17th century due to the large number of slaves shipped to the New World during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. After slavery was abolished, France took over the country and renamed it French Dahomey. In 1960, Dahomey gained full independence from France, and had a tumultuous period with many different democratic governments, many military coups and military governments.
A Marxist-Leninist (Marxism–Leninism) state (Sovereign state) called the People's Republic of Benin existed between 1972 and 1990. In 1991, it was replaced by the current multi-party (Multi-party system) Republic of Benin. Ibp Usa. Global Logistics Assessments Reports Handbook: Strategic Transportation and Customs Information for Selected Countries, p. 85. Int'l Business Publications, 2008. ISBN 0-7397-6603-1