: www.awm.gov.au cms_images histories 17 chapters 06.pdf Initial British offensive (with detailed maps) The RAF made attacks on Italian airfields destroying or damaging 29 aircraft on the ground. Selby Force, a mixed force of 1,800 under Brigadier A. R. Selby, moved up from Matruh and having stationed a brigade of dummy tanks in the desert as a decoy for the Italian airforce, had by dawn on 9 December taken position a few kilometers south east
Cyrene, can reach commons:بنغازي
title 'Gaddafi was caught alive, later beaten, killed by rebels' date 20 October 2011 work The Jerusalem Post publisher Reuters accessdate 22 October 2011 commons:بنغازي
as of Summer 2014 because of poor security in Benghazi. Benghazi's wider metropolitan area (which includes the southern towns of Gimeenis and Suluq) is also a district (Districts of Libya) of Libya. The port city is located on the Mediterranean Sea. During the Kingdom era of Libya's history, Benghazi enjoyed a joint-capital status (alongside Tripoli), possibly because the King (Idris I of Libya) used to reside in the nearby city of Bayda (Bayda, Libya) and the Senussis
and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli, and by extension between the two regions (Cyrenaica and Tripolitania). The population of the entire district was 500,120 in the 1995 census and had increased to 670,797 in the 2006 census. On 15 February 2011, an uprising (First Battle of Benghazi) against
useful to be ignored by the Ottomans. In 1578, the Turks invaded Benghazi and it was ruled from Tripoli by the Karamanlis (Karamanli dynasty) from 1711 to 1835; it then passed under direct Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule until 1911. Greek and Italian (Italy) sponge fishermen worked its coastal waters. In 1858, and again in 1874, Benghazi was devastated by bubonic plague. Italian colonial rule File:Italian Benghazi.jpg thumb The colonial Italians created
. It is the story of a former American Marine serving life imprisonment on an island inhabited by savage and cannibalistic prisoners for killing his commanding officer, the commandant of a Benghazi (Libya) military base, in 2011. Zerzura the white city According to the historical writings from the scribes of an emir in Benghazi, Libya in 1481, a camel driver named Hamid Keila came to Benghazi in bad shape and recounted to the emir that he had been to the city of Zerzura. Apparently Hamid Keila and a caravan had been heading out from the Nile River to the oases of Dakhla(Darkhla Dakhilah) and Kharga(Kharijah) and were caught in a vicious sandstorm that killed everyone except Keila who apparently survived under the shelter of his dead camel. After the storm passed, the man had emerged from the camel to find himself confused by the lay of the land because the storm changed all the familiar landmarks. It was when Keila was becoming delirious from having no water that a group of strange men found him. The men were said to be tall with fair hair and blue eyes, carrying straight swords instead of Arab scimitars, who then took the camel driver back to a city called Zerzura to tend to him. Zerzura was indeed described as a white city that was approachable through a wadi(valley) that ran between two mountains, and from the wadi was a road that lead to the gates of the city which had a carving of a strange bird above them. Within the city were white houses of inner luxury, palms, springs, and pools that were used by fair-skinned women and children for washing and bathing. Hamid Keila recounted that the Zerzurans, or "El Suri", treated him with kindness and spoke a strange form of Arabic that was difficult for him to understand but was carefully explained to him by the Suri, who apparently weren't Muslim because the women wore no veils and no mosques could be found in the city, nor did Hamid Keila hear any calls to prayer by a muezzin. thumb left (Left to right) Wing Commander Kent talking to Wing Commander Zimmerman, 1942 (File:JA Kent.jpg) In June 1942, Kent was Station Commander of RAF Church Stanton (RAF Culmhead) where he remained until October of that year when he was posted to Fighter Command HQ as a Wing Commander of Training. Two months later, Kent was posted to the Middle East and took command of 17 Sector in Benghazi, Libya where on 25 January 1943, he damaged a Ju 88 during an engagement near the airfield at Benina. After a posting to Air HQ as a Command Training Inspector at Air Defences East Mediterranean, he returned to the UK during March 1944 for an instructor’s course at the Central Flying School, Upavon (RAF Upavon). Johannessonn, Brian J. "Famous Pilot: Wing-Commander John Alexander Kent." ''Rare Aviation Photos,''(originally published in the Icelandic-language newspaper 'Logberg', Winnipeg, Manitoba, October November 1940). Retrieved: 19 May 2011. *'''Libya **Benghazi – Benina International Airport **Misrata – Misrata Airport - style "background-color: #FFFF80" Benghazi begins 3 June commons:بنغازي
