Belém

What is Belém known for?


establishing field

was not hereditary, the descendants of Lord Dundonald preserved the title among themselves. Burke's Peerage right thumb 250px Trinidad Regional Virus Laboratory (File:Virus Laboratory Fieldwork.jpg) Field Assistant, Nariva Swamp, Trinidad. 1959 In 1950 the Foundation mounted a major program of virus research, establishing field laboratories in Poona, India; Port of Spain, Trinidad (Trinidad and Tobago); Belém, Brazil; Johannesburg, South Africa; Cairo, Egypt; Ibadan, Nigeria; and Cali, Colombia. WikiPedia:Belém Commons:Category:Belém


huge number

to be professionally trained. In most cases, locals eventually took over management of the facilities. Support was also given to research on viruses in many other countries. The result of all this research was the identification of a huge number of viruses affecting humans, the development of new techniques for the rapid identification of viruses, and a quantum leap in our understanding of arthropod-borne viruses.


major long

daily boats to nearby islands, including twice to Rio Branco. Also to Macapá, Santarém (Santarém (Brazil)) Belem and Manaus, with connections further north and west. Locals sling hammocks to sleep but air conditioned cabins are available on the larger boats. This is a great way to travel see (and hear) the river, and meet people. Get around By bus There is one major long distance coach terminal at São Braz. There are many local busses travelling all over the city at often


quot architecture

of Belém Traditionally called Val-de-Cães Airport, it is responsible for increasing tourism in the Amazon region, as well as for the outflow of products and attracting new investments. The passenger terminal is fully air conditioned on two levels and has "futuristic" architecture, designed to take advantage of natural lighting. People with special needs have individualized service with own equipment at specific locations to facilitate their access. The terminal's interior is decorated with plants native to the Amazon region and is enclosed by a source able to imitate the sound of the rains that fall every day in the region. The smaller Brig. Protásio de Oliveira Airport (Júlio César) (Protásio de Oliveira Airport) also administrated by Infraero, is used for general aviation. Highways BR-316 is the major access highway for those coming from the Northeastern Brazil. For visitors from the Southern, Southeastern, and Mid-Eastern Regions, the best route is BR-010, which originates in Brasília in the South, and also PA-150, a route that links Belém to Southern Pará. Waterways Belém can be reached by the Tocantins River and Amazonas River and by the Atlantic Ocean. The city of Belém has been referenced in the opening episode of the TV series ''No Ordinary Family'', where Powell's go for a family vacation. Distances *São Paulo: WikiPedia:Belém Commons:Category:Belém


research establishing

was not hereditary, the descendants of Lord Dundonald preserved the title among themselves. Burke's Peerage right thumb 250px Trinidad Regional Virus Laboratory (File:Virus Laboratory Fieldwork.jpg) Field Assistant, Nariva Swamp, Trinidad. 1959 In 1950 the Foundation mounted a major program of virus research, establishing field laboratories in Poona, India; Port of Spain, Trinidad


traditional place

laemcasa@laemcasa.com address Av. Gov. José Malcher, 247 lat long directions phone +55 91 3242-4222 tollfree fax hours price content Very traditional place serving local specialities. Drink The refurbished warehouses by the riverside, '''Estação das Docas''' (or simply '''Docas''') offer a number of outside tables, and fairly expensive menus. '''Amazon beer''' has an in-house brewery and on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday nights offers an all you can drink and eat


species rich

. WikiPedia:Belém Commons:Category:Belém


regular international

to Fortaleza) - especially from the south. By plane There are regular international flights linking Belém to Cayenne, Georgetown (Georgetown (Guyana)), Paramaribo and Miami, and many direct domestic flights linking Belém to Brasilia, Fortaleza, Manaus, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Macapá. Bus ''Pratinhas'' to from Presidente Vargas, and ''Marex'' to from Prça da República. Taxi to center R$20–30 (negotiate!). By boat Passenger terminal at the north end of the docks. Many


time major

and Tobago Trinidad ; Belém, Brazil; Johannesburg, South Africa; Cairo, Egypt; Ibadan, Nigeria; and Cali, Colombia. WikiPedia:Belém Commons:Category:Belém


