What is Bavaria known for?

early poetic

of the ''Oberforstmeister'' (a senior public servant)of that state. Shortly after his birth Ansbach and other Franconian principalities became incorporated with Bavaria. Platen entered the school of cadets (''Kadettenhaus'') in Munich, Bavaria, where he showed early poetic talent. In 1810 as an adolescent he passed into the royal school of pages (''Königliche Pagerie''). Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria

study opera

I was 17″. At the age of seventeen, Walker moved back to the UK permanently to study at the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts (Italia Conti Academy) in London, which is a performing arts centre of excellence. Here, she she began to study and sing opera. Walker stated that "I started to study opera when I was about 15 and I started to sing it professionally from about 18. It was always a life-long ambition of mine. I think classical training is the best kinda training you can

performance life

Kosmos" ("Kristof's Small Cosmos"). For this program he won the Obernburger Mühlstein prize given to independent artists for cabaret and comedy performance. Life and work Jean Paul was born at Wunsiedel, in the Fichtelgebirge mountains (Bavaria). His father was an organist at Wunsiedel. In 1765 his father became a pastor at Joditz near Hof (Hof, Germany), and in 1767 at Schwarzenbach (Schwarzenbach an der Saale), but he died on 25 April 1779, leaving

time giving

led to civil wars which culminated in his vindicating defeat of his last rebellious son, Louis, in 839. At Worms (Worms, Germany), on 30 May that year, he divided his empire for the last time, giving Lothair the kingdom he already held (Italy) and the imperial title, with all the other lands of the east and Charles receiving all the lands of the west. Louis was left with Bavaria while Pepin (Pepin II of Aquitaine), his grandson, was left out of the inheritance. '''Vorarlberg''' is the westernmost federal-state (States of Austria) (''Land'') of Austria. Although it is the second smallest in terms of area (Vienna is the smallest) and population (Burgenland is less populated), it borders three countries: Germany (Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg via Lake Constance), Switzerland (Graubünden and St. Gallen (Canton of St. Gallen)) and Liechtenstein. The only Austrian federal state that shares a border with Vorarlberg is Tyrol (Tyrol (state)) to the east. In the 9th-century Carolingian rule came to an end and the title of Holy Roman emperor with it. About a century later the title was resurrected by Otto I (Otto I the Great) though the new empire was now centered in Germany rather than France. Under the German kings of the Saxon (Saxony) and Salian dynasties (10th to 12th century), the function of the counts palatine corresponded to those of the ''missi dominici'' at the Carolingian Court. They had various tasks: representatives of the king in the provinces, they were responsible for the administration of the royal domain and for the protecting and guiding the legal system in certain duchies, such as Saxony and Bavaria, and, in particular, Lotharingia. Later other palatine rights were absorbed by ducal dynasties, by local families, or, in Italy, by bishops. Increasingly, the count palatine of Lotharingia, whose office had been attached to the royal palace at Aachen from the 10th century onward, became the ''real successor to the Carolingian count palatine''. From his office grew the Countship Palatine of the Rhine, or simply the Palatinate (Electoral Palatinate), which became a great territorial power from the time of the emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) (d. 1190) on. The term ''palatine'' reoccurs under Charles IV, but they had only voluntary jurisdiction and some honorific functions. Life and reign He was the son of Henry the Black (Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria), Duke of Bavaria, and Wulfhilde (Wulfhilde of Saxony), daughter of Magnus Billung (Magnus, Duke of Saxony), Duke of Saxony, and thus a member of the Welf (House of Welf) family, and, what was quite important, senior heir of the Billung family. His father and mother both died in 1126 (father became a monk shortly before his death), and as his elder brother Conrad had entered the church and died before their parents, Henry became duke of Bavaria. He shared the family possessions in Saxony (Duchy of Saxony), Bavaria and Swabia with his younger brother, Welf (Welf, Duke of Spoleto). Return to London Back in London in 1908, Mansfield quickly fell into the bohemian (bohemianism) way of life lived by many artists and writers of that era, although she published only one story and one poem during her first 15 months there. Mansfield sought out the Trowell family for companionship, and whilst Arnold was involved with another woman, Mansfield embarked on a passionate affair with his brother, Garnet. By early 1909 she had become pregnant with his child, though Trowell's parents disapproved of the relationship, and the two broke up. She hastily entered into a marriage with a singing teacher 11 years older, Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria

