Balkh

What is Balkh known for?


active political

was Merv, in today's Turkmenistan. Active political parties '''Junbish-i-Milli Islami Afghanistan''' (National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan): General Abdul Rashid Dostum controls a political party called Junbish-i-Milli Islami Afghanistan (National Islamic Movement) which is a core of Jabhe-ye-Motahed-e-Milli. He claims to have a strong support in up to eight provinces in the north of the country, including Samangan province, predominantly populated by ethnic Uzbeks


military resistance

Mawara An-Nahr , with Samarkand). On 21 November the British declared war on Afghanistan, occupied the Korram valley and the Paywar pass, and moved its armed forces via the Khaybar pass and Quetta towards Jalalabad and Qandahar, respectively. Unable to offer effective military resistance, on 23 December 1878, the Amir left Kabul for Turkestan, intending to seek Russian aid for the defense of his domains. Sher Ali died on 21 February 1879 near Balkh and his son


construction technique

on the outside and are vertical on the inside, giving and impression from the inside of being very tall. Turrets along the walls are in varying states of decay providing glimpses of building techniques. The town has a central park, where children play soccer or volleyball. At one end are the ruins of a tiled mosque, the other the gate of a madrassa. Again the construction technique of the madrassa can bee seen. As the park is full of trees and small shops surround the part it is difficult to take


art cultural

of the Blue Mosque", from the building it shares with a religious library. As well as exhibits from the ancient ruins of Balkh, the collection includes works of Islamic art including a 13th-century Quran, and examples of Afghan decorative and folk art. Cultural role Balkh had a major role in the development of the Persian language and literature (Persian literature). The early works of Persian literature were written by poets and writers who were originally from Balkh


cultural study

. Vidyalankara ''The Deeds of Harsha: Being a Cultural Study of Bāṇa's Harshacharita'', 1969, p 199, Vasudeva Sharana Agrawala The mountainous region between the Oxus and Jaxartes is also suggested as the location of the ancient Kambojas. ''Central Asiatic Provinces of the Mauryan Empire'', p 403, H. C. Seth; See also: ''Indian Historical Quarterly'', Vol. XIII, 1937, No 3, p. 400; ''Journal of the Asiatic Society'', 1940, p 37, (India) Asiatic Society


critical analysis

and complete the important aspects of the Jalali calendar. "Hiwi the Heretic" According to Saadia Gaon, the Jewish community of Balkh (Afghanistan) was divided into two groups: "Jews" and "people that are called Jews"; Hiwi al-Balkhi was a member of the latter. Hiwi is generally considered to be very first "Jewish" philosopher to subject the Pentateuch to critical analysis. Fleischer, Ezra. "A Fragment from Hivi Al-Balkhi's


arts+giving

, Shamsiddin S. "To the Question of the Origin of the Samanids", Transoxiana: Journal Libre de Estudios Orientales, the Samanids promoted the arts, giving rise to the advancement of science and literature, and thus attracted scholars such as Rudaki and Avicenna. While under Samanid control, Bukhara was a rival to Baghdad in its glory. ref name "Elton L. Daniel pg. 74" >


bright+period

it was taken over by the Tahirid dynasty, albeit still in the Abbasids' name. In 870, the Saffarids captured it. From Saffarids to Mongols In 870, Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar rebelled against Abbasid rule and founded Saffarid dynasty at Sistan. He captured present Afghanistan and most of present Iran. During Saffarid rule, bright period of it was started. Amr ibn al-Layth, successor of him intended to capture Transoxiana from the Samanids, were nominally


giving+views

was probably a road block during the Warlord and Taliban period. The landscape before and around the town is fields. South of the town at the turnoff is a large mound that was probably a watchtower. Get around See The town is completely enclosed by its ancient fortifications; brick and mud walls at least 30 feet high and in good condition. They can be climbed giving views of the countryside and the town. At the north end is another larger mound that was the fortress. The walls slope


cultural role

of the Blue Mosque", from the building it shares with a religious library. As well as exhibits from the ancient ruins of Balkh, the collection includes works of Islamic art including a 13th-century Quran, and examples of Afghan decorative and folk art. Cultural role Balkh had a major role in the development of the Persian language and literature (Persian literature). The early works of Persian literature were written by poets and writers who were originally from Balkh

Balkh

'''Balkh''' (

The ancient city of Balkh was under the Greeks renamed ''Bactra'', giving its name to Bactria. It was mostly known as the centre and capital of Bactria or Tokharistan. Balkh is now for the most part a mass of ruins, situated some 12 km from the right bank of the seasonally flowing Balkh River, at an elevation of about 365 m (1,200 ft).

Outside the town was a large Buddhist monastery later known as Naubahar (Nava Vihara) (or Nava Vihāra in Sanskrit).

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017