: www.economist.com node 18239888?story_id 18239888 "Endgame in Tripoli". ''The Economist''. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011. This mass is divided into two blocks. The Jebel Akhdar (Jebel Akhdar, Libya) extends parallel to the coast from the Gulf of Sidra to the Gulf of Bomba, and reaches an elevation of 872 meters. There is no continuous coastal plain, the longest strip running from the recess of Gulf of Sidra past Benghazi to Tolmeitha. Thereafter, except for deltaic patches at Susa (Susa, Libya) and Derna (Derna, Libya), the shore is all precipitous. A steep escarpment separates the coastal plain from a relatively level plateau, known as the Marj Plain, which lies at about 300 meters elevation. Above the Marj Plain lies a dissected plateau at about 700 meters elevation, which contains the highest peaks in the range. Gimingham, C. H., and K. Walton (1954). "Environment and the Structure of Scrub Communities on the Limestone Plateaux of Northern Cyrenaica." ''Journal of Ecology,'' Vol. 42, No. 2, Jul., 1954 The east of the province was called Marmarica (no major city), but the important part was in the west, comprising five cities, hence known as the Pentapolis: Cyrene (Cyrene, Libya) (near the modern village of Shahat) with its port of Apollonia (Apollonia, Cyrenaica) (Marsa Susa), Arsinoe or Taucheira (Tocra), Euesperides or Berenice (near modern Benghazi), Balagrae (Bayda (Bayda, Libya)) and Barce (Marj (Marj, Libya)) – of which the chief was the eponymous Cyrene. The term "Pentapolis" continued to be used as a synonym for Cyrenaica. In the south the Pentapolis faded into the Saharan tribal areas, including the pharaonic oracle of Ammonium (Siwa Oasis). commons:بنغازي
single10381 archivedate June 29, 2008 accessdate November 30, 2008 In May 2010, following the Everybody Draw Mohammed Day, Pakistan again blocked access to YouTube, citing "growing sacrilegious content". * On January 24, 2010, Libya blocked
s Fighting Ships 1922-1946'', New York: Mayflower Books, 1980, ISBN 0-8317-0303
autocracy and the lack of requests of respect of human rights. In the running battle which followed, ''Bartolomeo Colleoni'' was hard hit by ''Sydney'' and after a shell hit the boilers at 09:23 she stopped dead in the water. She fought on but was unable to manoeuvre or use the main battery; despite the fire from her guns, she was sunk by three torpedoes launched from ''Ilex'' and ''Hyperion'' at 09:59. ''Sydney'' continued to fire against ''Bande Nere''. She
official_name Benghazi other_name Bangazi native_name nickname settlement_type motto image_skyline Old town sight.JPG imagesize image_caption Downtown '''Benghazi''' image_alt image_flag flag_size image_seal seal_size image_shield shield_size image_blank_emblem blank_emblem_type blank_emblem_size image_map Benghazi dusk.jpg mapsize 250px map_caption '''Benghazi''' at dusk image_map1 mapsize1 map_caption1 image_dot_map dot_mapsize dot_map_caption dot_x dot_y pushpin_map Libya pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_map_caption Location in Libya coordinates_region LY subdivision_type Country subdivision_name Libya subdivision_type1 Region subdivision_name1 Cyrenaica subdivision_type2 District (Districts of Libya) subdivision_name2 Benghazi subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 government_footnotes government_type leader_title leader_name leader_title1 leader_name1 leader_title2 leader_name2 leader_title3 leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 established_title Settled established_date as '''''Euesperides''''' (''circa'' 525 BC) established_title2 Renamed established_date2 established_title3 established_date3 area_magnitude area_footnotes area_total_km2 314 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_total_sq_mi area_land_sq_mi area_water_sq_mi area_water_percent area_urban_km2 area_urban_sq_mi area_metro_km2 area_metro_sq_mi area_blank1_title area_blank1_km2 area_blank1_sq_mi population_as_of 2011 population_footnotes '' Der Spiegel ''. 23 August 2011 population_note population_total 631555 population_density_km2 auto population_density_sq_mi population_metro 1110000 population_density_metro_km2 population_density_metro_sq_mi population_urban population_density_urban_km2 population_density_urban_sq_mi population_blank1_title Ethnicities population_blank1 population_blank2_title Religions population_blank2 population_density_blank1_km2 population_density_blank1_sq_mi population_demonym Benghazian timezone UTC+2 utc_offset timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 32 latm 07 lats latNS N longd 20 longm 04 longs longEW E elevation_footnotes Wolfram Alpha elevation_m 2 elevation_ft postal_code_type postal_code area_code (+218) 61 blank_name blank_info blank1_name blank1_info website footnotes
'''Benghazi''' convened in Tobruk as of Summer 2014 because of poor security in Benghazi. Benghazi's wider metropolitan area (which includes the southern towns of Gimeenis and Suluq) is also a district (Districts of Libya) of Libya. The port city is located on the Mediterranean Sea.
During the Kingdom era of Libya's history, Benghazi enjoyed a joint-capital status (alongside Tripoli), possibly because the King (Idris I of Libya) used to reside in the nearby city of Bayda (Bayda, Libya) and the Senussis (royal family) in general were associated with Cyrenaica rather than Tripolitania. The city was also provisional capital of the National Transitional Council. Benghazi continues to hold institutions and organizations normally associated with a national capital city, such as the country's parliament, national library (National Library of Libya), and the headquarters of Libyan Airlines, the national airline, and of the National Oil Corporation. This creates a constant atmosphere of rivalry and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli, and by extension between the two regions (Cyrenaica and Tripolitania). The population of the entire district was 500,120 in the 1995 census and had increased to 670,797 in the 2006 census.
On 15 February 2011, In mid-October, the Libyan National Army launched an offensive to seize the city and reportedly managed to take control of 90% of Benghazi. Libyan army controls 90% of Benghazi