What is Bamako known for?

career history

) Regional name Africa Cup of Nations Career history In 1968, at the age of thirteen, he joined the group of guitarist Ali Farka Toure and singer Harber Maiga as an apprentice. It was Maiga who taught Bocoum to sing and to write songs until his death on 23 March 1983. Bocoum's first solo performance came in 1968 at a musical competition in Mopti. He was well received by the public. In 1972 he performed in front of 3000 people at Mali's second wikt:biennale Biennale

support including

; , ''Afrique Express'', N° 257, October 17, 2002 . receiving broad support, including the backing of ADEMA. He received 115 votes from the 138 participating deputies; the only other candidate, Noumoutié Sogoba of African Solidarity for Democracy and Independence (SADI), received eight votes, while 15 deputies abstained. In 1921, he turned down entry into the ''école

quot professional

, colour TV, immaculate bathrooms. Hotel bar popular with "professional" women. *

music called

female musical celebrity, Fanta Damba. Damba and other Bamana (and Maninka) musicians in cities like Bamako are known throughout the country for a style of guitar music called Bajourou (named after an 18th century song glorifying ancient king Tutu Jara). Bamana djembe ("djembe" is a French approximation of the Maninka word, with correct English phonetic approximation: jenbe) drumming has become popular since the mid-1990s throughout the world. It is a traditional

small gold'

is in the public domain.'' Recent criticism has surfaced around the working conditions, pay, and the widespread use of child labour in these small gold mines, and the method which middlemen, in regional centers like Sikasso and Kayes, purchase and transport gold. Gold collected in the towns is sold on—with almost no regulation or oversight—to larger merchant houses in Bamako or Conakry, and eventually to smelters in Europe. Kids working in African gold mines. AP RUKMINI CALLIMACHI AND BRADLEY S. KLAPPER – Aug 10, 2008. Ecological factors, especially pollution of water by mine tailings, is a major source of concern. In addition, the continued exploitation of unregulated small scale mining, often by child labourers, supplies a large international gold market in Bamako which feeds into international production. Report on Human Rights Practices 2006: Mali. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (March 6, 2007). ''This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.'' Recent criticism has surfaced around the working conditions, pay, and the widespread use of child labour in these small gold mines, and the method which middlemen, in regional centers like Sikasso and Kayes, purchase and transport gold. Gold collected in the towns is sold on—with almost no regulation or oversight—to larger merchant houses in Bamako or Conakry, and eventually to smelters in Europe. Kids working in African gold mines. AP RUKMINI CALLIMACHI AND BRADLEY S. KLAPPER – Aug 10, 2008. Ecological factors, especially pollution of water by mine tailings, is a major source of concern. Barriers to transport While police control barriers are a common sight on African highways, and while illicit demands for bribes at such stops are common in many countries, the main Malian highway heading south from Bamako to the Burkina Faso border was singled out in late 2008 as the worst in West Africa. A survey by the Observatory of Abnormal Practices (OPA) of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) found the Malian section of this road to have the highest number of police roadblocks with the highest average amount paid in bribes per trip in West Africa. An average of twenty-nine roadblocks, almost 4 for every 100 km, were reported from June to September 2008. The amount paid in bribes in the Mali section (per trip) was CFA F 31,509. While in other nations the customs officials were responsible for most stops, in Mali, gendarmerie (National paramilitary police) and the Police force were found creating the majority of bribe extorting roadblocks. The number of roadblocks on the Bamako-Burkina highway also increased by 12 per cent during the third quarter of 2008, going from 67 to 75. High number of barriers on Ouagadougou-Bamako road. Pana Press. 05 01 2009. * '''Joint Military School''' at Koulikoro (:fr:École militaire interarmes de Koulikoro) * '''Alioune Blondin Beye Peacekeeping Training School at Bamako (:fr:École de maintien de la paix Alioune Blondin Beye de Bamako) Since Mauritania negotiated a boundary dispute with Mali in 1963, ties between the two countries have been mostly cordial. Handloff, Robert E. "Relations with Other African States". In ''Mauritania: A Country Study'' (Robert E. Handloff, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (June 1988). ''This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.'' Mali and Mauritania have cooperated on several development projects, such as the OMVS and a plan to improve roads between Nouakchott and Bamako. This cooperation somewhat lessened Mali's dependence on Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire. Although relations were warm with other black African states, since 1965 the orientation of Mauritania's foreign policy has been geared towards relations with North African countries. Russia has an embassy in Bamako, and Mali has an embassy in Moscow (Embassy of Mali in Moscow). The water in the Niger River basin is partially regulated through dams. In Mali the Sélingué Dam on the Sankarani River is mainly used for hydropower, but also permits irrigation. Two diversion dams, one at Sotuba just downstream of Bamako, and one at Markala, just downstream of Ségou, are used to irrigate about 54,000 hectares. In Nigeria the Kainji Dam and the Jebba dam are used to generate hydropower. Six people were killed during the 1988 race, three participants and three local residents. In one incident, Baye Sibi, a 10-year-old Malian girl, was killed by a racer while she crossed a road. A film crew's vehicle killed a mother and daughter in Mauritania on the last day of the race. The race participants killed, in three separate crashes, were a Dutch navigator on the DAF Trucks team, a French privateer (privateer (motorsport)), and a French rider (motorcycle). Racers were also blamed for starting a wildfire that caused a panic on a train running between Dakar and Bamako, where three more people were killed. Commons:Category:Bamako Wikipedia:Bamako Dmoz:Regional Africa Mali Localities Bamako