national interpretations

, sometimes wearing the crown of the Habsburg empire. Marienlexikon 595 National interpretations existed in France as well, where Jean Fouquet painted the Queen of Heaven in 1450 with the face of the mistress of King Charles VII (Charles VII of France) Statues and pictures of Mary were crowned by kings in Poland, France, Bavaria, Hungary and Austria, sometimes apparently using crowns previously worn by earthly monarchs. A surviving small crown presented by Margaret of York seems to have been that worn by her at her wedding to Charles the Bold in 1463. A recent coronation was that of the picture of the Salus Populi Romani in 1954 by Pius XII. The veneration of Mary as queen continues into the 21st Century, but artistic expressions do not have the leading role as in previous times '''Inning''' is a municipality (Municipalities of Germany) in the district of Erding (Erding (district)) in Bavaria in Germany. thumb upright Pavelić at the official opening of the Zagreb mosque (today Meštrović Pavilion (File:Svečano otvaranje džamije 18.8.1944.jpg)), 18 August 1944 At a meeting in Berchtesgaden, Bavaria in early June 1941, Hitler encouraged Pavelić to accept Slovenian (Slovenes) immigrants and deport Serbs to Serbia (Nedić's Serbia). The German leader also stated that too much tolerance could be damaging and suggested Pavelić adopt "''fifty years of a nationally intolerant policy''" Over the next few months, the ''Ustaše'' deported around 120,000 Serbs. '''Kitzingen''' is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Schweinfurt (Schweinfurt (district)), Bamberg (Bamberg (district)), Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim and Würzburg (Würzburg (district)). * 1521: Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent conquers Belgrade. * 1688: Duke Maximilian (Maximilian II Emanuel, elector of Bavaria) of Bavaria captures (Siege of Belgrade (1688)) the city. * 1690: The Ottomans capture Belgrade anew. thumb right 200px Garden façade of the Alte Anatomie at the University of Ingolstadt (Image:Alte Anatomie Ingolstadt.JPG) The '''University of Ingolstadt''' was founded in 1472 by Louis the Rich, the Duke of Bavaria at the time, and its first Chancellor was the Bishop of Eichstätt. It consisted of five faculties: humanities, sciences, theology, law and medicine, all of which were contained in the ''Hoheschule'' ('high school'). The university was modeled after the University of Vienna, its chief goal was the propagation of the Christian faith. The university closed in May 1800, by order of the Prince-elector Maximilian IV (Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria) (later Maximilian I, King of Bavaria). '''Kronach''' is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Hof (Hof (district)), Kulmbach (Kulmbach (district)), Lichtenfels (Lichtenfels (district)) and Coburg (Coburg (district)), and the state of Thuringia (districts of Sonneberg (Sonneberg (district)), Saalfeld-Rudolstadt and Saale-Orla). '''Ilse Koch''' (née Köhler; born 22 September 1906 in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony; died 1 September 1967 in Aichach women's prison, Bavaria) was the wife of Karl-Otto Koch, commandant of the Nazi concentration camps Buchenwald (Buchenwald concentration camp) (from 1937 to 1941) and Majdanek (Majdanek concentration camp) (from 1941 to 1943). She was one of the first prominent Nazis to be tried by the US military. Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria

