1894 – 21 March 1945) was a member of the NSDAP (Nazi) party with card number 574,307. In July 1931, he joined the SS (Schutzstaffel) and his membership number was 280,152. Biondi, Robert, ed., ''SS Officers List: SS-Standartenführer to SS-Oberstgruppenführer'' (As of 30 January 1942), Schiffer Military History Publishing, 2000, p. 10. His early career included the Berlin position of Police Commissioner in the 1920s. In 1942–1943, he was the President of Interpol
records altered to indicate noble birth; the family name was Polonized to ''Wołonczewski''. This practice, not uncommon among prosperous villagers, was a means of providing educational opportunities otherwise denied to peasant children. In 1816 he entered the Dominican school at Žemaičių Kalvarija and six years later began his studies at the Theological Seminary in Varniai. He transferred to the Vilnius Priest Seminary in 1824, from which he graduated in 1828. Ordained a priest that same
tchernobyl_animation_nuage.aspx History Dark rye bread became a staple which lasted to the Middle Ages. Many different types of rye grain have come from places all over Europe such as Finland, Denmark, Russia, Baltic countries and Germany. In Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Denmark, Poland, Belarus, Slovakia, and Russia, rye is the most popular type of bread. A common saying in modern-day Alaska is "eggs on rye," which
, or alternatively as ''White Ruthenian'' or ''White Russian''. Following independence, it was also called ''Belarusian''. Belarusan English Dictionary Ethnologue. Languages of the World. Belarusan The reform resulted in the grammar officially used, with further amendments, in Byelorussian SSR and modern Belarus. Sometimes this grammar is called ''official'' grammar of Belarusian language, to distinguish it from the ''pre-reform'' grammar, known as ''classic'' grammar or Taraškievica (Tarashkevitsa). It is also known as ''narkamauka'', after the word ''narkamat'', a Belarusian abbreviation for People's Commissariat (ministry). The latter term bears a derogatory connotation. The swastika shape (also called a ''fylfot'') appears on various Germanic Migration Period and Viking Age artifacts, such as the 3rd century Værløse Fibula from Zealand, Denmark, the Gothic (Goths) spearhead from Brest-Litovsk, today in Belarus, the 9th century Snoldelev Stone from Ramsø, Denmark, and numerous Migration Period bracteates drawn left-facing or right-facing. Margrethe, Queen (Margrethe II of Denmark), Poul Kjrum, Rikke Agnete Olsen (1990). ''Oldtidens Ansigt: Faces of the Past'', page 148. ISBN 978-87-7468-274-5 Modern concerns In its 2011 annual report, the ''United States Commission on International Religious Freedom'' designated fourteen nations as "countries of particular concern". The commission chairman commented that these are nations whose conduct marks them as the world’s worst religious freedom violators and human rights abusers. The fourteen nations designated were Burma, China, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam. Other nations on the commission's watchlist include Afghanistan, Belarus, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Laos, Russia, Somalia, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Venezuela.