rock painting

'', the Hamdallaye obelisk, the Modibo Keita Memorial and many other monuments, the Palais de la Culture Amadou Hampaté Ba and the Point G hill, containing caves with rock paintings. In 1988, Bamako was the location of a WHO (World Health Organization) conference known as the Bamako Initiative that helped reshape health policy of sub-Saharan Africa. The yearly held Budapest-Bamako rally has the endpoint in Bamako, with the Dakar Rally often passing through Bamako. File:Monument Al Quoods - Bamako.jpg Al Quoods Monument File:Monument de l'indépendance - Bamako.jpg Independence Monument File:Monument de la paix - Bamako.jpg Monument de la paix File:L'obélisque des idéogrammes, Hamdallaye - Bamako.jpg Hamdallaye obelisk File:Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes - Statue place des explorateurs - Koulouba - Bamako.jpg Statue of Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes File:Pyramide du souvenir - Bamako.jpg Pyramide du souvenir File:Place Abdoul Karim Camara - Bamako.jpg Place Abdoul Karim Camara File:Place des explorateurs, Koulouba - Bamako.jpg Place des explorateurs Transport thumb left 250px Looking north from Pont Des Martyrs. Kuluba hill is in the background. (File:Bamakolooking north from the old bridge.jpg) thumb 250px right This is a Share taxi#Sotrama Sotrama (File:Taxi vans in Bamako.jpg) stand (pronounced so-tram-a). The Sotrama (Taxi van) is what is used as 'public transportation', though many are owned independently. The Dakar-Niger Railway links Bamako to Dakar via Kati, Négala, Kita (Kita, Mali), and Kayes. The road network links Bamako to Koulikoro, Kati, Kolokani, Ségou, and Sikasso. The Bamako-Sénou International Airport is located 15 km from the city and opened to passengers in 1974. Passenger traffic steadily increased in the early 2000s. Government figures revealed 403,380 passengers in 1999, 423,506 in 2003, 486,526 in 2004, and 516,000 in 2005, and is predicted to reach over 900,000 by 2015 under a low (4%) yearly growth rate scenario. Composante aéroport Bamako-Sénou, Proposition MCA-Mali (2006) To date this growth rate has been surpassed. Total air traffic the airport increased by 12.4% in 2007 and 14% in 2008. Most of this increase came in passenger transport, with the number of passengers served increasing by 20% in 2007 and 17% in 2008. Twenty-seven airline carriers operated weekly or better at Bamako-Sénou International Airport in the 2007–2008 period. This continued growth was offset by cargo flights' decline of 16.75% in 2007, and 3.93% in 2008. "Air traffic at Bamako airport increases by 14% in 2008". PANA press. 2009-01-14 The highest frequency route is on the Bamako-Dakar sector with 29 weekly non-stop connections. Domestic flights also serve Mali's regional capitals Kayes, Mopti, Timbuktu, Sikasso, Gao, and Kidal. Bamako Senou International Airport is managed by Aéroports du Mali (ADM). Its operations are overseen by the Malian Ministry of Equipment and Transports. Much of the transportation is either by the Niger River, or by paved roads linking Bamako to other major urban areas. Navigating the river is possible from Koulikoro to Mopti and Gao. The bush taxi is one of the main modes of transport. Bamako is situated on both sides of the Niger River and two bridges connect the two banks: the Bridge of Martyrs completed in 1960 and renamed in memory of protesters killed in March 1991 by the regime of Moussa Traoré, and the King Fahd Bridge (King Fahd Bridge (Bamako)), named after the Saudi Arabian donor. A third bridge project is currently being funded by the People's Republic of China. Located in Sotuba area, it has the objective to decongest traffic in the city. « Troisième pont de Bamako : le compte à rebours a commencé », ''L'Essor'', 19 November 2007. Healthcare The Point G hospital, built between 1906 and 1913, covers an area of 25 hectares. A former military hospital, it became a civilian hospital shortly before the independence of Mali, and is situated on a hill overlooking Bamako B. Doumbia, « Centenaire du Point G : Un siècle à la pointe des soins et une belle histoire », ''L'Essor'', 11 December 2006. The second hospital of Bamako is the Gabriel Touré Hospital named after a young doctor and humanist Gabriel Touré who was born in 1910 in Ouagadougou and died in 1935 after having been contaminated by a patient with the pneumonic plague. The hospital was established in 1959. B. Doumbia, Board of Directors of the Gabriel Toure hospital: the quality imperative, L'Essor, 26 February 2009 The contract for the building of a new hospital in Bamako, to relieve pressure on the other hospital resources was signed on 27 December 2008. Located in the district of Yirimadio, the department will include a pediatric and obstetrics-gynecology facilities, a department of internal medicine, medical imagery facilities and hospital care with 150 beds to support the emergency services and intensive care. This hospital, like many recent developments in Bamako is financed and equipped with Chinese investment. B. Doumbia, Futur « Hôpital du Mali » : les travaux peuvent démarrer, l'Essor, 31 December 2008 In popular culture Bamako has provided the backdrop or been the subject of books and films such as ''Bamako (Bamako (film))'', directed by Abderrahmane Sissako. The film depicts a trial taking place in Bamako, amid the daily life that is going on in the city. In the midst of that trial, two sides argue whether the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, or perhaps corruption, are guilty of the current financial state of many poverty-stricken African countries. The film was first released at the Cannes Film Festival on 21 May 2006 and in Manhattan by New Yorker Films on 14 February 2007 and was the recipient of the first Film Award of the Council of Europe given at the Istanbul International Film Festival in April 2007. Commons:Category:Bamako Wikipedia:Bamako Dmoz:Regional Africa Mali Localities Bamako