traditional blue

the charm of tree-filled squares, churches and traditional blue tiles. The city has a rich history and architecture from colonial times. Recently it witnessed a skyscraper boom. Belém, literally ''Bethlehem'' is also known as the ''Metropolis of the Brazilian Amazon region'' or the ''Cidade das Mangueiras'' (City of Mango Trees) due to the vast number of those trees found in the city. Brazilians often refer to the city as Belém do Pará ("Belém of Pará") rather than just ''Belém'', a reference to an earlier name for the city, Santa Maria de Belém do Grão Pará, and also to differentiate it from a number of other towns called Belém in Brazil. It is named after Santa Maria de Belém (Santa Maria de Belém (Lisbon)) in Lisbon, also better known by its shortened name, Belém (Belém (Lisbon)). Belém is served by two airports: Val de Cães International Airport, which connects the city with the rest of Brazil and other cities in South America, and Brig. Protásio de Oliveira Airport (Júlio César) Airport (Protásio de Oliveira Airport) dedicated to general aviation. The city is also home to the Federal University of Pará. Name The name '''Belém''' is the Portuguese (Portuguese language) word for Bethlehem, the town where Christians believe Jesus Christ was born. The city had a few other names before becoming Belém. Notice also that Brazil has a city called Natal (Natal, Rio Grande do Norte), which means Christmas. History left thumb Ver-o-Peso market. (Image:Ver-oPeso-Belem.jpg) In 1615, Portuguese captain-general Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco of the captaincy of Bahia commanded a military expedition sent by the Governor General of Brazil (Governorate General of Brazil) to check the trading excursions of foreigners (French, Dutch, English) up the river (Amazon) from the Cabo do Norte in Grão Pará. On January 12, 1616, he anchored in what we now call Guajará bay formed by the confluence of the Para and Guama Rivers, called by the Tupinambás, "Guaçu Paraná". Caldeira mistook the bay for the main channel, and thirty leagues upstream, he built a wooden fort, covered with straw, which he called "Presépio" (now "Forte do Castelo"). The colony formed by the fort was given the name Feliz Lusitânia, "Happy Lusitania". It was the embryo of the future city of Belém. The fort failed to suppress Dutch and French trading, but did ward off colonization. Feliz Lusitânia was later called Nossa Senhora de Belém do Grão Pará (Our Lady of Bethlehem of Grao-Para) and Santa Maria de Belém (St. Mary of Bethlehem). Belém was given city status in 1655 and was made capital of the State when Pará state was split off from Maranhão in 1772. The early decades of the 19th century were marked by political instability. Uprisings and internecine strife finally ended in 1836, after considerable loss of life. History of Belém The sugar trade in the Belém region was important up to the end of the 17th century. Thereafter the city's economic importance alternately rose and fell. Cattle ranching supplanted sugar until the 18th century, when cultivation of rice, cotton, and coffee became profitable. With the settlement of southern Brazil, where such crops could be produced more reasonably, Belém declined again. The city subsequently became the main exporting centre of the Amazon rubber industry, and by 1866 its position was further enhanced by the opening of the Amazon, Tocantins, and Tapajós rivers to navigation. The rubber era ended after the boom of 1910–12, but Belém continued to be the main commercial centre of northern Brazil and the entrepôt for the Amazon valley. Rubber era in Belém Geography WikiPedia:Belém Commons:Category:Belém

Belém

'''Belém''' ( ) is a Brazilian municipality (Municipalities of Brazil), the capital and largest city of state of Pará in the country's north (North Region, Brazil). It is the gateway to the River Amazon with a busy port, airport, and bus coach station. Belém lies approximately 100 km upriver from the Atlantic Ocean, on the Pará River, which is part of the greater Amazon River system, separated from the larger part of the Amazon delta by ''Ilha de Marajó'' (Marajo Island (Marajó)). With an estimated population of 1,402,056 people — or 2,249,405, considering its metropolitan area — it is the 11th most populous city (List of largest cities in Brazil) in Brazil, as well as the 16th by economic relevance (Economy of Brazil). It is the second largest in the North Region (North Region, Brazil), second only to Manaus, in the state of Amazonas (Amazonas (Brazilian state)),

Founded in 1616 by the Kingdom of Portugal, Belém was the first European colony (Colonial Brazil) on the Amazon but did not become part of Brazil until 1775. The newer part of the city has modern buildings and skyscrapers. The colonial portion retains the charm of tree-filled squares, churches and traditional blue tiles. The city has a rich history and architecture from colonial times. Recently it witnessed a skyscraper boom.

Belém, literally ''Bethlehem'' is also known as the ''Metropolis of the Brazilian Amazon region'' or the ''Cidade das Mangueiras'' (City of Mango Trees) due to the vast number of those trees found in the city. Brazilians often refer to the city as Belém do Pará ("Belém of Pará") rather than just ''Belém'', a reference to an earlier name for the city, Santa Maria de Belém do Grão Pará, and also to differentiate it from a number of other towns called Belém in Brazil. It is named after Santa Maria de Belém (Santa Maria de Belém (Lisbon)) in Lisbon, also better known by its shortened name, Belém (Belém (Lisbon)).

Belém is served by two airports: Val de Cães International Airport, which connects the city with the rest of Brazil and other cities in South America, and Brig. Protásio de Oliveira Airport (Júlio César) Airport (Protásio de Oliveira Airport) dedicated to general aviation.

The city is also home to the Federal University of Pará.

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