Bychowiec Chronicle and 17th-century Hustynska Chronicle (:uk:Густинський літопис) maintain that he converted to Orthodox Christianity at some point prior to his marriage to Maria of Vitebsk in 1318. Although several Orthodox churches were indeed built in Vilnius during his reign, later assertions about his baptism find no corroboration in sources dating from Algirdas' life, leading most scholars to reject them as spurious. Despite the contemporary accounts, as well as modern studies, ref>
throughout Eastern Europe with the students from Poland, Russia, Belarus, Moldavia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece. The admissions were open to all social classes. Due to the exceptional quality of the language program its students often continued their education abroad, which at the time required many of them to convert their religion from the Orthodox Christian (Eastern Christianity) to a Roman Catholicism (Catholic). However, upon their return to Ukraine, they were turning back to their Orthodox roots, which also was necessary in order to attain positions in the clergy or Academia. By keep sending the students abroad for education the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy played a very important role in obtaining from Western Europe the knowelege of the Renaissance and adopting it by Ukraine and Russia. The Kyiv-Mohyla Academy also supported a number of other colleges built on its model, such as the Vasilian College in Moldova (Moldavia). The number of closed cities has been significantly reduced since the mid-1990s. However, on 30 October 2001, foreign travel (except for Belarusian citizens) was restricted in the northern cities of Norilsk, Talnakh, Kayerkan, Dudinka and Igarka. Russian and Belarusian citizens visiting these cities are not required to have travel permits. '''Lew Sapieha''' (1557–1633) ( Commons:Category:Belarus Wikipedia:Belarus Dmoz:Regional Europe Belarus
Belarusian championship (Belarusian Chess Championship). Later that year, he made his first high-level appearance at the Mikhail Chigorin Memorial, Moscow 1947, scoring 5.5 15 against a powerful international field. In 1948, Kholmov won the next BLR-ch in 1948, unbeaten, with 11.5 13. By 1795, thanks to its strategic location at the crossroads of Lithuania, Belarus and Daugavpils, Ilūkste became an important trade city and regional center, with 50 churches, 15 schools, and 150 taverns. In World War I, Ilūkste was situated on the fighting front line, and by the war's end the city was totally destroyed. Etymology The term White Serbia (''Bela Srbija'') is connected with that of ''Belarus'' (White Rus (Rus' people)), in this case it may refer to it being an unbaptized land, in relation to the Serbs of the Balkans who were Christian. Commons:Category:Belarus Wikipedia:Belarus Dmoz:Regional Europe Belarus
hitch-hiking community, created by traveller & writer Anton Krotov. *'''UFOCom (Ufocom)''' ('''Ufo'''logical '''Com'''mitie of Belarus republic) - Belarusian group, working in the field of ufological (ufology) and paranormal research. *'''STALKER (Stalker(school))''' multi-profile school - created together with SOYUZ club. Provides young members of Kosmopoisk with necessary knowledge and practice. Situated in Moscow. Remote learning('''St@lker''' project) system is planned for future. thumb left 205px Sap dripping from a tapped birch tree (Image:Sap-drip-LL.jpg) Total production of birch syrup in Alaska is approximately 3,800 liters (1,000 U.S. gallons) per year, with smaller quantities made in other U.S. states and Canada (also from Paper Birch), Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Scandinavia (from other species of birch). Because of the higher sap-to-syrup ratio and difficulties in production, birch syrup is more expensive than maple syrup, up to five times the price. The '''Russian avant-garde''' is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia (or more accurately, the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union) approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its end as late as 1960. The term covers many separate, but inextricably related, art movements that occurred at the time; namely Neo-primitivism, suprematism, constructivism (Constructivism (art)), and futurism (Futurism (art)). Given that many of these avant-garde artists were born or grew up in what is present day Belarus and Ukraine (including Kazimir Malevich, Aleksandra Ekster, Vladimir Tatlin, Wassily Kandinsky, David Burliuk, Alexander Archipenko), some sources also talk about Ukrainian avant-garde. Life and works Born in Vitsebsk, then part of Imperial Russia, culturally considered at that time part of Lithuania, now in Belarus, he wrote in Russian (Russian language) before he emigrated to the United States in 1892; only in America did he discover that there was such a thing as Yiddish (Yiddish language) literature and theater. In the U.S. he first worked menial jobs in Philadelphia and in rural Pennsylvania, before settling in New York City. He became a journalist, then a writer of short stories, and finally gained fame as a playwright. Salkinsohn was born as a Jew in the town of Shkloŭ, in Belarus, in 1820. His father was a scholar, well known throughout the area, even though he was not a rabbi. When Salkinsohn was still a small child, his mother