original musical

has clearly and boldly combined different melodic influences to produce a highly original musical feel, with a wide range of appeal. The album was recorded between Bamako, Beirut, Paris, and Los Angeles. This unique musical feel is reinforced by soulful pitches in the track "Samigna" emanating from the trumpet of the great Lebanese jazzman Ibrahim Maaluf. right thumb A satellite photo of the Bani. The town of San (Image:Bani 4.83783W 13.39309N.jpg) lies to the south of the river near the centre of the image. The Talo dam is near the edge on the left hand side. The '''Bani River''' is the principal tributary of the Niger River in Mali. Its length is about 1100 km. The Bani is formed from the confluence of the Baoulé (Baoule River) and Bagoé (Bagoe River) rivers some 160 km east of Bamako and merges with the Niger near Mopti. successor Moussa Traoré birth_date Commons:Category:Bamako Wikipedia:Bamako Dmoz:Regional Africa Mali Localities Bamako

development work

, Quebec City and Fredericton. * Canada has donated one billion dollars (US$, 2007) in bilateral development aid (official development assistance) to Mali between 1962 and 2007, ranking it Mali's fifth-largest bilateral donor. Canada's development work in Mali has been chiefly in the railways (rail transport), telecommunications and hydroelectricity (hydropower) sectors, in the management of government decentralization (decentralization), in education and health. - BKO GABS

