(5th c.), in his "History of Armenia," introduces the ''Hunni'' near the Sarmatians and goes on to describe how they captured the city of Balkh (Armenian (Armenian language) "Kush") sometime between 194 and 214 which is why the Greeks called that city ''Hunuk''. Chinese:amp;part word&style_mode big&subtype hanja&p %ED%9B%88&prop 24 According
between Khorasan and Hindustan.
Afghanistan. The country of Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul formed the frontier region between Khorasan and Hindustan. The land inhabited by the Afghan tribes (Afghan (name)) (i.e. ancestors
mother to Kashmir where he was given training in medicine, autonomy and other sciences. Later they returned to Balkh. Prof. Maqbool Ahmed observes," One is tempted to think that the family originated from Kashmir, for in time of distress, they took refuge in the Valley. Whatever it be, their Kashmiri origin is undoubted and this also explains the deep interest of the Barmaks, in later years, in Kashmir, for we know they were responsible for inviting several scholars and physicians from
Khitans in 1165, by Ghurids in 1198 and again by Khwarezmshahs in 1206. Muhammad al-Idrisi, in the 12th century, speaks of its possessing a variety of educational establishments, and carrying on an active trade. There were several important commercial routes from the city, stretching as far east as India and China. In 1220 Genghis Khan sacked Balkh, butchered its inhabitants and levelled all the buildings capable of defense – treatment to which it was again subjected
;Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan, Achaemenid Rule, ca. 550-331 B.C. ''The history of Afghanistan'', Ghandara.com website. ''Afghanistan: Achaemenid dynasty rule'', Ancient Classical History, about.com. Ancient Iranian languages Eastern
. Vidyalankara ''The Deeds of Harsha: Being a Cultural Study of Bāṇa's Harshacharita'', 1969, p 199, Vasudeva Sharana Agrawala The mountainous region between the Oxus and Jaxartes is also suggested as the location of the ancient Kambojas. ''Central Asiatic Provinces of the Mauryan Empire'', p 403, H. C. Seth; See also: ''Indian Historical Quarterly'', Vol. XIII, 1937, No 3, p. 400; ''Journal of the Asiatic Society'', 1940, p 37, (India) Asiatic Society
and complete the important aspects of the Jalali calendar. "Hiwi the Heretic" According to Saadia Gaon, the Jewish community of Balkh (Afghanistan) was divided into two groups: "Jews" and "people that are called Jews"; Hiwi al-Balkhi was a member of the latter. Hiwi is generally considered to be very first "Jewish" philosopher to subject the Pentateuch to critical analysis. Fleischer, Ezra. "A Fragment from Hivi Al-Balkhi's
Power Rivalry and Radical Islam'' (International Library of Central Asia Studies), page 21 * April 21 – Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon by the Datu of Tondo (Kingdom of Tondo), as represented Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pila (Pila, Laguna), which released them of all their debts as inscribed in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, Philippines. * May 28 – victory of the Transoxania amir Ismail Samani
projection or cylindrical cylindrical equidistant projection. In the early 11th century, Avicenna hypothesized on the geological (Geology) causes of mountains in ''The Book of Healing'' (1027). Sijzi is thought to have been born around 945 CE, and lived through about 1020. His main scientific focus was astronomy. He had a deep knowledge of literature which he used to his advantage. He dedicated work to 'Adud al-Daula and the prince of Balkh. He also
for a Bronze Age culture of Central Asia, dated to ca. 2200–1700 BC, located in present day Turkmenistan, northern Afghanistan, southern Uzbekistan and western Tajikistan, centered on the upper Amu Darya (Oxus), in area covering ancient Bactria. Its sites were discovered and named by the Soviet archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi (1976). Bactria was the Greek name for the area of ''Bactra'' (modern Balkh), in what is now northern Afghanistan, and ''Margiana'' was the Greek
, located in present day Turkmenistan, northern Afghanistan, southern Uzbekistan and western Tajikistan, centered on the upper Amou Darya (Oxus), in area covering ancient Bactria. Its sites were discovered and named by the Soviet archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi (1976). Bactria was the Greek name for the area of ''Bactra'' (modern Balkh), in what is now northern Afghanistan, and ''Margiana'' was the Greek name for the Persian satrapy of Margu, the capital of which
The ancient city of Balkh was under the Greeks renamed ''Bactra'', giving its name to Bactria. It was mostly known as the centre and capital of Bactria or Tokharistan. Balkh is now for the most part a mass of ruins, situated some 12 km from the right bank of the seasonally flowing Balkh River, at an elevation of about 365 m (1,200 ft).
Outside the town was a large Buddhist monastery later known as Naubahar (Nava Vihara) (or Nava Vihāra in Sanskrit).