died and his father remarried. Salkinsohn, who was the youngest of his mother’s children, suffered greatly under his new stepmother, but was very close with his father. At the age of 17, he left his father and decided to run away to Mahilyow. After news of an impending army conscription (Forced conscription) he moved to a nearby village, in the house of the barkeeper. In the village he became friendly with the hazzan and helped him deal with religious issues. While there, an interest in secular studies and general enlightenment was kindled in Salkinsohn. Meanwhile, the barkeeper planned to marry his granddaughter to Salkinsohn. When Salkinsohn learned of this, he revealed it to the hazzan, who helped him sneak away and get to Vilnius, then called Vilna. Early life He was born in Mahiliou, then part of Imperial Russia, now in Belarus, and was raised in nearby Vitsebsk. At 19 he left home, originally intending to study medicine in Vienna, Austria, but a visit to I.L. Peretz in Warsaw (then also under Russian control, now the capital of Poland) convinced him to pursue a literary career instead. He briefly began studies in Vienna (where he also wrote his first significant short story, "Der Groisser Menshenfreint" ("The Great Philanthropist"), but soon returned to Warsaw, where he established a strong reputation as a writer and as an advocate of Labor Zionism, before moving to Berlin, Germany in 1896 and to New York City in 1899. '''Season 2003-2004''' For the 2003-2004 season, in the Swiss black-and-white team, arrives a legendary Finnish hockey player, Ville Peltonen, and the great Sandro Bertaggia (who closes his career after six titles in Lugano) is substituted by Steve Hirschi. In January, the team conquers a new bronze medal in the Continental Cup's Superfinal in Gomel, Belarus. On February 22, 2004, the Resega lives an afternoon of intense emotions. In a mood of great collective participation, Alfio Molina's jersey nr. 1, Sandro Bertaggia's jersey nr. 2 and Pat Schafhauser's jersey nr. 4 are officially collected. The last-named is connected "live" by satellite from Minneapolis. Lugano's season has an apical moment in the play-offs semi-final against the ZSC Lions team disallowing three matchballs on the part of the Zurich team: Lugano team eliminates the Lions and is in the final. But the black-and-white team loses the "best of five" final in the extra-time of the fifth games with a goal by Marc Weber. The Styr River begins near Brody, in the Ukrainian Oblast of Lviv (Lviv Oblast), then flows into the Rivne Oblast, Volyn Oblast, then into the Belarusian voblast of Brest (Brest Voblast) where it finally flows into the Pripyat. '''Football Club Dinamo Minsk''' ( Commons:Category:Belarus Wikipedia:Belarus Dmoz:Regional Europe Belarus
in Rechytsa, present-day Belarus. The son of a Jewish banker in the small southeastern town of Gomel, he was barely into his teens when he began studying at "Kruger's School of Drawing" in Minsk. There he met Chaim Soutine, with whom he would have a lifelong friendship. At age 16 he and Soutine were studying at the Vilnius Academy of Art and in 1911 he moved to join the growing artistic community gathering in the Montparnasse Quarter of Paris, France
The Golden Book of Russia. 2001, part 2, 2001. ITERA and the Community The Company’s production projects allowed to create a few thousands of new jobs in Russia, Belarus and Georgia (Georgia country). ITERA is engaged in various charity activities facilitating social programs, education, culture and sports development. Former Soviet Union Belarus and Armenia, along with the five members of the Central Asian NWFZ, are allies of Russia in CSTO
Until the 20th century, the lands of modern-day Belarus belonged to several countries, including the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution (Russian Revolution (1917)), Belarus declared independence as the Belarusian People's Republic, succeeded by the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia, which became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union (Republics of the Soviet Union) and was renamed as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR). Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the Polish-Soviet war. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939 when some lands of the Second Polish Republic were reintegrated into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland and were finalized after World War II. The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945, Belarus became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR.
The parliament of the republic declared the sovereignty of Belarus on
Over 70% of Belarus's population of 9.49 million resides in urban areas. More than 80% of the population is ethnic Belarusian, with sizable minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian (Belarusian language) and Russian (Russian language). The Constitution of Belarus does not declare any official religion, although the primary religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity (Belarusian Orthodox Church). The second most popular, Roman Catholicism (Roman Catholicism in Belarus), has a much smaller following, although both Orthodox and Catholic versions of Christmas and Easter are celebrated as national holidays (Public holidays in Belarus).