main characters

at the beginning shows the locations and suggests that the story is about a whole country and all of its people. There is a large cast of characters associated with each place. Some are featured players—Fa Keita, Tiemoko, Maimouna, Ramatoulaye, Penda, Deune, N'Deye, Dejean, and Bakayoko. Others part of the populace. The fundamental conflict is captured in two people, Dejean (the French manager and colonialist) and Bakayoko (the soul and spirit of the strike). In another sense, however, the main

characters of the novel are the people as a collective, the places they inhabit, and the railroad. founded 1960 ground Stade 26 Mars Bamako, Mali capacity 55,000 '''Djoliba Athletic Club''' ('''Djoliba AC''') is a Malian football (football (soccer)) club and one of the two biggest teams in Mali alongside the Stade Malien. The team is based in the capital city (Capital (political)) of Bamako. It has its headquarters and three training stadia (Stadium) at Complex Sportif Hérémakono, in the Heremakono ''Quartier''. The President of Djoliba AC, re-elected in 2009 to a four year term, is Karounga Keita (Karounga Keita(footballer)) a VicePresident of FEMIFOOT, former trainer at the club, who was a player at the founding of the club in 1960. Karounga Keita re-elected president of Djoliba FC of Bamako. PANA Press, 31 03 2009 ''Djoliba'' or ''Joliba'' is the name of the Niger River in the Bamana language (Bambara language). Not only a football club, Djoliba AC is an Omnisports club which fields teams in many sports, and is operated as a membership organisation with an elected board. Assemblée générale du Djoliba : un nouveau bail pour KAROUNGA KEÏTA. l'Essor n15891 - 2007-02-12 Other organizations *The 6th World Social Forum (WSF), an alter-globalization movement, took place in Bamako from January 19 to January 23, 2006. The debt problem was at the heart of the agenda for the meeting. For Barry Aminata Touré, president of the Coalition of African Alternatives to Debt and Development, "''the simple cancellation of debt of Third World nations is finally putting poor countries on the developing track''". Agriculture, and in particular genetically modified organisms, access to water, and immigration were some of the other topics brought up by participants. According to Diadié Yacouba Dagnoko, former Minister for Culture and one of the coordinators of the WSF, the forum, which accommodated between 15,000 and 20,000 participants, cost 700 million CFA francs. Falling under the framework for this WSF, the ''Collectif citoyen pour la restitution et le développement intégré du rail'' (Cocidirail) requested for the renationalisation of the rail network, and for the reopening of shut down stations. It promised to beat incumbent president of Mali (Heads of state of Mali) Amadou Toumani Touré if he recontested in the 2007 elections to protest against his false election promises. After the success of the first African Games, the organizing bodies awarded the second games to Bamako, Mali to be held in 1969. A military coup disrupted the plans and the organizers moved the games to Lagos, Nigeria to be held in 1971. The games were postponed once again and finally opened in January 1973. A torch was lit in Brazzaville a week before the games and transported to Lagos as a symbol of the continuity of the games. birth_date Commons:Category:Bamako Wikipedia:Bamako Dmoz:Regional Africa Mali Localities Bamako

band featured

integrating local Manding (Mandinka people) musical styles and traditions, with vocals in the Bambara language. From early on the band featured electric guitar, electric organ, saxophone, horns, and a western drum kit along side Mande music using kora (Kora (instrument)), balafon, Ngoni (Ngoni (instrument)), talking drums, Islamic-style (Muslim music), Mande hunter co-fraternity (Dozo) song, and Griot praise-singing vocals . '''Kita''' is a town and commune in western


'''Bamako''' is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional). In 2006, it was estimated to be the fastest growing city in Africa and sixth-fastest in the world. World's fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020, by It is located on the Niger River, near the rapids that divide the upper and middle Niger valleys in the southwestern part of the country.

Bamako is the nation's administrative center. The city proper is a cercle (Cercles of Mali) in its own right. Bamako's river port is located in nearby Koulikoro, along with a major regional trade and conference center. Bamako is the seventh-largest West African urban center after Lagos, Abidjan, Kano, Ibadan, Dakar, and Accra. Locally manufactured goods include textiles, processed meat, and metal goods. Commercial fishing occurs on the Niger River.

The name Bamako comes from the Bambara (Bambara language) word meaning "crocodile river". "SUDANESE IMPOSE SENEGAL BOYCOTT; Traders Told to Use Port in Ivory Coast – Move Is Aimed at Dakar's Trade". ''New York Times'', 3 September 1960

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