independent thought was served by an extraordinary intelligence and memory, which allowed him to overtake his teachers at the age of fourteen. As he said in his autobiography, there was nothing that he had not learned when he reached eighteen. In Iran, he is considered a national icon, and is often regarded as one of the greatest Persians to have ever lived. Many portraits and statues remain in Iran today. An impressive monument to the life and works of the man who is known as the 'doctor
of a Hellenistic capital found in Balkh. The earlier Buddhist constructions have proved more durable than the Islamic period buildings. The Top-Rustam is 50 yd (46 m) in diameter at the base and 30 yd (27 m) at the top, circular and about 50 ft (15 m) high. Four circular vaults are sunk in the interior and four passages have been pierced below from the outside, which probably lead to them. The base of the building is constructed of sun-dried bricks (mudbrick) about 2
;ref name "NPS" Naval Postgraduate School, Program for Culture and Conflict Studies, Afghanistan, Sar-e Pol Province '''Supervisory Council of the North''' (SCN): In 1984, top resistance commanders operating the northern provinces of Takhar, Badakhshan, Balkh and Kunduz formed a council under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Massoud. The Supervisory Council of the North became an integrated
throughout the Northern provinces. Naval Postgraduate School, Program for Culture and Conflict Studies, Afghanistan, Sar-e Pol Province '''Persian literature''' ( ) spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. Its sources have been within historical Persia (greater Iran) including present-day Iran as well
projection or cylindrical cylindrical equidistant projection. In the early 11th century, Avicenna hypothesized on the geological (Geology) causes of mountains in ''The Book of Healing'' (1027). Sijzi is thought to have been born around 945 CE, and lived through about 1020. His main scientific focus was astronomy. He had a deep knowledge of literature which he used to his advantage. He dedicated work to 'Adud al-Daula and the prince of Balkh. He also
and Hindus of his journey. He pushed on to Adinapur Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and monthly record (Great Britain) Volume 1, page 43 (Science) 1879. (later named Jalalabad) and Laghman, where he considered himself to have reached India. The year was 630. Merv's origins are prehistoric: archaeological surveys have revealed many survivals of village life as far back as the 3rd millennium BC. Under the name
between Khorasan and Hindustan.
Afghanistan. The country of Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul formed the frontier region between Khorasan and Hindustan. The land inhabited by the Afghan tribes (Afghan (name)) (i.e. ancestors
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;ref name "EI"
was probably a road block during the Warlord and Taliban period. The landscape before and around the town is fields. South of the town at the turnoff is a large mound that was probably a watchtower. Get around See The town is completely enclosed by its ancient fortifications; brick and mud walls at least 30 feet high and in good condition. They can be climbed giving views of the countryside and the town. At the north end is another larger mound that was the fortress. The walls slope
Power Rivalry and Radical Islam'' (International Library of Central Asia Studies), page 21 * April 21 – Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon by the Datu of Tondo (Kingdom of Tondo), as represented Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pila (Pila, Laguna), which released them of all their debts as inscribed in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Philippines. * May 28 – victory of the Transoxania amir Ismail Samani
on the outside and are vertical on the inside, giving and impression from the inside of being very tall. Turrets along the walls are in varying states of decay providing glimpses of building techniques. The town has a central park, where children play soccer or volleyball. At one end are the ruins of a tiled mosque, the other the gate of a madrassa. Again the construction technique of the madrassa can bee seen. As the park is full of trees and small shops surround the part it is difficult to take
The ancient city of Balkh was under the Greeks renamed ''Bactra'', giving its name to Bactria. It was mostly known as the centre and capital of Bactria or Tokharistan. Balkh is now for the most part a mass of ruins, situated some 12 km from the right bank of the seasonally flowing Balkh River, at an elevation of about 365 m (1,200 ft).
Outside the town was a large Buddhist monastery later known as Naubahar (Nava Vihara) (or Nava Vihāra in Sanskrit).