founding special

school-reform was copied by Bavaria and other German lands and was not without influence on Russia. Considerable opposition, aroused by Felbiger's arbitrariness, developed in Austria against his plan of founding special schools for the neglected instruction of soldiers. Maria Theresa, however, always remained his faithful protectress. But his strictly religious principles education displeased Joseph II (Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor), who depraved him his position, assigned him to his provostship at Presburg, and advised him to look after educational intests in Hungary (1782). The chief peculiarity of Felbiger's too mechanical method was the use of tables containing the initials of the words which expressed the lesson to be imparted. Other features were the substitution of class-instruction for individual instruction and the practice of questioning the pupils. He aimed at raising the social standing, financial condition, and professional qualification of the teaching body, at giving a friendly character to the mutual relations between teacher and pupil. For a list of his 78 publications, which are mainly of a pedagogical character, see Panholzer's ''Methodenbuch'' (46-66). In 1164, Duke Henry the Lion took possession of the castle. The Wittelsbachs took possession of the castle in 1180 and the surrounding valley settlements in 1229. The conferral of town status was presumed at some point, but is not supported by sources. Starting in 1255, after the first division of Bavaria, Burghausen gained political and economic prominence as the second residence of the Lower Bavarian dukes. Alruna of Cham was an 11th century Bavarian recluse, the Roman Catholic patroness of pregnancy. It is also the name for the Mandragora or mandrake plant in a number of Germanic languages, the name of the plant being '''alruna''' in Swedish (Swedish language), '''alrune''' in Danish (Danish language) and Norwegian (Norwegian language) and '''Alraune''' in German (German language). * Vienna, Austria * Bavaria, Germany AKG Traunstein Princeton Nassoons * Frankfurt, Germany The Nassoons '''Wiggensbach''' is a municipality in Bavaria. It is situated about 7 kilometres west of Kempten (Kempten (Allgäu)), the next greater town. In August 1227 Louis transversed the mountains between Thuringia and Upper Franconia, through Swabia and Bavaria, crossing the Tyrol (county of Tyrol)ian Alps. He fell ill of a fever after reaching Brindisi and Otranto. He received Extreme Unction from the Patriarch of Jerusalem (Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem) and the Bishop of Santa Croce. He died in Otranto in 1227. A few days after his death, his daughter Gertrud (Gertrude of Aldenberg) was born. Louis's remains were buried in Reinhardsbrunn in 1228. thumb Ignaz Kiechle (left). (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1987-1122-014, München, Besuch Werner Felfe, Ignaz Kiechle.jpg) '''Ignaz Kiechle''' (23 February 1930 in Kempten im Allgäu, Bavaria – 2 December 2003 Reinharts near Kempten) was a German (Germany) politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. '''Prince Ludwig of Bavaria''' ( Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria

people participating

traditional festival is the ''Fašnik'', a carnival-like event held in February. The event's name is derived from the German word ''Fasching'', describing similar events mostly held in Austria and Bavaria. The festival has been observed for centuries, with masked people participating in public parades and celebration (Festival)s to drive off the demons of darkness and winter. The main festivities of the ''Fašnik'' period are usually held in the centre of Čakovec, with a parade

quot de

to the Babenberger family. This event marks the founding of Austria. The last, and one of the most important, of the dukes of Bavaria was Henry the Lion of the house of Welf (House of Welf) , founder of Munich, and ''de facto'' the second most powerful man in the empire as the ruler of two duchies. When in 1180, Henry the Lion was deposed as Duke of Saxony and Bavaria by his cousin, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (aka "Barbarossa

" for his red beard), Bavaria was awarded as fief to the Wittelsbach family, counts palatinate of Schyren ("Scheyern" in modern German). They ruled for 738 years, from 1180 to 1918. The Electorate of the Palatinate by Rhine (''Kurpfalz'' in German) was also acquired by the House of Wittelsbach in 1214. The first of several divisions of the duchy of Bavaria occurred in 1255

main summer

-de Schloss Nymphenburg ), i.e. "Nymph's Castle", is a Baroque palace in Munich, Bavaria, southern Germany. The palace was the main summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria (List of rulers of Bavaria). * '''Back Cup''': a fictional island in the Bahamas, hideout of the pirate Ker Karraje in Jules Verne's novel ''Facing the Flag''. * '''Bahavia''': a parody of Bavaria where the Paroom family e.g. Meena Paroom come from in the Disney channel original series Cory in the House * '''Balfe''': the island setting on the 1972 movie ''Doomwatch'' For seventeen years he was professor of moral theology and controversy in the Jesuit College at Dillingen (Dillingen an der Donau), Bavaria. In 1581 he was sent to England as superior of the Jesuit mission, but his leniency in that position led to his recall. '''Füssen''' is a town in Bavaria, Germany, in the district of Ostallgäu situated Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria

political service

'''Bad Aibling''' is a spa town and former district seat in Bavaria (Germany) on the river Mangfall, located some 35 miles southeast of Munich. It is a health resort (peat pulp bath and mineral spa). While strong forms of the various dialects are not normally comprehensible to other native German speakers such as Germans or Swiss (Swiss people), there is virtually no communication barrier between the Austro-Bavarian dialects in Austria and those in Bavaria, Germany. The Central Austro-Bavarian dialects are more intelligible to speakers of Standard German than


thumb Bavarian church with Alps in the background (File:Germany bavaria alps-church.jpg) Some features of the Bavarian culture and mentality are remarkably distinct from the rest of Germany. Noteworthy differences (especially in rural areas, less significant in the major cities) can be found with respect to:

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